- Causes of occurrence
The subject of our consideration is defined as purulent inflammation on the body, chirium, abscess, boil, tumor. These neoplasms are called by the doctors the term abscess. The causes of the disease, its course and treatment in chinchillas are similar to similar phenomena in humans. When you see one of the above, do not despair. An abscess may look awful, but successfully treated.
Causes of occurrence
- Chinchilla has a cold due to a draft. Animals that lived in the harsh conditions of the South American mountain Andes, withstand cold up to 20 degrees. C. However, they do not tolerate drafts even at positive temperatures. With a cold, boils may appear on the neck and face of the animal. Negative effect on chinchillas increased humidity, dampness in the room. Check your chinchilla for other signs of a cold – discharge from your ears and nose.
- An abscess occurs as a concomitant disease against the background of other diseases. In people, purulent rashes on the body are sometimes associated with dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract. Chinchillas have a strong stomach that digests even wood. However, systematic improper feeding of the animal risks leading to disorders.
- It happens that an abscess in a chinchilla occurs as a result of malocclusion. Teeth or tooth roots grow excessively and injure the soft tissues of the cheeks, which then become inflamed and fester. If you observe an abscess on the face of the animal, under the eyes, on the cheeks, at the same time check the condition of the teeth for an object malocclusion>>>.
- Suppuration of the wound. When the chinchilla gets hurt by something sharp, the untreated wound will start to chase in time. So, for example, inflammation happens corns>>> on the hind legs, which was not noticed and treated in time.
Not all reasons may be listed. We consider the last two to be the most frequent.
How to treat an abscess, what to do if you notice a purulent neoplasm on the body of a chinchilla. Provide first aid yourself. First of all, treat the wound and around it with an antiseptic. Hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine. Pour fluid onto the wound and pat it with a cotton swab.
If the wound is open and festering, try squeezing the pus. Press by pushing from the sides at the base of the abscess so that the pus comes out, not in. Inside the abscess is a capsule with purulent contents. Here we are trying to squeeze, extract. Sometimes the capsule comes out completely. If this does not happen or the size of the abscess is large, you should contact your veterinarian. The doctor will make a dissection, clean out the purulent capsule and disinfect the wound. After disinfection, lay the healing ointment Levomikol into the wound and lubricate around it. It is recommended to wear a collar around the chinchilla’s neck to protect the wound from licking. The therapeutic ointment contains antibiotics and will be harmful to the animal’s stomach. Read the instructions for using the ointment.
Until complete healing, daily treatment of the wound with an antiseptic and a healing ointment will be required. To prevent an internal infection, the doctor prescribes a course of treatment with antibiotics. Usually these are injections of the drug Baytril, 0.1-0.15 ml., 1-2 times a day intramuscularly for 5 to 7 days.
During and after treatment, inspect the chinchilla, new foci of inflammation may occur, or a relapse occurs if the animal is left untreated.
Case study: abscess on the body of a chinchilla.
In our nursery there was a case of an abscess in a chinchilla, which slipped out of the cage, hid in the slot and scratched its side there. The wound was discovered when it was already festering. The wound was long, went through the whole body, there were three foci of suppuration. We took the advice of a veterinarian, squeezed out pus, smeared, injected Baitril and achieved recovery of the animal.
Case Study: Chinchilla Jaw Abscess
A chinchilla on the lower jaw has grown a tooth and crooked to the side of the cheek (malocclusion). The grown tooth injured the soft tissues of the cheek, inflammation began, an abscess formed. – abscess. The veterinarian cut off an overgrown hook-tooth. Then the surgeon opened the abscess and cleaned the pus, removed the purulent capsule. The section was sewn up. The course of treatment for 10 days. – seam treatment chlorhexidine 2 times a day, injections Baytrila 2 times a day intramuscularly 0.1 ml, lubrication of the oral cavity in the area of the damaged cheek 2 times a day with dental gel Metrogil-Denta. At the time of treatment, chinchilla was fed with gruel from a syringe.
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