- Habitat Nutrition
- Diet at home
- Drinking water
- The proper ratio of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
- Essential Vitamins, Minerals, and Microelements
- Chinchilla Feeding
- Concentrated feed
- Herbal Supplements
- Features of feeding a pregnant female
- Vitamins and Mineral Supplements
Chinchillas are nature-tempered inhabitants of the desert highlands of the Andes. Their homeland is Peru, Chile, Argentina, Bolivia. They have excellent health and a long life. Nevertheless, the question – how to feed chinchilla at home, is not so simple. Inadequate nutrition can negatively affect the beautiful fur of the animal, adversely affect reproductive function, lead to illness of the pet. Although the diet of this exotic rodent – a number of permitted simple products. The main thing is that the food is balanced.
In nature, chinchillas eat flowers, leaves and stems of undersized plants, twigs of bushes, gnaw at the bark of trees. Wild plants are full of nutrients sufficient for the normal functioning of animals. The home diet must be diversified and enriched with concentrated feed:
- Vitamins and mineral supplements.
Diet at home
The correctness of the formation of the skeleton, the development of internal organs, growth, and the quality of the hair depend on the fact that the growing chinchilla cub torn from the female will be in captivity. In an adult animal, nutrition affects immunity, the state of the digestive system, and the ability to reproduce. In addition, chinchillas are inactive, so they can not be overfed with products that contribute to obesity. A small amount of food is enough for a rodent per day. But the diet should be drawn up taking into account the needs of the body for nutrients, vitamins and trace elements.
Chinchillas should not be given boiled or running tap water. In the first case, there are no living elements in the water, in the second – many microbes. Water should be passed through a charcoal filter, and it is better to give your pet water with bottled still water. You need to change the water in the drinker daily.
The proper ratio of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
The daily diet of chinchilla is based on:
- Norms of various substances needed by the body,
- The age and physical condition of the pet.
Zhirov in the total amount of a daily portion of food for an adult animal there should be a minimum amount – not more than 4%. But they are needed for activity, maintaining the skin and coat in good condition. The diet should include nuts, sunflower seeds and oilcake.
Squirrels chinchillas are required in a volume of 20%, they are responsible for the regeneration of tissue cells, the shine of the coat. For this, the animal must be fed with hay, alfalfa flour, legumes and cereals, you can also give milk. Pregnant and lactating females need to supplement the diet with cottage cheese, kefir, meat and bone meal. You can give special milk granules for rodents.
Carbohydrates are necessary for chinchillas as a source of energy. In the daily portion of food, they should be 65%, of which 35% in grain feed and 30% in herbs, raw vegetables and fruits (raw fiber in the diet is required – normal peristalsis and toxins). Carbohydrates are found in cereal hay, grains, herbs, fruits and vegetables.
Essential Vitamins, Minerals, and Microelements
In addition to feeding a balanced diet, from a very young age, chinchillas must be given special vitamin supplements and mineral supplements. If the young animal does not receive them, the skeleton and muscle tissue may not form correctly, and the fur will not be as chic as it should be by nature. Vitamin deficiency can also cause serious illnesses.
- Vitamin A – needed for strong bones and teeth, organs of vision, supports healthy skin, coat, is responsible for metabolism and immunity. You need to feed chinchilla at home: raw corn, carrots, pumpkin, bananas. From fresh herbs you can give – alfalfa, spinach and lettuce.
- B vitamins – are needed for normal metabolism, healthy liver and nervous system, the formation of fat, thick coat. To the main diet should be added a little bit of seedlings of wheat and oats, oatmeal. Of the products allowed to chinchillas, this vitamin is found in fresh fruits and vegetables, legumes – beans, peas, soybeans, bananas, milk.
- Vitamin C – needed for good immunity, cell regeneration, promotes blood coagulation. Chinchilla can get ascorbic acid from parsley, sorrel, raw potatoes, and fresh rosehip leaves.
- Vitamin E – needed to maintain immunity and the health of the reproductive system. It is mandatory for pregnant females, so that the cubs do not have congenital diseases. To do this, you need to feed chinchilla with almonds and walnuts, parsley and celery, raw corn.
List of minerals
For proper functioning of the heart, blood vessels and nervous system, strong bones and teeth, good immunity, and so that cubs do not develop rickets, chinchillas need potassium, calcium and phosphorus. They are found in bone meal, parsley and celery, dandelions, apples, wheat and legumes.
Trace element list
So that the chinchilla does not get anemia, and that the reproductive function is well developed, that the animal is calm, and the coat is thick, sulfur, iron, magnesium, copper and zinc are needed. They are present in bran, wheat and oat seedlings, herbs, oatmeal and nuts.
A daily diet for a pet is organized according to one of three options:
- From concentrated feed of factory production and hay;
- From self-prepared grain mixture and hay;
- Both together – within one day.
You can feed chinchilla with hay in unlimited quantities. The cage should also have clean drinking water around the clock.
Sample menu for the day:
This is the basis of the chinchilla diet. They are highly nutritious, contain a minimum of sugar and fat. Available in granules and in the form of mixtures of cereals, legumes and oilseeds. The ideal option is granular feed, manufactured specifically for chinchillas. They are balanced, and their recipe is carefully verified taking into account the age of the animals. The advantage of granular feed is that the animal eats the pellets completely. All vital substances are guaranteed to enter his body, while he can choose from a grain mixture that he personally tastes better.
For a month of adult chinchilla, a kilogram of feed in granules is enough – 25-35 g per day.
Grain mixtures are made up of:
- Buckwheat (provides long-term saturation, as it is a complex carbohydrate);
- Wheat (especially useful for lactating females);
- Barley (supports the beauty of the fur);
- Coarse grits (contributes to a better metabolism);
- Oats or oats (recommended for carrying and nursing offspring to females and calves);
- Unrefined flax seed (husk effectively removes toxins from the body);
- Sunflower and pumpkin seeds (added in minimal quantities to avoid obesity in the animal).
You can feed young chinchilla at home with complementary foods in the form of fresh cereals in water from hercules, corn, buckwheat and millet.
Hay is necessary for the pet for normal intestinal motility, and as a prevention of the appearance of hooks on the teeth. Chinchillas teeth grow all their life, they must constantly grind naturally. This is facilitated by eating hard, dry grass and tree branches.
The composition of hay permits: alfalfa, clover, stalks of legumes and cereals. Only young plants are harvested. Hay must be stored in linen bags or cardboard boxes.
When haymaking on your own, you should know that a chinchilla can poison and die by eating a dope than the hellebore of a white, buttercup or crow’s eye.
Chinchilla is required per day no more than 5-10 g. Supplements. Green food is introduced gradually to a young animal, increasing the dose every couple of days.
Tree branches give chinchillas, including so that they grind their teeth. They can be given wood and foliage:
- Birch trees (these are volatile and vitamin C);
- Oak (astringent food);
- Willows (twigs and bark are cut in winter);
- Aspens (you can cut branches and bark year-round);
- Juniper (chinchillas really like needles and berries);
- Pines (having previously cleared the resin, and pine cones for animals – a treat);
- Sea buckthorn, pears and apple trees.
Note! The branches of such trees as apricot, bird cherry, almond and elderberry are poisonous for chinchillas.
With the advent of spring, the time for greens comes. You can feed chinchilla fresh and dried:
- Horse sorrel;
- Carrot tops;
- Strawberry, raspberry and strawberry leaves.
Of fresh berries, vegetables and fruits (they are given dosed to avoid intestinal upset), chinchillas are allowed:
- Strawberries, strawberries, blueberries, rose hips, grapes, figs;
- Zucchini, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, tomatoes;
- Apples, pears, mangoes, bananas.
The animals are contraindicated – cabbage, beets, cucumbers, persimmons, citrus fruits.
Features of feeding a pregnant female
Feed the chinchilla, expecting offspring, you need a little different than the rest of the pets.
- First, we must take into account that the female will eat more – this is normal, but you can’t overfeed the animal.
- Secondly, veterinarians recommend increasing the proportion of protein foods.
The menu must include:
- More sprouted grains of wheat and oats;
- Animal feed (meat and bone meal);
- Calcium tablets – once a day add to the food a quarter of the tablet, crushed into powder;
- If possible – bee bread (2 balls per day);
- Flax seeds and oatmeal – for better lactation;
- Fresh apples – 3 weeks before giving birth, give an eighth of a medium-sized fruit.
These animals love dried fruits. But dried and dried fruits have a high sugar content. Therefore, it is recommended to treat the pet no more than once a week – a small piece of dried apricots, prunes or dates, a small slice of dried apple, one berry of raisins.
Nuts, which chinchillas are also very fond of, are rich in proteins and fats, therefore, also can not be everyday treats. It is recommended to feed no more than 2 nuts per week – each of them can be divided in half. Then a delicious nutty holiday for the pet will be as much as 4 days a week. It is allowed to pamper the animal – almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, peanuts. You can not give – pine nuts and apricot kernel kernels.
Of course, you can’t give your pet “human” snacks – chips, corn flakes, granola, crackers, etc.
Vitamins and Mineral Supplements
In captivity, balanced chinchillas still need additional vitamin and mineral supplements. If the animal has exclusively special granular food as its main food, then the daily intake of additives is halved, since vitamins and minerals are also present in such foods.
- "Multitabs-baby" (these are children’s drops, but they are also suitable for chinchillas),
- Beaphar Vitamin Cal Powder for Rodents,
- Pills "Fitominy",
- Solutions of Canina Petvital N 200 and Lebensvitamine.
At home, chinchillas live 15-25 years. If you feed the chinchilla correctly, for many years it will remain a beloved family member and a true friend.
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