- Important principles
- Nutrition structure
- Forbidden products
- Chinchilla Diet Features
- How to feed chinchilla
- What foods should not be given to chinchilla
- Vitamins and minerals for chinchilla
- How often to feed chinchilla
- Prohibited Products
- Foods that can be given in limited quantities
- Allowed Products
- Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
- Main menu
- Prohibited Products
- How to feed chinchilla
- Differences in feeding
- Best chinchillas feed
Chinchilla. pure phytophage, that is, it eats only plants. At what all of their parts are edible for them. from roots to fruits. Only not all of them are equally useful and necessary for him. And if wild animals harmful and dangerous food for them pass around, then domestic animals will not. They have lost this instinct. However, like people who, instead of not eating sweet and salty, lean on buns and smoked meats. As a result, the duration and quality of life of both chinchillas and people are sharply reduced.
Let’s regret, if not ourselves, then at least our pets and we will not pamper them. And for this it is necessary to arm yourself with knowledge and understand the basic principles specific to their nutrition.
The basis of any feed. his goodness. That is, it cannot be
Do not harvest green food in contaminated places:
- By the side of the road
- In industrial areas,
- In fields that have undergone chemical treatment from pests.
You can feed only washed and dried vegetables, fruits and herbs. Green leaves should be withered. Do not feed wet greens, only dry.
It is necessary to accustom to new, especially green forages gradually. After each increase in serving size, observe your pets.
Follow the feeding schedule.
- One time.
- Late evening.
Evening feeding is explained by the fact that these animals are active at night. This is described in detail in the article (Farm 27, “Chinchilla at home”).
In the morning you can feed only when everything yesterday is eaten. The main evening feed should be filled only in an empty and clean feeder.
Chinchillas are designed for adverse ascetic living conditions. They have a very long intestine, designed to get the most out of scarce food, which they still have to run to. This happens in nature. Therefore, by creating such conditions close to natural conditions, you will save your pet from premature death. And for this, it is necessary to spoil it less, feeding all sorts of sweets.
The nutrition structure of chinchillas should be formed as follows:
- Granulate, the main feed. 70%
- Lure. 20 %,
- Goodies. ten %.
Pour an open pack into a sealed container. So it will not erode.
This food is granular. In its composition, it corresponds to the nutrition of chinchillas living on the peaks of the South American Andes. Easy to digest, since it contains ballast having a low nutrient content. For one feeding, one tablespoon of food is enough for one animal.
Moreover, it is solid. It is important. Since when eating it, chinchillas grind, constantly growing teeth.
Granules are made from herbs, vegetables, cereals and enriched with vitamins and minerals. It should not contain proteins, fats or carbohydrates.
Try to buy the same feed all the time. If you change them, then accustom yourself to new ones gradually (at least a week). Otherwise, chinchilla digestion may be upset.
There must be hay in the cage or display case in which your pets live. A special Sennica is set for him. They put it a little, but change it daily. Contaminated hay should be removed immediately.
Signs of good hay:
- Not bad.
- No mold.
- Light green color.
- It smells good.
The best hay for chinchillas. it’s hay legumes
It is useful due to the presence of a large amount of calcium, phosphorus and digestible protein. It is necessary to mow it when buds appear or at the initial stage of flowering.
In the absence of hay from legumes, you can use cereal. That is cooked
- From Timothy
- Fescue meadow,
- Meadowgrass meadow,
- Hedgehog team.
But in its nutritional properties, it is inferior to bean.
Forbs are also useful. Especially if it consists of legumes, cereal grasses with a small admixture of bird buckwheat, meadow goat-breeder. Only it should be prepared before the first flowering of these herbs. Late herbs do not have the beneficial qualities that are characteristic of the early ones.
When harvesting hay, avoid the following herbs:
In general, all poisonous plants.
He drinks a little chinchilla too. For drinking, you need to use filtered or bottled, but not carbonated or mineral water. Its temperature is 18-20 degrees.
This is additional nutrition. Its amount in the total diet of a chinchilla should not exceed twenty percent. If the weight of the animal begins to increase, then it means that you overdo it with complementary foods.
For example, Beaphar Care complementary foods, while meeting the nutritional needs of chinchillas, are low in sugar, moisture, and fat. It is enriched with vitamins, amino acids, minerals. It contains polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6, which strengthen the heart and improve blood circulation. In addition, this complementary foods strengthens the immune system, which increases resistance to disease. It reduces unpleasant fecal odor.
You can pick up food yourself. It consists
- From cereals (you can take oatmeal)
- From dried berries, plantain leaves, roots,
- From apples, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, rose hips.
All this must be necessarily in a dry form and in very small quantities. Since much of this is at the same time a treat for them and not very useful for them.
There are also goodies. You can collect them yourself, make stocks of them. And constantly delight your chinchilla. The following is helpful.
- Viburnum. Improves digestion. You can give one thing no more than twice a week.
- Corn. Contains potassium, calcium, magnesium. Dosage. no more than three grains per day.
- Carrot. It is good for the heart, improves appetite and the condition of the fur. Dosage. one circle no more than three times a week.
- The roots of calamus. Antispasmodic. Dosage. no more than one centimeter of the root once a week.
- Karkade. Protects the liver, improves metabolism. Dosage. once a week no more than one teaspoon.
- Clover meadow. Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial agent. Dosage. once a week no more than two pieces.
- Leaves of plantain. Regulates the digestive tract. Dosage. twice a week, one leaf of medium size.
- Chicory. Soothing, diuretic. Dosage. once a week, one flower or stem.
- Weeping willow. A lot of vitamin C. Supports the immune system. Dosage. once a week in one medium sprig.
- Rosehip. Restorative agent. Dosage. once a week, one at a time.
In addition, berries and fruits can be given
- Blue honeysuckle
- Apple slices
Of herbal plants, it’s good to use
- Blooming Sally,
- Nettle and mint (not allowed for pregnant women),
Oak must not be given. He fastens strongly. If only with diarrhea in small quantities. The pear also fastens. Therefore, it is given with caution.
Chinchilla eats and nibbles everything, even these forbidden foods. Therefore, your task is that they do not get to it. Otherwise, her life will be greatly reduced.
Here is a list of these products. And he is not yet complete.
- Purchased Goodies
- Cereal sticks
- Dried fruits,
- Fruit mixes
Everything that contains sugar, honey, artificial additives. Since these products complicate the work of the intestines. Cause constipation and diarrhea
All this leads to strong fermentation in the intestines. And, as a result, to diarrhea and bloating, which can cause dare chinchillas.
They lead to baldness of chinchillas, and their branches are toxic to them.
- Seeds and nuts. A blow to the liver, as it is too fatty food for chinchillas. It would seem that nothing happened once, but the fat accumulates gradually until the liver is obese and the fur begins to climb. Then it’s too late.
- Mushrooms. The protein contained in them is dangerous for the intestines of chinchillas.
- Human food. Our food contains a lot of artificial additives. Including sugar, in large quantities salt, yeast, fats. This is all and is not useful to us, not to mention the chinchilla.
Therefore, if you love your animal, then do not give him forbidden products. Do not overfeed it. Let him actively run around the cage in search of food, and not having fed up lies in the corner. Feed him correctly and then your sweet and funny chinchilla will live a long and happy life.
How to feed your chinchilla?
In our last publication, we talked about the benefits of keeping such a beast as http://onlinepaydayloansusca.Com/ chinchilla at home. read about it. We also raised the question of where the rodent should live and how best to equip a cage for it. Today, we will consider the topic, than payday loans feed chinchilla. As they say, comfort. comfort, and without a proper diet, this pet is unlikely to live a long and happy life for you to enjoy. So, how and what to properly feed your home chinchilla
Chinchilla Diet Features
Your chinchilla belongs to herbivores, which means that it is a vegetarian. Therefore, it is not worth offering her meat. The diet of this herbivorous rodent can be based on various herbaceous plants, legumes, cereals, seeds of such plants, moss, lichen, shrubs, tree bark and, at the request of the chinchilla itself, small insects. In principle, if we consider the gastronomic preferences of this furry creation, then chinchillas are not picky in matters of food choice. However, you can independently try to determine what your rodent likes best and occasionally indulge him with such a treat.
By the way, some chinchilla breeders claim that if you have ever dealt with direct payday lenders rabbits, then you can easily cope with the care of chinchillas, since in principle these two species of animals have a lot in common.
How to feed chinchilla
However, if you will independently prepare food for your chinchilla, you should adhere to some rules so that your pet does not have stomach problems and does not cry from pain. So, for example,
If you want to give the stems of a fresh plant to the chinchilla, then it is better to dry them a bit or dry them, and only then give them as a treat, since bloating can begin from chinchilla fresh shoots. It is not recommended to give raw chives to raw beets and potatoes. And, all other vegetables and fruits before you offer them to your pet, it is recommended to wash them well.
It is impossible to feed chinchilla with hay, which has a musty smell and starts to mold. The animal may be poisoned and die.
Despite the fact that the animal drinks little and not often (in nature, chinchillas do not drink at all – it is hard to believe, but such data can be found), in its cage must always be fresh, clean, boiled water, which you will regularly change. Do not forget to wash the drinker itself daily. However, without the use of cleaning chemicals.
Also, you should know that giving chinchilla tap water that flows from a faucet in your home is not recommended. If the water is chlorinated, the animal may die. Therefore, it is better to use either filtered and purified boiled water, or give artesian or mineral, but without gas.
Supplemental Chinchilla Feed
In order for your rodent to be able to grind the front incisors, and you did not have to contact the veterinarian with problems that are associated with the chinchilla’s teeth. be sure to put some dry twigs of payday advance trees in her cage. It can be branches of apple, acacia, pear, birch, willow, hazelnut or linden. Payday loans online Well, giving branches of conifers is better not worth it – they have a high resin content. The same can be said about the branches of citrus, cherry, plum, oak and walnut. Giving them to chinchillas is not recommended.
If the rodent does not want to bite the branches, you can put special stones made of chalk or pumice in the cage to the chinchilla. Just make sure that they are truly natural and without additives. By the way chalk itself will also come in handy for your chinchilla as a mineral supplement.
What foods should not be given to chinchilla
Giving meat to rodents is not worth it
And although you adore your beast payday loans and want to pamper it, we do not recommend you give the chinchilla products from your table, treat it with cookies, sweets Even if such animal goodies will appeal to the beast, this does not mean at all that they will be useful for the chinchilla. As a result of the consumption of such fatty and high-calorie foods, she may begin to become obese, and this will not only negatively affect her ability to reproduce, but will also shorten the life of your pet, as your chinchilla will definitely not add extra weight to health. Therefore, better find another way to express your love and do not give chinchilla cookies, chocolate, sweets, spicy, salty, smoked
Vitamins and minerals for chinchilla
Your pet will be healthy, mobile and cheerful if, along with products from his diet, he receives all the necessary vitamins and direct lender payday loans trace elements for his growth and development. Well, since on the day you purchased the chinchilla, you vowed to take care of it, we suggest you dwell in more detail on what vitamins and minerals are vital and necessary for your rodent and why they need them.
Proteins in Chinchilla Products
Fats in Chinchilla Products
Fats in the diet regulate the water balance in cells, are responsible for the intake of salts and amino acids in them, act as a solvent for vitamins K and A, and are a source of energy. But, despite such a benefit of fats – an excess of them in the diet is harmful to health. Therefore, it’s not worth it to abuse chinchilla nuts, sunflower seeds and other oilseeds.
Carbohydrates in Chinchilla Products
Carbohydrates are also one of the main sources of energy in the animal’s body, and they are also part of the cells and help the body utilize fats. Most carbohydrates are found in beans, oats, corn, lentils and soy.
Vitamins in Chinchilla Products
- Vitamin A – If your chinchilla gets vitamin A, it may begin to have problems with vision and the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract and the skin. Therefore, make sure that the chinchilla is eating rose hips, raw red carrots, pumpkins, bananas, spinach, salad, milk and corn.
- B vitamins – they regulate metabolic processes in the animal’s body, ensure normal growth, development, regeneration of the skin, and blood formation. B vitamins are found in legumes, cereals, milk, lettuce, and spinach.
- Vitamin C – is responsible for maintaining and improving health, helps the body fight viruses and germs. Most vitamin C is found in berries, fruits, and vegetables, in wild rose and in sorrel.
- Vitamin E – It is responsible for healthy skin condition and muscle strength, a positive effect on the reproductive system. Sources of vitamin E for chinchillas are wheat germ, spinach, soybeans, almonds, corn, walnuts.
- Calcium acts as a building material for bones and teeth, regulates the cardiovascular system, plays an important role in the body’s ability to resist infections. Chinchilla can replenish calcium by consuming nuts, apples, seeds, wheat, raisins, soy, beans and dried apricots.
- Potassium – necessary for the normal functioning of soft tissues, is present in 50% of all fluids in the body of a rodent. Your chinchilla will be able to replenish potassium reserves if he uses pine nuts, raisins, carrots, sunflower seeds and dandelion leaves.
- Zinc – if you care about the health of your rodent, then you must ensure that the animal does not lack zinc. In addition, this element is responsible for the ability to distinguish between taste and the ability to smell. A lot of zinc is found in sprouted wheat, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, and in legumes. But, unfortunately, berries, fruits and vegetables contain very little zinc.
- Iron – as in the human body, and in the body of the chinchilla, it payday loans online is contained in small quantities, but is responsible for many functions, including providing the body cells with oxygen and supporting the immune system. A lot of iron can be found in peas, beans, soy, breadcrumbs made from wholemeal flour, as well as in vegetables with green leaves and in the berries of instant payday loans rose hips.
- Magnesium – the role of this element is also very important, this is the effect on energy processes, and participation in immune processes. Oatmeal, beans, nuts, soybeans and buckwheat can serve as a source of magnesium for chinchillas. In winter, you can also give chinchilla dried fruits, prunes, raisins and dried apricots.
- Folic acid – if you are planning to breed chinchillas at home, or your female chinchilla is already expecting offspring, and maybe your rodent has experienced serious stress and illness and is only just beginning to recover from them, you must make sure that it wheat, vegetables, dried fruits and oatmeal, which contain folic acid necessary for the restoration of the body, were necessarily present in the diet
How often to feed chinchilla
Chinchillas eat very carefully
Most chinchilla breeders are of the opinion that it’s better to feed the pet more than 1 time per day, and to divide the daily portion of food – this is about 2 tablespoons of dry finished food, 2 times. That is, you pour 1 tablespoon of food into a bowl of chinchilla in the morning, and pour 1 tablespoon in the evening, before going to bed. Food residues, if any, are recommended to be removed, and not supplemented with a fresh portion.
By the way, it is better not to overfeed the animal, despite the chinchilla’s good appetite (healthy individuals are almost always ready to chew something), you should not indulge such rodent weaknesses, as this can lead to obesity, and in general spoil the character of the chinchilla. Quite often you have to deal with such statements by the owners of chinchillas that in case of overfeeding, their rodent begins to rage, and creates a mess in the cage.
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
A small fluffy animal with a pretty face and black beads – eyes won many animal lovers with its unusual appearance and gentle disposition. How to care? How to feed chinchilla? Beginner breeders are interested in these issues. In order for the pussies to be healthy, you need to approach their feeding with all responsibility, choosing good products.
Chinchillas first appeared in South America. The animal with a long tail lives among the mountains of Chile, and with a short one it is most common in the Andes and Argentina. Animals live on the northern slopes of the mountains.
Chinchillas prefer vegetarian food: various branches of shrubs, plant seeds, fruits and cacti. Water for fluffy animals is not particularly needed, since juicy feeds contain a sufficient amount of liquid. Sometimes chinchillas drink fresh dew. In the natural environment, animals rarely get sick and live up to 20 years, as they feed on a large amount of greenery, including plants, which include astringents.
Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
Chinchilla is primarily an herbivore animal, therefore, the basis of the diet is plant food. It is necessary to feed the animal in a balanced and varied way, including vitamins for chinchillas and minerals in the menu. Since animals eat extremely little, food must be of high quality. You need to know how to feed chinchilla is possible, and what is not.
Chinchillas are big picks and the most delicious pieces are always chosen from the whole offered food. In this regard, the owners need to ensure that the animals completely eat their portion, as it contains vitamins and nutrients necessary for the health of chinchillas.
You need to purchase roomy and comfortable chinchilla feeders. If surplus food is often left in or around the pet’s feeder, you need to reduce its amount and offer less treats.
Feeding chinchillas is not an easy task, as they have a weak digestive system, so overfeeding the animal, treating it from the table and giving low-quality products is strictly prohibited. The food must be of good quality, fresh, with no signs of mold, rot or mustiness. Grass included in the nutrition of fluffy chinchillas should be harvested in ecologically clean areas, away from roads and industrial plants. Fruits, vegetables, greens must be thoroughly washed and dried before offering them to the animal.
If the chinchilla ate compound feed and had never tried green food before, you need to train it slowly, giving in small portions, gradually increasing the amount. If the pet feels well, you can safely introduce juicy food into the diet of chinchillas.
Giving food to the animal is necessary once a day, mainly in the evening. Before feeding, the bowl should be washed with plain water without soap and cleaned of food debris.
On a day, one animal has a certain list of products:
- Compound feed – 1-3 teaspoons;
- 30 grams of hay;
- 5 grams of green food;
- 6 grams of additional food (branches of shrubs and trees);
- 1-2 pieces of any goodies to choose from.
Important! Chinchillas lack a sense of proportion. They are happy to eat all the offered goodies in any quantities. Everything that chinchilla loves so much – vegetables, fruits, dried fruits and nuts must be given in strictly defined doses.
The approximate composition of chinchilla food:
- Carbohydrates make up half of the total diet;
- Squirrels. 25%;
- Coarse fibers and fiber. about 15%;
- Fats. five%.
Chinchilla living at home and eating mixed feeds must be given vitamins and healthy delicacies. For convenience, you can make a table in which the number of products and the time of their submission will be indicated. How to properly feed the chinchilla? The basic rules of feeding that must be observed.
- In a bowl at the same time, preferably at night, you should pour a certain amount of compound feed for the chinchilla. You can find out which feed is best from breeders or veterinarians. If the animal quickly eats up the offered, then the portion needs to be increased.
- Do not forget about the water. The drinker should always be filled with clean and fresh water. It is better to pour spring water, but in no case boiled or mineral.
- In the cage of a pet, you can put a convenient sennik, where soft hay will always be.
- If the rodent’s diet is not completely balanced, a certain amount of vitamins must be added to the composition of the chinchilla food. They should also be given to sick and weakened animals, during pregnancy, to the female and lactating females.
- Salt and mineral stone can be attached to the rods of a chinchilla cage. From time to time, the pet will gnaw them, grinding their teeth and at the same time receiving all the substances necessary for the body.
- So that the animal does not suffer from protein deficiency, in addition to vitamins, a little yeast can also be given.
Rough and juicy food
Juicy foods include various vegetables and fruits, herbs and tree branches. They contain vitamins and minerals useful for chinchillas. At any time of the year, you can treat your pet with all kinds of twigs and twigs of trees and shrubs. Gnawing hard twigs, the pet grinds constantly growing teeth.
In the fall, animals are offered vegetables: cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce, zucchini. Chinchillas are given carrots at any time of the year. Animals are very fond of fruits: pears, various varieties of apples, pomegranates, berries.
Fruit is a favorite treat. They need to be given to the chinchilla 2 times a week in a certain amount, for example, one berry or a slice of apple.
Due to the weak digestion system, vegetables also need to be limited, twice a week one small piece will be enough.
The new product is introduced gradually, in small doses, so that you can observe the reaction of the animal. If everything is in order with the pet and there are no problems with digestion, then juicy foods are suitable for him.
Rodents are very fond of fresh grass: dandelions, carrot tops, clover. Greens are best given clean and dry.
Ready-made industrial feeds are central to feeding chinchillas. They can be divided into two types: granular and compressed. It is necessary to give only high-quality fresh food of famous brands. The product must be made specifically for chinchillas, and not for rabbits or hamsters. The mixture should be well packaged and not expired. Compound feed by weight for chinchillas should not be purchased, as well as cooked at home.
Violation of the recipe can lead to negative consequences, for example, poisoning a pet or developing various diseases and pathologies.
- Vitakraft Pellets – the most popular right food;
- Chinchilla Complete – food with fairly soft granules;
- Chinchilla Duo is a good food, but chinchillas don’t eat it very well.
Fiber is an indispensable product for the successful operation of the gastrointestinal tract of chinchillas. Most fiber is found in hay. In the cage, fresh hay must be in unlimited quantities, so that the animal can get it at any time. Before you put the product in the sennik, you must carefully check it for mold, debris, a suspicious smell and rot.
It is impossible to suppose that in the composition of hay there were such herbs as: St. John’s wort and chytin. Breeders should know that poisonous plants are very dangerous for chinchillas: raven eye, poisonous ranunculus, henbane, marigold, white hellebore, poisonous milestone.
Instead of feed, chinchillas are sometimes fed with grain mixtures, especially in winter, which include:
- Oats are the best medicine for indigestion in animals. It contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, as well as healthy fats and carbohydrates. Oats are the basis of the grain mixture.
- Millet containing such a useful component as carotene.
- Wheat can be given to animals in the form of bran. It is low in fat and many nutrients.
- Corn has a lot of protein needed for chinchilla.
In a mixture of various cereals must be present nuts, legumes and seeds. From cereal mixtures, cereals are also prepared, they are especially useful for young animals. As a source of vitamins, animals need to be given germinated grains. They are added to the diet of animals in limited quantities, as from fresh shoots, digestion problems can occur.
Favorite Chinchilla Goodies
An affectionate pet can easily get used to the owner and even come to his call. For this, you can reward your little animal by treating it with a delicious reward. As a treat you need to use delicacies rich in protein, potassium, calcium, such as: fruits, vegetables, dried fruits and nuts.
In no case should juicy fruits displace dry food from the diet, as giving them to animals in large quantities is contraindicated.
Chinchillas are very fond of sunflower seeds and nuts such as cashews, hazelnuts, walnuts. As delicious snacks, dry rose petals, tea leaves or mountain ash berries are suitable.
Chinchillas are big gluttons and love sweets very much, therefore you should not abuse sweet berries and fruits, especially during pregnancy and feeding of young ones.
A properly composed diet rich in useful trace elements will protect the animal from all kinds of diseases, obesity and early death. It must be fully balanced. A large amount of protein can cause pet poisoning. If chinchilla is fed with fatty foods, the liver and heart will suffer. Too much carbohydrate in the diet will lead to obesity and poor health of the animal.
An approximate list of products – why not, under any circumstances, feed the chinchilla.
- Do not give any cabbage, beets and potatoes. They can cause indigestion in the animal.
- Stale foods, including hay. Food with signs of spoilage, rot or mold.
- Roasted seeds and nuts, as well as pine nuts, are very fatty foods that are harmful to chinchillas. If you regularly treat the animal with fried seeds, the animal may grow fat.
- You can not give meat and other products of animal origin to eat, because the animals are herbivores.
- Veterinarians say that you should not give foods with highly allergenic properties, such as citrus fruits.
- Foliage, branches of coniferous and stone fruit trees. They are poisonous and may contain harmful substances. For chinchillas, their use can lead to irreversible consequences.
- Any pastries and bread. Fresh baking can cause bloating and upset stomach in the animal.
- Sparkling and boiled water, as well as tap water.
As soon as the animal appeared in the house, you need to immediately try to accustom it to a healthy and proper diet, as well as a strict feeding regimen. If you follow all the rules and adhere to the recommendations of veterinarians about how to properly feed chinchillas, you can be sure that the animal will be healthy, mobile and will live a long happy life.
Chinchillas. cute, funny and very cute creatures that are very popular today. The animals quickly get used to the owners, become manual, do not require large financial costs for maintenance. The main thing when caring for animals. organize comfortable living conditions and adhere to the principles of proper, balanced nutrition. How to feed chinchilla at home and what can not be used as feed, let’s look.
How to feed chinchilla
Proper nutrition for chinchilla. it is the key to health, well-being, vitality and longevity of the animal. With a lack of useful components, vitamins and minerals in the diet, the pet begins to weaken and hurt.
Grain, Seeds and Nuts
In the conditions of a city apartment, cereal mixtures, seeds and nuts will become an indispensable pet food. The following cereals are suitable for feed:
- Oats. this cereal is approximately 75% of all cereals in the mixture, it contains a large number of vitamins, minerals, fiber, nutrients that have a good effect on digestion, improve metabolic processes, strengthen immunity;
- Corn. give several times a week, in small portions, when eating corn, you need to monitor the dosage, since it can cause digestive problems, in particular, bloating;
- Wheat. useful for the growth and development of the animal, contains the necessary amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
- Barley. positively affects the general condition of the animal, contributes to normal life, it is recommended for feeding adult chinchillas (before use, grind the grain).
Important! Feeding the animal in the afternoon or evening hours. This is due to the peculiarity of the lifestyle of these animals: chinchillas are awake at night and consume food during the same period.
- Flax. improve the condition of the fur due to the content of omega acids, make it shiny and smooth;
- Pumpkins. cleanse the body of harmful substances and toxins, improve the structure of the skin, strengthen the hair bulb;
- Sunflower. are sources of calcium, strengthen bone tissue, support the functioning of the heart muscle.
Several times a week you can treat your pets with nuts:
- Almond : strengthens the immune system, increases the body’s resistance to various infections;
- Cashew nuts : has a high nutritional value, saturates the body with energy;
- Peanut : helps to improve digestion, the reproductive system;
- Hazelnut : strengthens bone and muscle tissue, contributes to the normal functioning of the digestive tract.
Important! It is forbidden to include in the diet of chinchillas all nuts or seeds at the same time. Due to the high fat content, the digestive system of the animal may be affected.
Greens and tree branches
The chinchilla menu must include dry food, in particular, twigs and tree bark. It is preferable to treat the animal with branches of apple, linden, pear or aspen. They are hung in a cage so that it is convenient for the pet to get them out. It is not recommended to feed the animals with oak and willow branches, as they can provoke the development of diarrhea. The use of tree branches allows chinchillas to grind their teeth, thereby contributing to the proper development of the dental system and the prevention of the formation of tooth hooks.
Pets are not indifferent to various greens: leaves and shoots of hazel, acacia, raspberry, mountain ash, birch, chestnut. Woody greens are rich in vitamins and minerals, contain fiber, which is necessary for normal digestion.
Important! Fresh greenery is given to the animal only after it lies in the shade for at least 3-4 hours.
Vegetables and fruits
It is good to feed chinchilla with fresh vegetables and fruits. For animals up to 8 months, it is recommended to give only an apple or carrot, cut into small slices. After this age, the menu can be varied with pumpkin, pear, squash, grapes, figs, zucchini, bananas, peaches, apricots.
The new product should be introduced into the animal’s food in small portions. It is recommended to alternate delicacies: if today the animal received an apple, then tomorrow it is better to feed it with pumpkin or another vegetable.
Did you know? Chinchillas have the densest fur of all animals, which helps them tolerate even the coldest winters. In addition, animals do not have sweat glands, so individuals living in apartments do not leave an unpleasant odor.
One of the most important components of the diet of chinchillas is hay. Many experts believe that it should be constantly present in the cell. Dried grass contains a large amount of fiber, which contributes to good digestion and cleansing of the body, prevents stagnation of food and its fermentation in the stomach. In addition, hay is rich in a large number of minerals, vitamins, proteins.
The animal should be given only fresh, dry hay, with no signs of rotting, musty odor. It must not contain foreign debris, sticks or other foreign components. The best option for pets is considered to be hay from forbs: alfalfa, legumes, clover, buckwheat, goat breeder, etc. Herbs should be collected during their flowering period and dried in the shade. Chinchillas are recommended to give from 20 to 80 g of hay per day.
Chinchilla needs water, so it should always be present in the drinker. Water must be fresh, without signs of flowering. It is recommended to give the animal spring or bottled water. A boiled product is not suitable, because in the process of boiling it loses a number of useful elements.
Differences in feeding
Proper nutrition is the key to good health and well-being of chinchillas of any age. However, at some points in their lives, they need to organize balanced feeding especially urgently.
During pregnancy, the body of the chinchilla experiences great stress and needs enhanced nutrition. Feeding in this period has a number of features:
- The increased content of vitamins and mineral salts;
- Balance on proteins, fats and carbohydrates;
- A decrease in the percentage of roughage by 25% and, accordingly, a 25% increase in grain mixtures, vegetables, herbs and animal feed, in particular, cottage cheese, egg whites.
Feed the animal in small portions several times a day. It is recommended to introduce wild rose and hawthorn into the diet of the animal, which will help strengthen the immune system, increase the body’s resistance to various diseases.
Chinchillas offer the following products throughout their pregnancy:
A few days before the birth, it is recommended to exclude mint, lemon balm and thyme from the animal’s menu, as they negatively affect the quality of milk.
Did you know? The animals lack seasonal molting, which makes them the most hypoallergenic animals for domestic use. They dump their fur only under stress or as a protective reaction.
During lactation, chinchillas need to provide complete, enhanced nutrition, which will maintain a good level of milk production. To do this, enter into the animal’s menu:
- Germinated grain with a high concentration of vitamin E;
- Green herbs: nettle, alfalfa, calendula, wild rose, wild strawberry leaves that improve lactation;
- Milk granules, a source of protein;
- Perga. the recommended dosage is 2-3 balls per day.
Eating chinchillas while feeding babies is almost identical to nutrition during pregnancy. The only thing. you should enrich the diet with animal protein (cottage cheese, egg white), and you also need to ensure that the animal always has fresh, clean water in the feeder.
In the first days of their lives, chinchilla babies feed on their mother’s milk.
Important! A female in an active state has only two pairs of mammary glands out of three, so if there are more newborn babies than milk teats, then you need to monitor so that each of the cubs receives a sufficient amount of milk.
If the babies behave uneasily after feeding, looking for a nipple, then perhaps the mother does not have enough milk and the breeders need to feed them on their own. An infusion of chamomile mixed with condensed milk in a ratio of 2: 1 is perfect as a nutrition. Before serving, the mixture must be warmed up to room temperature, given in small portions, from a syringe without a needle, very carefully so that the kids do not choke.
In the first seven days, babies are fed every two hours, starting from the second week. every four hours, with a third. every six hours. By the end of the fifth week, babies can gradually be transferred to solid food.
What can not be fed chinchilla
There are a number of products that categorically should not be present in the diet of the animal, since they can provoke various ailments. These include:
- Cabbage Leaves: cause bloating;
- Raw potatoes: contains the toxic substance solanine, which can cause chinchilla poisoning;
- Food from the man’s table: pickles, smoked meats, spices, sweets, confectionery, pastries, etc. P., such products can cause severe intoxication, up to death;
- Roasted nuts and seeds;
- Any dairy products: causes problems with the digestive tract;
- Meat: causes digestive upsets.
As for herbal food, it is necessary to exclude: fern, chythorn, cornflower, dope, black eye.
Important! It is necessary to ensure that the animals do not gnaw at home indoor plants, since almost all of them are poisonous to the pet.
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