Pet owners are interested in the question whether chinchillas can be sunflower seeds. It is impossible to answer in a monosyllable way. After all, seeds are different.
Animals at home lose many of their survival skills. Therefore, it will be a big mistake to hope that the rodents themselves understand what is good for them and what is harmful. And if you give the chinchillas the fried seeds, they will gladly eat them. But do not go with the pet about. Experts argue that giving seeds to chinchillas is not recommended.
They are especially harmful to animals in fried form. Indeed, in nature it is impossible for rodents to find such food. Therefore, their body is not adapted to food of this kind.
Important! Fried sunflower, pumpkin, watermelon seeds are not a natural food for chinchillas. These animals are raw foodists. Such a treat for them is poison.
But raw can, but in very small quantities. They have a very large amount of fatty acids, which have a positive effect on fur. However, you should not get involved in them, even if the animal eats them with pleasure. Due to the same high fat content, they can provoke obesity and indigestion, cause constipation or even poisoning.
Chinchilla fried seeds are strictly prohibited
Enormous energy is concentrated in any seeds. Therefore, birds and rodents love them so much.
Raw pumpkin seeds for chinchilla, squash, watermelon, melon are very useful.
But the owner of the rodent must comply with the measure. From 5 to 7 pieces of melon seeds are enough for a pet per day.
Important! All seeds that the owner wants to feed his pet must be fresh, slightly dried.
Chinchillas are herbivores. Their diet consists of herbs and fruits. Apple is a favorite food for rodents. But they should be given in dried or dried form.
To the question of whether it is necessary to clean the core from them, experts answer negatively. Doctors recently concluded that apple seeds have an anti-cancer property. Even a person is recommended to eat them daily as a prophylaxis in 4-5 pieces.
Since the seeds of apples do not differ in special taste, chinchillas do not eat them. But they should not be specially prepared and fed as a separate dish.
In nature, chinchillas eat not only herbs, but also their seeds. Therefore, in captivity, rodents just need to give flax seeds, sesame seeds.
Since there is a lot of fat in flax and sesame, giving a lot of seeds to these herbs is not worth it. Otherwise, diarrhea or constipation may occur. And obesity is not the best option for a pet.
Grass seeds are a natural chinchilla food
Although rodents are supposed to eat fruits, some can harm their health.
It is strictly forbidden to give animals:
And the bones of these berries are completely forbidden. They contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poisonous.
Important! Never feed the bones of berries to animals, even if they are happy to absorb them.
Experts believe that chestnut fruits and nuts are also harmful to rodents. Although many manufacturers add nuts to the feed. But these “snacks” are a big burden on the animal’s liver.
Rodents of the chinchilla family – animals are small and eat little. In their diet should be a balance between the necessary elements and vitamins. How many times a day should they be fed?
This animal should be fed no more than once a day. As a rule, it is recommended to feed the rodent during its activity. Fluffy animals are nocturnal animals. This factor must be considered when planning a diet. Between 6 a.m. and 8 p.m., the feed tank must be full.
An adult animal is quite enough 30 g of granular feed. To determine how much food a pet needs, watch him. For example, you filled the cage with food and until the next meal the bowl was empty. This means that you need to reduce the amount of food.
All pets are individual, and for their saturation you need a different amount of food. Remember that you need to replenish a separate container with hay, and in the summer – with grass. The animal will use the amount of grass it needs, and the remainder will be taken for bedding. In addition, experts recommend replenishing the animal’s liquid tank with fresh water every day. Pamper your pet with vegetables and fruits – this is only encouraged by vets.
Rodent breeding specialists of this species recommend the use of granular nutrition. A half-kilogram pack of food for an adult animal will last for a month and a half. After opening the pack, you need to move its contents to a container that has a sealed lid. So the food will be kept fresh without losing its own beneficial properties.
The positive side of the granular feed is its solid consistency, thanks to which the animal, eating food, can grind its teeth.
Properly harvested hay consists of fresh green forbs, not overdried, but not damp leaves, has the smell of mowed grass, and not dampness, fungus or mold.
Not a single animal will refuse to treat and feed, which can be purchased at the mall in the form of granules. Auxiliary elements of the diet differ from the main granular feed in color shades and softness. The supplement is enriched with a number of minerals, amino acids and vitamins. Feeding helps to strengthen the body’s immune functions and the heart rhythm of the soft lump, and also positively affects the circulatory system. Experts say that additional components of the diet can be obtained personally. This requires a certain amount of cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All of the above items are added to the feed in dry form..
The owners of fluffy rodents are interested in the question of whether it is possible to use chinchilla seeds. It is impossible to give a single answer to this question. After all, seeds are also of different types. Let’s look at each one individually.
Animals living in a house or apartment lose their survival skills in nature. Therefore, the big mistake is the hope that the animals themselves know what they can eat and what not. And if you give the chinchilla fried seeds, she will enjoy them. However, you do not need to follow your pet’s lead! Experts note that chinchillas are not recommended to use sunflower grains.
Roasted seeds are especially harmful to rodents. Since in the natural environment, rodents simply can not find such food, their digestive system is not adapted to this food. In raw form, seeds can be given, but in a limited amount. In raw sunflower seeds, the presence of a large amount of fatty acid is noted, which has a positive effect on chinchilla hair. Due to the high fat content of this product, the animal may develop indigestion. There is a high risk of constipation and intestinal infections, as well as the development of obesity, therefore, it is often impossible to feed a pet with seeds.
A huge amount of energy is concentrated in various grains; therefore, feathered and chinchilla families prefer their use. For animals of this species, the inclusion of pumpkin, squash, watermelon seeds and melon grains in the diet is welcome. However, pet owners should stick to certain servings. The animal can eat up to 10 seeds per day. All grains with which the owner feeds the pet must be fresh and slightly dried.
Chinchilla belongs to the family of herbivorous rodents. Her nutrition consists in eating grass and fruit. Apples are a favorite dish for the animal. However, they must be consumed in dried form. At the same time, experts assure that there is no need to remove the core. Apple grains do not have differences in taste, so the animal does not eat them. However, it is impossible to give them to the animal as a separate dish.
In the natural environment, chinchillas eat not only grass, but also its grains. Therefore, living at home, the rodent should eat sesame and flaxseeds.
Given the fact that flaxseed and sesame seeds have a high fat content, they can not be consumed in large quantities.
Due to the vulnerable digestive system, chinchillas should not eat these foods:
- Normal food (salted, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked).
- Meat products.
- Bread and pastry.
- Flour products.
- Potato, cabbage leaves.
- Sweet products.
- Eggs and mushrooms.
- Roasted seed and nut kernels.
- Dairy products.
- Fast food such as fast food, popcorn.
- Stale and spoiled food.
The above products do not have useful substances and do not have a positive effect on the growth and development of the animal. They are high-calorie and fatty, therefore, provoke obesity.
It is not difficult to accustom the animal to the correct diet, and this must be done. Just getting all the necessary elements, the animal will be healthy, full of energy and will be able to live a long active life.
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
It is not recommended to give chinchillas and beets.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
Chinchilla is a vegetarian by nature. She eats everything that gives meager, but diverse vegetation of her homeland – the highlands of the Andes. In the conditions of home keeping, the owners are trying to choose the right products that are in the diet of the animal. In addition to pellets and hay, animals eat berries, dried vegetables and fruits, gnaw twigs and twigs of trees and shrubs. Wanting to balance the pet’s diet, the owners are wondering if the chinchillas are useful in seeds.
There is no definite answer to the question, so you need to learn more about the different types of such goodies and decide whether to enter it in the rodent’s menu.
In conditions of artificial breeding, the chinchilla depends entirely on the person, especially in nutrition. The big mistake is made by owners who reckon that animals can distinguish between healthy and unhealthy foods. The animals are guided solely by the smell and taste of the edible they offer.
Raw sunflower seeds contain a lot of fatty acid. It is useful for maintaining the fur in good condition – the main advantage of the rodent. Only give chinchillas sunflower seeds need to be raw, in very small portions – no more than 2 – 3 per reception. Otherwise, there is a high risk of indigestion, constipation, the development of obesity and liver problems.
Any fried seeds – food is not for chinchillas. These animals are raw foodists, in the natural environment they don’t see such food, therefore their digestive apparatus is not adapted to such food. Even if the animal eats them with pleasure, do not give in to the desire to feed them with “tasty” food, from your point of view.
Any plant food, and especially seeds, is very energy intensive. Birds and rodents do not miss the opportunity to feast on it.
Raw pumpkin seeds, squash, watermelon, melon can be included in the diet of the chinchilla, observing the measure. A pet needs only 5 – 7 fresh, slightly dried kernels of melons and gourds per week. Pumpkin seeds are used as a prophylactic and therapeutic agent for helminths.
The diet of herbivores, which include chinchillas, includes fruits. One of the favorite dishes of rodents is apples. They are offered to animals in a dried or dried form, so as not to cause digestive upsets.
There is no need to clean the core of these fruits. If the animal, along with a piece of apple, eats several small bones from it, nothing bad will happen. Recent studies suggest that apple seeds contain substances that can prevent cancer. Preventively, a person is recommended to consume 4 to 5 seeds daily.
Chinchillas are quite a few seeds eaten with an apple. It is not necessary to stock them specially and offer animals as a separate dish.
In nature, rodents feed on herbs, while eating their seeds. So at home, they need this natural food.
In small doses, flax seed can be given to improve digestion. Plantain, along with seeds, has a good effect on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Lactating females will benefit from fennel seed, it promotes lactation. Any herbaceous plants recommended for inclusion in the diet of a pet can be given with seeds ripened on them.
Although the animals feed on the fruits, not all are equally beneficial to their health.
Animals can not bear fruit:
The berries of these and other stone fruit trees and shrubs can be harmful to chinchilla health. Their bones are strictly prohibited, since they contain the strongest poison – hydrocyanic acid.
Experts warn that nuts are harmful to animals. However, some manufacturers add them to chinchilla food. It is necessary to carefully read the composition of the purchased feed and not buy with the content of nuts, because the liver of the animal suffers from them.
The chinchilla digestive system is not adapted to assimilate food from a person’s table:
- Meat products;
- Bread, muffin, flour products;
- Fresh cabbage leaves;
- Eggs and mushrooms;
- Sweets and pastries;
- Milk and dairy products.
Food should be fresh every day and in sufficient quantities for a particular individual. At the same time, you do not need to pamper the animal with treats, otherwise he will begin to refuse the main meal in anticipation of the delicious.
A single violation of the animal’s diet will most likely not lead to visible health problems. Systematic feeding of spoiled or harmful products will shorten the life of the chinchilla, affect its activity, ability to reproduce, the condition of internal organs and fur.
Chinchillas are not picky animals, however, they also have both junk food and goodies. Moreover, the taste preferences of chinchillas can vary greatly.
Like rabbits, chinchillas are very fond of grass, hay. Dandelion (dried leaves and roots) is useful for nursing mothers, promotes the production of lactose, contains a large amount of nutrients and vitamins. Dried chicory root helps digestion, contains inulin, vitamins B, C, anti-inflammatory and anthelmintic. It is very useful to add it to animal feed during or after an illness. Hibiscus is given to strengthen immunity. It is a tonic for lethargy and apathy, as well as an excellent vitamin supplement.
Flax seeds are primarily useful for omega-3 fatty acids, without which no animal has beautiful coat and healthy skin. Also there is protein, fiber, alpha-linolenic acid. Strengthens the fur, gives silkiness, develops immunity due to the content of vitamins E and F. Lentils also have a beneficial effect on the fur, it is rich in zinc. Buckwheat for chinchillas is an indispensable supplement containing 18 useful amino acids and substances.
These useful and tasty supplements must be given in very small doses so as not to spoil the animal and not cause unpleasant consequences. Dandelion, chicory, flax – not more than a teaspoon per week; buckwheat – half a spoon a day; Hibiscus, lentils – a tablespoon per week.
Sometimes it’s useful for a clove and general mood to give chinchillas tasty branches of apple, currant, raspberry, birch, willow, linden. But resinous and solid plants (pine, oak, cherry, plum) are strictly prohibited.
It is advisable to cut fresh grass in the summer on their own in parks, forests, on sites, and only then to harvest it. It should be saturated color, juicy, not have an unpleasant odor. Dry leaves, sun-dried grass and other garbage should be thrown away when it comes to feeding in the summer. Dry the grass in a dark place, periodically (once a week) mixing.
The main delicacy for chinchillas is dried apples. They contain fiber that promotes proper digestion. They remove toxic waste products and improve the overall metabolism in the animal’s body. Like carrots, an apple helps strengthen fur and the cardiovascular system.
Dried carrots are perfect for constant pampering. It contains vitamins A, B, C, E, a large amount of iron, potassium, calcium. As you know, this is the main supplier of useful carotene to the body. Carrots are a natural dentifrice. Since it arouses appetite, it is not necessary to give it at once a lot – just a pinch per day is enough. Sweet pepper in the same amount is an excellent vitamin supplement, strengthens teeth, gums and immunity.
Raisins are given to strengthen the heart, as a cure for anemia and weakness. Chinchillas love him very much because raisins contain a lot of sugar. But do not give more than 1 berry per week. Raspberries can be given fresh and dried, 2-3 berries per week (like hawthorn). It is rich in organic acids and salts of iron, potassium, copper. Dried hawthorn is more likely a medicine than good. It helps to calm down, cope with stress, and is also indispensable for indigestion. The same amount of pumpkin seeds can be given to improve digestion, skin, wool bulbs.
Chokeberry is also rich in amino acids, a rare vitamin P. Together with sweet pepper, the composition of vitamins and minerals in the body of a chinchilla is normalized. In addition to these delicacies, you can give nettles, oats, almonds, linden flowers, fresh (not fried!) Sunflower seeds. Chinchillas are also very fond of sometimes sipping green tea. It is rich in vitamins B1, B2, K, C, BB, optimizes the nervous system. Green tea is a powerful antioxidant, it is better not to give more than a teaspoon per week.
In no case should you feed the chinchilla with the following products:
- Fried grains;
- Starch – noodles, pasta, potatoes;
- Junk food
- Confectionery, sweets, ice cream, sweets;
- Sour-milk products;
- Salad, cabbage.
Pregnant females are better to please with delicacies more often. This will contribute to good health, healthy children and delicious milk. Ideal additives to the main feed and fresh herbs for them would be calendula, almonds, flax seeds, buckwheat, and dandelion. They not only help to cope with problems during pregnancy, but also help to restore the body after and give more benefits to milk.
Observe the number of tasty and healthy supplements, keep in mind that today, for example, you can give an apple, and tomorrow a mountain ash, and your animal will become a real long-liver, while every day you get a variety of sweets.
Hay is always in the cells, dry food in the feeders. A slice of carrot or a piece of apple – a couple of times a week at any time of the day. On the street you can’t walk in any way! The most tame and good-natured beast on the street will explode – you will not catch for anything! And the harness will get confused. For a chinchilla, this will be stress!
The basis of a balanced diet of domesticated chinchillas should be granular chinchilla food – hard green granules, which are produced in special plants and factories. The main owners of chinchillas use imported granules, since there are still very few Russian specialized feeds. There should be at least 70% of such granules in the feed mixture. The remaining 30% should be cereals and cereals. Also in this grain mixture you need to add not fried sunflower seeds, pumpkins, as well as flaxseed and milk thistle. Sunflower seeds in a small amount will not affect the chinchilla. Since sunflower seeds contain the necessary vitamin E. positively affecting the reproductive functions of the body chinchillas. Pumpkin seeds are also a natural prevention of worms. Flax seed helps to improve the structure of the hairs on the chinchilla coat and your pet will have a beautiful, silky and shiny coat, but do not forget that flax seed should be given in homeopathic doses – it has a strong laxative effect. Milk thistle, helps restore liver cells.
Adding chinchillas to your diet can and should add delicious things:
- Dried apple
- Dried carrots
- Dandelion root
- Marigold flowers
- Chokeberry has a vasodilating property, contains vitamins
- Mountain ash red – immuno-strengthening agent
- Jerusalem artichoke lowers blood sugar. Contains inulin. Useful polymers of fructose. Biotin, calcium. Iron. Sodium
- Rosehip and hawthorn dried – contains Vit C
- Hibiscus – High Vitamin C
- Flax Seed – For Better Wool
- Milk thistle seeds – a wonderful natural hepatoprotector
Many owners of chinchillas add herbs to lemon balm, bird highlander, plantain, raspberry and currant leaves.
Chinchillas are very picky animals. It is difficult to please them, because in nature they are used to eating a little, but varied. When composing a diet for chinchillas, it is important to remember that it will be the key to the health of your pet. Here are the basic principles of eating chinchillas at home:
The optimal formula for the daily diet of a chinchilla looks like this:
Special compound feed is the main part of how to feed a chinchilla. Food for rabbits or other rodents for chinchillas is not suitable, although, in extreme cases, you can feed him a day or two. There is feed in granules and in kind, with the inclusion of whole nuts and dried vegetables. Granular feed is more economical, although some chinchillas refuse it. From the feed with inclusions of whole grains and nuts, animals usually choose only what they like, the rest has to be thrown away.
A chinchilla should always have access to hay, and it should be high quality, without debris, sticks or other impurities. It is very good if it contains inclusions of clover, alfalfa and bean leaves. Before serving, the hay can be disinfected in the microwave, holding it for a minimum of time at low power.
Water should be fresh and clean. Do not use tap water! It is best to give bottled or filtered water to chinchillas.
Dandelion, plantain, horse sorrel, young nettles, strawberry leaves – these are the ways to feed green chinchilla. Do not give fresh leaves; they need to be washed and set aside for several hours. It will be useful to include twigs of birch, apple, oak, hazel, aspen, willow, sea buckthorn, juniper, pine in the diet of chinchilla. In addition to nutrients and vitamins, twigs are useful because they allow chinchillas to grind their teeth.
You can feed a small amount of chinchilla with apple, pear, raisins, dried fruits, rosehips, hawthorn.
Sometimes it is necessary to diversify the nutrition of insects – such food is especially necessary for pregnant females and young animals. You can offer a rodent a butterfly, grasshopper, locust, raspberry.
You should remember the list of what can not be fed chinchilla to prevent disease. Poisonous plants, pine nuts and Brazil nuts, raw potatoes and cabbage, dairy products, meat, fish, poultry.
Chinchilla is a cute furry animal, up to 38 cm tall and weighing about half a kilogram. Chinchilla fur is very beautiful, it can be white, and grayish-bluish, and velvety-black. Chinchillas live 15-20 years. Often chinchillas are purchased for breeding, as their fur is very valuable. But many people buy chinchilla as a pet. We offer some tips for caring for chinchilla at home.
So, first of all, to keep the chinchilla in the house, you need a spacious metal cage, with a minimum size of 70x50x50 cm with a sliding tray. A layer of sawdust is poured into the pallet. Choose should be sawdust of deciduous trees. You can also use corn filler as bedding. Sawdust should be changed often enough to constantly maintain cleanliness in the cell.
A chinchilla cage should be equipped with a drinking bowl, a food bowl, a bathing suit and a shelf on which the chinchilla will sleep. The drinker and bowl should also be constantly kept clean and washed at least once or twice a week using soda and hot water.
To keep the animal’s six in good condition, special fine sand is poured into the bathing suit. The fact is that under natural conditions, the chinchilla cleans its wool in dry volcanic dust. Special sand for bathing chinchillas contains at least 10% talcum powder and is not cheap. To save this sand more economically, it is recommended to sift and calcine it at least once every two weeks.
In order for the chinchilla to be healthy in the room where it lives, it is necessary to observe the appropriate humidity and humidity regime for it. The optimum temperature is not more than 20-25C, humidity is not more than 55-60%. In nature, chinchillas live in arid climatic conditions and do not tolerate high humidity. Their wool has absolutely no water-repellent properties, so even taking them often in your hands is not recommended, the fur deteriorates from this.
Chinchilla food should be plant-based. The approximate daily diet of an adult is: a grain mixture of oats, barley, corn, wheat, hay or grass, carrots, white crackers. Also, chinchilla eagerly nibbles branches of various trees or shrubs. By the way, a tree branch or a special stone should always be in the cage of a chinchilla. This is necessary for grinding the teeth of an animal.
Chinchilla needs to be fed once a day, preferably in the evening. The water in the drinker should be constantly.
Chinchilla hair needs regular brushing. To do this, use special combs with long sharp teeth.
Chinchilla is a nocturnal animal, she is awake at night, and sleeps during the day. Therefore, it is not recommended to put a cage with a chinchilla in the bedroom; the night rustling of a chinchilla is unlikely to help sleep.
In the issue of feeding chinchillas, many owners, as they say, have their own achievements. Some feed like rabbits, including many succulent feeds in the diet, others only with compound feed or cereals, and others with a mixture of their own preparation. Chinchilla is an exclusively plant-eating animal. Wild chinchillas feed on all kinds of herbs, potions, small fruits, shoots, bark of shrubs and trees.
Chinchilla, although not at all like a cow, also loves fresh, dry hay. It is necessary for her for the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. To provide the animal with microelements, vitamins and other useful substances, it is necessary to give it grain mixtures. It is also very useful to pamper the chinchilla with vegetables, fruits and tree branches, about which she will grind her teeth. Just remember that juicy food should be less than dry and rough, so that the food matches the natural one.
It would be better if the fruits and vegetables are dried and the herbs are green.
The second food in the chinchilla is vegetables, with vegetables, and even more raw, you need to be more careful. It is better to start introducing vegetables with the help of a special combined feed, which includes dried vegetables.
Chinchilla is a herbivorous animal. In the wild, they feed on herbs, roots, branches and shoots of trees, small fruits. Captive chinchillas need to be fed in the same way, but the following principles should be followed – if you feed the animal with green grass, make sure that they are not torn off the side of the highway and not wet. Fruits and vegetables should be given washed. Well, the main diet should be coarse feed and fortified feed mixtures.
In the modern world there are enough various special feeds that can satisfy any owner of an animal, even a very refined one, such as a chinchilla. In addition to special chinchilla food, you can feed your pet vegetables and herbs. The main thing is that it is a rodent and it needs to constantly nibble something. Therefore, you can give her various tree crusts.
Sources: otvet.Mail.Ru, www.Milleniumchinchillas.Ru, womanadvice.Ru, strana-sovetov.Com, www.Bolshoyvopros.Ru
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South America for a long time remained an isolated continent, on which very special flora and fauna formed. South American animals are very different from the fauna of other continents. Chinchillas are no exception.
The digestive system of these alpine animals was formed in a harsh arid climate. Chinchillas are adapted to eat very coarse and dry food and absolutely can not absorb succulent food. As a result of domestication, the digestive system of animals has changed enough to be able to absorb high-quality hay. Although today, the preferred food is dry stalks of cereal plants, which are usually called straw.
If there are no special granules, the animals can be given a cereal mixture of flakes of various cereals. The disadvantage of granules, grain mixture and even meadow hay is that all these components of the diet are too soft. Chinchilla teeth are adapted to feed very hard feeds and are constantly growing. If the animal cannot grind its teeth, “hooks” are formed on its teeth, which injure the tongue and cheeks and prevent the animal from eating.
Therefore, one of the components that can be given to chinchilla in addition to food is the branches and trunks of fruit trees.
- Sweet cherry;
- Bird cherry;
- Branches of other tree species from the genus plum.
All these tree species contain a significant dose of hydrocyanic acid in the bark and leaves. Under the influence of gastric juices, hydrocyanic acid decomposes, turning into cyanide. Even dry leaves are dangerous. That is why it is impossible to give chinchillas branches of stone fruit trees.
Mulberry branches and trunks are very well suited. It is believed that chinchillas can also be given branches of apple trees and pears. Apples and pears also contain hydrocyanic acid in seeds, but the concentration of the substance in the branches is much lower.
To grind chisels, chinchillas are laid with special mineral stones, but these stones do not allow grinding molars, on which "hooks" are formed. That is why chinchillas must necessarily have branches and trunks of trees with bark in the cage. Chewing very hard food allows you to grind back teeth.
Eating chinchillas at home is very different from the diet of their wild relatives. At first glance it seems that everything is the same: dry grass, dried (fallen) berries, grains of cereal plants. In fact, domestic chinchilla eats other plants with a different chemical composition, and this creates additional difficulties in compiling a complete diet.
Chinchillas have a very long intestine, in which the decomposition and absorption of fiber occurs. For normal digestion, animals need a lot of roughage. And the coarser the hay, the better. A chinchilla needs 20 to 30 g of hay per day, but it must be a top-quality product.
Mold or the smell of mycelium coming from hay is unacceptable. Yellow hay means that it gets exposed to rain when dried. This means that such hay can be infected with mold. Gray and black hay is unsuitable for chinchillas. It is better not to bring dusting hay even into the house so as not to get infected with aspergillosis, since in fact dust is mold spores.
High-quality hay should be green and have a pleasant smell. If hay is not available, it can be partially replaced with grass meal. It is alfalfa dried by special technology and crushed into powder. A little dry alfalfa is also added to the diet of animals as a source of protein. This is a good food for an old individual, but when eating only flour, teeth will not grind, which will lead to problems with the oral cavity. Therefore, if, in addition to grass meal, chinchilla cannot be provided with straw, it must be given tree branches.
The advantage of hay over grass meal is also that the animal can be provided with round-the-clock training. Coarse malnutrition hay can be given to animals freely. With the constant availability of feed in the public domain, the chinchilla will not eat more than it needs.
As grain feed, you can give special granules. Quality granules will be green. But this color means a large percentage of alfalfa contained in the granules. The second option is to make the grain mixture yourself. Chinchillas can be given a mixture of whole grains or cereal. Experienced chinchilla growers do not recommend feeding animals with whole grains, because sometimes the grain is stored in poor conditions, and when buying on the market there is no way to determine the quality of the product.
Feeding chinchillas with flakes is safer for animals, since the grain undergoes high-temperature processing in the manufacture of flakes.
To make the mixture fit:
You can also add some pea flakes as a substitute for alfalfa hay.
If it is possible to provide free access to animal hay, then there is a rule regarding concentrates how many times a day you need to feed chinchilla with grain food. Since these are nocturnal animals, they are given a grain mixture once a day at night. The norm for one head is 1 hour. A spoon per day.
Norm is approximate. The exact amount is determined experimentally. You can start with a teaspoon with a slide. Animals do not need more grain, but if they do not eat this norm, the amount of grain must be reduced.
Chinchilla is better to underfeed than to overfeed. If there is less hay than necessary, the amount of grain will not be critical.
You can also add seeds, milk thistle and red millet to the grain mixture. But it is better not to give flax. It is believed that flax improves the quality of wool, but it also has a lot of oil. In addition, raw flaxseeds contain hydrocyanic acid.
Vitamin and mineral premixes for fur animals are also added to the grain mixture. Or, vitamins specially designed for chinchillas are added to food. Dosage is usually indicated on the package. In premixes, the dosage is usually given based on the number of grams of premix per kilogram of feed for fur animals, since premixes are intended for use on farms.
This is a separate issue, as the manufacturer often claims pellets as a complete diet for chinchillas. Theoretically, it should be so. The basis of the granules is herbal flour. Also, the composition of the granules should include grain feed and all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the animal. If you managed to find quality pellets, we can assume that the problem with chinchilla food has been resolved.
In this case, in addition to granules, the animals will need only tree branches for grinding teeth. Fruit-berry dressing in this case will serve as a dessert for the animal. Given the fact that chinchillas need to grind their teeth, about 30% of the diet will be tree branches as roughage and goodies. The remaining 70% of the diet will be in granular feed.
The digestive systems of these animals differ from the digestive tract of chinchillas. In addition, “forbidden” sunflower seeds are often added to granules for rabbits. This supplement helps the rabbit gain weight before slaughter. It is clear that the rabbit’s liver condition in this case does not bother anyone.
Hay and grain are the main components in the nutrition of chinchillas. But to fill in the missing elements, animals are given a little bit of dried berries, vegetables and fruits. From berries, rodents can be given:
Norms are very small. Rosehip can be given one berry a day, 1-2 barberries or blueberries. Also, as a top dressing, chinchillas can be given leaves and branches of blueberries.
Juicy foods lead to digestive upset and diarrhea in chinchillas. Therefore, even carrots, apples and pears are given only dried and not more than one wedges per week.
Also, animals can be given pumpkin and melon seeds. Norm for pumpkin seeds: 1-5 per week for one chinchilla. It is believed that pumpkin seeds can relieve worms.
Chinchillas have a very weak liver, not adapted to the absorption of fatty acids, which are found in abundance in nuts and oilseeds. When feeding these animals with nuts, perhaps they will have a very beautiful skin, but the life span will be reduced from 20 years to 5-6.
Also a dietary supplement for chinchillas. Herbs and flowers are also given in dried form. Of the flowers, you can give echinacea and calendula. Dried nettle will be helpful. There is more protein in nettles than in alfalfa and it may well replace alfalfa hay. Nettle can also be given instead of carrots due to the large amount of provitamin A. But one must take into account that nettles have the ability to thicken blood, and in large quantities this herb will adversely affect the health of animals. This is especially true for puppy females. Due to the lack of oxygen, which too thick blood can not supply the placenta, puppies can die in the womb.
If necessary, change the feed, a new one is introduced mixing with the old and gradually increasing the proportion of the new product. When buying a chinchilla, it’s best to ask the seller for a week’s feed supply, as the animal may die if the feed changes abruptly.
When being kept in a city apartment, special attention must be paid to this moment. Due to the requirements for water disinfection, liquid directly from the tap is not very suitable for chinchillas. Especially in those regions where water is still disinfected with chlorine. Before giving such water to animals, it must be defended in order to get rid of chlorine compounds. And then boil, removing excess salt.
To prevent chinchillas from polluting the water, it is better to use nipple drinkers. Such drinkers are closed on almost all sides, and to get drunk out of it, you need to move the locking ball.
Even if a pet begs for something from the table, one must remember that chinchilla is a herbivore. In nature, they can eat small insects, but this does not mean that they can be fed meat. Therefore, the number of banned goodies for chinchillas includes:
- Any animal protein, including eggs. The exception is milk powder, but also for chinchillas on the farm;
- All dairy products;
- Any flour and bakery products;
- Fresh vegetables;
- Beets, even dry, as it has a laxative effect;
- Any spoiled chinchilla food.
The diet of chinchillas is much stricter than that of humans. She can not any food from the human table.
With a little experience, making a diet for chinchilla is not difficult. The main thing to remember: we give all goodies to animals not for their sake, but for our sake. Wanting to show my love. The animal itself does not need this and will not be offended if its owner does not experiment with various products.
The chinchilla animal is primarily an herbivore animal, so the basis of the diet is plant food. Chinchilla needs to be balanced and varied. Since animals eat extremely little, food must be of high quality. You need to know how to feed chinchillas, and what you can’t give chinchillas.
Experienced chinchillovs claim that animals will not eat what poisoning entails. But a caring owner must check the list of permitted foods before feeding the chinchilla. If in doubt, do not risk it!
More information on how to feed chinchilla can be found here.
Tips for care and treatment
If a person has got himself such a funny animal as a chinchilla, then he must remember that he bears full responsibility for its development. Therefore, it is necessary to feed the animal correctly. All healthy foods and vitamins should be in his diet. You should figure out what kind of food the chinchilla needs, and how exactly it needs to be fed.
Chinchilla – it’s a herbivore rodent. This fact must be taken into account when drawing up the diet. However, it is worth knowing that they eat little. At least if they are compared with other similar animals.
But, since chinchillas move a lot and even lead an active lifestyle at home, they need to replenish their energy with something. Therefore, food should be rich in protein and healthy carbohydrates.
The beast is not greedy for food. Often you can see such a picture – a chinchilla ate a piece, thought, went up to the owner, twirled around it, ate again, ran, and even a little bite.
In an animal, digestion is quite sensitive. Therefore, the diet should be designed in such a way that it contains as many simple carbohydrates and fiber as possible. The latter is obtained not from fruit, like a person or some animals, but from fresh hay.
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There are several types of products that animals are categorically contraindicated. These include:
- Roasted seeds, grains and nuts. They must be served exclusively raw.
- Bread and cookies. Only occasionally can an animal be spoiled with wheat crackers.
- Chinchilla intestines are very poorly digested rye.
- Monotonous food in which there are no healthy vitamins and minerals.
- Human food.
Most experts are of the opinion that feeding these active animals is best once a day. Otherwise the animal may face obesity, which will quickly affect his future health.
The owner of the chinchilla chooses the time at which he will feed her. This process must occur at the same time in order to train the animal. It is recommended to do this in the evening, from 5 to 6 hours.
Combined feeds must be included in the animal’s diet. Firstly, they are nutritious, and secondly, in the body of the animal they are easily absorbed.
Different grains contain all the vitamins and minerals that are essential for chinchilla. Legumes should also be in food. These include:
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When deciding to feed a pet with grain, it is best to go after him to the market. The choice will be much greater. For chinchillas it will be useful to eat:
- Barley. Since it is distinguished by hardness, it is mainly adults that feed on it.
- Wheat. It is very important that it contains a low content of fats, and proteins and healthy carbohydrates are more than enough.
- Oats. The most useful grain to give to chinchillas. Unfortunately, since the beast is very finicky, it can simply refuse it.
Very important for chinchillas eat germinated grain, since it is rich in vitamin E. For pregnant females, this substance is irreplaceable, as it has an excellent effect on the development of the fetus.
Chinchillas are very fond of absorbing sunflower seeds. Thanks to this, their hair grows well and their skin remains healthy. But overfeeding the animal with seeds is also not worth it, as obesity can begin.
You can feed the animal and grass. Only in this case will have to carefully monitor this. For example, from the place where the animals walk, you should not bring chinchilla grass, it can negatively affect the condition of the animal.
For young individuals you need to buy animal feed. First of all, it is skim milk and yogurt. Powdered milk is also suitable.
These products include:
- Berry biscuits;
- Sweet sticks and more.
Thanks to this dessert, the animal can begin to be trained, since for such sweets they are ready for a lot.
But do not think that it will be possible to continue to do so. Nevertheless, it is best if possible to buy feed for chinchillas. Although the beast is in kinship with pigs, but still they are different.
Fresh fruits for chinchilla – this is a kind of treat. Therefore, they should not act as just the main food. Once a week, the animal can be given a little bit:
Some types of chinchillas are very fond of eating grapes. Before giving the beast something to eat, the fruits are thoroughly washed under cold water and wiped with a napkin. Fruits are given to small individuals exclusively in dried form.
As for weight gain, there is practically no sense in fresh fruit. As indicated above, they can only be given a little.
To summarize, it is worth saying that proper feeding of chinchillas is the key to success. The beast will be grateful for the care given to him.
If you decide to have a pet and the choice fell on a chinchilla, then in addition to the cage and other household items, it is important to pay attention to the food of the animal. All that you eat yourself, the animal is forbidden to feed.
It is important not to forget: the stomach of a furry creature is different from the human. It is designed to absorb nutrients from a meager variety of wildlife provisions. The health and life expectancy of a pet depends on proper nutrition.
In the wild, the animal is fed with what he finds. Its diet in the wild includes legume and cereal plants.
With pleasure, the animal uses shoots, shrubs, tree bark and cacti. Such a fluffy baby will not refuse to enjoy greens, nuts and fruits.
The main rule: do not forget that chinchilla is a small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? It’s worth feeding such a beast no more than once a day, preferably during waking hours. This rodent is a nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay. The animal eats the amount he needs, and uses the rest as a litter. It is important to supplement the drinker with fresh water daily. Do not neglect treats and top dressing.
The most suitable food for chinchilla is considered to be dry granular food. A 400-gram pack for an adult animal lasts for a month. After opening the package, it is worth pouring its contents into a container, which is tightly closed. So the provisions will retain their properties better. Such a food is useful in that it is similar to the food of a rodent in nature and contains cereals, herbs and vegetables. The positive side of this drug is its hardness. The animal with its help grinds its teeth, which are constantly growing.
It is important to purchase food from one manufacturer. If the feed is changed regularly, the animal is not safe from digestive upsets.
Lures help strengthen the immune system and heart of a furry baby, as well as improve blood circulation. However, additional food is not difficult to collect independently. It will require cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All components are important to add exclusively in dried form.
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they also benefit. It’s easy to prepare a pet-friendly supplement. Benefit will bring:
- Corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. A few grains per day will positively affect the well-being of the animal;
- Viburnum. Two berries a week and chinchilla digestion will improve;
- Calamus root. It will help prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect;
- Carrot. The condition of the fur and the heart will improve one circle of the fetus. You should give a treat no more than three times a week;
- Rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the body of the pet. Dosage – 4 things per month;
- Plantain. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is regulated, and it is only necessary to feed two leaves per decade to the chinchilla.
The pet will also like lingonberries and cranberries, hawthorn and currants, apples, blueberries and aronia. It is necessary to feed the rodent with herbal treats: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for the trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
Pills and powders are extremely difficult to feed pussies. therefore fortified complementary foods are best chosen in the liquid state. So it is easy to mix in water and the rodent’s diet is significantly enriched.
Make sure that salt and mineral stones are always in the cage of the chinchilla. They will have a beneficial effect on the animal’s body and help him care for constantly growing teeth.
Dry yeast can replenish the supply of protein. They will also contribute to the enrichment of the body of chinchilla with B vitamins. It is important to add them to the food a little.
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed, otherwise, obesity and health problems cannot be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
Fluffy rodent is the owner of sensitive digestion. Therefore, it is forbidden to give the following products to him:
These products will not bring any benefit to the pet. They are saturated with fats and extremely high in calories. So the said food does not favorably affect the development and growth of the pet, and even cause obesity. Even if such products were to the taste of chinchillas, then giving them is strictly prohibited.
A person does not like to eat the same food every day. For example, not everyone can eat buckwheat for a week. So why should a pet give in to the same torment? Chinchilla needs a complete and varied diet. The animal will be not only tasty, but also healthy. Do not forget that pet feeding takes place once a day in the evening when the animal is awake.
On the first day, the pet should give 15 g of granulate. 5 g of rosehip berries and the same amount of a mixture of corn and sunflower seeds will help to supplement the necessary daily amount of food.
The second day will distinguish 20 g of granular feed and 10 g of dried apple.
The diet of the next day consists of 10 g of food in granules, 1/2 of a walnut kernel and 10 g of a mixture of oatmeal and flax seeds.
There are a lot of menu variations. Use permitted components and daily pleasantly surprise your pet.
Balanced nutrition is the key to chinchilla health. The appearance of the coat and the life span of the animal also depend on it. Do not neglect this part of pet care.
Choose the right diet for chinchillas – a responsible task. The state of health of the animal, the luster of the fur and the longevity of the animal are completely dependent on food.
Food for a rodent is very diverse, but there are characteristic features in how to feed a pet, especially at home.
Chinchilla is a herbivore. The basis of the diet of animals is considered feed of plant origin.
In the wild, the main food for them is cereals and legumes, cacti, shrubs, tree bark, small fruits, shoots, mosses and other vegetation.
At home a person is responsible for the diet of the animal. Food should be diverse and balanced to provide all the needs of the body with the necessary components, vitamins, nutrients.
Chinchillas are important food quality. They eat in small quantities, so the owners of the animals should carefully consider the choice of food.
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Moreover, luxurious fur and indefatigable energy require a large consumption of nutrients. Chinchillas are finicky in food. From the food they offer, they will choose the tidbits.
But for full development the animal needs to receive various trace elements and vitamins, therefore, you must try to ensure that the animal fully consumed its portion.
In the event that the pet began to scatter food from the feeder, it is necessary to reduce the dispensed food. You can give your pet food in small parts, reduce the goodies in the diet.
When choosing food for a rodent, it is worth considering that they, like all herbivores, have sensitive digestion.
First, they have a long intestine. Secondly, animal herbivores process heavily digested plant fiber. From it they get the necessary nutrients.
Food for chinchillas must be of high quality and fresh.
Chinchilla is better not to feed a little than to overfeed goodies. The food offered must be:
- Without traces and smell, rot, mold, musty.
Green feed should be collected away from busy places, roadsides, factories. Before feeding the rodent, greens, vegetables and fruits should be washed and dried well. The food offered must always be dry.
Young animals and those individuals that did not receive green food in the winter season should gradually become accustomed to them. Initially, you need to offer your pet such food in small portions, gradually increasing the dose.
In this case, you must carefully monitor the health of the chinchilla.
So animals get used to the set feeding time, which positively affects the digestibility of food. If all food is eaten in the morning, then additional feeding is possible.
Before pouring a new portion of food into a pet, it is imperative to discard uneaten residues and rinse the bowls with running water without the addition of detergents or cleaners.
The daily portion of the main pet food – 1 teaspoon, hay – 20-30 g, dainty to choose from – 1 piece. There should always be boiled or filtered clean water in the animal’s bowl.
The animal that lives in your home, eats rough dry and succulent feeds, nutritious mixtures, needs vitamin supplements and goodies.
Juicy feeds include fruits, vegetables, greens and twigs of bushes, trees. They are saturated with useful trace elements, vitamins, organic substances.
Throughout the year, branches, snags, rods of various shrubs and tree species are available. Eating solid pieces of wood, animals will grind constantly growing incisors.
Of vegetables, chinchillas can be offered tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, carrots, pumpkin, salad, zucchini.
From fruits they prefer pears, apples, melon, berries, bananas, grapes, from dried fruits – apples, plums, raisins, hawthorn, dried apricots, cherries, barberries and rose hips. Large-sized fruits are preferably cut into small pieces.
Of greens worth giving clover, tops of carrots, peas, dandelion.
Chinchila likes apples, carrots, cherries
Treats must be offered systematically. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry, 2-3 times a week, other sweets – fruits, dried fruits.
Vegetables should be fed in moderation – a small piece 1-2 times a week, along with the main feed. Due to sensitive digestion, chinchillas cannot eat vegetables and fruits in large quantities.
After the introduction of a new type of food, one should carefully monitor the reaction of the animal’s body. Digestion is possible, then succulent food should be discarded. If the pet feels well, then the food is right for him.
Such food refers hay. It is the most important component of the diet of the animal and saturates the body with the necessary fiber.
Dried grass helps food move in the intestines, preventing it from stagnating, causing fermentation. Hay is also a rich source of trace elements, vitamins, fiber, protein.
Better when chinchilla is offered as food grass hay – different types of herbs. Preparations from legumes (alfalfa, clover) contain the necessary vitamins and minerals. They mow during the flowering period of legumes.
Cereal feed is slightly inferior to the first in nutritional composition, because it contains less minerals and protein.
To cereal crops, who love chinchillas include meadow fescue, Sudanese, timothy grass, wheat grass, meadow bluegrass, hedgehog team. They have a lot of nutritional value of grass, mowed before the first flowering.
A day, you must give the chinchilla from 20-30 to 70-80 g of fresh hay.
Chinchilla needs to be fed fresh hay
These herbs are poisonous. and in the herbal food for animals should not get in any case:
- Black nightshade;
- White hellebore;
- Raven eye.
For the proper development of the rodent, he needs elements contained in nutrient mixtures. Chinchillas should be given various mixtures to saturate their body with as many vitamins, trace elements, proteins, fats, amino acids as possible.
From cereals to rodents are suitable:
- Oats – contains a large amount of protein, fats, but does not cause obesity. Most often, oats make up to 75% of the mixture;
- Corn – need to be given in small portions, as it can cause bloating;
- Barley – it is worth offering it in a crushed form, better for adults. This cereal product is very solid;
- Wheat – it contains a lot of carbohydrates, proteins, low fat.
In feeding chinchillas it is worth giving up rye – It is difficult for animals to digest.
Chinchillas need to be given various nutritional mixtures
Due to the sensitive digestion of chinchillas they should not give the following products:
- Food from the general table (salty, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked);
- Meat and meat products;
- Bakery products and pastries (bread, pastries);
- Flour (pasta, noodles);
- Potatoes, fresh white cabbage, lettuce;
- Sweets (cookies, chocolate, sugar, sweets, other confectionery);
- Roasted nuts, seeds, grains;
- Dairy products;
- Fast food, chips, popcorn;
- Stale and spoiled products.
The list does not contain absolutely any useful substances for the proper growth and development of a rodent. The listed foods are high in calories and fatty, as a result of which the pet may develop obesity.
This will adversely affect the mobility of the animal., his ability to reproduce, life span.
Perhaps, from one eating the animal will not die, but the systematic eating of such goodies will lead to serious health problems for chinchillas.
With an unbalanced diet of chinchillas, young individuals, pregnant and lactating rodents, sick and weakened it is necessary to give vitamin complexes. They can be in liquid form, in the form of tablets and powders.
Liquid fortified feeds can be given along with water, so enriching your pet’s diet will be easy. It is hard to offer powders and tablets to pets.
In the cage of the animal, it is desirable hang mineral and salt stone, which animal will eat as needed.
You can immediately buy fortified feed. The composition most often includes carrots, pumpkin, nettle hay, mountain ash, rose hips. To replenish the reserves of protein and B vitamins, a little dry yeast (2-5 g) should be added to the feed.
It’s easy to teach a chinchilla to eat right., but necessary. Only after receiving all the useful microelements, vitamins and other useful compounds will the animal be healthy, full of energy and live a long life.
Lyudmila Vapnyarchuk 10/30/2016
When a small fluffy animal appears in your house, you need to think over the diet so that the animal delights you with injustice and enthusiasm. Let’s look at how to organize a chinchilla food at home.
For the well-being of the pet, it is necessary to properly organize the feeding of the animal.
In nature, chinchillas feed mainly on plant foods, in small portions and often enough, so you need to ensure that the cell is always present:
- Concentrated feed
- Fresh hay
Food for chinchillas should be varied and always fresh, natural, balanced, contain the necessary vitamins and minerals. It is advisable to occasionally give the pet goodies
It is desirable to feed the chinchilla at home at the same time, preferably at 5-6 pm, once a day.
Products approved for chinchilla feed can be divided into three main groups.
This group includes cereal and bean mixtures. Peas, lentils, beans, are rich in amino acids and will be very useful for your pet. Barley, millet, corn – have enough nutrients and minerals for chinchillas.
Chinchillas are herbivorous animals, so for good health they need to use hay and greens year-round. Freshly cut grass must be wilted, otherwise it can cause malaise and poor digestion of the pet.
Here is an example of how to feed a chinchilla at home:
- The greens of young dandelions,
- Horse sorrel
- Sprouts of wheat, oats,
- Strawberry leaf
- Meadow fescue,
- Meadow pendulum.
You can please your pet with dried fruits, fresh dried vegetables and nuts.
People often ask whether it is possible to give chinchilla food of animal origin. If we are talking about milk powder, insects, then such a diet is even recommended for young animals and pregnant females.
When compiling a diet for a pet, it is worth remembering what you can’t feed a chinchilla with. Grocery list:
- Poisonous plants (dope, St. John’s wort, buttercup, horsetail). Do not collect plants that are unfamiliar to you or you are not sure that they are not poisonous.
- Pine and Brazil nuts (contain a lot of fat and can cause indigestion)
- Raw potatoes and cabbage, beets, peppers, persimmons,
- To give twigs of oak, cherries, plums, conifers as complementary foods,
- Products of animal origin (fish, meat, milk).
Feeding chinchillas at home is easy; you just need to keep track of what you feed your pet.
As vitamin supplements for chinchillas, you can use:
But the most useful vitamins for the animal will be those found in vegetables and fruits:
- Vitamin A– they are rich in red carrots, rosehips, bananas, spinach.
- B vitamins – rich in cereals.
- Vitamin C – vegetables, fruits, berries, especially rose hips and sorrel.
- Vitamin E – wheat germ, soy, spinach, almond kernels.
Enrich the chinchilla diet with vitamin A for good vision, strong teeth, apples, which contain a lot of calcium, and for wool like silk, with vitamin C.
One of the difficult stages in the maintenance of chinchillas is the birth of offspring. If a pregnant female should be intensively fed, vitamin and mineral supplements should be added to the feed, then after childbirth this is not necessary.
The question of how to feed chinchilla after childbirth can be answered by analyzing how the offspring grows. If the kids gain enough weight at 2-4 grams per day, then mom does not need feed. But if the kids fight, run after their mother, and then become lethargic, then there are all the signs of a lack of milk. In this case, you can purchase a special supplement to increase lactation.
Chinchilla babies are born fully prepared for adulthood, but should be fed mother’s milk for at least 7-10 days. If the woman in labor has little or not enough milk, then the babies will have to feed the chinchillas with a mixture. Many breeders prefer to use infant formula for babies. Artificial feeding is organized from a pipette or insulin syringe, every 2 hours the first 7-10 days. Then gradually begin to introduce an adult diet, add seeds, hay, feed. Already by the month kids chinchillas are ready for independent life.
Love your pets, watch their diet, and they will give you many minutes of joy and pleasure!
– Is it possible to give chinchilla pine nuts?
Giving kids pine nuts is not allowed! They are just fat for chinchillas! Instead, offer chinchilla peanuts, hazelnuts (hazelnuts), dried apples and pears – all in "homeopathic" doses.
– Do chinchillas need a special diet and vitamins for the heart during the hot season?
The animals themselves will arrange a special diet – they will almost stop eating, they can drink more water.
– If so, in what quantities?
– Is it possible to give chinchillas tea?
Chinchillas are very fond of dry tea leaves. You can give green tea, and black, and mate, but always natural. It is undesirable to give tea with artificial flavors. Remember also that tea contains tannins, which have firming properties. Therefore, give a serving of tea no more than 1/3 of a coffee spoon and preferably not every day.
You can give "hibiscus tea" (dry Sudanese rose petals) in limited quantities, as it causes a mild laxative effect.
– What plants can be given to chinchillas?
4-5 buds of rosehip and wrinkled roses (from which jam is boiled).
When the gardens bloom, you can give 2-3 brushes of blooming cherry, i.e. A small twig with small leaves and flowers.
2-3 small branches of birch with young, but not sticky, leaves.
Blooming linden buds: 5-6 pcs.
4-5 leaves of dandelion and plantain. These leaves must be thoroughly washed under running water and get wet almost dry with a napkin.
1 sheet of lettuce.
You can give strawberry and strawberry leaves.
Alfalfa and clover chinchillas are very fond of! But they need to give them in limited doses: both fresh and dried (fresh no more than 4-6 g per day, dried no more than 8 g per day).
As a rule, chinchillas do not eat what they are likely to poison. However, before offering anything to the chinchilla, check the list of permitted plants, and if in doubt, don’t give, don’t risk it!
– How to disinfect hay purchased?
Put hay for 1 minute in the microwave at 2/3 of the power (I have 90 watts). Hay becomes practically sterile, although it does not heat up much. Before processing in the microwave, examine the hay (when cutting hay and weighing portions this will happen by itself). Metal or other foreign objects, such as nails, may come in the hay.
Inspect the hay carefully and carefully set the mode, otherwise you can make a fire.
– How much can a chinchilla starve without harm to health?
A chinchilla can fast for a week without any harm to its own health (in the presence of water and hay, of course).
– Is it possible to give a lot of carrots to chinchillas?
Back in the sixties of the last century, E. Barantseva and her colleagues at VNIIOZ scientifically proved that when chinchilla consumed more than 4 grams of carrots per day, the digestibility of the main feed was almost halved.
If even a chinchilla loves carrots, do not indulge her, otherwise she will not live long with such feeding!
– How to give frozen currants or cranberries? It must be thawed, but then the juice will go?
I can only advise you to defrost in the usual compartment of the refrigerator, putting it on a strainer. I defrost fruits and berries for pies. Excess water, of course, drips, but the berries will still remain wet. Will there be chinchillas? As a rule, chinchillas prefer fresh, non-watery or completely dry fruits and berries.
– In what quantities can I give dried rosehips to chinchillas?
1-2 berries every 1-3 days.
– Can I give clover without adding hay? Or is it better to mix in what proportions?
Dried clover can not be replaced with hay! Better add it to the hay, but very carefully, at first a little bit and not every day.
I give about 1 tablespoon to my face once every 2-3 days.
For babies up to 2 months, clover is generally not recommended. From 2 to 5 months, you can give dry 1 teaspoon every 3-4 days.
– Do I need to clean the dog rose before feeding chinchillas?
There are prickly villi in the berries inside. These villi and bones can be cleaned before serving chinchillas for dinner.
Well, if you don’t clean it, then the chinchillas will eat it like that, but they will spit out with bones, and rub the face with their paws, and the tongue will turn a little red from the villi.
– What fruit and berry bones can be given to chinchillas?
I didn’t try to give “peach nuts” (seeds), but I gave apricot kernels, though I had previously tried it myself if they were bitter. If the peach seeds are not bitter, then you can probably give a try. For the first time, give half a bone, if the beast is eaten at all, and if the next day everything is okay with the litter, then you can give a couple. Chinchillas should not eat cherry pits!
“I read that chinchillas can be given sprouted wheat.” Is it so?
As for fresh sprouted wheat (consisting mainly of water), then it should be given to animals no more than 6 g per day, and this is such a small amount that it will not affect the balance of the diet for proteins and fats.
Chinchillas can be given "Wheat Germ" at 2 g per day, unless, of course, they are on sale in the departments of healthy nutrition. It is only necessary to pay attention to the fact that this product does not contain any impurities (spirulina, sugar, preservatives, etc.) – only pure germ crumbs.
This FAQ was compiled from the correspondence of the Chinchilla forum.
The authors of this FAQ are conference participants.
Compiled by Guryev S.Yu., edited by Alena Maklakova
No part of the FAQ can be reproduced (on paper or on the Internet) without the written permission of the author and compiler.
The basis of the diet of chinchillas as herbivores is plant-based feed. In nature, these rodents feed on grassy, cereal and leguminous plants, seeds, fruits, twigs, moss, and roots. That is, those where cellulose is contained in large quantities. Therefore, in the diet of your pet, there must certainly be hay and twigs.
Hay is the most important component of the diet of chinchillas. Most experts believe that hay should always be in the cage of these rodents so that animals can eat it as much as they wish. It is rich in fiber so necessary for animals.
Properly prepared high-quality hay smells nice, without sticks, garbage and other impurities. Wet and moldy food for animals is not good.
The best is hay from legumes (clover, alfalfa vetch). It contains vitamins and minerals necessary for animals (phosphorus and calcium). In addition, it is very nutritious and contains a sufficient amount of digestible protein. Legumes need to be mowed in the budding phase, or at the beginning of flowering.
The best mowing period for cereals is the earing phase. Cereal hay (meadow fescue, timothy, team hedgehog, meadow bluegrass) is somewhat inferior to bean (it contains less protein and minerals).
Forced hay is very nutritious if it contains legumes and cereal herbs, as well as buckwheat, bird, meadow goat-breeder, etc. Before flowering, herbs are especially rich in vitamins and nutrients. Therefore, hay should consist of forbs cut before the first flowering of herbs. Late mowed herbs have low nutritional value.
In the hay for chinchillas categorically, fern, cotton grass, datura, black nightshade, euphorbia, horsetail, white hellebore, bleached, cornflower, black eye and other poisonous plants should not fall.
From time to time you can feed rodents and ready-made food for rabbits. In principle, feeding chinchillas is not much different from feeding rabbits. In summer, the same green grass, vegetables with tops, plant seeds, fruits. In the cold season – hay, tree branches (birch, apple, linden, pear, hazelnut, willow, willow), dried fruits (apples, raisins, dried apricots, nuts). Dried fruits are offered to the animal without stones, finely chopped. The fruits of barberry, rose hip and hawthorn are very useful. They are given one berry 1-2 times a week.
The warm season makes it possible to significantly expand the menu of chinchillas. In spring, the first greens are given very carefully, starting with portions of 1-2 well-dried leaves of dandelion per day. So that the animal does not have a bloating, the stems of legumes and clover are always used dry or dried. You should not feed chinchilla with green feed alone, forgetting about hay. This can lead to gastrointestinal upsets.
Here are the characteristics of some plants that will be useful to include in the diet of chinchillas:
- Salad is a storehouse of vitamins and mineral salts. A pet can be given 1-2 leaves a day;
- Spinach – rich in easily digestible iron, contains sodium and lime. It is believed that spinach increases the fertility of rodents. You can give 3-4 leaves a day;
- Chicory – contains a lot of phosphorus, which is especially needed by growing organisms. The cleansing plant acts on the stomach, regulates the liver, increases appetite;
- Strawberry leaves – have a diuretic effect, help with diarrhea. It can be given for digestive upsets;
- Celery – contains vitamins A, B, C. It is very useful for nursing females, 2 leaflets 2 times a week;
- Wormwood – increases appetite, strengthens the nervous system. The pet is given several branches per week.
In addition, animals with pleasure eat leaves of plantain, yarrow, burdock, young nettle, horse sorrel, and dandelion.
From vegetables and fruits, you can give carrots, pumpkins, squash, apples, pears, sweet peppers, bananas, grapes, figs, zucchini, potatoes, tomatoes, peaches, apricots, melons, watermelons, etc. Fresh cabbage leaves chinchilla give is not recommended.
From grain feed, chinchillas can be given the following:
- Oats – contains proteins, fats, vitamins B1, B2, B6, K, carotene. In case of digestive upset, mucous substances contained in broth and oatmeal are useful. Usually, oats are used as the basis for a grain mixture;
- Barley – a valuable cereal product; contains vitamins A, D, E, PP, B vitamins, as well as calcium, zinc, potassium, phosphorus, iron, copper, manganese, iodine, etc. 6% consists of fiber needed by animals. It is given to adults and is better in crushed form;
- Buckwheat is a valuable dietary product. It is rich in amino acids, vitamins (B1, B2, B6, PP, P) and trace elements. Like a complex carbohydrate, buckwheat gives a feeling of fullness for a long time;
- Corn – is rich in protein, but it is worse in composition than the protein of oats. It must be given carefully, in excessive quantities, it can cause bloating;
- Wheat – contains enough protein and carbohydrates and low fat. Also, animals can be offered wheat bran mixed with grain;
- Millet – red varieties containing a large amount of carotene are especially useful. However, chinchillas do not like it too much.
It is not worth constantly giving any one type of grain feed, it is better to feed chinchillas a grain mixture (various types of grain, legumes, seeds).
You can offer pets and cereals (oat, corn, rice, millet). Young individuals grow well on cereals (they absorb them better than whole grains).
Very useful to rodents and sprouted grain, especially during the breeding season. Usually germinated barley, oats, wheat.
With great pleasure, animals eat seeds. They contain essential fatty acids that positively affect the skin and coat of animals. However, because of the high fat content, giving them too much is not recommended. The proportion of sunflower seeds should not exceed 20% of the total grain feed. Give them only raw.
Legumes Beans, lentils, peas, soybeans contain more protein than all cereal products. They must be included in the diet of chinchillas, but not in their pure form, but as part of the grain mixture. The proportion of legumes should be 10-15%. They are given in a crushed form.
Nuts are a very nutritious food. Their chinchillas adore. But you can give them quite a bit and no more than two times a week, otherwise indigestion can not be avoided. Of course, nuts should be raw.
Now about what can be considered a treat for these animals. The thing is necessary, because chinchillas are not just amenable to training, but are quite capable of recognizing the owner and going to his hands. So, we need a promotion tool.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are a delicacy, and they should not replace the main food. The intestines of chinchillas are designed so that juicy foods in large quantities are contraindicated. The main thing is not to feed the pet treats. A piece of fresh apple or pumpkin, a slice of mandarin, a couple of grapes per week – this is enough to pamper the ward. Once a week, you can give 1-2 raisins and a special supplement with vitamins.
Animals love pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, almonds, peanuts, walnuts. Pumpkin seeds are used not only as a treat, but also as a prophylaxis against worms. Pine nuts contain a lot of fat, so giving them is not recommended. You can offer your pet dried tea leaves or rose petals.
Sweet tooth Chinchillas are very fond of goodies and do not know the measures for their use. With abnormal treats with treats, animals can refuse the main food. And eating only “delicacies” will lead to metabolic disorders, diabetes and obesity.
Each time, you can diversify the delicacy for the animal: on the first day give a nut, on the second day – dried apricots, hawthorn fruit or chokeberry, on the third – a piece of apple or melon.
After feeding any new kind of sweets, it is necessary to monitor the reaction of the pet’s body. If the animal feels well, he does not suffer from diarrhea, or constipation, then this food is not contraindicated for him. It happens that after eating fresh vegetables and fruits, the rodent has an indigestion. Therefore, juicy feed should be discarded.
Fried seeds and nuts, citruses, cabbage and potatoes, meat, eggs, mushrooms, chips and pastries cannot serve as goodies! Firstly, all this can cause allergies (up to the loss of hair). Secondly, lead to bowel problems. Thirdly, it contributes to the obesity of the animal, which for him can be very dangerous.
The water in the drinker at the chinchilla should always be fresh with no signs of flowering. It is better to give spring water, but not boiled, because it already does not have those useful trace elements that the body needs. Many breeders and amateurs use bottled water from companies such as Shishkin Les, Nestle and others. And, of course, the water should be non-carbonated.
Chinchilla ration should consist of:
- 20-25 g of finished feed or from the same amount of concentrated feed (grain feed, legumes, oilseeds, bran, oilcake);
- 20-30 g of hay;
- 4-6 g of green food;
- 4-6 g of additional food (tree branches);
- 2-4 g of treats;
- 10-25 g of water.
Chinchillas love accuracy, so they should be fed every day at the same time (the maximum error can be 1-2 hours).
- Food from a person’s table with salt, spices, sugar, animal products, fats, etc ;
- Pastries, bread;
- Roasted nuts, grains, seeds;
- Rye grain
- Spoiled products.
And finally, we note that for the well being of the animal, the stability of the diet is important. It is not necessary to change the feed very often, to which the ward is used. It is better to transfer the pet to a new food gradually, within 1-2 weeks. Do not forget, chinchilla is a delicate beast. And above all, this applies to feeding. The fluffy pet’s stomach is very sensitive to eating disorders. And errors in feeding can lead to serious health problems for the chinchilla.
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