- Care Features
- Chinchilla diet
- How to feed chinchilla at home?
- Daily ration
- Diet of a sick chinchilla
- Goodies for chinchillas
- Rodent Prohibited Products
- What do chinchillas eat?
- What you can not give chinchillas
- How to feed chinchilla
Today it has become very popular to contain such a small animal, as No less important is the question of what the chinchilla eats, and how, in general, to properly feed this small animal. Indeed, in order for this pet to be healthy and feel fine, it is necessary to take its feeding very seriously.
There is no need to pamper your pet, because, wanting to give him pleasure, you gradually wean him from normal healthy food, thereby disrupting the functioning of his stomach. To the question: "How to feed chinchilla?". we can safely answer: "To everyone". The main thing. Be able to find a balance between feed and monitor proportions. So, it is best to give preference to granular feed and not to forget about hay, which contains a lot of everything useful for chinchilla.
Tasty and healthy food for chinchilla
It is worth remembering that chinchillas have their own characteristics, and therefore, in feeding this animal, you must be extremely careful. Despite almost everything, there are a number of products that can harm her body. It will be worthwhile to mention that it is poorly adapted to digest food. It is often impossible to feed chinchilla with sweet foods, as sugar, contained in large quantities in different sweets, can provoke something like an insulin shock. Do not feed chinchilla with a lot of raisins or sweet fruits. Sometimes you can give small pieces of bread, preferably only rye, but in this case, you should also remember about certain features, namely. the content of yeast, which in a particular case can cause bloating.
The diet of the animal can be varied with vegetables, but it is worth giving them only in dried form. Fresh vegetables are best avoided. You can treat your pet with apple or carrot slices, but they must also be dried. Enrich the body of the animal will help. As for the grass, it can also be used as feed. However, it must be remembered that the grass must also be well dried. In the list of what chinchilla eats, you can safely include the dried leaves of clover, dandelion and nettle.
In the wild, chinchillas choose their own ration , the animal will never eat a product harmful or unnecessary to the body. But domesticated chinchillas often lack such instinct. The breeders of this cute and friendly pet should understand that only specialized feeds should be fed to chinchillas. Their feeding is based on three positions: granular feed, hay and pure water.
Due to the special structure of the intestines, chinchillas are contraindicated in overfeeding juicy feed. Poor feeding leads to various troubles that threaten the health of the pet.
Fresh fruits and vegetables should not become a substitute for the main pet food, they can only serve as a treat. Once a week, you can treat the animal with a slice of mandarin, a slice of fresh apples, pears, celery or carrots. Also, chinchillas love to feast on pumpkin, bananas and sweet bell pepper. Some foodies prefer cucumbers, tomatoes, and grapes. It is highly advisable to use seasonal vegetables and fruits in such an additive.
Before treating chinchilla with your favorite juicy treat, any fruit or vegetable should be washed well with running water and dried with a paper towel.
In the first months of life, it is better to feed the chinchilla only with high-quality food, and give fruits and vegetables only in dried form (preferably apple, carrots and Jerusalem artichoke).
Adult can already be spoiled fresh fruit and vegetables, but at the same time monitor the reaction of the body. After eating an apple or carrot, the animal feels normal. then they are not harmful to him. But if chinchilla has diarrhea, constipation or food is poorly digested, then you should refuse to add fresh vegetables and fruits to the diet. It is not recommended to feed the animal with fresh cabbage leaves, they are very juicy and often lead to stomach upsets.
Feeding a home chinchilla with specialized feeds helps to saturate a small organism with all microelements and vitamins. Therefore, the addition of fresh vegetables and fruits to the pet’s food depends only on the owner’s desire to pamper the pet.
Chinchillas don’t feel greed in food , they need a small portion of food. But if you abuse your favorite treat, the animal may refuse to use granular food. Accordingly, it will wait for fresh vegetables and fruits, which will lead to disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract of the animal. In this, domestic chinchillas are similar to young children, requiring harmful but tasty foods.
When breeding, one should carefully approach the question: what chinchillas eat, as well as the organization of their diet. High-quality food is the key to the normal development and growth of animals. In general, the list of products that rodents can eat is very limited. Therefore, an approximate diet for chinchilla should be prepared in advance.
The natural habitat of chinchillas is desert highlands. In the wild, rodents consume a minimum of water and food. This is due to the scarcity of vegetation growing in the mountains, and its high calorie content.
- The diet should be balanced.
- You should enter enough high-calorie, but not fatty foods in the menu.
- The rodent must receive the necessary vitamins and minerals not only from vitamin mixtures, but also from everyday food.
- At least 5-7 different foods should be included in the diet.
Chinchillas quite often change their taste preferences. To some extent, this is due to the ability of animals to independently determine which nutrients they need at the moment. However, it should be noted that rodents are very fond of goodies: fruits, berries, some herbs. Animals can consume them in large quantities, which is harmful to their health. Therefore, the amount of these products should be limited.
Chinchillas are picky enough to eat. So that the animal does not lose its appetite, it is necessary to make its diet varied. At the same time, every 4-6 months the menu must be changed. In this case, pregnant or sick animals should receive special nutrition.
- An aviary for an adult rodent should have dimensions of at least 100x50x55 cm. This must be taken into account if several individuals live in one cage.
- It is necessary to equip the aviary with various houses, stairs and labyrinths. Chinchillas are very mobile, especially during mating.
- Rodents need to regularly clean their fur. For this, a sufficiently deep and wide container filled with clean sand needs to be installed in the cage. In it, chinchillas are happy to bathe. The sand bath should be removed from the aviary when the female is preparing for childbirth.
- The cage must necessarily have a sufficiently voluminous litter of shavings or hay. Do not use animal toilets or newspapers for these purposes.
- Chinchillas are pack animals. The males endure especially bad loneliness: they begin to refuse food, lose their fur, become sick. Therefore, it is recommended to start two or more rodents.
Chinchilla day and day regimen
Chinchillas are nocturnal animals. They sleep during the day and begin to stay awake after 6-8 pm. This should be taken into account when organizing rodent feeding. The animal must have access to food at night.
Chinchillas need to grind their teeth constantly. Their incisors become dull and updated over time. Therefore, in the enclosure, there must be wooden logs made of apple, birch or linden, special chalk or mineral stones, wooden toys, etc.
Complete nutrition of chinchillas must include roughage, that is, hay and twig feed, top dressing from bark, fresh herbs, various vegetables and fruits, etc. Menu for rodents should be made taking into account the following factors:
- The daily needs of chinchillas for a certain amount of nutrients;
- Sex and age of the individual;
- Animal health conditions;
- Physiological features: pregnancy, lactation;
It is necessary to carefully select foods that are in the diet of animals. Hay, grass and bark should be clean, free of dust, dust and rot. Before giving chinchillas food, it is necessary to check its smell: it should not smell of rot or dampness.
Rodents are very sensitive to various fungi and bacteria that often infect dry hay or grains. The necessary products can be prepared in advance in large quantities, taking into account the fact that one individual consumes about 10 kg of prepared combined feed and about 7 kg of hay per year.
High fiber and protein foods should predominate in animal diets. In addition, chinchillas need a sufficient amount of minerals, vitamins, fluids and fatty acids. The lack of various nutrients leads to increased incidence of animals and their early mortality. A deficiency of protein and calcium is especially dangerous for pregnant females, as it causes various malformations in the offspring.
How to feed chinchilla at home?
On average, an adult eats 50-65 g of food per day. In this case, the quantitative content of the diet is as follows:
In addition, a healthy animal should consume at least 20 ml of water per day.
The daily diet of the rodent includes basic nutrition, additional nutrition and goodies, which the animal should receive in unlimited quantities:
- Main food: combined feed, hay and twigs, water;
- Nutrition: greens, fruits and vegetables, cereals;
- Treats: nuts, berries, special treats for chinchillas;
- Vitamins and minerals in the form of granules, tablets or solutions.
The main daily diet of a rodent includes combined feed and hay. These products and fresh, clean water must be freely available in the aviary at all times.
Finished feeds vary in type, they can be granular or extruded, that is, compressed under the influence of pressure and high temperatures. Preference should be given to the products of well-known reliable brands specializing in the production of food for chinchillas.
Do not feed animals with a mixture for guinea pigs, rabbits or other animals. It is also not recommended to purchase such feed by weight or to produce it yourself.
In the wild, chinchillas use a strictly limited number of different plants, so a violation of the composition of the feed or its proportions can cause a rodent to disrupt the intestines, liver disease and a number of other pathologies.
Mixtures can be either uniform in composition or containing particles of vegetables, grains and other food components. If the animal prefers to choose some of his favorite foods from the feed, then it is worth purchasing homogeneous mixtures. Otherwise, the chinchilla will not receive the necessary nutrients.
The optimal combination food for a rodent should include about 20% fiber, 15% protein, 5% fat, and about 6% minerals. Such a balance is necessary to provide the chinchilla with enough nutrients. The most popular feeds among breeders are Beaphar, Vitakraft, Versele-Laga, etc.
Hay is the main source of fiber in the diet of chinchillas, animals should always have free access to it. Before putting it into the feeder, make sure that there are no sticks, garbage or other foreign matter in the feed. To harvest hay, clover, cereal and bean herbs, buckwheat, etc. should be used. These plants contain a sufficient amount of protein, phosphorus and various vitamins. Hay should be dry, resilient, without rotten and moist grass.
Do not replace hay with grass granules. For their production, dry dust and waste obtained from the packaging of hay are used. Such food does not provide animals with sufficient nutrients and weakly stimulates the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract of rodents.
Legumes are high in protein, and cereals in all kinds of vitamins. Therefore, it is recommended to harvest several different varieties of hay and mix them before feeding the animals. This will allow chinchillas to get enough nutrients.
A great advantage is the ability to harvest and dry the plants yourself. Mowed legumes and cereals in time contain vitamins A, E, and B necessary for normal functioning of the rodent’s nervous and vascular systems. Drying plants should be done in darkened rooms in drafts: in open sheds, attics or hayfields. This measure will not allow vitamins to collapse under the influence of sunlight.
When organizing an aviary for chinchillas, it is recommended to install a special drip drinker. In cups and other open dishes, water quickly becomes clogged with sawdust and sand. In addition, chinchillas are very active, while jumping in the cage they can turn the drinker over.
Important! Do not use mineral, sparkling or medicinal water. It is also forbidden to give chinchillas unboiled water from various reservoirs or from a tap.
The composition of the tap water includes a huge amount of various substances and impurities, including chlorine, which has a detrimental effect on the rodent’s body.
Complementary feed is about 20% of the daily diet of chinchillas. It includes a variety of different herbs and leaves, crops and hercules flakes.
Fresh or slightly dried leaves of trees and various herbs allow the chinchilla to receive a huge amount of vitamins necessary for health. The most nutritious leaves of legumes and strawberries, dandelions, nettle and rhubarb.
It should be noted that you can not completely replace the usual diet of chinchillas with green feed. Excess fresh food is fraught with the development of intestinal dysfunction in rodents.
Most chinchillas are very fond of fresh tree leaves:
Willow, pear, blackberry and sea buckthorn leaves are also used for top dressing. In no case should you offer animals branch feeds from elderberry, almond and bird cherry. The bark and shoots of these plants contain toxic substances.
In addition to tree leaves, rodents enjoy tea, buds of roses and rose hips, hawthorn fruits, dried fruits and herculean flakes. These foods should be limited in the diet of chinchillas, as animals can eat an excessive amount of such food.
Dried fruits should also be included in the diet of chinchillas. Rosehip and hawthorn berries are allowed to be given to animals in almost unlimited quantities. The fruits of these shrubs contain many nutrients, which is especially important for growing chinchillas and young animals. You can treat your rodent with blueberries and pieces of dried fruit once a day. And raisins, which animals love, are introduced into the diet no more than once a week.
Rosehip – one of the most useful varieties of food for rodents
For the full growth and development of chinchillas, hercules flakes and germinated cereals should be added to their nutrition.
You should check the feed in advance: make sure that the grains are clean, without inclusions of mold and fungus. Hercules, sprouted oats or barley can be given to animals one teaspoon per day.
Diet of a sick chinchilla
A sick animal most often refuses food. In this case, it is necessary to independently feed the rodent with saline. In this case, 1 teaspoon of salt should be stirred in 250 ml of water.
If the chinchilla eats on its own, but loses weight, it is recommended to use various high-calorie dressings, gels and pastes for rodents. Also, these funds can be given to the animal from a syringe or pipette.
If the rodent cannot chew hard foods, you can grind the feed in a coffee grinder. It is recommended that crushed vitamin C and a few drops of vitamins A and E be added to them. Such a mixture is given to a chinchilla from a syringe, a spoon or placed in a feeder if the animal is able to eat it on its own.
Most of the vitamins and minerals animals get from feed. However, in the winter or a period of illness, chinchillas need to receive an additional amount of nutrients. For the normal development of the musculoskeletal and nervous system, rodents should receive B vitamins, which are contained in special powder complexes or drops.
In early spring, vitamin C deficiency will help make up for ascorbic acid. When purchasing it in a pharmacy, pay attention to the fact that the drug should not contain fragrances, glucose and flavors.
Goodies for chinchillas
Chinchillas are very fond of various goodies. All kinds of fruits and berries, as well as specially made feed additives serve as a treat for rodents. Most preferred animals give the following products:
- Fresh fruits: apples, pears and melons;
- Dried fruits: prunes and dried apricots, raisins;
- Hawthorn, wild rose.
Fruits – a delicious treat and a source of vitamins for rodents
Rodent Prohibited Products
Some feed additives are not allowed for chinchillas. These are not only poisonous plants, but various overly sweet or high-calorie vegetables and fruits.
The following foods should not be included in the diet of rodents:
- Almonds and pine nuts – they have a high calorie content and a high percentage of fat. In animals, such complementary foods cause disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Raw vegetables: beets, cabbage, peppers, as they contribute to increased gas formation and indigestion.
- Any products of animal origin. The digestive system of chinchillas is not able to digest the protein found in meat and dairy products.
- Poisonous plants: buttercup, fern, St. John’s wort, etc. An animal that uses them can become poisonous and even die. You should carefully study the plants that you harvest to feed rodents.
Video – Feed and Feeding Chinchillas
Catering for chinchillas is a responsible event that requires taking into account various species and individual characteristics of rodents. A properly selected diet is the key to the health and long life of the animal.
This is the right diet. From what the animal will eat, its health and life expectancy directly depend.
Chinchilla is a herbivore and the main food in the wild is plants, namely: cereals, legumes, shrubs, mosses, cacti and other vegetation. Therefore, at home, the diet of a chinchilla needs to be carefully thought out so that all vitamins and nutrients are balanced in it. When choosing a specialized food for chinchillas, pay attention to its composition. Main components such feed is grass meal and crops: oats, wheat, barley, corn. From legumes, peas, lentils, and beans are well suited. In addition to plant foods, animal feed must be included in the diet of chinchilla: milk powder, fish and meat and bone meal. Food for the animal must be varied and consist of at least 5 components.
Grain mixtures can be prepared by yourself, but for this you need high-quality grain. If you are not sure about the good quality of cereals, then it is better not to give them at all. Because the animal can easily be poisoned.
In addition to the main products, chinchilla needs to be fed with various delicacies. Favorite snacks for chinchillas. dried fruits, namely raisins, dried apples, pears, dogrose, hawthorn, prunes, dried cherries, dried apricots. Suitable fruits are also ordinary fruits: banana, apple, pear, melon. All goodies must be given according to a special schedule. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry of a hawthorn or wild rose, 2-3 times a week, a dried or fresh apple or other fruits or dried fruits.
Useful for chinchillas and vegetables. , e.g. carrots, beets, potatoes. Only give them should be in moderation – 1-2 times a week a small piece with the main feed. They give the animals nuts: peanuts, hazelnuts, hazelnuts, and walnuts. They can’t only have pine nuts, because of their fat content, the animal may have stomach problems.
Essential component Chinchillas food is hay and green grass. Before giving fresh chinchilla grass, it must be slightly dried. Fresh grass is very poorly absorbed, the animal can be poisoned.
Chinchilla should be fed once a day. A feeding schedule should be drawn up in the evening, as the chinchilla is a nocturnal animal and is awake only in the evening. The daily portion is 1 teaspoon of the main feed, 20-30 grams of hay, and one of the goodies to choose from. Also, the animal should always have clean filtered or boiled water in the drinker.
Observing all the rules of feeding, the chinchilla will live a long life and give you a lot of positive emotions.
A chinchilla is an animal that can fall in love with itself at first sight. One can admire such a tender and soft wool and large expressive eyes, chic mustache, which are in constant motion. But let’s talk about what chinchillas eat.
What do chinchillas eat?
List of foods that can be consumed by chinchilla:
What you can not give chinchillas
List of foods that can not be fed chinchilla:
- Cabbage, beets, potatoes, rye. Poor chinchilla digestion, can lead to fatal consequences.
- Citrus fruits (tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, lemons and various citrus hybrids). Their branches and leaves can cause allergic reactions.
- The branches and leaves of stone fruits contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poison for the animal.
- Branches of coniferous resinous trees. They are also poisonous.
- Food for rats, mice, hamsters. These mixtures have a different composition, individually balanced for other rodents, which are mostly partially carnivorous.
- Unwashed fruits, vegetables, herbs, branches and leaves are forbidden to feed.
- It is impossible to collect fruits, berries, nuts, herbs, greens, branches and leaves on ecologically polluted territory. It is dangerous to feed them with an animal; a pet may become ill.
- Animal protein (meat, dairy products) is contraindicated. Chinchillas are vegetarians.
- Stale hay, alfalfa and other foods for chinchillas can cause various diseases.
- Fresh bread and other baked goods are not suitable for chinchillas. Bread is too heavy for digestion, the composition of other bakery products is unknown and can harm the animal.
- Roasted seeds and nuts are also dangerous, they can cause irreparable harm to the liver.
- Confectionery and sugar are contraindicated for chinchillas, the consequences are difficult to predict.
- Tap water can contain harmful substances or bacteria and can harm the health of the chinchilla.
Boiled water is “dead”, it is deprived of useful substances and trace elements, the use of exclusively boiled water can cause their lack in the body of the animal.
You can not feed chinchilla for a long time with foods rich in protein, as this can cause poisoning. Excessive fatty foods can damage the liver, and this also applies to fat-soluble vitamins. Excess carbohydrates can cause obesity in the animal.
How to feed chinchilla
As we have already found out, chinchilla feeds exclusively on plants. The diet can be very diverse, and for this there is no need to rack your brains than feed your favorite animal, fortunately, all the components in the chinchilla “menu” are available.
But nevertheless, feeding rules exist, and if you love your animal, you need to know how to properly feed the chinchilla.
Advice from the chinchilla breeder, what should be the composition of the feed:
- Carbohydrates should be approximately 50%;
- Protein – 16-20%;
- Fiber – about 13%;
- Fat – 2-6%
When purchasing a chinchilla, take an interest in what it was fed before. If you decide to feed the animal in a different way, there is no way to feed the same, transfer to another feed gradually. When you first give food unusual for the animal, give a little at first, gradually increasing the portion. If you have diarrhea from a new food, give a little oak bark as a medicine (you can’t drink too much) or a little dry black tea.
Chinchilla breeders feed them compound feed for rabbits and guinea pigs – feed No. 122 or feed No. 90 intended for feeding young rabbits. Finding it for sale is not a problem; it is certified and tested by experienced chinchilla breeders. When purchasing this food, make sure that it is of appropriate quality, with a good shelf life. As previously mentioned, it should be started with small doses, and if there is no disorder, the animal feels well, you can continue to feed this food. By the way, pay attention: there should not be fishmeal in this feed.
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