- Chinchillas as pets
- Content Features
- Care Features
- Chinchilla training at home
- Diseases: what is dangerous and how to treat
- Video: practical tips for keeping chinchillas at home
A pet is a source of positive emotions. Today, along with cats and dogs, chinchilla is gaining popularity. Care and maintenance of such an exotic animal, of course, requires knowledge of special rules. But it is very difficult to resist the charm of furry pets. So, what you need to consider before starting a chinchilla at home.
Chinchillas as pets
Fluffy and kind – chinchilla will be a great favorite of the family
In order to make an objective decision as to whether or not to have such a pet, you should first familiarize yourself with the positive and negative aspects of the presence of a chinchilla in the apartment.
So, the advantages of content include the following aspects:
- Chinchillas have a good-natured character, rarely bite;
- They get used to hands without problems;
- Difficulties with training will not arise, since chinchillas respond well to it;
- The period of their life is quite long and reaches 20 years;
- They have an attractive appearance;
- Animals are unpretentious in the content and nutrition;
- Do not create an unpleasant odor.
Cons of chinchillas:
- Pets are most active at night. They run and jump, which makes noise and can interfere with sleep;
- With free movement around the apartment, the animals will not miss the opportunity to chew on furniture, shoes, wires and everything that will attract their attention. Wean them from such a habit will not work;
- If you accidentally leave the cage doors open, you will have to make a lot of effort and time to find a chinchilla;
- Animals take baths of sand daily, as a result of which dust constantly forms in the apartment;
- Placing a cage requires a lot of space;
- In the room where the chinchilla is located, it is necessary to adhere to a stable temperature regime, and also to avoid increasing humidity;
- In the case of a disease of the animal, finding a veterinarian specializing in this animal is quite problematic.
Chinchillas love human society
If you have weighed all the advantages and disadvantages of chinchilla content and decided to purchase it, the next step is to choose a friend. To avoid mistakes, you need to study some rules:
- The animal must be examined. In a healthy chinchilla, the coat is smooth, fits snugly to the body, does not tangled, eyes sparkle.
- You should also listen to your breathing – whistling sounds and wheezing should alert.
- Further, the animal must be picked up and felt its muscles. If he ribs his ribs, there are areas on his body that are not covered with a coat of wool or excessive accumulation of fat, this indicates the presence of a disease or poor care.
- An indicator of health is the eyes. They should not be observed purulent discharge. Of particular danger is damage to both eyes. If only one is inflamed, this may simply indicate the ingress of dust into it. The disease of two visual organs at once occurs due to exposure to infection.
- There is no doubt about the presence of infection if there are discharge from the nose and sneezing.
- Stroke the animal against the direction of hair growth. This will detect foci of inflammation on the skin, dried pus, ticks or fleas. The presence of parasites can be determined by small black particles, which are the decay products of their vital functions.
- If a cohesive coat is observed in the anus of the animal, this indicates diarrhea, which is the result of improper feeding or an infectious disease.
- In the process of acquiring a chinchilla, you should consider the purpose for which you start it. If you plan to get offspring in the future, you need to immediately buy a pair of animals. In the absence of such a need, you can purchase one animal. But it should be remembered that in the natural environment, chinchillas live in families, so they need to communicate with other animals.
Alone, these animals do not feel comfortable, and the owner needs to pay more attention to them.
The selection criteria also include the financial capabilities of potential owners. The price is determined by the color of the animal and age. Chinchillas, which have a common gray color, are more expensive than colored animals.
The chinchilla in the apartment will feel quite comfortable if she provides the necessary living conditions. Let us consider in more detail the features of keeping a furry animal in an apartment.
The necessary conditions
The cage should be comfortable for the animal
How to accustom to the toilet
To accustom to a toilet – an important stage in the education of chinchillas
First you need to track the area in the cage where the animal goes to the toilet, then pour sand or sawdust there. If the animal uses this place again for its needs, you can put a container with a filler on it. First, check whether the animal is in the tray. If the chinchilla does not use the prepared container as a toilet, wet sawdust is poured there. Then the animal will understand what is being sought from him.
But chinchillas can go to the tray not only for little need, these animals do not control the process of defecation. Therefore, sawdust in the cell must be systematically removed. Once a week will be enough. Change the tray with the same frequency.
Chinchillas have long been tamed and feel comfortable in human society. They have developed a desire for socialization, so caring for your pet will soon become one of the pleasant worries, rather than a duty.
Balanced nutrition is the key to chinchilla health
These animals eat hay, special feeds, nuts, barberries, wild rose, dry bread crusts. They love fruits: plums and apples, will not give up raisins or dried apricots. When buying feed, you need to make sure that the expiration date has not come out, and also study its composition. Hay ensures the normal functioning of the intestines of the animal. In the summer, the diet can be diversified with a small amount of hazel, nettle, birch branches and apple trees.
Food is placed in the feeder once a day in the evening between 17.00 and 21.00. Chinchilla also consumes chalk, replenishing the content of mineral elements in its body. Limit the amount of high-calorie foods whose consumption causes obesity. This negatively affects the reproductive ability of chinchillas.
Chinchillas must have constant access to water.
Chinchillas can only swim in the sand
To maintain their hair in good condition, the animals take sand baths. For such a procedure, they need a special capacity – a bathing suit. This is a plastic or tin container 20x20x30 cm in size. The bathe is placed in a cage twice a week for 30 minutes. It is not recommended to leave the container for a longer period, since the chinchilla can take it for a toilet, and sand will need to be thrown away.
In addition, frequent sand baths dry the skin of the animal. Bathing a chinchilla is a pretty funny sight. If possible, use a container made of transparent materials that will allow you to observe this procedure. The tank can be made on its own from a three-liter can or pan.
You can not use water for swimming chinchillas.
The wool of these animals has a high density, so it takes a long time to dry. Animals should not be in contact with the liquid, this can lead to their death.
Video: chinchilla bathing process in the sand
Chinchilla training at home
In order for your pet to please its behavior, it is necessary to conduct special training classes. This is perhaps the most enjoyable part of chinchilla content. Consider the main points that should be remembered.
How to teach hands
A little patience and your chinchilla will become manual and affectionate
In order to successfully establish contact with the chinchilla, you should remember that this is a shy animal. No need to pick up an animal on the first day of its stay in your house. Active imposition of friendship will scare him away. Initially, you need to wait a few days, during which the chinchilla will adapt to a new place. Then you can start dating:
- You should talk with the animal using gentle intonation, repeat its nickname.
- A piece of raisins will help to earn his trust, since chinchillas love him very much. But it is important to comply with the measure. For one time, half the raisins will be enough, 1-2 pieces can be given per day. In large quantities, this delicacy will disrupt the digestion of the animal.
- The highlight of the first days is offered through the cage. In this case, sudden movements should be avoided. Then you can open the door and treat the pet, with his hand in the cage. If the animal boldly takes a treat, you can proceed to the next stage.
- Chinchilla can be picked up. Stretching in the chin and behind the ears will help to gain trust.
- After a certain time, she will try to examine the hand, can get close to the shoulder or face.
It is worth remembering that acquaintance will not happen in one day. This may take several months.
How to teach to sleep at night
Chinchilla leads a nocturnal lifestyle. But if desired, its mode can be adjusted. This process can not begin before the animal gets used to a new habitat. All necessary actions are feeding no later than 19 hours. Over time, the chinchilla will become awake during the day, and use the night for sleep.
Diseases: what is dangerous and how to treat
Chinchilla has strong immunity, but poor care provokes disease
These animals have strong immunity, due to which they are very rarely ill with proper care. But staying in adverse conditions can negatively affect their well-being. If the animal has a loss of appetite and a decrease in activity – this is cause for concern. The following diseases are characteristic of chinchillas:
- Bronchopneumonia is accompanied by fever, shortness of breath, nasal discharge, cough and wheezing. The animal is treated with glucose, vitamins. As well as small doses of penicillin. This drug is prescribed once every three days intramuscularly. Dosage must be agreed with the veterinarian.
- Prolapse of the rectum. This causes constipation. The precipitated portion is first treated with a solution of furatsilin, then paraffin oil and, using a pipette, carefully adjusted.
- The formation of hair rings around the male genitalia. This does not allow him to breed. The rings are cleaned by hand. If they are dried, they are treated with a soapy solution.
- Constipation. It can be triggered by a lack of fluid and changes in the diet. If there is such a problem, dry food is excluded. The pet is given a laxative, and paraffin-based oil is injected into the oral cavity or rectum.
- Keratitis is a lesion of the cornea of the eyes. The disease occurs due to the contact of the chinchilla with poor-quality sand or mechanical damage. Eyes are washed with furacilin and treated with levomecitin or tetracycline ointment.
- Dental diseases occur when there is no stone to grind. The incisors of the animal reach 8 cm and injure the tongue. The molars move. Chinchilla is unable to eat and dies. The treatment consists in grinding the teeth, but the veterinarian should carry out this procedure.
- Conjunctivitis is expressed as purulent or transparent discharge from the eyes. May indicate the presence of infection. The eyes of the animal are instilled with fluorescene, then treated with an eye ointment every hour.
- Ticks You can detect them after careful observation of the animal. The skin of the chinchilla peels and becomes thicker, the animal suffers from itching. The animal loses weight, and in the absence of adequate treatment – dies. The hair should be cut off, and the affected areas should be treated with the composition of bromocyclin with breaks of 8 days. The dosage is prescribed by the veterinarian. You will also need to disinfect the cell.
- Flatulence occurs as a result of feeding poor-quality food. The temperature of the animal drops to the level of 34.5 ° C, the general condition worsens. The animal is given activated carbon in powder form. You can use dill water or infusion of chamomile. It is better to coordinate treatment with the veterinarian.
- Otitis is an inflammatory process that affects the external auditory canal. It is the result of pollution. You can detect the disease by leaking brown fluid. The ear is treated with fish oil and an ointment containing zinc.
- Diarrhea – occurs due to stress and unbalanced nutrition. The animal rises in temperature. He is given oak bark, maple leaves and activated carbon.
- Heatstroke. This ailment can be recognized by observing the behavior and appearance of the animal. It lies on its side, the ears turn red, there is a plentiful discharge of saliva. Chinchilla is transferred to a cool place, a cold object is placed in a cage. For example, a bottle filled with cold water.
- Ringworm – baldness appears in the back, sides, head, neck and tail. The skin is peeling and inflamed. The animal is treated with 5% iodine solution, medical sulfur or fungistop.
Video: practical tips for keeping chinchillas at home
Special conditions are necessary for the maintenance of chinchillas. But caring for them does not require significant effort. The animal needs to provide a balanced diet and conditions close to its natural environment.
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