- Chinchilla big
- Long Tailed Chinchilla
- Subspecies of Long-Tailed Chinchilla
- Dwarf Chinchillas
- Genetic calculator
There are two main breeds of chinchillas: short-tailed and long-tailed. All modern subspecies and color morphs are found only in the long-tailed breed, which has become the most popular for home breeding. Today in the world there are more than 30 color subspecies of animals.
The large or short-tailed chinchilla is also called royal or peruvian. The animal comes from South America, but in vivo it no longer occurs. Short-tail chinchilla is quite large in size – the body length reaches 40 cm, and the weight can reach 900 grams. The rodent is not so popular for home keeping, but the thick and dense fur made this animal a valuable commercial animal – they are bred on special farms. Big chinchilla has only natural color – gray of all shades.
Long Tailed Chinchilla
Small or Long Tailed Chinchilla is a popular and plush pet. The rodent has a cute appearance, dense and beautiful fur, smart round eyes, a long tail and good health. In nature, long-tailed chinchilla is extremely rare – the population has declined sharply due to the illegal extraction of valuable chinchilla fur.
The color variations of the fur in these downy animals are diverse and the breeders are still working on obtaining new color morphs. A new color is formed as a result of a combination of such components as:
A specific gene is responsible for each of these components, and various combinations of genes allow you to get offspring of the most diverse stripes, even when two suited animals are crossed. All existing chinchilla colors come from three primary colors:
The complete absence of pigment leads to a white color. Genes that are responsible for a particular shade can manifest themselves in different ways due to their dominance or recessiveness.
Modern types of chinchillas differ not only in color, but also in the structure of the fur, its density, luster, softness.
Subspecies of Long-Tailed Chinchilla
Angora is one of the rarest morphs and is no longer distinguished by color, but by long hair. The animals have a longer hiding hair than everyone else. It is difficult to fix the gene that transfers the length and silkiness of the hair. Therefore, in the offspring of even two angors, only cubs with ordinary fur can be. You can get more furry animals by crossing the carrier of the gene with homosexual or velvet individuals.
Beige Chinchilla Tower
One of the most common subspecies. The color of the fur is beige in all possible shades. Rodents are distinguished by a pattern on the back and a beautiful overflow of fur. The ends of the hairs are darker, as is the undercoat. Homo-beige chinchilla is obtained only from parents with a dominant beige gene. Obtaining homosexual individuals is important for fixing the color and subsequent breeding. Cross beige animals can be with any species and colors without restrictions.
Chinchilla white Wilson has a uniform white color of several variations:
To obtain a color, it is not recommended to mate two white individuals. The gene is lethal and is better manifested when crossing with pastel, beige or velvet individuals.
The color morph White Fishing is relatively new and was obtained only in 2002. The color of the fur is creamy white. Most have a shade of champagne. Wilson’s chinchillas are distinguished by dark ruby round eyes.
This color is found in two color forms:
- Blue diamond (purple sapphire),
- Blue diamond velvet.
Blue chinchilla is the rarest of all varieties. Only a few nurseries in the world are engaged in targeted breeding of blue animals. Color – metallic, has zoning. A blue diamond is obtained in several stages by crossing individuals with a dominant color sapphire and violet. To obtain a morph with velvet fur, the dominant velvet gene must be infused.
The color violet is presented in several variations:
- Velvet purple
- Violet Sullivan,
- Heterozygous ebony,
- German violet,
- Beige (including a morph with velvet wool),
- White velvet.
Animals with a violet color are very delicate and plush fur. Hue depends on the variety, and varies from light gray and almost white to saturated lavender. The lightest morph is Sullivan’s violet, the darkest is German violet.
Sapphire animals come in several varieties:
- Sapphire velvet
- Ebony Sapphire.
A rare and difficult to breed color morph.
The color form of velvet is represented by three subspecies:
- Black velvet
- White velvet
- Brown velvet.
Brown velvet is the most common and is obtained by crossing a male carrying the dominant velvet gene and females of any color. If you cross brown velvet with any color chinchilla, then in the offspring you can get not only white and black velvet, but also beige animals, sapphire or purple velvet.
A beige diamond is also called a pink and white morph. There are three forms of color: ebony white and pink, velvet and basic white and pink. Depending on the shape, the color of the fur can be either pure white or pale pink. Pink chinchilla is the rarest morph.
The original ebony color is distinguished by a special and very bright sheen of fur. Ebony animals can be all shades of gray. The main thing is the uniformity of the color, the density of the undercoat and the silver sheen. There is also a velvet ebony form. The ebony gene can be either dominant or recessive.
The main color pastel is presented in several color morphs:
- Original pastel,
- Velvet Pastel
Fur color – all shades of beige. Depending on the form, it can be either sand or straw, or rich chocolate.
Dwarf chinchilla is not a separate breed. This is a genetic mutation, fixed or manifested by chance. In size, the dwarf animal is much smaller than ordinary brethren and the weight can reach only 300 grams. Breeding these decorative rodents is difficult. Females often experience difficulty during childbirth, and in offspring there are few viable cubs. Small chinchillas can be found in a wide variety of colors and color morphs.
Genetics chinchillas is an interesting and rather complex science. A large combination of genes and their combinations, dominant and recessive manifestations can confuse even experienced breeders. Therefore, a special genetic chinchilla color calculator was developed. The main genes of the parents are entered into the calculator: white, beige, sapphire, ebony, purple, velvet and angora, as well as the degree of manifestation of the genes:
- Present or not,
- Double or not
- Media or not
- Hue of the gene (from light to dark).
Based on the data obtained, the calculator calculates not only the genotype of the parent pair, but also all possible colors of the offspring and the probability of their receipt. The calculator is useful not only to novice breeders, but also to those who want to bring out a new color morph or fix a specific gene. You can find a genetic calculator on the numerous sites of breeders and large nurseries for breeding chinchillas.
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