There is probably no person who does not know what this charming rodent looks like. A shaggy fur coat, bead eyes, pretty ears and a fluffy tail cannot leave anyone indifferent. In addition to this, the chinchilla has valuable fur, for the sake of which it, in fact, is bred. Do you want to start growing this animal? Our simple tips will help you!
The main task for breeding these cute rodents is to find the right pair. It is not difficult to do this – the main thing is that you understand what result you want to get. As a rule, chinchillas can be of different colors and types of hair, so this point should be taken into account if you have planned breeding chinchillas at home. There are over 200 color options – from ebony to purple, from beige to standard gray, so the choice is yours.
However, keep in mind that chinchillas have two independent genes – velvet and white Wilson in a homozygous state are lethal. That is, a zygote that received the same genes from both parents will die in the early stages of its development. In order to prevent a decrease in the number of puppies in the planned offspring, the spirit of velvet individuals or two chinchillas of white Wilson color should not be crossed.
Most importantly, future parents should be sexually mature and healthy. By the way, in such a case as the reproduction of chinchillas, you should make sure that the female is young.
It is interesting that the male can be of any age, but the female is exclusively “young” so that the fertilization process is not difficult, and chinchilla breeding does not turn into a problem.
Typically, the sexual activity of these rodents occurs in the fall – spring. At this time, a sexually mature female becomes restless, and the male can make peculiar sounds. In addition, you can see that the genitals of both animals, ready for mating, swell and acquire a more intense color.
If partners are matched, it is time to prepare them for mating. Usually, the male is first put in a cage. As soon as the animal has mastered a little, you can plant a female.
Care should be taken to monitor the behavior of chinchillas in the cage. Like humans, these animals have likes and dislikes. If the “bride” did not like the partner, then the chinchilla planting can be considered unsuccessful. How she relates to the male can be judged by the behavior: the female is nervous, rushes about in the cage and does not allow her “groom” for closer acquaintance.
There is another situation in which the future father of the furry family did not like the partner proposed by him. In this situation, the male is aggressive and may even bite the “bride”. For such cases, you need a separate cage where you can transplant the female, and chinchillas are planted another time. And if possible with other partners, since this pair is unlikely to work out.
If the male and female “became friends”, it is quite possible that intimate relations will arise between them. You are unlikely to notice the process itself, as the animals prefer to indulge in love in a dark room, furtively, so that no one bothers them. The fact that mating has occurred can be judged by several factors. First, in the cage where the rodents are located, there will be chaos and disorder, as well as shreds of wool. Well, and secondly, you will probably see a small flagellum 2-3 cm long. This is the so-called vaginal plug that appears after mating.
If you are seriously concerned with the question of how to breed chinchillas, then it will be useful for you to find out about the signs of pregnancy of the female. Notice that the animal is "in an interesting position" is not difficult. As a rule, during this period, the male and the female do not mate, and the expectant mother begins to gain weight. In addition, her nipples swell, and after a while her stomach increases.
Rounded "forms" are the main sign of pregnancy, so if you are interested in breeding chinchillas, you can say with accuracy that the result is positive.
As a rule, the process of intrauterine development of babies lasts approximately 105-115 days, after which they are born. At this time, the female needs a special diet full of vitamins and minerals, so try to make it diverse and healthy.
Usually this process is natural, and the female does not need any help. However, you should prepare for childbirth a place where the expectant mother will give birth. It is advisable to put the male away, because with the smell of postpartum estrus he can cover the female, and subsequent pregnancy can be difficult for a nursing mother. Usually, at least four months must pass after childbirth before the body of the “woman in childbirth” is ready for a new pregnancy. And breeding chinchillas will not adversely affect the health of the animal.
A capacious cage is suitable for childbirth, in which the distance between the rods will be small so that the babies can not get out of it. It is advisable to hang the feeder and drinker lower so that the female would be comfortable to eat and drink water. In the cage there should be a house in which, most likely, the birth will take place.
In the process of having babies, you need to carefully monitor the female. If contractions last for more than eight hours, it is necessary to massage the animal. To do this, simply stroke the tummy of the future mother from top to bottom. If childbirth still does not begin, then you need to give an injection of Gamavit. When you see a chinchilla being born, it is important to ensure that the female does not bite off his head or other body part.
If the baby goes forward paws, you need to carefully unscrew it clockwise. In the case of a difficult birth, it is urgent to call a veterinarian so that the female and her cubs do not die. Pay attention to the fact that if the female is given a cesarean section, the uterus will be removed along with it. In this case, further reproduction of chinchillas is not possible.
It is important to note that after childbirth the last leaves. It is desirable that the female does not eat him, as he is hard to digest and her appetite may be lost. All this will adversely affect her postpartum condition.
So, the cubs were born and it is time to look after the babies. Usually they feed on mother’s milk, so try to get enough. Almonds and germinated oats can be added to chinchilla food. It also makes sense to add nettles and walnuts, but with the latter it is better not to go too far, since nuts are a fatty product. And this can adversely affect the functions of the liver of the chinchilla that gave birth.
Toddlers that appeared in the animal, as a rule, have fur and, importantly, their eyes are open. Pay attention to this fact, as in the litter, consisting of 3-6 babies, there may be a cub with closed eyes. They must be opened, otherwise the eyelids will grow together and it will go blind. Therefore, you need to take a cotton swab moistened with chamomile and rub the baby from the outer edge of the eye to the inside.
Breeding chinchillas at home suggests that, of course, their mother will take all the main care for raising children. She will lick them and massage their tummies. Your task is to regularly clean the cage, to ensure that there are no changes in temperature and drafts, that the female eats well, and all the babies receive milk. The weight of the babies at birth is 40-50 grams, however, after they begin to eat mother’s milk, they should gain 2-4 g per day.
As they grow older, children can injure mom’s nipples with their teeth. In this case, the nipples need to be treated with Bepanten ointment 2 times a day. After this, it is advisable to put the female away from the babies so that the drug is absorbed.
Breeding chinchillas is not an easy, but exciting process, so if you decide to do this, you should not be afraid of difficulties.
Breeding Chinchillas At Home As Rodents Mate And Breed
Contents When chinchillas mate Puberty in Chinchillas Wild Mating Chinchillas How to pick and prepare mating chinchillas Partner acquisition Meeting…
Contents Pairing Pregnancy Chinchillas Childbirth in chinchillas Baby care Compared to other rodents, chinchillas are small-bearing animals. Usually in a…
Contents Chinchilla Sitting Pregnancy female chinchilla Preparing for the delivery of chinchilla Chinchilla delivery process Weight gain up to a year in…
Contents Species diversity Breeding Features Breeding Symptoms of the approach of childbirth Feeding a pregnant female When breeding any animal at home,…
Contents Animal character Basic care requirements Feeding Fur care Cleaning Advantages and disadvantages of keeping the animal at home Opinions of…