Many chinchillas are usually associated with wrong content , care and inexperience of the owners. With proper care and attention, these animals will not cause much trouble to the owner. Keep the cage clean, disinfect drinking bowls, feeders and any other items that are in the cage of the animal.
Make sure that chinchilla always had access to fresh, filtered water. Do not sharply change the diet of the animal and do not give him products that can lead to bloating or other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
Introduce any new product gradually, in small doses, observing the condition of the animal. Provide the chinchilla with wooden toys with which she can grind ever-growing teeth.
Put the wheel, tunnels and other objects in the cage that will allow the chinchilla to have physical activity and distract from the monotonous existence in a confined space. Vitamins, high-quality hay and a special, balanced food will extend the life of your animal and maintain its health.
Also make sure that the cage has a closed, secluded place for daytime sleep and shelter in case chinchilla scared or is stressed.
A healthy chinchilla will be active, cheerful and curious. Her fur should be shiny, dense and silky. The eyes are bright, clean, without any discharge. The teeth are bright orange, evenly colored, without chips and stains. Upper incisors slightly longer than lower ones. Boluses are well formed, dark, oval, odorless and mucus. The anus is clean, pinkish in color, without drips and dirt on the fur around.
Constantly watch your pet. And if you notice any deviations in the behavior, appearance or taste preferences of the chinchilla. this may be the first sign that the animal is bothering something.
Try to understand the cause as quickly as possible and help the animal cope with the malaise. Remember that in chinchillas, the course of diseases occurs very quickly. Therefore, the sooner you seek the help of an experienced veterinarian or to the breeder the more likely it is to localize the disease in the early stages of its development.
Enteritis (intestinal infection)
The most common cause of this disease. gastrointestinal infection. It is not possible to determine the exact cause of the disease in many cases. Symptoms of bacterial, viral and protozoal enteritis are very similar. The most common pathogens of infection: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella, Escherichia coli, coccidia and lamblia.
The clinical signs of enteritis may be different. From the depressed state of chinchilla to sudden death. Usually a sick animal loses its appetite, suffers from diarrhea, may be partially paralyzed or have periodic bouts of seizures.
It is necessary to submit boluses for analysis to identify a specific pathogen. Enteritis treatment includes antibacterial and supportive therapy, antiparasitic drugs. Drink plenty of fluids for the chinchilla, use Regidron to restore electrolyte balance and Enterosgel to remove toxins from the body. Enteritis is a rather serious disease and often ends in the death of the animal.
Pneumonia (respiratory infection)
The causative agents of the disease can be such infectious bacteria as: pertussis bacillus, pasteurellosis. Weak chinchilla immunity, drafts, as well as increased humidity and dampness in the room. all of this can lead to an outbreak of respiratory illness.
Signs of pneumonia. discharge from the nose (runny nose) and eyes, loss of appetite, depression, wheezing, stooped, dull fur. The treatment includes antibiotics supporting therapy , a course of vitamins and immune preparations. In the event that the first signs of this disease are found in the chinchilla. see a doctor.
The causative agents of the disease can be various types of fungal infections, the main of which. trichophytosis and microsporum. This is a very contagious fungal disease that can be triggered by severe stress in the chinchilla, poor maintenance and lack of observance of basic hygiene standards, such as quarantine of new animals.
Symptoms are typical and easily recognizable. Bald patches of rounded shape on the fur, often in the nose, eyes and ears. Scabs, dandruff, redness and sores in places of hair loss. Peeling, peeling of the skin on the ears.
If the sick animal is in a cage with other relatives, as a rule, everyone has to be treated. Treatment includes antifungal drugs (Lamisil, Exoderil), which are applied to the affected area twice a day. Chinchillas should be isolated and all precautions should be taken (wash hands, work with alcohol, disinfect the cell). In case of systemic fungal infection, Microderm or Wackderm vaccines are used.
Infectious stomatitis (inflammation of the oral mucosa)
Stomatitis can have a different etiology and can be caused by a fungal, viral or bacterial infection. The cause of the disease. weakened chinchilla immunity caused by stress, antibacterial treatment, or as a secondary symptom of the underlying disease, for example, helminthic invasion in animals, dysbiosis, iron deficiency.
Symptoms of the disease. profuse salivation, wet chin and chest, refusal to eat, unpleasant, putrid breath.
Treatment depends on the nature of the disease and consists in treating the oral cavity two to four times a day with Lugol and Metrogildent. Sanitation of the mouth of a sick animal with Chlorhexidine. You can also give orally 1/10 tablets of Nystatin.
Noncommunicable diseases and chinchilla problems.
The cause of the disease. improper maintenance of the animal (mineral imbalance, lack of objects for grinding teeth in the cage, too soft food) or genetic problems.
Chinchillas have 20 teeth (4 incisors and 16 molars) when the teeth do not match each other properly. shift occurs chinchilla bite. As a result, some molars cease to grind properly and begin to grow in different directions, forming hooks. Hooks injure the inner surface of the cheeks, gums and tongue, which leads to painful sensations and the development of infection.
The correct growth of the incisors can be checked independently by slightly pulling the chinchilla’s mouth up and down. Molars cannot be checked at home. For this, special tools and an experienced veterinarian are needed. It is likely that an X-ray will be needed to find the source of the problem.
Signs of regrowth chinchilla hooks will be: weight loss, loss of appetite (or vice versa, the chinchilla will sit more often at the bowl with food and try to eat at least something) The animal can often rub its mouth with its paws, be nervous. Drooling, bad breath, formation of dips in the back due to malnutrition. all these are signs of a developing disease. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
High temperature in the room, direct sunlight falling on the chinchilla, lack of fresh air. All these factors can lead to overheating of the animal.
Signs of heat stroke: bright raspberry, hot ears, rapid breathing, rolling to one side, cramps, loss of orientation, drooling, diarrhea. The mortality rate of chinchillas in this case is very high. Time goes by minutes. The animal’s kidneys and heart fail and brain edema begins.
All that can be done. it try very cool chinchilla quickly. All improvised means are used from the refrigerator to a towel dipped in cool water, which should wrap the animal. If the chinchilla survives. the effects of overheating can affect brain activity and in the future cause seizures and convulsions in the animal.
State when chinchilla eats (shears) his fur or the fur of other chinchillas sitting in the same cage with her.
There are several reasons for this behavior. Imbalance in the diet, lack of trace elements, dirty fur, fungal diseases, boredom and monotonous pastime in a limited space of the cell, hereditary factors.
Provide your pet with enough toys, ladders, tunnels and other devices that could distract the chinchilla and give it the opportunity to do something in the cage. Keep the fur clean, regularly give the animal the opportunity to take sand baths with the addition of antifungal drugs.
To remove the fur from the chinchilla’s stomach, give her some malt paste. It is very difficult to wean a pet from this bad habit, so take all preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of undesirable consequences.
Disease associated with lack of calcium in chinchillas (primarily in pregnant and lactating females), a deficiency of B vitamins. Symptoms of the disease: cramps, loss of orientation, nervousness, paralysis of the extremities, eating offspring or a complete rejection of it.
Two to three injections of calcium gluconate diluted with saline can quickly relieve symptoms. Vitamin B deficiency is localized by the use of Milgamma.
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