- Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
- Main menu
- Prohibited Products
- How to feed at home?
- What you can: list
- What they love to eat: goodies
- Vitamins and their benefits for the pet
- Pregnant female menu
- What is impossible?
- Ration example
- What do chinchillas eat?
- The diet of home chinchillas
- The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
- The balance of vitamins and minerals
- How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
- Concentrated feed
- Cereal mixes
- Drinking water
- Dried herbs
- Tree branches and leaves
- Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
- Vitamins for Chinchillas
- Chinchilla treat
- How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
A small fluffy animal with a pretty face and black beads – eyes won many animal lovers with its unusual appearance and gentle disposition. How to care? How to feed chinchilla? Beginner breeders are interested in these issues. In order for the pussies to be healthy, you need to approach their feeding with all responsibility, choosing good products.
Chinchillas first appeared in South America. The animal with a long tail lives among the mountains of Chile, and with a short one it is most common in the Andes and Argentina. Animals live on the northern slopes of the mountains.
Chinchillas prefer vegetarian food: various branches of shrubs, plant seeds, fruits and cacti. Water for fluffy animals is not particularly needed, since juicy feeds contain a sufficient amount of liquid. Sometimes chinchillas drink fresh dew. In the natural environment, animals rarely get sick and live up to 20 years, as they feed on a large amount of greenery, including plants, which include astringents.
Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
Chinchilla is primarily an herbivore animal, therefore, the basis of the diet is plant food. It is necessary to feed the animal in a balanced and varied way, including vitamins for chinchillas and minerals in the menu. Since animals eat extremely little, food must be of high quality. You need to know how to feed chinchilla is possible, and what is not.
Chinchillas are big picks and the most delicious pieces are always chosen from the whole offered food. In this regard, the owners need to ensure that the animals completely eat their portion, as it contains vitamins and nutrients necessary for the health of chinchillas.
You need to purchase roomy and comfortable chinchilla feeders. If surplus food is often left in or around the pet’s feeder, you need to reduce its amount and offer less treats.
Feeding chinchillas is not an easy task, as they have a weak digestive system, so overfeeding the animal, treating it from the table and giving low-quality products is strictly prohibited. The food must be of good quality, fresh, with no signs of mold, rot or mustiness. Grass included in the nutrition of fluffy chinchillas should be harvested in ecologically clean areas, away from roads and industrial plants. Fruits, vegetables, greens must be thoroughly washed and dried before offering them to the animal.
If the chinchilla ate compound feed and had never tried green food before, you need to train it slowly, giving in small portions, gradually increasing the amount. If the pet feels well, you can safely introduce juicy food into the diet of chinchillas.
Giving food to the animal is necessary once a day, mainly in the evening. Before feeding, the bowl should be washed with plain water without soap and cleaned of food debris.
On a day, one animal has a certain list of products:
- Compound feed – 1-3 teaspoons;
- 30 grams of hay;
- 5 grams of green food;
- 6 grams of additional food (branches of shrubs and trees);
- 1-2 pieces of any goodies to choose from.
Important! Chinchillas lack a sense of proportion. They are happy to eat all the offered goodies in any quantities. Everything that chinchilla loves so much – vegetables, fruits, dried fruits and nuts must be given in strictly defined doses.
The approximate composition of chinchilla food:
- Carbohydrates make up half of the total diet;
- Squirrels. 25%;
- Coarse fibers and fiber. about 15%;
- Fats. five%.
Chinchilla living at home and eating mixed feeds must be given vitamins and healthy delicacies. For convenience, you can make a table in which the number of products and the time of their submission will be indicated. How to properly feed the chinchilla? The basic rules of feeding that must be observed.
- In a bowl at the same time, preferably at night, you should pour a certain amount of compound feed for the chinchilla. You can find out which feed is best from breeders or veterinarians. If the animal quickly eats up the offered, then the portion needs to be increased.
- Do not forget about the water. The drinker should always be filled with clean and fresh water. It is better to pour spring water, but in no case boiled or mineral.
- In the cage of a pet, you can put a convenient sennik, where soft hay will always be.
- If the rodent’s diet is not completely balanced, a certain amount of vitamins must be added to the composition of the chinchilla food. They should also be given to sick and weakened animals, during pregnancy, to the female and lactating females.
- Salt and mineral stone can be attached to the rods of a chinchilla cage. From time to time, the pet will gnaw them, grinding their teeth and at the same time receiving all the substances necessary for the body.
- So that the animal does not suffer from protein deficiency, in addition to vitamins, a little yeast can also be given.
Rough and juicy food
Juicy foods include various vegetables and fruits, herbs and tree branches. They contain vitamins and minerals useful for chinchillas. At any time of the year, you can treat your pet with all kinds of twigs and twigs of trees and shrubs. Gnawing hard twigs, the pet grinds constantly growing teeth.
In the fall, animals are offered vegetables: cucumbers, tomatoes, lettuce, zucchini. Chinchillas are given carrots at any time of the year. Animals are very fond of fruits: pears, various varieties of apples, pomegranates, berries.
Fruit is a favorite treat. They need to be given to the chinchilla 2 times a week in a certain amount, for example, one berry or a slice of apple.
Due to the weak digestion system, vegetables also need to be limited, twice a week one small piece will be enough.
The new product is introduced gradually, in small doses, so that you can observe the reaction of the animal. If everything is in order with the pet and there are no problems with digestion, then juicy foods are suitable for him.
Rodents are very fond of fresh grass: dandelions, carrot tops, clover. Greens are best given clean and dry.
Ready-made industrial feeds are central to feeding chinchillas. They can be divided into two types: granular and compressed. It is necessary to give only high-quality fresh food of famous brands. The product must be made specifically for chinchillas, and not for rabbits or hamsters. The mixture should be well packaged and not expired. Compound feed by weight for chinchillas should not be purchased, as well as cooked at home.
Violation of the recipe can lead to negative consequences, for example, poisoning a pet or developing various diseases and pathologies.
- Vitakraft Pellets – the most popular right food;
- Chinchilla Complete – food with fairly soft granules;
- Chinchilla Duo is a good food, but chinchillas don’t eat it very well.
Fiber is an indispensable product for the successful operation of the gastrointestinal tract of chinchillas. Most fiber is found in hay. In the cage, fresh hay must be in unlimited quantities, so that the animal can get it at any time. Before you put the product in the sennik, you must carefully check it for mold, debris, a suspicious smell and rot.
It is impossible to suppose that in the composition of hay there were such herbs as: St. John’s wort and chytin. Breeders should know that poisonous plants are very dangerous for chinchillas: raven eye, poisonous ranunculus, henbane, marigold, white hellebore, poisonous milestone.
Instead of feed, chinchillas are sometimes fed with grain mixtures, especially in winter, which include:
- Oats are the best medicine for indigestion in animals. It contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, as well as healthy fats and carbohydrates. Oats are the basis of the grain mixture.
- Millet containing such a useful component as carotene.
- Wheat can be given to animals in the form of bran. It is low in fat and many nutrients.
- Corn has a lot of protein needed for chinchilla.
In a mixture of various cereals must be present nuts, legumes and seeds. From cereal mixtures, cereals are also prepared, they are especially useful for young animals. As a source of vitamins, animals need to be given germinated grains. They are added to the diet of animals in limited quantities, as from fresh shoots, digestion problems can occur.
Favorite Chinchilla Goodies
An affectionate pet can easily get used to the owner and even come to his call. For this, you can reward your little animal by treating it with a delicious reward. As a treat you need to use delicacies rich in protein, potassium, calcium, such as: fruits, vegetables, dried fruits and nuts.
In no case should juicy fruits displace dry food from the diet, as giving them to animals in large quantities is contraindicated.
Chinchillas are very fond of sunflower seeds and nuts such as cashews, hazelnuts, walnuts. As delicious snacks, dry rose petals, tea leaves or mountain ash berries are suitable.
Chinchillas are big gluttons and love sweets very much, therefore you should not abuse sweet berries and fruits, especially during pregnancy and feeding of young ones.
A properly composed diet rich in useful trace elements will protect the animal from all kinds of diseases, obesity and early death. It must be fully balanced. A large amount of protein can cause pet poisoning. If chinchilla is fed with fatty foods, the liver and heart will suffer. Too much carbohydrate in the diet will lead to obesity and poor health of the animal.
An approximate list of products – why not, under any circumstances, feed the chinchilla.
- Do not give any cabbage, beets and potatoes. They can cause indigestion in the animal.
- Stale foods, including hay. Food with signs of spoilage, rot or mold.
- Roasted seeds and nuts, as well as pine nuts, are very fatty foods that are harmful to chinchillas. If you regularly treat the animal with fried seeds, the animal may grow fat.
- You can not give meat and other products of animal origin to eat, because the animals are herbivores.
- Veterinarians say that you should not give foods with highly allergenic properties, such as citrus fruits.
- Foliage, branches of coniferous and stone fruit trees. They are poisonous and may contain harmful substances. For chinchillas, their use can lead to irreversible consequences.
- Any pastries and bread. Fresh baking can cause bloating and upset stomach in the animal.
- Sparkling and boiled water, as well as tap water.
As soon as the animal appeared in the house, you need to immediately try to accustom it to a healthy and proper diet, as well as a strict feeding regimen. If you follow all the rules and adhere to the recommendations of veterinarians about how to properly feed chinchillas, you can be sure that the animal will be healthy, mobile and will live a long happy life.
If you decide to have a pet and the choice fell on a chinchilla, then in addition to the cage and other household items, it is important to pay attention to the food of the animal. All that you eat yourself, the animal is forbidden to feed.
It is important not to forget: the stomach of a furry creature is different from the human. It is designed to absorb nutrients from a meager variety of wildlife provisions. The health and life expectancy of a pet depends on proper nutrition.
In the wild, the animal is fed with what he finds. Its diet in the wild includes legume and cereal plants.
With pleasure, the animal uses shoots, shrubs, tree bark and cacti. Such a fluffy baby will not refuse to enjoy greens, nuts and fruits.
How to feed at home?
The main rule: do not forget that chinchilla. small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? It’s worth feeding such a beast no more than once a day , preferably during waking hours. This rodent. nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay. The animal eats the amount he needs, and uses the rest as a litter. It is important to supplement the drinker with fresh water daily. Do not neglect treats and top dressing.
What you can: list
The most suitable food for chinchilla is considered to be dry granular food. A 400-gram pack for an adult animal lasts for a month. After opening the package, it is worth pouring its contents into a container, which is tightly closed. So the provisions will retain their properties better. Such a food is useful in that it is similar to the food of a rodent in nature and contains cereals, herbs and vegetables. The positive side of this drug is its hardness. The animal with its help grinds its teeth, which are constantly growing.
It is important to purchase food from one manufacturer. If the feed is changed regularly, the animal is not safe from digestive upsets.
Lures help strengthen the immune system and heart of a furry baby, as well as improve blood circulation. However, additional food is not difficult to collect independently. It will require cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All components are important to add exclusively in dried form.
What they love to eat: goodies
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they also benefit. It’s easy to prepare a pet-friendly supplement. Benefit will bring:
- Corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. A few grains per day will positively affect the well-being of the animal;
- Viburnum. Two berries a week and chinchilla digestion will improve;
- Calamus root. It will help prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect;
- Carrot. The condition of the fur and the heart will improve one circle of the fetus. You should give a treat no more than three times a week;
- Rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the body of the pet. Dosage. 4 things per month;
- Plantain. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is regulated, and it is only necessary to feed two leaves per decade to the chinchilla.
The pet will also like lingonberries and cranberries, hawthorn and currants, apples, blueberries and aronia. It is necessary to feed the rodent with herbal treats: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for the trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
Vitamins and their benefits for the pet
Pills and powders are extremely difficult to feed pussies. therefore fortified complementary foods are best chosen in the liquid state. So it is easy to mix in water and the rodent’s diet is significantly enriched.
Make sure that salt and mineral stones are always in the cage of the chinchilla. They will have a beneficial effect on the animal’s body and help him care for constantly growing teeth.
Dry yeast can replenish the supply of protein. They will also contribute to the enrichment of the body of chinchilla with B vitamins. It is important to add them to the food a little.
Pregnant female menu
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed , otherwise, obesity and health problems cannot be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
What is impossible?
Fluffy rodent. owner of sensitive digestion. Therefore, it is forbidden to give the following products to him:
These products will not bring any benefit to the pet. They are saturated with fats and extremely high in calories. So the said food does not favorably affect the development and growth of the pet, and even cause obesity. Even if such products were to the taste of chinchillas, then giving them is strictly prohibited.
A person does not like to eat the same food every day. For example, not everyone can eat buckwheat for a week. So why should a pet give in to the same torment? Chinchilla needs a complete and varied diet. The animal will be not only tasty, but also healthy. Do not forget that pet feeding takes place once a day in the evening when the animal is awake.
On the first day, the pet should give 15 g of granulate. 5 g of rosehip berries and the same amount of a mixture of corn and sunflower seeds will help to supplement the necessary daily amount of food.
The second day will distinguish 20 g of granular feed and 10 g of dried apple.
The diet of the next day consists of 10 g of food in granules, 1/2 of a walnut kernel and 10 g of a mixture of oatmeal and flax seeds.
There are a lot of menu variations. Use permitted components and daily pleasantly surprise your pet.
Balanced diet. guarantee of chinchilla health. The appearance of the coat and the life span of the animal also depend on it. Do not neglect this part of pet care.
– Can I give chinchilla pine nuts?
Giving kids pine nuts is not allowed! They are just fat for chinchillas! Instead, offer chinchilla peanuts, hazelnuts (hazelnuts), dried apples and pears. all in "homeopathic" doses.
– Do chinchillas need a special diet, vitamins for the heart during the hot season?
The animals themselves will arrange a special diet. almost stop eating, can drink more water.
– If so, in what quantities?
– Can I give chinchillas tea?
Chinchillas are very fond of dry tea leaves. You can give green tea, and black, and mate, but always natural. It is undesirable to give tea with artificial flavors. Remember also that tea contains tannins, which have firming properties. Therefore, give a serving of tea no more than 1/3 of a coffee spoon and preferably not every day.
Can give "hibiscus tea" (dry petals of Sudanese rose) in limited quantities, as it causes a mild laxative effect.
– What plants can be given to chinchillas?
4-5 buds of rosehip and wrinkled roses (from which jam is boiled).
When the gardens bloom, you can give 2-3 brushes of blooming cherry, i.e. A small twig with small leaves and flowers.
2-3 small branches of birch with young, but not sticky, leaves.
Blooming linden buds: 5-6 pcs.
4-5 leaves of dandelion and plantain. These leaves must be thoroughly washed under running water and get wet almost dry with a napkin.
1 sheet of lettuce.
You can give strawberry and strawberry leaves.
Alfalfa and clover chinchillas are very fond of! But they need to give them in limited doses: both fresh and dried (fresh no more than 4-6 g per day, dried no more than 8 g per day).
As a rule, chinchillas do not eat what they are likely to poison. However, before offering anything to the chinchilla, check the list of permitted plants, and if in doubt. don’t give, don’t take risks!
– How to disinfect purchased hay?
Put hay for 1 minute in the microwave at 2/3 of the power (I have 90 watts). Hay becomes practically sterile, although it does not heat up much. Before processing in the microwave, examine the hay (when cutting hay and weighing portions this will happen by itself). Metal or other foreign objects, such as nails, may come in the hay.
Inspect the hay carefully and carefully set the mode, otherwise you can make a fire.
– How much can a chinchilla starve without harm to health?
A chinchilla can fast for a week without any harm to its own health (in the presence of water and hay, of course).
– Can I give a lot of carrots to chinchillas?
Back in the sixties of the last century, E. Barantseva and her colleagues at VNIIOZ scientifically proved that when chinchilla consumed more than 4 grams of carrots per day, the digestibility of the main feed was almost halved.
If even a chinchilla loves carrots, do not indulge her, otherwise she will not live long with such feeding!
– How to give frozen currants or cranberries? It must be thawed, but then the juice will go?
I can only advise you to defrost in the usual compartment of the refrigerator, putting it on a strainer. I defrost fruits and berries for pies. Excess water, of course, drips, but the berries will still remain wet. Will there be chinchillas? As a rule, chinchillas prefer fresh, non-watery or completely dry fruits and berries.
– How much can I give dried chinchillas to wild rose hips?
1-2 berries every 1-3 days.
– Can clover be given without adding hay? Or is it better to mix in what proportions?
Dried clover can not be replaced with hay! Better add it to the hay, but very carefully, at first a little bit and not every day.
I give about 1 tablespoon to my face once every 2-3 days.
For babies up to 2 months, clover is generally not recommended. From 2 to 5 months, you can give dry 1 teaspoon every 3-4 days.
– Do I need to clean my dog rose before feeding chinchillas?
There are prickly villi in the berries inside. These villi and bones can be cleaned before serving chinchillas for dinner.
Well, if you don’t clean it, then the chinchillas will eat it like that, but they will spit out with bones, and rub the face with their paws, and the tongue will turn a little red from the villi.
– What fruit and berry seeds can be given to chinchillas?
"Peach nuts" (seeds) I didn’t try to give, but I gave apricot kernels, though I had previously tried it myself if they were bitter. If the peach seeds are not bitter, then you can probably give a try. For the first time, give half a bone, if the beast is eaten at all, and if the next day everything is okay with the litter, then you can give a couple. Chinchillas should not eat cherry pits!
– I read that chinchillas can be given germinated wheat. Is it so?
As for fresh sprouted wheat (consisting mainly of water), then it should be given to animals no more than 6 g per day, and this is such a small amount that it will not affect the balance of the diet for proteins and fats.
Chinchillas can be given "Wheat germ" 2 g per day, unless, of course, they are on sale in the departments of healthy nutrition. It is only necessary to pay attention to the fact that this product does not contain any impurities (spirulina, sugar, preservatives, etc.). only pure germ crumbs.
This FAQ was compiled by correspondence forum
The authors of this FAQ. conference participants.
Compiled by: edited by Alena Maklakova
No part of the FAQ can be reproduced (on paper or on the Internet) without the written permission of the author and compiler.
Food for Shushi is the main pleasure in life. For food, he is ready for anything. In general, feeding a chinchilla is easier than a husband, since the ration of the animal (I mean Shusha) is standardized and is very diverse. However, if the husband’s stomach is capable of digesting everything, then chinchilla cannot be fed to everyone.
Features of feeding chinchillas
Before telling what chinchillas can and cannot do, I would like to focus on the nutritional characteristics of chinchillas.
1. In their bowl should always be concentrates in the form of a grain mixture or ready-made feed for chinchillas in an amount of about two to three tablespoons per day for adult animals. Well, to be completely honest, I put two presses, because Shusha still spits out half.
2. Hay and fresh water must always be present in the cage. Shushik drinks about 100 gr. Water for a week and eats several bunches of hay. She noticed that he loves Belarusian hay more than anything, apparently she feels her native meadows. He also loves to steal hay while I clean his cage. Shusha quietly creeps up behind, pulls a straw out of the bag, hides under the sofa and grinds. So it’s tastier.
3. Extra feed and yummy foods are offered in extremely small quantities. In general, I noticed that Shushik has a well-developed sense of fullness. For example, he feels very good when I eat a banana, runs up, quickly bites off a couple of pieces and rolls off, well-fed and satisfied. Never overeat.
4. When feeding, one should take into account the nocturnal lifestyle of animals. Therefore, we give our chinchilla food before driving it into the cage. This makes our life tremendously easier, because as soon as Shusha sees that the bowl with the food is already in the cage, he gladly runs there himself in anticipation of the meal. Thus, we do not have to go to additional tricks to lure him there.
5. It is rare to see that chinchilla greedily pounce on food. Most often: eat a seed, jump, look, eat a seed, jump on a cage and again run to the plate.
6. For the well-being of chinchillas, dietary stability is also important. You should not change too often the food that the chinchilla is used to, and it is better to transfer it to a new food within one to two weeks.
7. A mineral and salt stone always hangs in the Shushinoy cage, which is gnawed as necessary.
How to feed chinchilla: Ready-made food – granulate and grain mixtures
We buy shusha ready-made food of Polish production. He is not particularly praised in the forums, but Shushik eats it with pleasure. He tested the more expensive German and Belgian counterparts and refused. Our chinchillas feed includes grains, legumes, seeds, cereals, dried fruits, bone and grass meal, corn flakes, as well as granular additives. Shushik nervously throws many components of this food out of the bowl, but generally eats the mixture willingly.
And you should always look at the feed when buying for any ugliness and mold.
The following grains are suitable for chinchillas: oats, barley, corn, millet, wheat. Germinated grains that contain a lot of vitamin E can be successful. You can also give cereals in raw form: rice, buckwheat and barley.
Chinchilla food: Legumes, seeds, nuts, dried berries and fruits
All of the following feeds can be given to chinchillas in very limited quantities.
Sunflower seeds. The feed that we buy already contains raw sunflower seeds, but in too much quantity. Therefore, I choose them and throw them away. Despite the fact that the seeds contain a lot of fatty acids that have a good effect on the condition of the coat, they are extremely harmful to the liver. You can’t give too much of them because of the high fat content. About once a week, Shusha receives an extra pumpkin or sunflower seed. He, like a big one, with an important look cleanses it of husks, and only then eats it. In the watermelon season, he eats watermelon children with pleasure.
Legumes Chinchillas can be given peas, lentils, soy and beans.
Nuts. Information about nuts is contradictory. Someone does not advise giving them at all, someone writes that you can give almost all kinds of nuts. But knowing the delicate design of chinchilla digestion, I give Shushik a quarter of hazelnuts once every two weeks. Walnut for Shushi, like Valerian for a cat. After eating a nut, he gallops after me for a long time and faithfully looks into my eyes, hoping for an addition. The main thing here is to show fortitude and joy not to feed the animal all that is.
Dry berries and fruits. Shusha is very fond of dried rosehips and hawthorn, dried apples, bananas and he is crazy about raisins, dried apricots, prunes.
How to feed chinchilla: hay, twigs, bark
Do you like dead wood like Shushik loves him? Chinchillas must be given roughage. This is hay, twig feed, tree bark.
The most suitable hay for chinchilla – bean-cereal, containing a lot of clover, alfalfa and other leguminous plants. Hay should be of good quality, clean and dust free. Chinchillas rarely eat large amounts of hay, but it should always be in the cage. Dry nettle brooms are very useful and contain many vitamins.
Sprigs of apple, pear, linden, aspen are useful to hang in a cage for grinding teeth. Oak and willow branches are useful for mild diarrhea. Sprigs Shushik chews well, but prefers tooth rods for grinding his teeth, probably conceived a big shoot.
Chinchilla Nutrition – Juicy Food
Juicy foods are various vegetables, fruits and greens. I watched for a long time what Shushik liked more.
Chinchillas can be given cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, kohlrabi, salad. Of fruits. apples, pears, figs, bananas, grapes. Plus some berries. dogrose, hawthorn. Large fruits should be divided into several portions. Our fluffy eats wheatgrass, clover, dandelion, nettle, alfalfa, tops of carrots, turnips, Jerusalem artichoke, peas, twigs of fruit trees with leaves.
When feeding grass, you must also be careful. For greater safety and better storage, it is advisable to slightly fade it.
When the summer season comes, we harvest Shushiku fresh herbs and twigs, tear dandelions. And Shusha is good, and we are relieving the garden of weeds. At the end of the summer season, we dry apples and pears, dogrose and hawthorn, sometimes we store a little hay.
What you can not give chinchillas
Chinchillas should not be given anything baked. Two times, Shushik made his way to the kitchen table and first pulled out a liver the size of his ass, and then a candy, but not plain, but chocolate, Aeroflot. Fortunately, we noticed and prevented sabotage in time.
Chinchillas should not be given white, red, cauliflower, red beets, persimmons, peppers. These foods can cause gastrointestinal illnesses. Rye is very poorly absorbed by all animals.
Poisonous herbs: bindweed, buttercup, euphorbia, raven eye, horsetail, sweet clover, lily of the valley, henbane, cicuta, etc.
Unsuitable trees: almonds, apricot, white acacia, any conifers, cedar, cherry, plum, chestnut, citrus, cypress, elderberry, eucalyptus, myrtle, nectarine, peach tree, plum, walnut wood. The branches of stone fruit chinchillas can not be in any case.
Excess fresh vegetables or fruits can also harm the animal’s delicate digestive system. You can’t feed chinchillas with goodies alone, no matter how famously they require them.
Make sure that your pussies do not eat indoor plants – most of them are poisonous to chinchillas. Our Shushik is very fond of window sills. Therefore, the first thing that suffered. these are our orchids. And once, while still at his former place of residence, Shusha ate the whole mother’s seedlings, which she carefully kept on the window for transplanting into the greenhouse. It’s even scary to remember what happened. No, well, everything was fine with the little animal, but my mother could not recover for a long time.
In general, be careful, and if in doubt what and how much to give, and what you can and what you can’t, it’s better to check the Internet again.
Choosing a chinchilla: a boy or a girl?
If you decide to have one chinchilla, then it is worth considering that girls and boys are slightly different characters. The females are big bosses with a burrow. They are more wayward and can even release a stream of urine at the enemy, that is, in you, if they do not like something. So, they are actively rebuilding their borders. Chinchillas have matriarchy, so the girl will quickly take the place of the mistress and will dictate her conditions.
Boys are more peaceful and inquisitive. Not a single novelty will pass by our Shushik and not a single room will remain un visited. As soon as he sees the door opening, he flies to it and bursts into the room, no matter how you try to keep it. If you decide to have a male, remember that they have one feature. the hygienic procedure for washing the main chinchilla organ, which is hidden most of the time, but if necessary reaches the ogo what length. And the way they wash it can cause uncomfortable questions in children and unprepared persons.
If you decide to have a couple, be prepared for the fact that they will not communicate so actively with you as bachelors. They will focus on games with each other, and you will get the role of observer. If you have a gay couple. this will entail additional chores. The cage should be larger, with the possibility of dividing into two halves in case the female is waiting for the offspring or whelping. It is also worth considering what you will do with offspring. My girlfriend could not part with the chinchillas for a very long time, not because there were no people who wanted to, but because she was afraid to give in the wrong hands.
In general, much in the nature of chinchillas depends on parents and heredity, and they are all very funny.
Chinchillas are unusual and quite popular domestic rodents, characterized by excellent health and long life. Nutrition of chinchillas at home is a difficult and very important issue, especially for beginner chinchillovodov. Improper feeding negatively affects the reproductive function, the appearance of expensive fur and the general health of animals, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of furry animals.
Before you start an exotic rodent, you need to thoroughly understand how to feed the chinchilla at home, which foods should form the basis of the animal’s diet, and what you can and cannot treat your beloved pet.
What do chinchillas eat?
In the wild, chinchillas feed on bark, flowers, shrubs, and sparse, low-lying plants in the highlands, which is a natural habitat for South American rodents. The nutritional value of mountain herbs is much higher than the usual hay produced for chinchillas. Therefore, the diet of home chinchilla should be more diverse and balanced than that of wild animals, and include not only carefully selected herbs and hay, but concentrated feed, fruits, berries and vitamin supplements.
The diet of home chinchillas
The diet of pets is as close as possible to the composition and quality of the feed that chinchillas eat in nature, given the need for small rodents in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Failure to comply with the proportions of nutrients, the norm of vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet of chinchillas is extremely negative for:
- On the growth and formation of the skeleton of a domestic animal;
- As wool;
- Reproductive, digestive, immune and excretory functions of the body.
It is important to maintain the right balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your pet.
Given the inactivity of pets, the amount of feed consumed should be correctly calculated to avoid the development of obesity in cute animals. You can feed chinchilla with a relatively small amount of food, provided that it contains all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and trace elements in the required proportions.
At home, it is necessary to use not only hay and combined feeds that eat chinchillas to feed small animals, but also introduce mandatory additional products: fresh and dried herbs, berries and fruits, twigs, vitamin and mineral dressings.
The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
When compiling a daily diet for chinchillas, it is necessary to take into account the daily need of the animal in proteins, fats, carbohydrates as a percentage, time of year, age and physiological condition of the animal.
Squirrels fluffy rodents are necessary for the regeneration of cells of all animal organs systems. Chinchillas have a relatively low need for proteins and amino acids, during the day you can give chinchillas about 20% of protein feed, which are responsible for the luster and elasticity of chic fur, it can be alfalfa or hay, oilseeds, milk, legumes, cereals and nuts A lactating or pregnant female should consume additional protein feed of animal origin for the correct formation of organ systems of young and breastfeeding. These include: cottage cheese, meat and bone meal, milk granules, milk, kefir.
Fats in the diet of pets should be kept in a minimum amount, about 4%, they are responsible for the proper development of small chinchillas, the condition of fluffy fur and skin, are a source of energy. To satisfy the need for fats, exotic rodents introduce nuts, oilcake and oilseeds into the diet.
Carbohydrates – The source of energy and the main component value in the diet of domestic chinchillas. They account for about 35% of daily feed and 30% of crude fiber, necessary to maintain intestinal motility and toxins. Feeding chinchillas is based on the use of cereal hay, grain, herbs, vegetables and fruits, rich in plant fibers with a low content of protein and fat.
The balance of vitamins and minerals is important for the proper development of the puppy
The balance of vitamins and minerals
In addition to food, pets must necessarily receive vitamin supplements and mineral nutrition. The lack or absence of which negatively affects the formation of the skeleton and muscle tissue of small animals, the quality of the fur and the coordinated work of all systems of rodent organs. Often, vitamin deficiency is the cause of serious pet diseases.
Vitamin A (Carotene)
- Correct formation of tooth and bone tissue;
- Responsible for the work of the organs of vision;
- The immune system;
- The condition of the skin and fur.
A lack of this vitamin in the diet of chinchillas leads to:
- To the deterioration of immunity;
- Hair loss;
- Decreased reproductive function;
- The frequent incidence of domestic rodents.
To supplement vitamin A, you can feed chinchilla:
- Green salad and spinach.
Thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The formation of body fat;
- Regulate the work of the nervous system, liver;
- In the development of a growing organism;
- As a coat.
The lack of these vitamins leads to:
- To impotence and pathologies of pregnancy;
- Nervous disorders;
- Liver disease.
It is recommended to add to the main feeds that chinchilla eats:
- Germ of oats and wheat;
- Fresh vegetables and fruits;
- Beans, peas, chickpeas;
- Wholemeal flour.
Thick and smooth fur indicator of proper nutrition
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune system;
- Blood coagulation;
- Cell regeneration.
Vitamin deficiency is manifested by a decrease in the resistance of animals to diseases. To ensure the needs of the animal in ascorbic acid, you can give chinchilla:
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Responsible for the functioning of the immune and reproductive systems. Lack of tocopherol leads to:
- Pathological pregnancy and childbirth;
- Congenital diseases of newborn puppies.
Vitamin E is found in:
Calcium, phosphorus and potassium are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The construction of bone and dental tissue;
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune, protective, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
The lack of minerals is manifested by rickets of young animals and chinchilla diseases.
- Bone flour;
The body of the chinchilla needs sulfur, copper, iron, cobalt, magnesium, zinc, the lack of which is manifested:
- Hair loss and deterioration;
- Nervous disorders;
- Decreased reproductive function.
To meet the needs of trace elements, a rodent can eat:
- Sprouts of wheat and oats;
- Various greens;
Nuts – a source of trace elements
A good option is the use of vitamin supplements and mineral dressings developed for chinchillas taking into account the daily needs of the animal.
Some owners believe that everything that smart rodents eat can not be harmful to the body of chinchillas, and fluffy animals are able to independently determine harmful and useful products. This insidious misconception sometimes results in the death of pets as a result of eating prohibited foods.
How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
Particular attention must be paid to the quality of feed used.
Do not feed chinchilla spoiled foods, wet or moldy hay or grass. Such food causes upset and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, and often the sudden death of a pet as a result of bloating of the stomach or intestines.
If you run out of chinchilla food or special hay, you can feed the animal with berries, vegetables, fruits, independently picked and carefully prepared herbs.
The pet menu should consist of the following main ingredients:
- Basis: concentrated feeds of own preparation or, hay and drinking water.
- Vegetable top dressing is used in dosage: green fresh and dried herbs, berries, fruits, seedlings of wheat and oats.
- Treats are used in minimal quantities to encourage small rodents during training or treating a furry friend: nuts, corn rings, dried fruits.
- Vitamin and mineral nutrition.
- The pet’s cage should have clean water all day, concentrated ready-made food and fresh, quality hay, which is given to healthy animals in unlimited quantities.
Concentrated feeds are the basis of the diet for small rodents, combining high nutritional value with minimal fat and sugar content. Concentrated feed includes legumes and grains, oilseeds. The ideal option is the use in the diet of chinchillas of high-quality finished granulated feed of well-known manufacturers Versele Laga Chinchilla & Degu Pro, Vitakraft Vita Special, Vitakraft Pellet, designed specifically for chinchillas, taking into account the physiological needs of rodents in nutrients. In a month, an adult eats about 1 kg of granular feed.
Granulated chinchillas feed carefully balanced
Granules are prepared according to a carefully verified recipe and contain the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, feed is produced taking into account the age and physiological condition of small pets.
When using only purchased or self-made grain mixtures without introducing granular feed, the animals sort out the grains and eat not all the ingredients, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the body of the pet.
Granular feed is recommended to be poured into feeders at the rate of 25-30 g per day per adult. When scattering or throwing food, it is recommended to reduce the number of fed snacks, do not sprinkle a new portion until the previous feed is eaten.
Grain mixtures are a very important component of the diet of domestic chinchillas, saturating the body of animals with vitamins, minerals, fats and proteins. It is recommended that furry pets introduce the following cereals and seeds into their diet:
- Buckwheat – a complex carbohydrate that gives the animal a long saturation, contains iron, protein, B and P vitamins, calcium phosphorus and iodine;
- Wheat – is a source of vegetable proteins and carbohydrates with a low content of fats, trace elements, B vitamins, fiber, stimulating intestinal motility. Eating wheat is important for lactating chinchilla females who need increased care and recovery after childbirth;
- Perlovka – is made from barley, rich in a huge amount of useful macro- and microelements (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, iron, chromium, cobalt) and vitamins A, D, E and group B, necessary for the functioning of the nervous system, maintenance the beauty of chic chinchilla fur and leather;
- Corn – contains the amino acids and vitamins necessary for the rodent body involved in the metabolism of the pet;
- Oats or Hercules – a useful nutritious cereal is rich in vitamins A, B, E, amino acids and carbohydrates, helps to remove toxins from the body of rodents, it is recommended for pregnant, lactating females and puppies;
- Flax seed – contain vitamins A, B, E and Omega-3 acid, which is necessary for the reproductive function of pets and maintain the immune system, seed husk is an excellent way to remove toxins from the body;
- Sunflower and pumpkin seeds – rich in fats, protein and vitamins, are used in a minimum amount to eliminate pet obesity.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas not with one type of grain, but with a grain mixture. It is allowed to cook cereals from cereals – oat, corn, buckwheat and millet, which are especially useful for feeding young animals.
Before putting hay in a cage – check its quality
For chinchillas, hay is the best, consisting of alfalfa, vetch, clover, legumes contain enough protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. Good animal, slightly inferior to bean in nutrition.
Hay should be dark green, uniform, fresh with a pleasant smell, without dust or mildew, do not give the chinchilla wet or damaged grass.
Hay is necessary for rodents to improve intestinal motility to avoid stagnation and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to prevent the formation of hooks on the teeth. Hay is given to animals in small portions in order to avoid its pollution. If the rodent throws grass along the cage, it is recommended not to give hay for several days.
Using hay as a bedding is highly discouraged, a wet product is dangerous manifestation of intestinal disorders and deaths.
If the hay becomes dirty, wet or dark, immediately remove the spoiled product from the cage. If hay remains in the cage the next day, it is also thrown away.
An alternative is considered independent haymaking with careful selection of herbs. The raven eye, poisonous buttercup, dope, white hellebore can cause the death of a little friend. It is necessary to mow the young grass to the stage of the appearance of spikelets and dry it in a dark, well-ventilated area to avoid moldiness of the product. It is recommended to store the product prepared in a dry place by placing hay in linen bags or cardboard boxes.
At home, suspended from the wall of a cage or aviary. Do not pour water into open containers to avoid quick contamination and turning the dishes over.
For fluffy rodents, they use bottled non-carbonated baby water or purified with a charcoal filter; it is highly recommended not to feed small pets with raw tap water to avoid intestinal upsets.
Plant nutrition is given in very limited quantities, not more than 4-10 g per day. These include dry herbs and leaves, twig feed, dried berries and fruits, cereal seedlings.
Greens are rich in vitamins and minerals.
Green feeds are introduced gradually with a daily dose increase; feeding with herbal supplements has a positive effect on the development of young chinchillas.
Starting in spring, you can treat small pets with a small amount of well-dried green herbs, rich in vitamins and minerals. As a green bait use:
- Dandelion grass;
- Horse sorrel;
- Crow’s feet;
- The tops of carrots;
- Leaves of strawberries, strawberries and raspberries.
Dill should not be fed to small pets, dill or fennel seeds are excellently used for bloating the intestines or stomach in chinchillas.
It is very helpful to feed rodents with sprouts of barley or wheat rich in vitamin E.
Sprouted grain is given to pregnant females daily for the safe course of pregnancy and the correct development of the young.
Dry leaves are a source of fiber in chinchilla diets
Tree branches and leaves
Branch feed must be present in the diet of furry pets. It is necessary for proper grinding of teeth and a source of vitamins and minerals, dried leaves of trees are also readily eaten by exotic rodents. Following trees.
Not all tree branches can be given to chinchillas
Birch branches contain vitamins, carbohydrates and volatile, dried young leaves are a source of vitamin C.
The fruits of the oak branch have an astringent effect, are a highly nutritious food.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas with nutritious willow branches cut in winter.
For food, bark, leaves and young shoots are used, which can be given to animals all year round.
Chinchillas are happy to enjoy pine needles and berries of a healthy shrub.
Pine branches are cleaned of resin before feeding to pets, rodents willingly regale themselves with pine cones.
Bark and branches of fruit trees
Pears, apple trees, sea buckthorn are also actively used as a branch feed.
It is forbidden to use branches of apricot, almond, elderberry and bird cherry containing toxic substances for pets for feeding chinchillas.
Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
Juicy foods are a source of vitamins, minerals and fiber, necessary for the smooth functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Chinchillas willingly eat tasty fruits, the owners need to accurately dose the feed in order to avoid the development of allergies and intestinal disorders.
Chinchilla berries are strictly dosed.
Pets are treated in a dosage:
- Fresh apples and pears;
- Jerusalem artichoke;
- Wild strawberries.
It is forbidden to feed small animals with fresh cabbage, persimmons, beets, oranges, fresh cucumbers. Also, rodents cannot eat food from the human table: cheese, smoked meats, honey, sweets, bread.
Dried fruits contain a lot of sugar in a small piece of the product, so it is recommended to use them no more than 1 time per week in minimal quantities. Chinchillas can be treated to:
- Dried apricots;
- Dried apples.
Therefore, they can feed a small pet in crushed form in an amount of not more than 2 pieces per week. Chinchillas are given untreated:
Pine nuts and apricot kernels are not recommended for feeding a pet.
Vitamins for Chinchillas
Chinchillas need vitamin supplements regardless of the presence of vitamin feed in her diet. Finished granular feed contains vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the daily norm of the rodent when using ready-made feed can be halved.
- Multi Tabs
- Canina Petvital N 200;
- Vitamin Cal.
Vitamin supplements are available in the form of solutions, tablets or powders. Liquid preparations can be dripped on the animal’s favorite treats, the tablet form is hidden in a twist, pieces of dried fruit are crushed in powders.
As a treat, you can use what chinchillas like most from food: dried fruits, nuts, berries, fruits, and oats. You can treat the animal with a scanty amount and monitor the reaction. With the manifestation of intestinal disorders or hair loss, it is worthwhile to cancel a delicious food.
Overfeeding the rodent with delicacies leads to obesity in the pet.
Chinchilla feeding with chips, crackers and other junk food is unacceptable
How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
Inexperienced chinchillovods often make stupid mistakes, treating their favorite animals with pine nuts, chips or tangerines. As a result, absolutely bald animals with severe allergies are brought to the veterinarians, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of the pet. Chinchilla can be given granular feed, hay and water. All other products must be strictly dosed. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the list of products that can or cannot be used to feed your little friend.
Table of allowed and prohibited products
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