Chinchilla Feeding And Care

Feeding chinchillas is one of the most important and time-consuming processes. If the animals are fed improperly, the animals get sick, the yield decreases and the mortality rate increases, which causes significant damage to the family budget and often disappoints inexperienced animal breeders (you should take into account and understand that a chinchilla is an ordinary animal and, like any pet, it requires only the observance of simple rules that consist in the correct selection of diet and regular feeding). Therefore, feeding chinchillas should be economical and diverse, since the profitability of the products obtained in the household and the fate of the chinchilla depend on this.

One and the same type of feed, by. cooked differently, it can be eaten by animals more willingly, or, conversely, not be successful at all. Therefore, when characterizing various types of feed, recommendations are also given for their preparation, storage, preparation for feeding.

Concentrated Chinchilla Feed. These include the most nutritious feeds containing, in comparison with others, the largest amount of easily digestible substances. Many can be one of the main ones in the diet of chinchillas. First of all. it is a grain of cereals, legumes and oilseeds.

Grains of beans, peas, lentils and other legumes contain protein, and in large quantities. There is not much starch and fat in this feed group.

High quality food is oilseed. They contain a lot of fat, 35%, and more, up to 25% protein and can be a significant proportion in the diet of animals. It is used as a diet food, as well as a remedy for intestinal diseases.

Concentrated feeds suitable for chinchilla include not only grains and seeds of cultivated plants, but also products of their processing: bran, oilcake, malt sprouts and beer grains. All this food is particularly nutritious.

Concentrated animal feed, such as fish, fish and bone, meat and bone, meat and blood meal, is often added to the diet of chinchillas. Meat and fish bone meal simultaneously serve as mineral top dressing.

Hay for chinchillas. According to many experts, there must always be hay in the cage of a chinchilla so that the animals can eat it freely. Timely harvested hay, subject to quality drying and storage, contains a large amount of fiber, which animals need. But hay is considered to be the best, consisting of legumes, such as alfalfa, vetch, clover, etc. It is the most nutritious, contains the most digestible protein and the calcium and phosphorus animals necessary for mineral nutrition, the most important vitamins.

Cereal hay is also well absorbed by animals, especially if it includes: meadow bluegrass, timothy grass, hedgehog team, meadow fescue. However, cereal hay loses to bean due to the lower content of protein and minerals.

Chinchillas do not refuse from grassy hay, which is sufficiently nutritious if it contains legumes and cereal grasses, as well as meadow goat-breeder, buckwheat, and others.

In summer, you can feed herbs: clover, vetch, dandelion, plantain, mother and stepmother, burdock, etc. Leaves: maple, hazel, apple tree, rose hip. The more diverse, the better. The same herbs and leaves can be stocked for the winter. Branches with leaves of apple trees, maple, hazel, etc. To pick up. For 50 cm., Make brooms and hang to dry. In winter, give with branches. In addition, put a thick branch or stump of an apple tree with a diameter of 5-10 cm and a length of 10-20 cm into the cage.

The composition of the hay may be different, although it is preferable that the harvested plants are mainly eaten with pleasure by animals. It is necessary to carefully monitor that the composition of this feed, one of the most important for the animal, does not get grass: St. John’s wort, ferns, horsetails, large sedges, chyton. And such plants as the raven eye, milestone poisonous, henbane, dope, marigold, hellebore white, dangerous animals for health, must be selected from hay completely.

The longer the grass grows, the less many substances useful to animals remain in it. Therefore, hay is mowed in a short period of time at a certain phase of plant growth, when they have already grown enough and at the same time retained a significant degree of high quality. For legumes, this time comes during the budding phase, for cereals – during heading. Hay prepared at this time will be the most valuable, most fortified.

Timely harvested hay contains a significant amount of carotene, which in the animal’s body turns into vitamin A, which is very actively involved in the metabolism, largely determines the successful development and growth of the animal, which affects the state of the nervous system and the reproduction processes. If the grass is mowed later than the best dates, a decrease in the amount of carotene in the hay is inevitable.

Read more:  Why Chinchilla Screams At Night Care And Maintenance Of Chinchillas At Home

When choosing grass for hay, you need to pay attention to the fact that the plants were, if possible, leafy. The fact is that in the leaves the content of proteins, fats, minerals is much higher than in the stems, and they are better absorbed.

Chinchilla Feeding And Care

The quality of hay depends on how it is dried. One of the quality indicators can be the content of carotene in hay. In hay, when drying it in swaths, large losses of carotene occur. Vitamin hay is obtained if dried in the shade on drafts, in tents, on goats, trellises, in a barn. It’s a bit whiter, but the feed is more valuable.

But how to make hay retain its properties for a long time? Hay, stacked in haystacks, in the open air after long-term storage loses a number of useful properties, including vitamin content. Moreover, the greatest losses of vitamins occur in the most valuable types of hay, legumes. Significantly better food is stored under a canopy, in the attic, in the barn.

Green feed for chinchillas. Starting in spring, chinchillas can be fed green feed. But we must not forget that it is impossible to completely switch to them, while animals must be given hay. Without it, when feeding only greens, chinchillas are susceptible to gastrointestinal upsets. In the early days, green food is given in small quantities so that rodents get used to it gradually.

In terms of vitamin content, green forage occupy first place among others (natural). In addition, the dry matter of young grass contains 2025% protein, 10-15 fiber, 4-5 fat, 9-11 various minerals, 30-50% of various nitrogen-free substances. As in hay, legumes are the most nutritious among green foods. Of the usual herbs, not counting meadow, chinchillas willingly eat dandelion, horse sorrel, plantain, yarrow, young nettles, burdock, strawberry and strawberry leaves.

Greens increase the sexual activity of rodents, increases their fertility and milkiness of females. Ask it you need recently harvested. When stored, greens lose many of their beneficial properties. In addition, lying down, it can cause the disease of animals.

Additional feed for chinchillas. First of all, they include granular feed, specially made, which includes all the substances necessary for animals. A small batch of them specially for chinchillas was made by an experimental plant of granular feed in Kharkov. Now they are not issued. As for those that are produced for other animals, they can serve as part of the diet of animals. With pleasure, chinchillas eat pellets intended for feeding sheep. Experimental batches of such feed are produced by the Stavropol Sheep Breeding Institute and, according to its recipes, large sheep farms and animal feed plants. For livestock production, several other types of granular feed are produced, which can also be used. The pellets fed to experimental animals – guinea pigs, white mice and rats, chinchilla rabbits are poorly eaten.

Among tree species, various parts of which can be fed chinchillas, the following can be distinguished:

Birch tree. Its leaves and branches are rich in vitamins, sugars. They contain many volatile, substances with antimicrobial properties. Animals that are bred in captivity usually lack them, especially young animals. In young birch leaves there is a lot of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), in the kidneys – vegetable fats and other valuable substances. In the leaves, substances were found that stimulate the vital processes of animal organisms, resembling in their composition similar substances of ginseng. Birch branches and leaves collected in summer and winter can be fed to chinchillas throughout the year.

Oak. Acorns and oak branches attract the attention of chinchillas throughout the year. They are very nutritious. In addition, they are useful for indigestion animals.

Willow. Different types of willows are a valuable feed product readily eaten by chinchillas. Leaves and branches are fed to animals all year round. The most nutritious branches that are cut during the winter.

Aspen. Leaves, bark and young shoots of aspen can serve as an addition to chinchilla food in all seasons. They need to be harvested in winter, since during this period they have much more fat and protein.

Juniper. The needles and berries of this small tree are a useful and attractive food for chinchilla. Berries contain up to 40% of sugars, they have bactericidal properties.

Pine. In the needles of this tree about 3% fat, up to 20% starch. In addition, it contains a significant amount of iron, an element that is part of the hemoglobin of blood, found special bitter-smelling substances that stimulate appetite in animals. Pine needles are known for their high vitamin content. Especially much in the needles of vitamin C – ascorbic acid is six times more than in lemons or oranges. The animals are fed primarily spring young shoots. Chinchilla pine seeds are readily eaten throughout the year.

Read more:  The Branches Of Which Trees Can Be Given To Chinchilla

Poplar. By nutrition, poplar leaves are superior to the best fodder herbs and are an excellent fodder. However, chinchillas eat them badly.

In addition to the above plants, animals consume leaves, shoots and bark of pears, apple trees, linden, hazel, blackberries, raspberries, sea buckthorn, etc.

Fruit. Often animals are fed with the fruits of trees and shrubs, such as dogrose, hawthorn, pear, apple tree and many others. Chinchillas eat such food with pleasure in both fresh and dry form. Many of the fruits are highly nutritious and high in vitamins.

Animal feed for chinchillas. Experiments conducted by experts have shown that valuable rodents, despite their herbivorousness, eat animal feed, in particular some large insects (locusts, grouse, butterflies.)

Feeding chinchillas. How, from the whole variety of different feeds suitable for animals, make the most complete rations? Here a lot depends on the capabilities of the beast farmer, on his ability to correctly assess the condition of the animals, their needs. Every day, chinchillas should receive a variety of concentrated feed and hay, as additional branches and bark of trees and shrubs, vegetables. In summer, the range of feeds expands significantly. Rodents can be fed with fresh stems and leaves of herbaceous plants. In all seasons, we must not forget that animals need mineral nutrition and vitamins.

The various types of food needed for chinchillas should be given in a specific quantity. Overfeeding animals leads not only to waste of feed, reducing the profitability of the content of chinchillas, but can adversely affect their general condition and fertility.

Polish chinchillovod V. Rzhevsky recommends the following composition of concentrated feed,%: oats 30, wheat 20, barley 10, peas 5, lupine 5, flaxseed 5, corn 5, mineral fertilizing 10.

The mix made by the Polish company Biowet looks a bit different, concentrated feeds are not so diverse here, but other necessary components are included, including: alfalfa hay 400, oat grain 120, wheat grain 100, corn grain 120, wheat straw 40, milk powder 85, wheat germ 20, yeast 20, cake 30, flaxseed 25, mineral supplement (phosphorus, iodine, calcium, cobalt, magnesia, iron, manganese, zinc) 20, salt 20, vitamins (A, D, E, B1, B2, PP, B6, H, B12, C) 0.03.

Feeding chinchillas with balanced, granular feed is most convenient. However, in our country, due to the lack of industrial chinchillas, such feed is not produced.

According to VNIIOZ, chinchillas rations should include,%: 10-16 protein, 4-6 fat, at least 20 fiber, 6-7 minerals, 10 moisture. Scientists recommend the following composition of granular feed,%: hay flour (alfalfa) 63, oat flour 15, wheat flour 12, barley flour 8, dried milk 1.5, bone meal 0.5. With the development of chinchilla breeding, this or a similar recipe for granular feed can be introduced into industrial production.

Carrots should be given necessarily peeled and well washed. Mineral fertilizing can be pieces of rock salt, bone meal (0.3 g per day per animal).

In winter, chinchillas need to be fed vitamins B1, B2 of 2.3 mg, B6-40, E-3.9 mg, B12-16-18 mg, C-5 g per kilogram of feed. In summer, the amount of vitamins in the diet of a chinchilla can be halved.

Pay attention to feed preparation. Grain is served crushed, dry and clean. Hay should be green with a pleasant smell. Feeding a musty, moldy, dusty hay can lead to disease, and even the death of animals. Green food (grass), if they are stale and warmed up, cause chinchillas. bloating.

The chinchilla diets offered by specialists include, first of all, those types of feed that need to be purchased or grown on your own site. They should be guided when breeding chinchillas in significant quantities. But do not forget that the components of diets can be changed depending on the availability of certain feeds. Only concentrated feed in the diet should be used 4-5 species. It is necessary to feed the animals food, the content of a significant amount of vitamins. If the nutrition of the chinchillas is monotonous, the animals will begin to feel worse, stop reproducing.

Depending on the age of the animals, sex, on whether the animals are kept on the tribe or for slaughter, their feeding should differ, since each of the listed groups has its own physiological characteristics. The above quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the feed are suitable primarily for healthy adult animals. Young growth requires special care, it should be fed with products suitable for puppies, if possible high quality, until the puppies are 2.5 months old, it is not recommended to include green and succulent feeds in their diet. They are fed with a grain mixture (necessarily crushed), milk, black breadcrumbs, dried fruits. The smallest animals, under the age of a week, if necessary (if the females do not have milk) are transferred to artificial nutrition, feeding with milk, cow or goat, always boiled. In the early days, milk should be given from a pipette, 5-6 drops at short intervals. A little later, you can enter a more measured feeding regimen, every 3 hours, and feed them ad libitum. Puppies quickly learn to drink milk from a cup.

Read more:  Can I Walk A Chinchilla On A Leash

At a weekly age, chinchillas begin to consume a number of feeds intended for adult animals, in addition, they need to move a lot, so they can be allowed to walk around the cage. From ten days old, puppies can be given green feed. First, they are given greens only once a day, not more often, in small portions, then – 10-15 g twice a day. Overfeeding with greens can lead to illness. We must not forget that herbs should be mixed with hay. In addition, puppies should be limited in drinking water. Pregnant females also need a special diet. It may remain the same, but it is desirable to diversify the feed, ask the animals fortified and most well-digested food.

Lactating females should receive additional nutrition: 6-9 g of hercules, 5-7 g of milk formula.

With age, the metabolism of animals slows down, and they often have a tendency to obesity. Therefore, concentrated feeds, especially those containing many fats, are fed with them in a smaller amount than young animals (no more than 10 g per day). At the same time, the diet of animals must be supplemented with other feeds: hay, vegetables, grass, etc.

Young food, intended for slaughter on the skin, also needs additional nutrition. They are much earlier than their peers, they begin to ask the full rate of nutrition.

If the chinchilla has few chinchillas, one or several pairs, and even more so when he keeps the animals not because of the skins, but as an animal lover, then concentrated diets can be replaced in diets with those collected in nature: seeds of various trees, shrubs, grasses, it is more profitable in material terms.

If the chinchilla has few chinchillas, one or several pairs, and even more so when he keeps the animals not because of the skins, but as an animal lover, then concentrated diets can be replaced in diets with those collected in nature: seeds of various trees, shrubs, grasses, it is more profitable in material terms.

As for the nutritional value of “wild” feeds, it is quite enough for chinchillas and makes it possible to feed animals with diverse food, including all the necessary substances. Many chinchillas suitable for feeding are grown in the garden without much effort.

To compile complete diets from various feeds, you can use various reference books, in which there is data on the nutritional value of certain feeds. If for a short time there is a shortage of any main product, for example, rotten, wet and moldy hay overgrown with green grass, then this product should be discarded. The animals can easily tolerate a lack of food for some time, especially since the range of feed consumed by chinchillas is large enough and you can find a temporary replacement for the missing product in any locality.

Related Post

  • Chinchilla Home Care And Maintenance

    Contents Chinchillas as pets Content Features The necessary conditions How to accustom to the toilet Care Features Chinchilla diet Bathing Video:…

  • Chinchilla – Care, Maintenance And How Much He Lives At Home

    Contents Features of keeping chinchillas at home Animal cell arrangement Can a child buy chinchilla Taming Chinchillas How to care for chinchilla hair…

  • How To Care For Chinchilla

    Contents Benefits of Chinchilla Content Choosing a cage for chinchilla Where to place the cage The interior of the cell Privacy house Tray Sand bathing…

  • How To Care For Chinchilla At Home

    Contents Description of Chinchillas Maintenance and care for chinchilla at home Housing for a furry friend Diet and nutrition rules Air temperature Basic…

  • How To Feed The Chinchilla What Is Possible, What Is Impossible, Nutrition After Childbirth And Feeding Babies

    Contents General feeding guidelines Dishes Do I need water How to feed chinchilla? Roughage Concentrates Succulent feed Animal feed Goodies Vitamins and…