- What foods can be given to chinchilla.
- Prohibited Products
- Foods that can be given in limited quantities
- Allowed Products
- Finished feed
- Green feed, vegetables and fruits
- Chinchilla cereal feed
- Chinchilla Treats
- Daily ration
- What can not be fed chinchillas?
Feeding chinchillas is a very important stage of their maintenance. In general, feeding the animal is not so difficult, since the diet of the chinchilla is very diverse. But it is important to do it right.
Features of feeding. First of all, chinchillas belong to herbivorous rodents. But unlike their close relatives, guinea pigs, these animals eat very little. At the same time, indefatigable energy and chic fur require a large consumption of nutrients. Food for them should be high-calorie, contain a lot of protein and carbohydrates. It so happened that in their natural habitats the vegetation is sparse, food is not easy to obtain, but at the same time it is nutritious and varied. Therefore, in captivity, the diet of chinchillas should contain a sufficient amount of grain feed, as sources of high-grade proteins and carbohydrates, grass and hay should also be present. They have the so-called semi-concentrate type of feeding (what concentrates can be found in the article).
Chinchillas, sometimes, are finicky in eating food, they try the new food with caution, and the old often get fed up with it. Therefore, it is desirable that the diet for them was not only nutritious, but also as diverse as possible. It’s good when the menu has a wide range of products. It is rare to see that chinchilla greedily pounce on food. Most often: eat a grain, come up to you, look thoughtfully, eat a nut, jump on a cage, eat a grain It is important that there is always non-perishable food in the cage: grain, hay, delicious granules. If the animal is provided with a good spacious cage so that he can actively move, let out for a walk, and not give a lot of fatty foods and treats, then he will not have obesity. Chinchillas are very energetic animals!
When choosing a diet, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the biology of chinchillas. Like all herbivorous rodents and rabbits, they have sensitive digestion. Firstly, due to the longer intestines (see. Article about the biological characteristics of chinchillas). Secondly, herbivores get a lot of the nutrients necessary for their body by processing plant fiber. But, not a single multicellular animal, beginning from a cow and ending with termite (and including our animal), is not able to independently break down fiber in the intestines, because this product is generally difficult to process. And herbivores call for help various microorganisms that do it for them. Animals, in turn, provide them with a reliable habitat and a set of nutrients. In chinchilla, these bacteria live in large numbers in a well-developed cecum. Such a community is called symbiosis. All herbivorous animals are highly dependent on the vital activity of their intestinal microflora. So, for example, and a cow, and a rabbit, and a guinea pig, and our chinchilla, antibiotics can be used inside only if absolutely necessary.
In order for the bacterial population not to decrease, it is necessary that a lot of fiber and easily digestible carbohydrates are present in the diet. The last animal can get from grain feed. As for fiber, we must remember that if for us vegetables, fruits, greens are good sources, then herbivorous animals have slightly different criteria. Therefore, in order to provide the animal with fiber, a bunch of good hay must be in the cage in winter and summer.
For a well-being chinchilla is also important dietary stability. And a person who has arrived in another country and too quickly switched to foods unfamiliar to him may develop a serious digestive upset. Not only the stomach, intestines and immune system adapt over the years to strictly defined food, but also various beneficial intestinal bacteria. They have already learned how to produce the enzymes necessary for the processing of products they know, but here the diet changes dramatically and they do not have time to adapt, their mass death begins. The empty place is no longer occupied by beneficial bacteria, but by pathogenic ones, which always have where to come from, and they adapt much better than useful ones. So, in fact, all the problems begin. Chinchillas are even more than people dependent on the vital activity of intestinal microorganisms, because in addition to lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, they also have fiber-processing bacteria, and for them this development is even worse. Therefore, even if you feed the animal with products suitable for it, but today give one oat, and tomorrow only apples, do not be surprised that he will have problems with digestion.
When purchasing chinchillas, you must also consider these features. When transporting to a new place, it is important to ask the breeder about the nature of feeding the animal and feed it the same for the first two weeks. Then you can gradually, over 3-7 days, transfer to your own diet.
In very nervous animals, diarrhea can sometimes begin even simply because of the nervous reaction of the body. Such diarrhea, if measures are taken in time, passes without any special consequences for the body. In this case, it is advisable to show the veterinarian and serve only good quality hay and oak or willow twigs for a while.
What foods can be given to chinchilla.
1. Rough feed. This is hay, twig feed, tree bark. For chinchillas the most suitable hay. bean-cereal, containing a lot of clover, alfalfa and other leguminous plants. Giving bean in its pure form is not desirable. Hay should be of good quality. Chinchillas rarely eat large amounts of hay, but it should always be in the cage. To ensure that it does not get dirty, there are various feeders for hay.
Dry nettle brooms are very useful and contain many vitamins. For their manufacture, nettle is harvested during flowering and dried in a dry, well-ventilated area.
It is useful to hang twigs of fruit trees, linden, aspen in a cage for grinding teeth. Oak, willow and cherry branches also have fixing properties and are useful for mild diarrhea. They also give the bark of all these trees.
2. Concentrates. These are grain feeds, legumes, seeds, cereals, bran, bread. Ready-made feed for chinchillas can also be referred to concentrates, many of which, in addition to grain, contain other components.
Grain, if you decide to feed them, most often you have to buy on the market. It is important to purchase it from trusted suppliers. Knowing what kind of grain is useful for chinchillas is also important for those owners who buy ready-made feeds and read their composition. It’s nice to have an idea about what money is being spent on!
From grain feed for chinchillas, the following are suitable:
Oats are a very valuable product that contains a lot of healthy protein, fats and does not cause obesity. But, unfortunately, chinchillas, like children, eat everything wholesome. Chinchillas can be given not only grain, but oatmeal, oatmeal, they are better perceived by animals. Mucous substances found in oatmeal and broth are useful for digestive disorders. Oats are usually used as the basis for a grain mixture; it can make up to 75% of the total grain.
Barley is also a very valuable cereal product, but very hard. It is better to give it to adult animals and in crushed form.
Corn – contains even more protein than oats, but this protein is worse in composition, so you can’t feed on one corn. Corn, in the stage of milk-wax ripeness (only ripened), has a sweetish taste and is very popular with animals. It can be fed on the cob, but in large quantities it can cause bloating, it must be given carefully. At the stage of grain maturity, it can make up to half of the total amount of grain feed. It is better to feed it in crushed form. The most useful are bright yellow and red varieties of corn. They contain carotene, which in the body turns into vitamin A.
Millet is a very healthy food, especially red varieties containing a lot of carotene. But chinchillas do not eat it very well, so it is better to introduce it a little in the diet. Out of savings.
Wheat. It contains high amounts of carbohydrates and proteins, and low – fats, vitamins of group B. In addition to wheat, chinchillas can be fed wheat bran. They are introduced into the feed in a mixture with grain.
Chinchillas should not give rye. It is very poorly absorbed by all animals.
The grain is fed chinchillas in dry form. It is undesirable to constantly give any one food, it is better to make a mixture of different types of grain, legumes, seeds. Grain mixtures, moreover, will be better to eat.
In addition to grain, you can cook various friable cereals: corn, oat, millet, rice, pea (naturally, without salt, oil and ketchup!). Porridge is usually fed as an additional feed in a separate container. It must be borne in mind that they quickly deteriorate, and remove residues after feeding. Chinchillates grow well on cereals, as they are better absorbed than whole grains.
Germinated grain very useful for animals, especially during the breeding season, as it contains a lot of vitamin E. This vitamin is responsible for the good functioning of the genitals, affects the development of embryos. If it is lacking in the diet, animals can be infertile. In addition to this vitamin, they contain a lot of other biologically active substances. Oat, barley and wheat are usually germinated, so they are more nutritious. To get such a product, you need to take grain of necessarily good quality. Germinated grain is usually prepared in small quantities. The grains are washed and sprinkled with a thin layer into some flat container, such as a tea saucer. Then fill with water at room temperature, so that it does not completely cover the seeds. After 10-12 hours, the water is drained and washed again. Then cover the container so that it retains moisture. It is necessary to ensure that the grain does not turn sour or dry, you can spray it with water. After one or two days, it bites and the product can be fed to animals. Sprouting is not recommended, as in this case, nutrients are lost. Germinated grain should be introduced into the diet gradually, preferably in a mixture with another feed. Germinated grain also deteriorates quickly, and you need to make sure that it is eaten without residue.
Oilseeds – most often these are seeds (sunflower seeds). Eaten with great pleasure. Seeds contain a lot of so-called essential fatty acids, which have a good effect on the condition of the skin and coat. Therefore, they are very, useful to give, if you want to improve the appearance of the skin of the animal, with various skin problems. Seeds can make up to 20% of the total grain feed. You can’t give too much of them because of the high fat content. It is also necessary to monitor their storage, since this feed deteriorates faster than grain when improper or prolonged storage. Rancid fats, which in this case can be formed in seeds, contribute to the development of a dangerous, almost incurable disease – liver dystrophy. Very dangerous for chinchilla fried seeds, which sometimes unknowingly love to feed animals to children.
Legumes Peas, lentils, soybeans, and beans surpass all grain products in terms of protein content and its usefulness. They must be included in the diet. But, at the same time, they should never be given in pure form, since they contain substances that can cause bloating in the stomach and intestines. They are included in the grain up to 10-15%. They are given in a crushed form.
Nuts! Delicious, loved ones! Nuts of all kinds are highly nutritious and highly digestible. They are also referred to as concentrated feed. Hazel is especially useful. It contains up to 70% fat, 20% protein, 8% sugar. But eating nuts in excessive amounts can cause indigestion and obesity. Peanuts, like a bean plant, also often cause bloating. It is best to give nuts 1-2 times a week, quite a bit as an additive to food and goodies. Agree, if you give nuts every day, then why then lure the chinchilla into the cage after a walk? They must be peeled (chinchilla is not protein!) And raw.
In addition to the above feeds, chinchillas can be given raw cereals: rice, buckwheat, barley; corn flakes without additives, a mixture of grated carrots and crackers, weed seeds, stale white bread – all in small quantities and only as an additional feed, they can replace a small part of other concentrated feeds.
Chinchillas can also be fed pumpkin seeds, watermelon and zucchini. They are healthy and eat well.
3. Succulent feed. Juicy foods contain a lot of moisture and vitamins. These are various vegetables, fruits and greens. Here you will have to choose those that your pet will like. Some of the succulent feeds can become favorite treats, and some animals will not even be touched. Chinchillas have everything individually.
Chinchillas can be given cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, carrots,, kohlrabi, salad; from fruits – apples, pears, figs, bananas, grapes, berries. Large fruits are preferably cut into small pieces. Greens: wheat grass, clover, knotweed, dandelion, dioica nettle, alfalfa, vegetable tops (carrots, turnips, Jerusalem artichoke, peas), branches of fruit trees with leaves. All these feeds can be given ad libitum, but keep in mind that they deteriorate very quickly.
When feeding vegetables and fruits, you need to ensure that they are not rotten and spoiled. They must be thoroughly cleaned before use. To buy, as well as for your family, it is necessary in checked places so that the products do not contain an excessive amount of nitrates and various toxic substances that are used to grow fruits. Like rabbits, chinchillas are undesirable to give white, red, cauliflower, red beets. These foods can cause gastrointestinal illnesses.
When feeding grass, you must also be careful. Chinchillas should not be allowed to grow along the highway, in other places of walking other domestic animals. Care should be taken to feed very young grass in the spring, young tops of Jerusalem artichoke and all legumes (clover, alfalfa, rank, lupine, etc.). All this is very useful, but under certain conditions it can cause bloating, which is very dangerous for chinchillas. They need to be introduced into the diet gradually, in small quantities, preferably in a mixture with other herbs or after feeding hay. Wet grass can cause bowel problems. The grass is not washed before feeding, and for greater safety and better storage, it is advisable to slightly wilt it. Poisonous herbs: bindweed, buttercup, euphorbia, raven eye, horsetail, sweet clover, lily of the valley, henbane, cicuta, etc.
Juicy feed and grain, bread often form dangerous combinations that cause fermentation processes in the intestines, so it is advisable to give them at different times.
The best time to give succulent food on weekdays is morning. Then, if something doesn’t fit the chinchilla, you can notice and fix the problem by the evening.
4. Animal feed. These feeds are especially needed for young, nursing females, especially if the offspring exceeds a couple of babies. Animal feed can be administered up to 5% of the diet. These include whey, skim milk, yogurt, meat and bone meal. Like succulent food, it spoils easily. For them, it is better to use a separate container, which will be thoroughly washed after feeding. Powdered milk can be given to chinchilla: it spoils less and can be mixed with grain. We use milk replacer milk – calf milk in small packages as a cheap option for milk powder. Conveniently!
5. Vitamin and mineral top dressing. Mineral and salt stones must always hang in the cage. He will be eaten by the animal as necessary. Vitamin preparations are given with an insufficiently balanced diet, for lactating and pregnant females, young animals, sick and recovering animals. It is best to buy liquid vitamin preparations designed specifically for rodents and give them with water, or fortified foods. Tablets and powders are difficult to give to rodents. All other animals can simply enrich the diet with foods high in vitamins: red varieties of pumpkin and carrots, sprouted grain, nettle hay, rosehip berries and mountain ash. You can add dry yeast (2-5 g) to the food, they contain protein and many B vitamins.
5. Do not forget about dessert!
Chinchillas should not be given cookies, sweet buns with vanilla, fried seeds and nuts, granola with a high content of various additives. All this animal can eat with pleasure and not even die after the first time. But subsequently feeding such goodies can seriously affect the health of the animal.
Currently, they produce many tasty treats intended specifically for rodents. There is something to profit from. These are various sweet sticks, crackers, baskets with nuts, sweet hearts and circles, biscuits with berries. and all this without the content of various harmful substances. They can bring bright colors to your pet’s life, perfectly diversify feeding, be used for training, and some of them are also fortified. The main thing is not to get involved! Chinchilla is so difficult to feed to the dump, and in this case it will become even more difficult.
Feeding rules. If we summarize all of the above, then we can say that in the diet of the animal there should always be concentrates in the form of a grain mixture, porridge or ready-made feed for about 30 g per day for adult animals, and young animals and lactating females can have more and a small bundle of hay. All juicy foods are fed in small quantities as they are eaten, in the summer they can be given a lot. Animal feed is given as needed. Fresh water must be in the cage. It is best to use a special nipple drinker. When feeding, you need to take into account the nocturnal lifestyle of chinchillas and the main part of the feed, but not juicy feed, give at night. You can feed as many times a day as convenient, but the main thing is that a small amount of food is always in the cage.
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
The basis of the diet of chinchillas as herbivores is plant-based feed. In nature, these rodents feed on grassy, cereal and leguminous plants, seeds, fruits, twigs, moss, and roots. That is, those where cellulose is contained in large quantities. Therefore, in the diet of your pet, there must certainly be hay and twigs.
Hay is the most important component of the diet of chinchillas. Most experts believe that hay should always be in the cage of these rodents so that animals can eat it as much as they wish. It is rich in fiber so necessary for animals.
Properly prepared high-quality hay smells nice, without sticks, garbage and other impurities. Wet and moldy food for animals is not good.
The best is hay from legumes (clover, alfalfa vetch). It contains vitamins and minerals necessary for animals (phosphorus and calcium). In addition, it is very nutritious and contains a sufficient amount of digestible protein. Legumes need to be mowed in the budding phase, or at the beginning of flowering.
The best mowing period for cereals is the earing phase. Cereal hay (meadow fescue, timothy, team hedgehog, meadow bluegrass) is somewhat inferior to bean (it contains less protein and minerals).
Forced hay is very nutritious if it contains legumes and cereal herbs, as well as buckwheat, bird, meadow goat-breeder, etc. Before flowering, herbs are especially rich in vitamins and nutrients. Therefore, hay should consist of forbs cut before the first flowering of herbs. Late mowed herbs have low nutritional value.
From time to time you can feed rodents and ready-made food for rabbits. In principle, feeding chinchillas is not much different from feeding rabbits. In summer, the same green grass, vegetables with tops, plant seeds, fruits. In the cold season – hay, tree branches (birch, apple, linden, pear, hazelnut, willow, willow), dried fruits (apples, raisins, dried apricots, nuts). Dried fruits are offered to the animal without stones, finely chopped. The fruits of barberry, rose hip and hawthorn are very useful. They are given one berry 1-2 times a week.
Green feed, vegetables and fruits
The warm season makes it possible to significantly expand the menu of chinchillas. In spring, the first greens are given very carefully, starting with portions of 1-2 well-dried leaves of dandelion per day. So that the animal does not have a bloating, the stems of legumes and clover are always used dry or dried. You should not feed chinchilla with green feed alone, forgetting about hay. This can lead to gastrointestinal upsets.
Here are the characteristics of some plants that will be useful to include in the diet of chinchillas:
- Salad is a storehouse of vitamins and mineral salts. A pet can be given 1-2 leaves a day;
- Spinach – rich in easily digestible iron, contains sodium and lime. It is believed that spinach increases the fertility of rodents. You can give 3-4 leaves a day;
- Chicory – contains a lot of phosphorus, which is especially needed by growing organisms. The cleansing plant acts on the stomach, regulates the liver, increases appetite;
- Strawberry leaves – have a diuretic effect, help with diarrhea. It can be given for digestive upsets;
- Celery – contains vitamins A, B, C. It is very useful for nursing females, 2 leaflets 2 times a week;
- Wormwood – increases appetite, strengthens the nervous system. The pet is given several branches per week.
In addition, animals with pleasure eat leaves of plantain, yarrow, burdock, young nettle, horse sorrel, and dandelion.
From vegetables and fruits, you can give carrots, pumpkins, squash, apples, pears, sweet peppers, bananas, grapes, figs, zucchini, potatoes, tomatoes, peaches, apricots, melons, watermelons, etc. Fresh cabbage leaves chinchilla give is not recommended.
Chinchilla cereal feed
From grain feed, chinchillas can be given the following:
- Oats – contains proteins, fats, vitamins B1, B2, B6, K, carotene. In case of digestive upset, mucous substances contained in broth and oatmeal are useful. Usually, oats are used as the basis for a grain mixture;
- Barley – a valuable cereal product; contains vitamins A, D, E, PP, B vitamins, as well as calcium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper, manganese, iodine, etc. 6% consists of fiber needed by animals. It is given to adults and is better in crushed form;
- Buckwheat is a valuable dietary product. It is rich in amino acids, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, PP, P) and trace elements. Like a complex carbohydrate, buckwheat gives a feeling of fullness for a long time;
- Corn – is rich in protein, but it is worse in composition than the protein of oats. It must be given carefully, in excessive quantities, it can cause bloating;
- Wheat – contains enough protein and carbohydrates and low fat. Also, animals can be offered wheat bran mixed with grain;
- Millet – red varieties containing a large amount of carotene are especially useful. However, chinchillas do not like it too much.
It is not worth constantly giving any one type of grain feed, it is better to feed chinchillas a grain mixture (various types of grain, legumes, seeds).
You can offer pets and cereals (oat, corn, rice, millet). Young individuals grow well on cereals (they absorb them better than whole grains).
Very useful to rodents and sprouted grain, especially during the breeding season. Usually germinated barley, oats, wheat.
With great pleasure, animals eat seeds. They contain essential fatty acids that positively affect the skin and coat of animals. However, because of the high fat content, giving them too much is not recommended. The proportion of sunflower seeds should not exceed 20% of the total grain feed. Give them only raw.
Legumes Beans, lentils, peas, soybeans contain more protein than all cereal products. They must be included in the diet of chinchillas, but not in their pure form, but as part of the grain mixture. The proportion of legumes should be 10-15%. They are given in a crushed form.
Nuts are a very nutritious food. Their chinchillas adore. But you can give them quite a bit and no more than two times a week, otherwise indigestion can not be avoided. Of course, nuts should be raw.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are a delicacy, and they should not replace the main food. The intestines of chinchillas are designed so that juicy foods in large quantities are contraindicated. The main thing is not to feed the pet treats. A piece of fresh apple or pumpkin, a slice of mandarin, a couple of grapes per week – this is enough to pamper the ward. Once a week, you can give 1-2 raisins and a special supplement with vitamins.
Animals love pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, almonds, peanuts, walnuts. Pumpkin seeds are used not only as a treat, but also as a prophylaxis against worms. Pine nuts contain a lot of fat, so giving them is not recommended. You can offer your pet dried tea leaves or rose petals.
Sweet tooth Chinchillas are very fond of goodies and do not know the measures for their use. With abnormal treats with treats, animals can refuse the main food. And eating only “delicacies” will lead to metabolic disorders, diabetes and obesity.
Each time, you can diversify the delicacy for the animal: on the first day give a nut, on the second day – dried apricots, hawthorn fruit or chokeberry, on the third – a piece of apple or melon.
After feeding any new kind of sweets, it is necessary to monitor the reaction of the pet’s body. If the animal feels well, he does not suffer from diarrhea, or constipation, then this food is not contraindicated for him. It happens that after eating fresh vegetables and fruits, the rodent has an indigestion. Therefore, juicy feed should be discarded.
Fried seeds and nuts, citruses, cabbage and potatoes, meat, eggs, mushrooms, chips and pastries cannot serve as goodies! Firstly, all this can cause allergies (up to the loss of hair). Secondly, lead to bowel problems. Thirdly, it contributes to the obesity of the animal, which for him can be very dangerous.
The water in the drinker at the chinchilla should always be fresh with no signs of flowering. It is better to give spring water, but not boiled, because it already does not have those useful trace elements that the body needs. Many breeders and amateurs use bottled water from companies such as Shishkin Les, Nestle and others. And, of course, the water should be non-carbonated.
Chinchilla ration should consist of:
- 20-25 g of finished feed or from the same amount of concentrated feed (grain feed, legumes, oilseeds, bran, oilcake);
- 20-30 g of hay;
- 4-6 g of green food;
- 4-6 g of additional food (tree branches);
- 2-4 g of treats;
- 10-25 g of water.
Chinchillas love accuracy, so they should be fed every day at the same time (the maximum error can be 1-2 hours).
What can not be fed chinchillas?
Rodents should not be given:
- Food from a person’s table with salt, spices, sugar, animal products, fats, etc ;
- Pastries, bread;
- Roasted nuts, grains, seeds;
- Rye grain
- Spoiled products.
And finally, we note that for the well being of the animal, the stability of the diet is important. It is not necessary to change the feed very often, to which the ward is used. It is better to transfer the pet to a new food gradually, within 1-2 weeks. Do not forget the chinchilla. the beast is delicate. And above all, this applies to feeding. The fluffy pet’s stomach is very sensitive to eating disorders. And errors in feeding can lead to serious health problems for the chinchilla.
Hay . the most important component of the diet of chinchillas. It should always be available to the animal.
It must be added in small portions so that the pets do not scatter it around the cage and do not contaminate it.
If the chinchilla begins to scatter, toss hay over the cage. it is necessary for some time to stop lining it.
Hay helps chinchillas move food through the intestines, thereby preventing it from stagnating and causing fermentation.
Also, herbal food is a source of vitamins, trace elements, fiber and protein for chinchillas. Slow or young green foods (which can be eaten in limited quantities) are rich in chlorophyll, which is close in chemical composition to blood hemoglobin.
Chewing hay helps chinchillas grind teeth evenly and on time, which prevents the development of tooth hooks on the posterior incisors.
Chinchillas eat hay from seeded herbs (alfalfa, clover, timothy) and soft meadow hay (timothy, hedgehog team, meadow fescue, wheat grass, bluegrass), mowed during the flowering period of legumes.
Experimentally, about 100 species of herbaceous plants were identified that most prefer chinchillas. These species belong to 24 families.
Chinchillas are especially good at eating legumes (alfalfa, clover, vetch), then cereals (Sudanese, wheat grass, bluegrass, and umbrella). They also love hay from the Rosaceae family (cuff, hemophilicum, cinquefoil, rose) and Asteraceae (thistle, cornflower, wormwood, dandelion, ticarnate chicory, goat-breeder).
They do not like plants of the sedge and horsetail family.
Forbs contain plants such as a blood pot, a cuff, caraway seeds, parsnip, leopard, yarrow, cornflower, kulbaba, dandelion, plantain, cow parsnip, which help to improve the taste of hay and stimulate appetite.
Hay is mountain.
Mountain hay is low in fiber, but rich in protein. It has high nutritional value and delicate aroma.
The composition of such hay is very diverse. It includes such cereal crops as a hedgehog, field bird, timothy grass, fescue, ryegrass, mouse peas and other plants.
Legumes: vetch, clover. Forbs: cuff, bindweed, yarrow.
Alpine hay is of higher quality and nutritious in composition and contains many umbrella and plantain.
Meadow hay consists mainly of forbs: vetch, clover, red and meadow fescue, bluegrass, woodland, pike, sainfoin, astragalus, wheat grass.
Such hay is rich in cereal and moth grasses. The less coarse grasses such as sedge and horsetail in the hay, the better it is.
Meadow hay contains significantly less protein than mountain hay, but surpasses it in the amount of fiber. Has a pleasant, fragrant smell.
Forest hay is mowed in forest lands, at the edges and glades.
It is inferior in quality to meadow hay. Consists of cereals and legumes, as well as herbs. As a rule, it contains woody leaves and pieces of moss.
As part of this hay there is: vetch, clover, forest rank, fragrant spikelet, wagtail, pearl barley, forest fescue, bluegrass, pine forest.
Remember, any hay should have a pleasant smell, green color and look appetizing. In the hay there should not be any foreign objects, garbage, sticks, dust. Brown, moldy and musty odor hay should not be given to chinchillas. Also, hay is never used as a litter in a cage in animals.
The animal body is adapted to dry plant foods.
In the wild, the diet of chinchillas is poor. It consists of stems and leaves, seeds, roots and bulbs of drought-resistant herbaceous plants. lichens, cacti, moss, as well as fruits, leaves and bark of evergreen shrubs.
Chinchilla thirst quench due to succulent plants and dew.
For home chinchillas, the issue of nutrition should be approached very carefully.
The composition of the feed should be balanced and adapted to the digestive system of animals.
Chinchillas are very demanding on the quality composition of food.
Perhaps this is due to the very small amount of feed consumed by them, which is a consequence of their living in natural conditions, where chinchillas could eat only ephemeral (herbaceous plants with a short life cycle) and other alpine vegetation, which has a very short growing season and due to with this saves a large supply of nutrients.
In this regard, chinchillas should have dry, balanced and nutritious feeds in their feed ration. Western and domestic chinchillas prefer to feed their pets with granulate, which is a small oblong sticks of gray-green or brownish color.
The composition of granular chinchilla food, as a rule, includes:
grass flour, wheat bran, crude fat, oats, barley, sunflower meal, wheat, molasses, limestone flour;
fodder yeast, fish meal, salt, lysine, premix with a full range of vitamins and minerals.
For puppies and lactating females, food with a high protein content (up to 25%) is preferable.
For adult chinchillas, granules are used in which protein is 18-20% of the total mass.
Protein plays an important role in the development, growth and quality of chinchillas. With insufficient protein in the diet (especially in the diet of puppies), the growth of animals stops, the fur becomes dull, "cotton"dry and brittle.
Crude fiber is also an important component of the feed, which should be at least 10-15%.
The chinchillas digestive system needs plant fiber to improve peristalsis.
Cellulose "pushes through" food through the intestines, making it work.
The percentage of fat in the granulate should be 3-4%.
A balanced mineral and vitamin composition of the feed is of great importance.
The following mineral additives are present in the composition of the chinchilla granules:
calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sodium;
sulfur, iron, zinc, iodine, selenium, manganese;
vitamins: A, B, D, E, K, PP, biotin, carotene;
various organic acids (malic, folic, ascorbic).
The energy value of one kilogram of feed. 2900 kilocalories.
Every day, the chinchilla should eat about 20 grams of food (1-2 tablespoons).
Chinchillas. big picks, and first of all they will choose from the bowl all the most delicious. To get good nutrition, the animal must eat all the food, not just tidbits. The pet should eat everything that is offered to him.
Do not pour a fresh portion into the bowl until he eats the previous one.
If your chinchilla has started raking and scattering pellets from the feeder. then you give her too much food. Reduce the amount of feed, remove sweets from the diet, divide the daily norm of granules into several parts and pour in small portions.
The most harmful animals can be put on a diet: leave the feeder empty for several hours so that the animal is hungry and natural instincts work. food is not always available, so you need to eat "in reserve".
It is better to slightly underfeed the chinchilla than to overfeed it with sweets.
A healthy chinchilla will eat any food. Of course, if she has a choice, she will prefer something more appropriate to her tastes, but to train a pet to eat properly can and is absolutely necessary.
3 Birch. bark, branches, leaves, catkins
5 Hawthorn. fruits, bark, flowers, leaves
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