- What do chinchillas eat?
- The diet of home chinchillas
- The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
- The balance of vitamins and minerals
- How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
- Concentrated feed
- Cereal mixes
- Drinking water
- Dried herbs
- Tree branches and leaves
- Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
- Vitamins for Chinchillas
- Chinchilla treat
- How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
- Important principles
- Nutrition structure
- Forbidden products
- Prohibited Products
- Foods that can be given in limited quantities
- Allowed Products
Chinchillas are unusual and quite popular domestic rodents, characterized by excellent health and long life. Nutrition of chinchillas at home is a difficult and very important issue, especially for beginner chinchillovodov. Improper feeding negatively affects the reproductive function, the appearance of expensive fur and the general health of animals, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of furry animals.
Before you start an exotic rodent, you need to thoroughly understand how to feed the chinchilla at home, which foods should form the basis of the animal’s diet, and what you can and cannot treat your beloved pet.
What do chinchillas eat?
In the wild, chinchillas feed on bark, flowers, shrubs, and sparse, low-lying plants in the highlands, which is a natural habitat for South American rodents. The nutritional value of mountain herbs is much higher than the usual hay produced for chinchillas. Therefore, the diet of home chinchilla should be more diverse and balanced than that of wild animals, and include not only carefully selected herbs and hay, but concentrated feed, fruits, berries and vitamin supplements.
The diet of home chinchillas
The diet of pets is as close as possible to the composition and quality of the feed that chinchillas eat in nature, given the need for small rodents in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Failure to comply with the proportions of nutrients, the norm of vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet of chinchillas is extremely negative for:
- On the growth and formation of the skeleton of a domestic animal;
- As wool;
- Reproductive, digestive, immune and excretory functions of the body.
It is important to maintain the right balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your pet.
Given the inactivity of pets, the amount of feed consumed should be correctly calculated to avoid the development of obesity in cute animals. You can feed chinchilla with a relatively small amount of food, provided that it contains all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and trace elements in the required proportions.
At home, it is necessary to use not only hay and combined feeds that eat chinchillas to feed small animals, but also introduce mandatory additional products: fresh and dried herbs, berries and fruits, twigs, vitamin and mineral dressings.
The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
When compiling a daily diet for chinchillas, it is necessary to take into account the daily need of the animal in proteins, fats, carbohydrates as a percentage, time of year, age and physiological condition of the animal.
Squirrels fluffy rodents are necessary for the regeneration of cells of all animal organs systems. Chinchillas have a relatively low need for proteins and amino acids, during the day you can give chinchillas about 20% of protein feed, which are responsible for the luster and elasticity of chic fur, it can be alfalfa or hay, oilseeds, milk, legumes, cereals and nuts A lactating or pregnant female should consume additional protein feed of animal origin for the correct formation of organ systems of young and breastfeeding. These include: cottage cheese, meat and bone meal, milk granules, milk, kefir.
Fats in the diet of pets should be kept in a minimum amount, about 4%, they are responsible for the proper development of small chinchillas, the condition of fluffy fur and skin, are a source of energy. To satisfy the need for fats, exotic rodents introduce nuts, oilcake and oilseeds into the diet.
Carbohydrates – The source of energy and the main component value in the diet of domestic chinchillas. They account for about 35% of daily feed and 30% of crude fiber, necessary to maintain intestinal motility and toxins. Feeding chinchillas is based on the use of cereal hay, grain, herbs, vegetables and fruits, rich in plant fibers with a low content of protein and fat.
The balance of vitamins and minerals is important for the proper development of the puppy
The balance of vitamins and minerals
In addition to food, pets must necessarily receive vitamin supplements and mineral nutrition. The lack or absence of which negatively affects the formation of the skeleton and muscle tissue of small animals, the quality of the fur and the coordinated work of all systems of rodent organs. Often, vitamin deficiency is the cause of serious pet diseases.
Vitamin A (Carotene)
- Correct formation of tooth and bone tissue;
- Responsible for the work of the organs of vision;
- The immune system;
- The condition of the skin and fur.
A lack of this vitamin in the diet of chinchillas leads to:
- To the deterioration of immunity;
- Hair loss;
- Decreased reproductive function;
- The frequent incidence of domestic rodents.
To supplement vitamin A, you can feed chinchilla:
- Green salad and spinach.
Thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The formation of body fat;
- Regulate the work of the nervous system, liver;
- In the development of a growing organism;
- As a coat.
The lack of these vitamins leads to:
- To impotence and pathologies of pregnancy;
- Nervous disorders;
- Liver disease.
It is recommended to add to the main feeds that chinchilla eats:
- Germ of oats and wheat;
- Fresh vegetables and fruits;
- Beans, peas, chickpeas;
- Wholemeal flour.
Thick and smooth fur indicator of proper nutrition
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune system;
- Blood coagulation;
- Cell regeneration.
Vitamin deficiency is manifested by a decrease in the resistance of animals to diseases. To ensure the needs of the animal in ascorbic acid, you can give chinchilla:
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Responsible for the functioning of the immune and reproductive systems. Lack of tocopherol leads to:
- Pathological pregnancy and childbirth;
- Congenital diseases of newborn puppies.
Vitamin E is found in:
Calcium, phosphorus and potassium are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The construction of bone and dental tissue;
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune, protective, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
The lack of minerals is manifested by rickets of young animals and chinchilla diseases.
- Bone flour;
The body of the chinchilla needs sulfur, copper, iron, cobalt, magnesium, zinc, the lack of which is manifested:
- Hair loss and deterioration;
- Nervous disorders;
- Decreased reproductive function.
To meet the needs of trace elements, a rodent can eat:
- Sprouts of wheat and oats;
- Various greens;
Nuts – a source of trace elements
A good option is the use of vitamin supplements and mineral dressings developed for chinchillas taking into account the daily needs of the animal.
Some owners believe that everything that smart rodents eat can not be harmful to the body of chinchillas, and fluffy animals are able to independently determine harmful and useful products. This insidious misconception sometimes results in the death of pets as a result of eating prohibited foods.
How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
Particular attention must be paid to the quality of feed used.
Do not feed chinchilla spoiled foods, wet or moldy hay or grass. Such food causes upset and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, and often the sudden death of a pet as a result of bloating of the stomach or intestines.
If you run out of chinchilla food or special hay, you can feed the animal with berries, vegetables, fruits, independently picked and carefully prepared herbs.
The pet menu should consist of the following main ingredients:
- Basis: concentrated feeds of own preparation or, hay and drinking water.
- Vegetable top dressing is used in dosage: green fresh and dried herbs, berries, fruits, seedlings of wheat and oats.
- Treats are used in minimal quantities to encourage small rodents during training or treating a furry friend: nuts, corn rings, dried fruits.
- Vitamin and mineral nutrition.
- The pet’s cage should have clean water all day, concentrated ready-made food and fresh, quality hay, which is given to healthy animals in unlimited quantities.
Concentrated feeds are the basis of the diet for small rodents, combining high nutritional value with minimal fat and sugar content. Concentrated feed includes legumes and grains, oilseeds. The ideal option is the use in the diet of chinchillas of high-quality finished granulated feed of well-known manufacturers Versele Laga Chinchilla & Degu Pro, Vitakraft Vita Special, Vitakraft Pellet, designed specifically for chinchillas, taking into account the physiological needs of rodents in nutrients. In a month, an adult eats about 1 kg of granular feed.
Granulated chinchillas feed carefully balanced
Granules are prepared according to a carefully verified recipe and contain the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, feed is produced taking into account the age and physiological condition of small pets.
When using only purchased or self-made grain mixtures without introducing granular feed, the animals sort out the grains and eat not all the ingredients, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the body of the pet.
Granular feed is recommended to be poured into feeders at the rate of 25-30 g per day per adult. When scattering or throwing food, it is recommended to reduce the number of fed snacks, do not sprinkle a new portion until the previous feed is eaten.
Grain mixtures are a very important component of the diet of domestic chinchillas, saturating the body of animals with vitamins, minerals, fats and proteins. It is recommended that furry pets introduce the following cereals and seeds into their diet:
- Buckwheat – a complex carbohydrate that gives the animal a long saturation, contains iron, protein, B and P vitamins, calcium phosphorus and iodine;
- Wheat – is a source of vegetable proteins and carbohydrates with a low content of fats, trace elements, B vitamins, fiber, stimulating intestinal motility. Eating wheat is important for lactating chinchilla females who need increased care and recovery after childbirth;
- Perlovka – is made from barley, rich in a huge amount of useful macro- and microelements (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, iron, chromium, cobalt) and vitamins A, D, E and group B, necessary for the functioning of the nervous system, maintenance the beauty of chic chinchilla fur and leather;
- Corn – contains the amino acids and vitamins necessary for the rodent body involved in the metabolism of the pet;
- Oats or Hercules – a useful nutritious cereal is rich in vitamins A, B, E, amino acids and carbohydrates, helps to remove toxins from the body of rodents, it is recommended for pregnant, lactating females and puppies;
- Flax seed – contain vitamins A, B, E and Omega-3 acid, which is necessary for the reproductive function of pets and maintain the immune system, seed husk is an excellent way to remove toxins from the body;
- Sunflower and pumpkin seeds – rich in fats, protein and vitamins, are used in a minimum amount to eliminate pet obesity.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas not with one type of grain, but with a grain mixture. It is allowed to cook cereals from cereals – oat, corn, buckwheat and millet, which are especially useful for feeding young animals.
Before putting hay in a cage – check its quality
For chinchillas, hay is the best, consisting of alfalfa, vetch, clover, legumes contain enough protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. Good animal, slightly inferior to bean in nutrition.
Hay should be dark green, uniform, fresh with a pleasant smell, without dust or mildew, do not give the chinchilla wet or damaged grass.
Hay is necessary for rodents to improve intestinal motility to avoid stagnation and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to prevent the formation of hooks on the teeth. Hay is given to animals in small portions in order to avoid its pollution. If the rodent throws grass along the cage, it is recommended not to give hay for several days.
Using hay as a bedding is highly discouraged, a wet product is dangerous manifestation of intestinal disorders and deaths.
If the hay becomes dirty, wet or dark, immediately remove the spoiled product from the cage. If hay remains in the cage the next day, it is also thrown away.
An alternative is considered independent haymaking with careful selection of herbs. The raven eye, poisonous buttercup, dope, white hellebore can cause the death of a little friend. It is necessary to mow the young grass to the stage of the appearance of spikelets and dry it in a dark, well-ventilated area to avoid moldiness of the product. It is recommended to store the product prepared in a dry place by placing hay in linen bags or cardboard boxes.
At home, suspended from the wall of a cage or aviary. Do not pour water into open containers to avoid quick contamination and turning the dishes over.
For fluffy rodents, they use bottled non-carbonated baby water or purified with a charcoal filter; it is highly recommended not to feed small pets with raw tap water to avoid intestinal upsets.
Plant nutrition is given in very limited quantities, not more than 4-10 g per day. These include dry herbs and leaves, twig feed, dried berries and fruits, cereal seedlings.
Greens are rich in vitamins and minerals.
Green feeds are introduced gradually with a daily dose increase; feeding with herbal supplements has a positive effect on the development of young chinchillas.
Starting in spring, you can treat small pets with a small amount of well-dried green herbs, rich in vitamins and minerals. As a green bait use:
- Dandelion grass;
- Horse sorrel;
- Crow’s feet;
- The tops of carrots;
- Leaves of strawberries, strawberries and raspberries.
Dill should not be fed to small pets, dill or fennel seeds are excellently used for bloating the intestines or stomach in chinchillas.
It is very helpful to feed rodents with sprouts of barley or wheat rich in vitamin E.
Sprouted grain is given to pregnant females daily for the safe course of pregnancy and the correct development of the young.
Dry leaves are a source of fiber in chinchilla diets
Tree branches and leaves
Branch feed must be present in the diet of furry pets. It is necessary for proper grinding of teeth and a source of vitamins and minerals, dried leaves of trees are also readily eaten by exotic rodents. Following trees.
Not all tree branches can be given to chinchillas
Birch branches contain vitamins, carbohydrates and volatile, dried young leaves are a source of vitamin C.
The fruits of the oak branch have an astringent effect, are a highly nutritious food.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas with nutritious willow branches cut in winter.
For food, bark, leaves and young shoots are used, which can be given to animals all year round.
Chinchillas are happy to enjoy pine needles and berries of a healthy shrub.
Pine branches are cleaned of resin before feeding to pets, rodents willingly regale themselves with pine cones.
Bark and branches of fruit trees
Pears, apple trees, sea buckthorn are also actively used as a branch feed.
It is forbidden to use branches of apricot, almond, elderberry and bird cherry containing toxic substances for pets for feeding chinchillas.
Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
Juicy foods are a source of vitamins, minerals and fiber, necessary for the smooth functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Chinchillas willingly eat tasty fruits, the owners need to accurately dose the feed in order to avoid the development of allergies and intestinal disorders.
Chinchilla berries are strictly dosed.
Pets are treated in a dosage:
- Fresh apples and pears;
- Jerusalem artichoke;
- Wild strawberries.
It is forbidden to feed small animals with fresh cabbage, persimmons, beets, oranges, fresh cucumbers. Also, rodents cannot eat food from the human table: cheese, smoked meats, honey, sweets, bread.
Dried fruits contain a lot of sugar in a small piece of the product, so it is recommended to use them no more than 1 time per week in minimal quantities. Chinchillas can be treated to:
- Dried apricots;
- Dried apples.
Therefore, they can feed a small pet in crushed form in an amount of not more than 2 pieces per week. Chinchillas are given untreated:
Pine nuts and apricot kernels are not recommended for feeding a pet.
Vitamins for Chinchillas
Chinchillas need vitamin supplements regardless of the presence of vitamin feed in her diet. Finished granular feed contains vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the daily norm of the rodent when using ready-made feed can be halved.
- Multi Tabs
- Canina Petvital N 200;
- Vitamin Cal.
Vitamin supplements are available in the form of solutions, tablets or powders. Liquid preparations can be dripped on the animal’s favorite treats, the tablet form is hidden in a twist, pieces of dried fruit are crushed in powders.
As a treat, you can use what chinchillas like most from food: dried fruits, nuts, berries, fruits, and oats. You can treat the animal with a scanty amount and monitor the reaction. With the manifestation of intestinal disorders or hair loss, it is worthwhile to cancel a delicious food.
Overfeeding the rodent with delicacies leads to obesity in the pet.
Chinchilla feeding with chips, crackers and other junk food is unacceptable
How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
Inexperienced chinchillovods often make stupid mistakes, treating their favorite animals with pine nuts, chips or tangerines. As a result, absolutely bald animals with severe allergies are brought to the veterinarians, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of the pet. Chinchilla can be given granular feed, hay and water. All other products must be strictly dosed. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the list of products that can or cannot be used to feed your little friend.
Table of allowed and prohibited products
A balanced diet of home chinchilla is the key to its long healthy life and ability to reproduce. Take care and properly feed your furry pets.
Chinchilla. pure phytophage, that is, it eats only plants. At what all of their parts are edible for them. from roots to fruits. Only not all of them are equally useful and necessary for him. And if wild animals harmful and dangerous food for them pass around, then domestic animals will not. They have lost this instinct. However, like people who, instead of not eating sweet and salty, lean on buns and smoked meats. As a result, the duration and quality of life of both chinchillas and people are sharply reduced.
Let’s regret, if not ourselves, then at least our pets and we will not pamper them. And for this it is necessary to arm yourself with knowledge and understand the basic principles specific to their nutrition.
The basis of any feed. his goodness. That is, it cannot be
Do not harvest green food in contaminated places:
- By the side of the road
- In industrial areas,
- In fields that have undergone chemical treatment from pests.
You can feed only washed and dried vegetables, fruits and herbs. Green leaves should be withered. Do not feed wet greens, only dry.
It is necessary to accustom to new, especially green forages gradually. After each increase in serving size, observe your pets.
Follow the feeding schedule.
- One time.
- Late evening.
Evening feeding is explained by the fact that these animals are active at night. This is described in detail in the article (Farm 27, “Chinchilla at home”).
In the morning you can feed only when everything yesterday is eaten. The main evening feed should be filled only in an empty and clean feeder.
Chinchillas are designed for adverse ascetic living conditions. They have a very long intestine, designed to get the most out of scarce food, which they still have to run to. This happens in nature. Therefore, by creating such conditions close to natural conditions, you will save your pet from premature death. And for this, it is necessary to spoil it less, feeding all sorts of sweets.
The nutrition structure of chinchillas should be formed as follows:
- Granulate, the main feed. 70%
- Lure. 20 %,
- Goodies. ten %.
Pour an open pack into a sealed container. So it will not erode.
This food is granular. In its composition, it corresponds to the nutrition of chinchillas living on the peaks of the South American Andes. Easy to digest, since it contains ballast having a low nutrient content. For one feeding, one tablespoon of food is enough for one animal.
Moreover, it is solid. It is important. Since when eating it, chinchillas grind, constantly growing teeth.
Granules are made from herbs, vegetables, cereals and enriched with vitamins and minerals. It should not contain proteins, fats or carbohydrates.
Try to buy the same feed all the time. If you change them, then accustom yourself to new ones gradually (at least a week). Otherwise, chinchilla digestion may be upset.
There must be hay in the cage or display case in which your pets live. A special Sennica is set for him. They put it a little, but change it daily. Contaminated hay should be removed immediately.
Signs of good hay:
- Not bad.
- No mold.
- Light green color.
- It smells good.
The best hay for chinchillas. it’s hay legumes
It is useful due to the presence of a large amount of calcium, phosphorus and digestible protein. It is necessary to mow it when buds appear or at the initial stage of flowering.
In the absence of hay from legumes, you can use cereal. That is cooked
- From Timothy
- Fescue meadow,
- Meadowgrass meadow,
- Hedgehog team.
But in its nutritional properties, it is inferior to bean.
Forbs are also useful. Especially if it consists of legumes, cereal grasses with a small admixture of bird buckwheat, meadow goat-breeder. Only it should be prepared before the first flowering of these herbs. Late herbs do not have the beneficial qualities that are characteristic of the early ones.
When harvesting hay, avoid the following herbs:
In general, all poisonous plants.
He drinks a little chinchilla too. For drinking, you need to use filtered or bottled, but not carbonated or mineral water. Its temperature is 18-20 degrees.
This is additional nutrition. Its amount in the total diet of a chinchilla should not exceed twenty percent. If the weight of the animal begins to increase, then it means that you overdo it with complementary foods.
For example, Beaphar Care complementary foods, while meeting the nutritional needs of chinchillas, are low in sugar, moisture, and fat. It is enriched with vitamins, amino acids, minerals. It contains polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6, which strengthen the heart and improve blood circulation. In addition, this complementary foods strengthens the immune system, which increases resistance to disease. It reduces unpleasant fecal odor.
You can pick up food yourself. It consists
- From cereals (you can take oatmeal)
- From dried berries, plantain leaves, roots,
- From apples, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, rose hips.
All this must be necessarily in a dry form and in very small quantities. Since much of this is at the same time a treat for them and not very useful for them.
There are also goodies. You can collect them yourself, make stocks of them. And constantly delight your chinchilla. The following is helpful.
- Viburnum. Improves digestion. You can give one thing no more than twice a week.
- Corn. Contains potassium, calcium, magnesium. Dosage. no more than three grains per day.
- Carrot. It is good for the heart, improves appetite and the condition of the fur. Dosage. one circle no more than three times a week.
- The roots of calamus. Antispasmodic. Dosage. no more than one centimeter of the root once a week.
- Karkade. Protects the liver, improves metabolism. Dosage. once a week no more than one teaspoon.
- Clover meadow. Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial agent. Dosage. once a week no more than two pieces.
- Leaves of plantain. Regulates the digestive tract. Dosage. twice a week, one leaf of medium size.
- Chicory. Soothing, diuretic. Dosage. once a week, one flower or stem.
- Weeping willow. A lot of vitamin C. Supports the immune system. Dosage. once a week in one medium sprig.
- Rosehip. Restorative agent. Dosage. once a week, one at a time.
In addition, berries and fruits can be given
- Blue honeysuckle
- Apple slices
Of herbal plants, it’s good to use
- Blooming Sally,
- Nettle and mint (not allowed for pregnant women),
Oak must not be given. He fastens strongly. If only with diarrhea in small quantities. The pear also fastens. Therefore, it is given with caution.
Chinchilla eats and nibbles everything, even these forbidden foods. Therefore, your task is that they do not get to it. Otherwise, her life will be greatly reduced.
Here is a list of these products. And he is not yet complete.
- Purchased Goodies
- Cereal sticks
- Dried fruits,
- Fruit mixes
Everything that contains sugar, honey, artificial additives. Since these products complicate the work of the intestines. Cause constipation and diarrhea
All this leads to strong fermentation in the intestines. And, as a result, to diarrhea and bloating, which can cause dare chinchillas.
They lead to baldness of chinchillas, and their branches are toxic to them.
- Seeds and nuts. A blow to the liver, as it is too fatty food for chinchillas. It would seem that nothing happened once, but the fat accumulates gradually until the liver is obese and the fur begins to climb. Then it’s too late.
- Mushrooms. The protein contained in them is dangerous for the intestines of chinchillas.
- Human food. Our food contains a lot of artificial additives. Including sugar, in large quantities salt, yeast, fats. This is all and is not useful to us, not to mention the chinchilla.
Therefore, if you love your animal, then do not give him forbidden products. Do not overfeed it. Let him actively run around the cage in search of food, and not having fed up lies in the corner. Feed him correctly and then your sweet and funny chinchilla will live a long and happy life.
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
– Can I give chinchilla pine nuts?
Giving kids pine nuts is not allowed! They are just fat for chinchillas! Instead, offer chinchilla peanuts, hazelnuts (hazelnuts), dried apples and pears. all in "homeopathic" doses.
– Do chinchillas need a special diet, vitamins for the heart during the hot season?
The animals themselves will arrange a special diet. almost stop eating, can drink more water.
– If so, in what quantities?
– Can I give chinchillas tea?
Chinchillas are very fond of dry tea leaves. You can give green tea, and black, and mate, but always natural. It is undesirable to give tea with artificial flavors. Remember also that tea contains tannins, which have firming properties. Therefore, give a serving of tea no more than 1/3 of a coffee spoon and preferably not every day.
Can give "hibiscus tea" (dry petals of Sudanese rose) in limited quantities, as it causes a mild laxative effect.
– What plants can be given to chinchillas?
4-5 buds of rosehip and wrinkled roses (from which jam is boiled).
When the gardens bloom, you can give 2-3 brushes of blooming cherry, i.e. A small twig with small leaves and flowers.
2-3 small branches of birch with young, but not sticky, leaves.
Blooming linden buds: 5-6 pcs.
4-5 leaves of dandelion and plantain. These leaves must be thoroughly washed under running water and get wet almost dry with a napkin.
1 sheet of lettuce.
You can give strawberry and strawberry leaves.
Alfalfa and clover chinchillas are very fond of! But they need to give them in limited doses: both fresh and dried (fresh no more than 4-6 g per day, dried no more than 8 g per day).
As a rule, chinchillas do not eat what they are likely to poison. However, before offering anything to the chinchilla, check the list of permitted plants, and if in doubt. don’t give, don’t take risks!
– How to disinfect purchased hay?
Put hay for 1 minute in the microwave at 2/3 of the power (I have 90 watts). Hay becomes practically sterile, although it does not heat up much. Before processing in the microwave, examine the hay (when cutting hay and weighing portions this will happen by itself). Metal or other foreign objects, such as nails, may come in the hay.
Inspect the hay carefully and carefully set the mode, otherwise you can make a fire.
– How much can a chinchilla starve without harm to health?
A chinchilla can fast for a week without any harm to its own health (in the presence of water and hay, of course).
– Can I give a lot of carrots to chinchillas?
Back in the sixties of the last century, E. Barantseva and her colleagues at VNIIOZ scientifically proved that when chinchilla consumed more than 4 grams of carrots per day, the digestibility of the main feed was almost halved.
If even a chinchilla loves carrots, do not indulge her, otherwise she will not live long with such feeding!
– How to give frozen currants or cranberries? It must be thawed, but then the juice will go?
I can only advise you to defrost in the usual compartment of the refrigerator, putting it on a strainer. I defrost fruits and berries for pies. Excess water, of course, drips, but the berries will still remain wet. Will there be chinchillas? As a rule, chinchillas prefer fresh, non-watery or completely dry fruits and berries.
– How much can I give dried chinchillas to wild rose hips?
1-2 berries every 1-3 days.
– Can clover be given without adding hay? Or is it better to mix in what proportions?
Dried clover can not be replaced with hay! Better add it to the hay, but very carefully, at first a little bit and not every day.
I give about 1 tablespoon to my face once every 2-3 days.
For babies up to 2 months, clover is generally not recommended. From 2 to 5 months, you can give dry 1 teaspoon every 3-4 days.
– Do I need to clean my dog rose before feeding chinchillas?
There are prickly villi in the berries inside. These villi and bones can be cleaned before serving chinchillas for dinner.
Well, if you don’t clean it, then the chinchillas will eat it like that, but they will spit out with bones, and rub the face with their paws, and the tongue will turn a little red from the villi.
– What fruit and berry seeds can be given to chinchillas?
"Peach nuts" (seeds) I didn’t try to give, but I gave apricot kernels, though I had previously tried it myself if they were bitter. If the peach seeds are not bitter, then you can probably give a try. For the first time, give half a bone, if the beast is eaten at all, and if the next day everything is okay with the litter, then you can give a couple. Chinchillas should not eat cherry pits!
– I read that chinchillas can be given germinated wheat. Is it so?
As for fresh sprouted wheat (consisting mainly of water), then it should be given to animals no more than 6 g per day, and this is such a small amount that it will not affect the balance of the diet for proteins and fats.
Chinchillas can be given "Wheat germ" 2 g per day, unless, of course, they are on sale in the departments of healthy nutrition. It is only necessary to pay attention to the fact that this product does not contain any impurities (spirulina, sugar, preservatives, etc.). only pure germ crumbs.
This FAQ was compiled by correspondence forum
The authors of this FAQ. conference participants.
Compiled by: edited by Alena Maklakova
No part of the FAQ can be reproduced (on paper or on the Internet) without the written permission of the author and compiler.
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