Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
It is not recommended to give chinchillas and beets.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
The chinchilla animal is primarily an herbivore animal, so the basis of the diet is plant food. Chinchilla needs to be balanced and varied. Since animals eat extremely little, food must be of high quality. You need to know how to feed chinchillas, and what you can’t give chinchillas.
Experienced chinchillovs claim that animals will not eat what poisoning entails. But a caring owner must check the list of permitted foods before feeding the chinchilla. If in doubt, do not risk it!
More information on how to feed chinchilla can be found here.
Lyudmila Vapnyarchuk 10/30/2016
When a small fluffy animal appears in your house, you need to think over the diet so that the animal delights you with injustice and enthusiasm. Let’s look at how to organize a chinchilla food at home.
For the well-being of the pet, it is necessary to properly organize the feeding of the animal.
In nature, chinchillas feed mainly on plant foods, in small portions and often enough, so you need to ensure that the cell is always present:
- Concentrated feed
- Fresh hay
Food for chinchillas should be varied and always fresh, natural, balanced, contain the necessary vitamins and minerals. It is advisable to occasionally give the pet goodies
It is desirable to feed the chinchilla at home at the same time, preferably at 5-6 pm, once a day.
Products approved for chinchilla feed can be divided into three main groups.
This group includes cereal and bean mixtures. Peas, lentils, beans, are rich in amino acids and will be very useful for your pet. Barley, millet, corn – have enough nutrients and minerals for chinchillas.
Chinchillas are herbivorous animals, so for good health they need to use hay and greens year-round. Freshly cut grass must be wilted, otherwise it can cause malaise and poor digestion of the pet.
Here is an example of how to feed a chinchilla at home:
- The greens of young dandelions,
- Horse sorrel
- Sprouts of wheat, oats,
- Strawberry leaf
- Meadow fescue,
- Meadow pendulum.
You can please your pet with dried fruits, fresh dried vegetables and nuts.
People often ask whether it is possible to give chinchilla food of animal origin. If we are talking about milk powder, insects, then such a diet is even recommended for young animals and pregnant females.
When compiling a diet for a pet, it is worth remembering what you can’t feed a chinchilla with. Grocery list:
- Poisonous plants (dope, St. John’s wort, buttercup, horsetail). Do not collect plants that are unfamiliar to you or you are not sure that they are not poisonous.
- Pine and Brazil nuts (contain a lot of fat and can cause indigestion)
- Raw potatoes and cabbage, beets, peppers, persimmons,
- To give twigs of oak, cherries, plums, conifers as complementary foods,
- Products of animal origin (fish, meat, milk).
Feeding chinchillas at home is easy; you just need to keep track of what you feed your pet.
As vitamin supplements for chinchillas, you can use:
But the most useful vitamins for the animal will be those found in vegetables and fruits:
- Vitamin A– they are rich in red carrots, rosehips, bananas, spinach.
- B vitamins – rich in cereals.
- Vitamin C – vegetables, fruits, berries, especially rose hips and sorrel.
- Vitamin E – wheat germ, soy, spinach, almond kernels.
Enrich the chinchilla diet with vitamin A for good vision, strong teeth, apples, which contain a lot of calcium, and for wool like silk, with vitamin C.
One of the difficult stages in the maintenance of chinchillas is the birth of offspring. If a pregnant female should be intensively fed, vitamin and mineral supplements should be added to the feed, then after childbirth this is not necessary.
The question of how to feed chinchilla after childbirth can be answered by analyzing how the offspring grows. If the kids gain enough weight at 2-4 grams per day, then mom does not need feed. But if the kids fight, run after their mother, and then become lethargic, then there are all the signs of a lack of milk. In this case, you can purchase a special supplement to increase lactation.
Chinchilla babies are born fully prepared for adulthood, but should be fed mother’s milk for at least 7-10 days. If the woman in labor has little or not enough milk, then the babies will have to feed the chinchillas with a mixture. Many breeders prefer to use infant formula for babies. Artificial feeding is organized from a pipette or insulin syringe, every 2 hours the first 7-10 days. Then gradually begin to introduce an adult diet, add seeds, hay, feed. Already by the month kids chinchillas are ready for independent life.
Love your pets, watch their diet, and they will give you many minutes of joy and pleasure!
The basis of the diet of chinchillas as herbivores is plant-based feed. In nature, these rodents feed on grassy, cereal and leguminous plants, seeds, fruits, twigs, moss, and roots. That is, those where cellulose is contained in large quantities. Therefore, in the diet of your pet, there must certainly be hay and twigs.
Hay is the most important component of the diet of chinchillas. Most experts believe that hay should always be in the cage of these rodents so that animals can eat it as much as they wish. It is rich in fiber so necessary for animals.
Properly prepared high-quality hay smells nice, without sticks, garbage and other impurities. Wet and moldy food for animals is not good.
The best is hay from legumes (clover, alfalfa vetch). It contains vitamins and minerals necessary for animals (phosphorus and calcium). In addition, it is very nutritious and contains a sufficient amount of digestible protein. Legumes need to be mowed in the budding phase, or at the beginning of flowering.
The best mowing period for cereals is the earing phase. Cereal hay (meadow fescue, timothy, team hedgehog, meadow bluegrass) is somewhat inferior to bean (it contains less protein and minerals).
Forced hay is very nutritious if it contains legumes and cereal herbs, as well as buckwheat, bird, meadow goat-breeder, etc. Before flowering, herbs are especially rich in vitamins and nutrients. Therefore, hay should consist of forbs cut before the first flowering of herbs. Late mowed herbs have low nutritional value.
In the hay for chinchillas categorically, fern, cotton grass, datura, black nightshade, euphorbia, horsetail, white hellebore, bleached, cornflower, black eye and other poisonous plants should not fall.
From time to time you can feed rodents and ready-made food for rabbits. In principle, feeding chinchillas is not much different from feeding rabbits. In summer, the same green grass, vegetables with tops, plant seeds, fruits. In the cold season – hay, tree branches (birch, apple, linden, pear, hazelnut, willow, willow), dried fruits (apples, raisins, dried apricots, nuts). Dried fruits are offered to the animal without stones, finely chopped. The fruits of barberry, rose hip and hawthorn are very useful. They are given one berry 1-2 times a week.
The warm season makes it possible to significantly expand the menu of chinchillas. In spring, the first greens are given very carefully, starting with portions of 1-2 well-dried leaves of dandelion per day. So that the animal does not have a bloating, the stems of legumes and clover are always used dry or dried. You should not feed chinchilla with green feed alone, forgetting about hay. This can lead to gastrointestinal upsets.
Here are the characteristics of some plants that will be useful to include in the diet of chinchillas:
- Salad is a storehouse of vitamins and mineral salts. A pet can be given 1-2 leaves a day;
- Spinach – rich in easily digestible iron, contains sodium and lime. It is believed that spinach increases the fertility of rodents. You can give 3-4 leaves a day;
- Chicory – contains a lot of phosphorus, which is especially needed by growing organisms. The cleansing plant acts on the stomach, regulates the liver, increases appetite;
- Strawberry leaves – have a diuretic effect, help with diarrhea. It can be given for digestive upsets;
- Celery – contains vitamins A, B, C. It is very useful for nursing females, 2 leaflets 2 times a week;
- Wormwood – increases appetite, strengthens the nervous system. The pet is given several branches per week.
In addition, animals with pleasure eat leaves of plantain, yarrow, burdock, young nettle, horse sorrel, and dandelion.
From vegetables and fruits, you can give carrots, pumpkins, squash, apples, pears, sweet peppers, bananas, grapes, figs, zucchini, potatoes, tomatoes, peaches, apricots, melons, watermelons, etc. Fresh cabbage leaves chinchilla give is not recommended.
From grain feed, chinchillas can be given the following:
- Oats – contains proteins, fats, vitamins B1, B2, B6, K, carotene. In case of digestive upset, mucous substances contained in broth and oatmeal are useful. Usually, oats are used as the basis for a grain mixture;
- Barley – a valuable cereal product; contains vitamins A, D, E, PP, B vitamins, as well as calcium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper, manganese, iodine, etc. 6% consists of fiber needed by animals. It is given to adults and is better in crushed form;
- Buckwheat is a valuable dietary product. It is rich in amino acids, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, PP, P) and trace elements. Like a complex carbohydrate, buckwheat gives a feeling of fullness for a long time;
- Corn – is rich in protein, but it is worse in composition than the protein of oats. It must be given carefully, in excessive quantities, it can cause bloating;
- Wheat – contains enough protein and carbohydrates and low fat. Also, animals can be offered wheat bran mixed with grain;
- Millet – red varieties containing a large amount of carotene are especially useful. However, chinchillas do not like it too much.
It is not worth constantly giving any one type of grain feed, it is better to feed chinchillas a grain mixture (various types of grain, legumes, seeds).
You can offer pets and cereals (oat, corn, rice, millet). Young individuals grow well on cereals (they absorb them better than whole grains).
Very useful to rodents and sprouted grain, especially during the breeding season. Usually germinated barley, oats, wheat.
With great pleasure, animals eat seeds. They contain essential fatty acids that positively affect the skin and coat of animals. However, because of the high fat content, giving them too much is not recommended. The proportion of sunflower seeds should not exceed 20% of the total grain feed. Give them only raw.
Legumes Beans, lentils, peas, soybeans contain more protein than all cereal products. They must be included in the diet of chinchillas, but not in their pure form, but as part of the grain mixture. The proportion of legumes should be 10-15%. They are given in a crushed form.
Nuts are a very nutritious food. Their chinchillas adore. But you can give them quite a bit and no more than two times a week, otherwise indigestion can not be avoided. Of course, nuts should be raw.
Now about what can be considered a treat for these animals. The thing is necessary, because chinchillas are not just amenable to training, but are quite capable of recognizing the owner and going to his hands. So, we need a promotion tool.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are a delicacy, and they should not replace the main food. The intestines of chinchillas are designed so that juicy foods in large quantities are contraindicated. The main thing is not to feed the pet treats. A piece of fresh apple or pumpkin, a slice of mandarin, a couple of grapes per week – this is enough to pamper the ward. Once a week, you can give 1-2 raisins and a special supplement with vitamins.
Animals love pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, almonds, peanuts, walnuts. Pumpkin seeds are used not only as a treat, but also as a prophylaxis against worms. Pine nuts contain a lot of fat, so giving them is not recommended. You can offer your pet dried tea leaves or rose petals.
Sweet tooth Chinchillas are very fond of goodies and do not know the measures for their use. With abnormal treats with treats, animals can refuse the main food. And eating only “delicacies” will lead to metabolic disorders, diabetes and obesity.
Each time, you can diversify the delicacy for the animal: on the first day give a nut, on the second day – dried apricots, hawthorn fruit or chokeberry, on the third – a piece of apple or melon.
After feeding any new kind of sweets, it is necessary to monitor the reaction of the pet’s body. If the animal feels well, he does not suffer from diarrhea, or constipation, then this food is not contraindicated for him. It happens that after eating fresh vegetables and fruits, the rodent has an indigestion. Therefore, juicy feed should be discarded.
Fried seeds and nuts, citruses, cabbage and potatoes, meat, eggs, mushrooms, chips and pastries cannot serve as goodies! Firstly, all this can cause allergies (up to the loss of hair). Secondly, lead to bowel problems. Thirdly, it contributes to the obesity of the animal, which for him can be very dangerous.
The water in the drinker at the chinchilla should always be fresh with no signs of flowering. It is better to give spring water, but not boiled, because it already does not have those useful trace elements that the body needs. Many breeders and amateurs use bottled water from companies such as Shishkin Les, Nestle and others. And, of course, the water should be non-carbonated.
Chinchilla ration should consist of:
- 20-25 g of finished feed or from the same amount of concentrated feed (grain feed, legumes, oilseeds, bran, oilcake);
- 20-30 g of hay;
- 4-6 g of green food;
- 4-6 g of additional food (tree branches);
- 2-4 g of treats;
- 10-25 g of water.
Chinchillas love accuracy, so they should be fed every day at the same time (the maximum error can be 1-2 hours).
- Food from a person’s table with salt, spices, sugar, animal products, fats, etc ;
- Pastries, bread;
- Roasted nuts, grains, seeds;
- Rye grain
- Spoiled products.
And finally, we note that for the well being of the animal, the stability of the diet is important. It is not necessary to change the feed very often, to which the ward is used. It is better to transfer the pet to a new food gradually, within 1-2 weeks. Do not forget, chinchilla is a delicate beast. And above all, this applies to feeding. The fluffy pet’s stomach is very sensitive to eating disorders. And errors in feeding can lead to serious health problems for the chinchilla.
A chinchilla is an animal that can fall in love with itself at first sight. One can admire such a tender and soft wool and large expressive eyes, chic mustache, which are in constant motion. But let’s talk about what chinchillas eat.
List of foods that can be consumed by chinchilla:
List of foods that can not be fed chinchilla:
- Cabbage, beets, potatoes, rye. Poor chinchilla digestion, can lead to fatal consequences.
- Citrus fruits (tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, lemons and various citrus hybrids). Their branches and leaves can cause allergic reactions.
- The branches and leaves of stone fruits contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poison for the animal.
- Branches of coniferous resinous trees. They are also poisonous.
- Food for rats, mice, hamsters. These mixtures have a different composition, individually balanced for other rodents, which are mostly partially carnivorous.
- Unwashed fruits, vegetables, herbs, branches and leaves are forbidden to feed.
- It is impossible to collect fruits, berries, nuts, herbs, greens, branches and leaves on ecologically polluted territory. It is dangerous to feed them with an animal; a pet may become ill.
- Animal protein (meat, dairy products) is contraindicated. Chinchillas are vegetarians.
- Stale hay, alfalfa and other foods for chinchillas can cause various diseases.
- Fresh bread and other baked goods are not suitable for chinchillas. Bread is too heavy for digestion, the composition of other bakery products is unknown and can harm the animal.
- Roasted seeds and nuts are also dangerous, they can cause irreparable harm to the liver.
- Confectionery and sugar are contraindicated for chinchillas, the consequences are difficult to predict.
- Tap water can contain harmful substances or bacteria and can harm the health of the chinchilla.
Boiled water is “dead”, it is deprived of useful substances and trace elements, the use of exclusively boiled water can cause their lack in the body of the animal.
You can not feed chinchilla for a long time with foods rich in protein, as this can cause poisoning. Excessive fatty foods can damage the liver, and this also applies to fat-soluble vitamins. Excess carbohydrates can cause obesity in the animal.
As we have already found out, chinchilla feeds exclusively on plants. The diet can be very diverse, and for this there is no need to rack your brains than feed your favorite animal, fortunately, all the components in the chinchilla “menu” are available.
But nevertheless, feeding rules exist, and if you love your animal, you need to know how to properly feed the chinchilla.
Advice from the chinchilla breeder, what should be the composition of the feed:
- Carbohydrates should be approximately 50%;
- Protein – 16-20%;
- Fiber – about 13%;
- Fat – 2-6%
When purchasing a chinchilla, take an interest in what it was fed before. If you decide to feed the animal in a different way, there is no way to feed the same, transfer to another feed gradually. When you first give food unusual for the animal, give a little at first, gradually increasing the portion. If you have diarrhea from a new food, give a little oak bark as a medicine (you can’t drink too much) or a little dry black tea.
Chinchilla breeders feed them compound feed for rabbits and guinea pigs – feed No. 122 or feed No. 90 intended for feeding young rabbits. Finding it for sale is not a problem; it is certified and tested by experienced chinchilla breeders. When purchasing this food, make sure that it is of appropriate quality, with a good shelf life. As previously mentioned, it should be started with small doses, and if there is no disorder, the animal feels well, you can continue to feed this food. By the way, pay attention: there should not be fishmeal in this feed.
The drinker in the cage should be suspended, if the water is in an open container, the chinchilla can splash it, it will be damp in the cage, which is unfavorable for the animal’s health. The feeder can be hanging or in the form of a regular bowl. If the feeder is not suspended, it must be heavy (ceramic or glass), otherwise the animal will turn it over.
How to feed chinchillas? A similar question worries everyone who acquired these cute animals. And it is not surprising, because only a balanced and well-composed diet will help a fluffy pet to be healthy and active, and will also allow you to live in your house for a long time.
Many budding chinchilla owners make the common mistake of equating them with hamsters, rats, rabbits, or squirrels. But chinchillas have a completely different structure of the digestive system, other needs and restrictions on food, so their diet is radically different from other rodents.
Chinchillas belong to the order of herbivores. In the natural environment, their diet is very poor – it includes cereals, as well as various seeds, moss, bark and tree branches. Moreover, the components of the diet are dried as much as possible under the influence of sunlight and wind. That is why it is important to observe moderation at home and not overfeed animals with “snacks”.
The basis of the diet of captive chinchillas is: high quality granular feed, fresh hay and water. In addition to these basic elements, the animal must have access to three more components:
- Mineral stone;
- Salt roller.
For chinchillas, it is important to use only granular food developed specifically for these animals. Food intended for other rodents will not work. It is best to give farm granulate feed produced specifically for this breed of rodent. Factory food, especially inexpensive food, usually contains various preservatives that provide long-term storage, but make it unsuitable for chinchillas. Therefore, choosing factory-made feeds, choose those that have a minimum shelf life. There are definitely no dangerous preservatives in this granulate.
The best box feeds are: Versele Laga Chinchilla & Degu Pro, Vitakraft Vita Special, Vitakraft Pellet. Please note that high-quality feed consists of homogeneous granules. Do not purchase granules containing grains of cereal plants, seeds, colorful balls and other inclusions.
Hay is another important element in the diet of chinchillas. It is known that fiber contains a large amount of hay, so it contributes to the correct formation of boluses (feces). In addition, chewing hay helps animals grind chewing teeth. However, the hay should be of high quality: green, with a natural fresh aroma, without dirt and dust. And most importantly – hay cannot be lined with animals in a cage, since chinchilla will eat hay with excrement. And this is fraught with bloating and even, in some cases, poisoning.
Water for chinchillas should be filtered or factory-made drinking water, with a minimum level of mineralization. Do not use boiled or carbonated water, and even more so – tap water. Fluid intake fluctuates throughout the day. It depends on the age of the animal, weight, activity of the furry pet and other factors.
Pumice vital for chinchillas to grind front teeth. If this stone is not available, the teeth of the animal grow very quickly, and then they have to be filed in a veterinary clinic. Hard branches are also suitable for grinding teeth.
Mineral stone It is necessary to replenish the body of the chinchilla with the necessary useful substances, mainly calcium. In addition, the teeth of the animal also grind down. A salt roller makes up for the lack of salt in the body.
To diversify the menu chinchillas will help additional bait, goodies and vitamin-mineral supplements. Treats for chinchillas are: dried apricots, slices of sweet apples, pears, bananas, dried raspberries and strawberries, dried rose petals and other sweets. Chinchillas are big sweet tooth, so try to give out treats in a limited volume and not daily. Otherwise, your pet may completely abandon the granulate, which is fraught with metabolic disorders and serious diseases of the internal organs.
It is strongly recommended not to give raisins, nuts, sunflower seeds, branches of conifers and stone fruits to chinchillas. These foods are dangerous for animals and can lead to indigestion. You can’t use paper, newspapers, wallpapers as bedding – your pets can eat these materials.
Pet owners are interested in the question whether chinchillas can be sunflower seeds. It is impossible to answer in a monosyllable way. After all, seeds are different.
Animals at home lose many of their survival skills. Therefore, it will be a big mistake to hope that the rodents themselves understand what is good for them and what is harmful. And if you give the chinchillas the fried seeds, they will gladly eat them. But do not go with the pet about. Experts argue that giving seeds to chinchillas is not recommended.
They are especially harmful to animals in fried form. Indeed, in nature it is impossible for rodents to find such food. Therefore, their body is not adapted to food of this kind.
Important! Fried sunflower, pumpkin, watermelon seeds are not a natural food for chinchillas. These animals are raw foodists. Such a treat for them is poison.
But raw can, but in very small quantities. They have a very large amount of fatty acids, which have a positive effect on fur. However, you should not get involved in them, even if the animal eats them with pleasure. Due to the same high fat content, they can provoke obesity and indigestion, cause constipation or even poisoning.
Chinchilla fried seeds are strictly prohibited
Enormous energy is concentrated in any seeds. Therefore, birds and rodents love them so much.
Raw pumpkin seeds for chinchilla, squash, watermelon, melon are very useful.
But the owner of the rodent must comply with the measure. From 5 to 7 pieces of melon seeds are enough for a pet per day.
Important! All seeds that the owner wants to feed his pet must be fresh, slightly dried.
Chinchillas are herbivores. Their diet consists of herbs and fruits. Apple is a favorite food for rodents. But they should be given in dried or dried form.
To the question of whether it is necessary to clean the core from them, experts answer negatively. Doctors recently concluded that apple seeds have an anti-cancer property. Even a person is recommended to eat them daily as a prophylaxis in 4-5 pieces.
Since the seeds of apples do not differ in special taste, chinchillas do not eat them. But they should not be specially prepared and fed as a separate dish.
In nature, chinchillas eat not only herbs, but also their seeds. Therefore, in captivity, rodents just need to give flax seeds, sesame seeds.
Since there is a lot of fat in flax and sesame, giving a lot of seeds to these herbs is not worth it. Otherwise, diarrhea or constipation may occur. And obesity is not the best option for a pet.
Grass seeds are a natural chinchilla food
Although rodents are supposed to eat fruits, some can harm their health.
It is strictly forbidden to give animals:
And the bones of these berries are completely forbidden. They contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poisonous.
Important! Never feed the bones of berries to animals, even if they are happy to absorb them.
Experts believe that chestnut fruits and nuts are also harmful to rodents. Although many manufacturers add nuts to the feed. But these “snacks” are a big burden on the animal’s liver.
Choose the right diet for chinchillas – a responsible task. The state of health of the animal, the luster of the fur and the longevity of the animal are completely dependent on food.
Food for a rodent is very diverse, but there are characteristic features in how to feed a pet, especially at home.
Chinchilla is a herbivore. The basis of the diet of animals is considered feed of plant origin.
In the wild, the main food for them is cereals and legumes, cacti, shrubs, tree bark, small fruits, shoots, mosses and other vegetation.
At home a person is responsible for the diet of the animal. Food should be diverse and balanced to provide all the needs of the body with the necessary components, vitamins, nutrients.
Chinchillas are important food quality. They eat in small quantities, so the owners of the animals should carefully consider the choice of food.
You may be interested in the following articles on chinchillas: How to keep chinchillas at home?
Moreover, luxurious fur and indefatigable energy require a large consumption of nutrients. Chinchillas are finicky in food. From the food they offer, they will choose the tidbits.
But for full development the animal needs to receive various trace elements and vitamins, therefore, you must try to ensure that the animal fully consumed its portion.
In the event that the pet began to scatter food from the feeder, it is necessary to reduce the dispensed food. You can give your pet food in small parts, reduce the goodies in the diet.
When choosing food for a rodent, it is worth considering that they, like all herbivores, have sensitive digestion.
First, they have a long intestine. Secondly, animal herbivores process heavily digested plant fiber. From it they get the necessary nutrients.
Food for chinchillas must be of high quality and fresh.
Chinchilla is better not to feed a little than to overfeed goodies. The food offered must be:
- Without traces and smell, rot, mold, musty.
Green feed should be collected away from busy places, roadsides, factories. Before feeding the rodent, greens, vegetables and fruits should be washed and dried well. The food offered must always be dry.
Young animals and those individuals that did not receive green food in the winter season should gradually become accustomed to them. Initially, you need to offer your pet such food in small portions, gradually increasing the dose.
In this case, you must carefully monitor the health of the chinchilla.
So animals get used to the set feeding time, which positively affects the digestibility of food. If all food is eaten in the morning, then additional feeding is possible.
Before pouring a new portion of food into a pet, it is imperative to discard uneaten residues and rinse the bowls with running water without the addition of detergents or cleaners.
The daily portion of the main pet food – 1 teaspoon, hay – 20-30 g, dainty to choose from – 1 piece. There should always be boiled or filtered clean water in the animal’s bowl.
The animal that lives in your home, eats rough dry and succulent feeds, nutritious mixtures, needs vitamin supplements and goodies.
Juicy feeds include fruits, vegetables, greens and twigs of bushes, trees. They are saturated with useful trace elements, vitamins, organic substances.
Throughout the year, branches, snags, rods of various shrubs and tree species are available. Eating solid pieces of wood, animals will grind constantly growing incisors.
Of vegetables, chinchillas can be offered tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, carrots, pumpkin, salad, zucchini.
From fruits they prefer pears, apples, melon, berries, bananas, grapes, from dried fruits – apples, plums, raisins, hawthorn, dried apricots, cherries, barberries and rose hips. Large-sized fruits are preferably cut into small pieces.
Of greens worth giving clover, tops of carrots, peas, dandelion.
Chinchila likes apples, carrots, cherries
Treats must be offered systematically. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry, 2-3 times a week, other sweets – fruits, dried fruits.
Vegetables should be fed in moderation – a small piece 1-2 times a week, along with the main feed. Due to sensitive digestion, chinchillas cannot eat vegetables and fruits in large quantities.
After the introduction of a new type of food, one should carefully monitor the reaction of the animal’s body. Digestion is possible, then succulent food should be discarded. If the pet feels well, then the food is right for him.
Such food refers hay. It is the most important component of the diet of the animal and saturates the body with the necessary fiber.
Dried grass helps food move in the intestines, preventing it from stagnating, causing fermentation. Hay is also a rich source of trace elements, vitamins, fiber, protein.
Better when chinchilla is offered as food grass hay – different types of herbs. Preparations from legumes (alfalfa, clover) contain the necessary vitamins and minerals. They mow during the flowering period of legumes.
Cereal feed is slightly inferior to the first in nutritional composition, because it contains less minerals and protein.
To cereal crops, who love chinchillas include meadow fescue, Sudanese, timothy grass, wheat grass, meadow bluegrass, hedgehog team. They have a lot of nutritional value of grass, mowed before the first flowering.
A day, you must give the chinchilla from 20-30 to 70-80 g of fresh hay.
Chinchilla needs to be fed fresh hay
These herbs are poisonous. and in the herbal food for animals should not get in any case:
- Black nightshade;
- White hellebore;
- Raven eye.
For the proper development of the rodent, he needs elements contained in nutrient mixtures. Chinchillas should be given various mixtures to saturate their body with as many vitamins, trace elements, proteins, fats, amino acids as possible.
From cereals to rodents are suitable:
- Oats – contains a large amount of protein, fats, but does not cause obesity. Most often, oats make up to 75% of the mixture;
- Corn – need to be given in small portions, as it can cause bloating;
- Barley – it is worth offering it in a crushed form, better for adults. This cereal product is very solid;
- Wheat – it contains a lot of carbohydrates, proteins, low fat.
In feeding chinchillas it is worth giving up rye – It is difficult for animals to digest.
Chinchillas need to be given various nutritional mixtures
Due to the sensitive digestion of chinchillas they should not give the following products:
- Food from the general table (salty, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked);
- Meat and meat products;
- Bakery products and pastries (bread, pastries);
- Flour (pasta, noodles);
- Potatoes, fresh white cabbage, lettuce;
- Sweets (cookies, chocolate, sugar, sweets, other confectionery);
- Roasted nuts, seeds, grains;
- Dairy products;
- Fast food, chips, popcorn;
- Stale and spoiled products.
The list does not contain absolutely any useful substances for the proper growth and development of a rodent. The listed foods are high in calories and fatty, as a result of which the pet may develop obesity.
This will adversely affect the mobility of the animal., his ability to reproduce, life span.
Perhaps, from one eating the animal will not die, but the systematic eating of such goodies will lead to serious health problems for chinchillas.
With an unbalanced diet of chinchillas, young individuals, pregnant and lactating rodents, sick and weakened it is necessary to give vitamin complexes. They can be in liquid form, in the form of tablets and powders.
Liquid fortified feeds can be given along with water, so enriching your pet’s diet will be easy. It is hard to offer powders and tablets to pets.
In the cage of the animal, it is desirable hang mineral and salt stone, which animal will eat as needed.
You can immediately buy fortified feed. The composition most often includes carrots, pumpkin, nettle hay, mountain ash, rose hips. To replenish the reserves of protein and B vitamins, a little dry yeast (2-5 g) should be added to the feed.
It’s easy to teach a chinchilla to eat right., but necessary. Only after receiving all the useful microelements, vitamins and other useful compounds will the animal be healthy, full of energy and live a long life.
If you decide to have a pet and the choice fell on a chinchilla, then in addition to the cage and other household items, it is important to pay attention to the food of the animal. All that you eat yourself, the animal is forbidden to feed.
It is important not to forget: the stomach of a furry creature is different from the human. It is designed to absorb nutrients from a meager variety of wildlife provisions. The health and life expectancy of a pet depends on proper nutrition.
In the wild, the animal is fed with what he finds. Its diet in the wild includes legume and cereal plants.
With pleasure, the animal uses shoots, shrubs, tree bark and cacti. Such a fluffy baby will not refuse to enjoy greens, nuts and fruits.
The main rule: do not forget that chinchilla is a small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? It’s worth feeding such a beast no more than once a day, preferably during waking hours. This rodent is a nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay. The animal eats the amount he needs, and uses the rest as a litter. It is important to supplement the drinker with fresh water daily. Do not neglect treats and top dressing.
The most suitable food for chinchilla is considered to be dry granular food. A 400-gram pack for an adult animal lasts for a month. After opening the package, it is worth pouring its contents into a container, which is tightly closed. So the provisions will retain their properties better. Such a food is useful in that it is similar to the food of a rodent in nature and contains cereals, herbs and vegetables. The positive side of this drug is its hardness. The animal with its help grinds its teeth, which are constantly growing.
It is important to purchase food from one manufacturer. If the feed is changed regularly, the animal is not safe from digestive upsets.
Lures help strengthen the immune system and heart of a furry baby, as well as improve blood circulation. However, additional food is not difficult to collect independently. It will require cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All components are important to add exclusively in dried form.
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they also benefit. It’s easy to prepare a pet-friendly supplement. Benefit will bring:
- Corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. A few grains per day will positively affect the well-being of the animal;
- Viburnum. Two berries a week and chinchilla digestion will improve;
- Calamus root. It will help prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect;
- Carrot. The condition of the fur and the heart will improve one circle of the fetus. You should give a treat no more than three times a week;
- Rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the body of the pet. Dosage – 4 things per month;
- Plantain. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is regulated, and it is only necessary to feed two leaves per decade to the chinchilla.
The pet will also like lingonberries and cranberries, hawthorn and currants, apples, blueberries and aronia. It is necessary to feed the rodent with herbal treats: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for the trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
Pills and powders are extremely difficult to feed pussies. therefore fortified complementary foods are best chosen in the liquid state. So it is easy to mix in water and the rodent’s diet is significantly enriched.
Make sure that salt and mineral stones are always in the cage of the chinchilla. They will have a beneficial effect on the animal’s body and help him care for constantly growing teeth.
Dry yeast can replenish the supply of protein. They will also contribute to the enrichment of the body of chinchilla with B vitamins. It is important to add them to the food a little.
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed, otherwise, obesity and health problems cannot be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
Fluffy rodent is the owner of sensitive digestion. Therefore, it is forbidden to give the following products to him:
These products will not bring any benefit to the pet. They are saturated with fats and extremely high in calories. So the said food does not favorably affect the development and growth of the pet, and even cause obesity. Even if such products were to the taste of chinchillas, then giving them is strictly prohibited.
A person does not like to eat the same food every day. For example, not everyone can eat buckwheat for a week. So why should a pet give in to the same torment? Chinchilla needs a complete and varied diet. The animal will be not only tasty, but also healthy. Do not forget that pet feeding takes place once a day in the evening when the animal is awake.
On the first day, the pet should give 15 g of granulate. 5 g of rosehip berries and the same amount of a mixture of corn and sunflower seeds will help to supplement the necessary daily amount of food.
The second day will distinguish 20 g of granular feed and 10 g of dried apple.
The diet of the next day consists of 10 g of food in granules, 1/2 of a walnut kernel and 10 g of a mixture of oatmeal and flax seeds.
There are a lot of menu variations. Use permitted components and daily pleasantly surprise your pet.
Balanced nutrition is the key to chinchilla health. The appearance of the coat and the life span of the animal also depend on it. Do not neglect this part of pet care.
Too plentiful and unbalanced nutrition with a lack of movement is the scourge of modern human civilization. Unfortunately, the "pet" of a person suffers from this. In captivity, indigestion is the primary cause of illness and death of chinchillas. This is not surprising on farms where the cells are cramped, the food is monotonous, and keeping track of hundreds or even thousands of animals is impossible. But you start one or two animals! So find out in advance how, how and in what quantity to feed them. This question has been studied for a long time and in detail, scientific articles, dissertations, chapters of monographs are devoted to it.
This article is based on strict data. Do not listen to anyone who is not able to confirm their statements with a reference to a scientific publication or with your own calculations! Unfortunately, non-fiction editions, even quite reputable ones, publish unreasonable materials about chinchillas, and the Internet is especially inaccurate.
The habitat of chinchillas in nature is the Andean Highlands, from 500 to 3000 m, where grasses grow in the mountains, undersized shrubs, mainly spiny shrubs, and succulents, for example, cacti. The animals fed on grain and stalks of grass, bark, twigs, leaves and fruits of bushes, juicy parts of cacti. Arid and cool places could not offer the abundance and variety of fresh fruits, vegetables and seeds. And seasonality in those places is rather arbitrary: the average temperature of the coldest month is 2-6 ° С, and the warmest – 10-14 ° С. So the natural diet of chinchillas changed little during the year.
Like all rodents, chinchillas have a very long intestine – more than ten times longer than the body, and they are distinguished by a long and voluminous (1.5 times more than the stomach) cecum with rich microflora, due to which they can "digest" any dry food, even cellulose.
Studies of cellular chinchillas showed that an adult animal needs at least 65 kcal per day (spring, summer and autumn) to 85 kcal (winter), about 3.5 g of protein, 1.5 g of fat and 3-3.5 g fiber per day. Naturally, at home, where chinchillas live in spacious cages and every day go out to run around the apartment and play with people, the calorie content and protein content may be greater.
Chinchilla daily diet includes:
- 20-25 g of granulated feed for chinchillas;
- 20-30 g of hay;
- 4-6 g of green food;
- 4-6 g of complementary foods;
- 2-4 g of treats;
- 10-25 ml of water.
Granular feed is the most important part of the chinchilla diet. It is he who provides a balanced intake of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, macro- and microelements.
Some chinchillovodi try to replace the special factory feed with self-prepared mixes. This should not be done, since the chinchilla chooses from the mixture not what is useful, but what he loves the most. In addition, it is difficult to introduce vitamin premix and other useful components into the mixture. Another difficulty in the artisanal manufacture of feed – it is impossible to establish a supply of components of constant and high quality.
Compound feed should always be good. As a rule, its shelf life does not exceed 6 months, even if the packaging indicates a longer shelf life. Compound feed may contain milk protein or fodder yeast, which quickly deteriorate and serve as an environment for the development of microorganisms.
Food for adult chinchillas is given once a day – at the beginning of their wakefulness, i.e. In the evening. Adolescents up to 6 months of age can be added a little food in the morning, if all yesterday’s food has been eaten.
- Total treats per day no more than 4 g;
- Sweet treats (pear, banana, strawberries, actinidia) and treats with
laxatives (dried apricots, plums, orange) – not more than 1 g;
- Raisins no more than 1 pc. Once every two to three days;
- It is better to give nuts (peanuts, forest, almonds) less often, ½ a nut every three days;
- Sunflower seeds give no more than 10-15 pcs. Per day, and pumpkin – no more than 5-8 pcs. But only,
if you do not give seeds as complementary foods;
- Sour treats (blackcurrant, raspberry) can be given daily up to 4 g;
- 1 berry of hawthorn or wild rose, a couple of calendula flowers or a lump of hop, a coffee spoon of hibiscus petals per day.
Don’t indulge the sheechilla beggar – do no harm! Chinchilla, like a small child, loves everything sweet and tasty and, like a child, can not stop. Your moderation is the key to the health of your pet.
Drinking water should always be in the cage! There is a misconception that chinchillas do not drink at all. Indeed, in nature, chinchillas consume quite a bit of water, but they get liquid from succulent plants or lick dew. Pour filtered water into the drinker daily. Carefully read the description of the filter for water purification. Fluoride, which enters the water after passing through some filters, is good for human teeth, but deadly for chinchillas.
Vitamins need to be given to chinchilla periodically. There are several types of complex vitamins on sale that are suitable for chinchillas. These are, first of all, vitamins for chinchillas “Calci-fit” and vitamins for rodents “Vita-bon"Company"Vitacraft". It is necessary to give half a tablet of one or another for 1-2 months. You can also add vitamins to drinking water. Vitamins for rodents "Vitamin plus N"Sera" can be added 5-8 drops per daily water intake for a month. Vitamins for the quality of wool for all types of animals "Fell glanz Saft" Dr. Clauder’s companies can add 10-15 drops per daily water intake for a month. As vitamin supplements, you can slightly increase the daily amount of dry blackcurrant, as well as fresh dandelion leaves and chicory shoots.
With such a balanced diet, chinchillas will always be cheerful, agile and healthy!
© 2003, Alyona Maklakova, Igor Dubinsky Diplomats of the action “We are responsible for those we tamed” of the national program “Creature Rock 2003”
THREE important rules:
- Do not try to save on feed: eat little chinchillas and even expensive food will not be overhead.
- Do not try to feed chinchillas with any kind of food – no rabbit feed is suitable for animals,
neither sheep, nor pork, nor universal for rodents.
- Do not overfeed chinchillas! Excessive and unbalanced nutrition can cause
intestinal disorders, and later – serious diseases (fatty degeneration of the liver, diabetes).
To measure food without weights, buy a graduated plastic cup in a pharmacy.
Here is an approximate amount of the necessary components of the diet:
- 30 ml = 20 g of granular feed;
- 30 ml = 16 g of mixed feed (imported mixes of granular mixed feed with dry vegetables, fruits and cereals);
- 20 ml = 4 g of peeled oat grains;
- 5 ml = 3 g of Hercules flakes.
Contents What foods can be given to chinchilla. Prohibited Products Foods that can be given in limited quantities Allowed Products Finished feed Green…
Contents Important principles Nutrition structure Granulate Lure Goodies Forbidden products Chinchilla Diet Features How to feed chinchilla Chinchilla…
Contents What likes to eat chinchilla? How to feed a rodent at home The food is rough and juicy The food is dry and rough Do I need to give nutritional…
Contents Products: what is possible and impossible. Chinchilla Treats Chinchilla Food The most important thing when keeping chinchillas is a properly…
Contents Features Stern Do they eat hay? Do berries and nuts eat? Vegetables and fruits Other goodies What can not be fed? Chinchilla is a friendly and…