- Symptoms of dental pathologies in chinchillas
- Causes of dental pathologies in chinchillas
- Types of Dental Diseases in Chinchillas
- How to Chinchillas Teeth Trim
- Why chinchilla grinds teeth
Chinchillas are exotic rodents in which teeth grow all their lives. In case of incorrect tooth erasing, regular grinding of teeth is used in chinchillas, thanks to which the animal can fully eat and live actively. Many owners naively believe that exotic animals have only two pairs of orange incisors. In fact, 20 teeth are located in the oral cavity of rodents: 4 incisors and 16 buccal teeth, which are actively growing from birth until the death of the animal.
Chinchillas tooth problems adversely affect the health of furry pets, animals refuse to eat, rapidly lose weight. In the absence of timely access to a specialist, the death of your favorite animals is possible. Self-cutting teeth at home in a handicraft way is highly not recommended.
Teeth surgery is performed by a veterinarian in a clinic using pain medication.
Examining a chinchilla skull, one can see not only the front incisors
Symptoms of dental pathologies in chinchillas
You can suspect a pet has dental problems for a number of characteristic symptoms:
- The animal goes through food for a long time, scatters food, tries to eat only soft food, refuses hay, sometimes there is a complete refusal of food;
- The animal often rubs its cheeks, yawns, does not eat, sits with its mouth open;
- Profuse salivation, wetting of the hair on the face and forelimbs;
- Swelling of the jaws;
- Reduction of litter until its complete disappearance, sometimes softening feces, diarrhea;
- Rapid weight loss;
- Mucous discharge from the nose and eyes;
- Long protruding incisors;
- Fistulas on the cheeks.
The initial stages of the disease most often go unnoticed. With the manifestation of the clinical picture of pathology, the disease is in a state of neglect. Along with dental problems in chinchillas, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and liver are observed.
Critical weight loss is dangerous death of a pet.
Inspection of the oral cavity should be done regularly by a veterinarian
Causes of dental pathologies in chinchillas
Problems with teeth in rodents can be due to several reasons:
- Diet imbalance, predominant feeding with soft food, lack of mineral stone and twig feed, which lead to insufficient tooth erasure;
- Hereditary diseases and congenital malformations of the jaw;
- Injuries resulting in displacement of the jaw and malocclusion;
- Chronic diseases, manifested by prolonged refusal of food and tooth regrowth;
- Autoimmune diseases;
- A lack of minerals is often found in nursing females.
The genetic predisposition of chinchillas to tooth pathologies has not been studied, animals with dental problems should not be allowed to breed.
Types of Dental Diseases in Chinchillas
Depending on the clinical manifestation, the following types of dental pathologies in chinchillas are distinguished.
Malocclusion in chinchilla is characterized by malocclusion due to the formation of pathological processes on the teeth of the animal – hooks. The jaws of a furry rodent do not close. A small animal is not able to fully eat. Pathology is characterized by:
- Profuse salivation;
- Rapid emaciation.
In the advanced stages of the disease, chinchilla stomatitis develops:
- The edges of the cheeks and tongue are injured on the sharp edges of the overgrown tooth crowns;
- In the oral cavity of the animal, inflammation of the mucous membrane with the formation of bleeding ulcers and fistulas on the cheeks of the pet is observed.
Too long teeth – a pathology requiring the help of a veterinarian
Regrowth of crowns
In case of violation of tooth grinding, a pathological lengthening of clinical crowns occurs, accompanied by malocclusion, salivation and inability to eat.
Ingrown tooth roots
By the roots of teeth in chinchillas they mean the reserve or subgingival part of the crown, which can grow into soft tissues, affecting the eyes or sinuses. Pathology is accompanied by:
- Severe soreness;
- Refusal of feed;
- Progressive emaciation;
- Symptoms of conjunctivitis and rhinitis;
- The formation of dense swelling on the jaws of the animal and facial abscesses.
An abscess on the cheek of a chinchilla is a sign of dental disease
If a chinchilla has a tooth, it is necessary to treat the oral cavity with an anti-inflammatory gel and consult a specialist. The cause of tooth loss may be trauma, stomatitis or pathological regrowth of crowns.
Tooth loss is also a pathology
How to Chinchillas Teeth Trim
Any manifestation of dental pathology requires an immediate visit to a veterinary clinic. Diagnosis of dental pathologies includes:
- Inspection of the animal’s oral cavity with a veterinary otoscope using gas anesthesia;
- X-ray examination;
- Computed tomography or video stomatoscopy.
Veterinarian examining a chinchilla’s oral cavity
Surgical treatment of dental diseases of rodents is performed by a veterinarian in the operating room using local gas anesthesia.
With the help of an otoscope, a veterinarian can check the condition of the buccal teeth
In order to gently grind chinchilla teeth without damaging the oral mucosa, the rodentologist must necessarily fix the animal in a special machine.
Fixing a rodent in the machine
The grinding operation is carried out with dental equipment using mechanical grinding. When crowns regrowth with the formation of hooks, it is recommended that teeth are trimmed every 3-4 months using laser resurfacing.
The cost of the operation is 1,500-3,000 rubles.
In advanced cases, it is sometimes required to remove chinchilla teeth. A similar procedure should also be carried out by rodentologists in a veterinary clinic.
If necessary, the doctor removes the diseased teeth.
After the grinding procedure, the pet owner must provide postoperative care:
- Treatment of the animal’s oral cavity with antiseptic solutions and decoctions of herbs;
- The use of painkillers;
- In the absence of appetite – feeding pasty food from a syringe;
- Inspection by a specialist.
After recovery, it is recommended to revise the diet of a furry animal. Chinchilla needs to introduce a large amount of hay and roughage for physiological grinding of teeth.
Why chinchilla grinds teeth
If a home chinchilla grinds his teeth with good appetite and activity, then rattle is the sound of grinding the molars of the animal and is a physiological phenomenon. Some pets grind their teeth even in their sleep.
If a fluffy rodent grinds or bites his teeth in the absence of appetite, diarrhea, paralysis of the extremities, profuse salivation are observed, it is recommended to immediately consult a specialist to save the animal’s life. Such a rattle can be a symptom of poisoning a domestic animal.
Dental pathologies cause severe discomfort to chinchillas. To prevent dental problems, it is necessary to properly feed unusual animals and use special mineral stones to grind teeth. Treatment of dental diseases should be carried out by experienced specialists only in a veterinary clinic in order to avoid injury to furry pets.
The sooner the owner of the animal goes to the veterinarian for dental problems with the chinchilla, the greater the chances for successful treatment and prolong the life of a little friend.
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