Chinchillas Diseases Types And Methods Of Treatment

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The smaller the animal, the faster and more acute it flows into any disease. The most common painful conditions for chinchillas are: bites, respiratory infections, excessive tooth growth, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating, diarrhea, skin problems and overheating.

Symptoms of painful conditions in chinchillas

If you notice suspicious symptoms or conditions in the chinchilla, it is recommended that you immediately contact your veterinarian. Rodents by nature are very gentle creatures, so self-medication is likely to lead to a worsening of the situation and the death of the pet.

Chinchillas Diseases Types And Methods Of Treatment

Below we look at common painful conditions that you may encounter.

Bites

When animals live in groups, younger or weak pets often suffer from bites. Chinchillas have very dense, stuffed fur, so bites are not always seen on time. Impaired skin integrity is almost always accompanied by infection, which leads to inflammation.

Quite often, a wound becomes inflamed due to saliva entering it. Even small wounds need to be treated quickly and in a timely manner, since severe inflammation can lead to blood poisoning and death of the animal.

Respiratory disease

Respiratory diseases are common in domestic chinchillas. Not even a serious respiratory problem can lead to pneumonia, which is fatal. Factors contributing to respiratory disease include:

  • Bad heredity.
  • Poor feeding.
  • Lack of ventilation in the room.
  • High humidity.

The first symptoms of a chinchilla respiratory disease are:

  • Refusal of feed.
  • Low activity.
  • Labored breathing.
  • Swelling of the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose.
  • Nasal discharge.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.
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Tooth problems

The front incisors of rodents grow continuously, so the chinchilla must constantly grind them. In the absence of sufficient amounts of solid food or special treats, the teeth become too long, as a result of which the chinchilla cannot eat food and completely close its mouth. Problems can arise with chewing teeth, which are not visible during the initial examination.

Chinchillas Diseases Types And Methods Of Treatment

Symptoms of chinchilla tooth problems:

  • Refusal of food.
  • Decreased activity.
  • Constant swallowing.
  • The appearance of wounds on the lips.
  • Weight loss.
  • Salivation.
  • Discharge from the eyes and nose.

Gastrointestinal conditions

If the chinchillas are not properly fed, digestion problems occur. The four most common painful conditions are:

  • Slowing down intestinal motility – food moves slowly along the gastrointestinal tract or stagnates.
  • Bloating due to accumulation of feces or gases.
  • Bowel obstruction occurs as a result of the two above conditions.
  • Diarrhea is a symptom that indicates abnormal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract (may occur due to various diseases). Quite often, the cause of diarrhea is an increase in the amount of wet food in the diet.

Skin and fur problems

Regardless of heredity, all chinchillas are prone to numerous skin diseases that affect the general condition and quality of the fur. Significantly increase the body’s resistance helps a balanced diet. Nevertheless, there are diseases for which there is no specific prevention:

  • Ringworm.
  • Nervous chewing and biting fur.
  • Improper hair growth.

Most skin and hair problems are prevented by timely vitamin courses, regular cell cleaning and active socialization of the pet.

Note! Whatever you do, the skin and coat of the animal will constantly suffer if the chinchilla lives in high humidity.

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Overheating (heat stroke)

Heat stroke is a common problem in chinchillas, as they are naturally prone to overheating.

Chinchillas Diseases Types And Methods Of Treatment

Under natural conditions, chinchillas live in a dry climate and a temperature range of 2 to 7 degrees. The optimal temperature regime for living chinchilla at home, is a range from 10 to 20 degrees.

An air temperature above 27 degrees is dangerous! The risk of overheating can be multiplied by two, if against the background of high temperature, in the home there is increased humidity.

Overheating is considered a deadly condition, and the chances of survival are directly dependent on the speed of emergency care. Symptoms of overheating include shortness of breath, fever, open mouth breathing, and cramps.

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