- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in chinchillas
- Chinchillas skin diseases
- Respiratory diseases in chinchillas
Healthy chinchillas are mobile, active, they have clean eyes, lush fur and good appetite. Sick animals are sluggish, dull fur, dumped, lack of appetite, either completely or partially.
Immediately make a reservation that in this article we will consider chinchillas diseases, which can be managed independently at home.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in chinchillas
Diarrhea is manifested as frequent secretion of liquid feces with plenty of water. The cause may be contaminated or stale drinking water, moldy feed, and also strong excitement. If, in addition to diarrhea, there are no other signs of the disease, the animal is given phthalazole or charcoal (they readily gnaw it). Instead of water, strong tea is poured into the drinker, an infusion of herbs (calamus officinalis and marsh rosemary). If the disease persists after a day, you can give antibiotics – tetracycline or biomycin.
With constipation, the litter of animals becomes small and hard. In this case, a laxative is given: 1 ml of castor oil or 3 drops of Regulax per 0.5 cup of water. The medicine is given with a syringe or pipette. In a difficult case, it is advised to put an enema with salted water.
Constipation may result in rectal prolapse. In this case, the outward part of the rectum is first cleaned with a swab moistened with a disinfectant solution, and then gently lift the chinchilla up by the tail and enter the intestine inside with another swab soaked in paraffin. As a result of the procedure, the intestine is pressed into place, and the animal must be kept in a “suspended" state for about a minute.
Bloating occurs as a result of eating poor quality food, legumes and fresh clover. They treat this ailment with activated charcoal in tablets or smecta. In some cases, disinfectants, antibiotics – etazole, norsulfazole in a dosage of 40-50 mg, biomycin 15-20 mg are used. It is recommended to massage the tummy and make the animal move more. A good effect gives plenty of water. Water quickly penetrates into the depths of the intestine and enhances its peristalsis.
Chinchillas often have a disease such as gastroenteritis – inflammation of the stomach and intestines that occurs when feeding overdried, dusty or moldy hay, with a sharp transition from one feed to another, as well as when the animal uses poor-quality water. This non-communicable disease has the following symptoms: loss of appetite, lethargy, timidity, often there is a softening of feces and diarrhea. Gastroenteritis is treated with a diet. The diet should include oatmeal, high-quality hay, from succulent feed – apples and carrots. Instead of water, it is recommended to give a rosehip infusion.
Chinchillas skin diseases
The animals gnaw off their hair usually on the sides of the body. The exact reason for this behavior is unknown, but it is assumed that this is due to a lack of methionine in feed or poor absorption. The reason may be a lack of unsaturated fatty acids. A positive result is observed when methionine and pieces of lard are added to the feed. The fat is cut into rectangular slices and suspended from the net so that the animals can bite them freely, without messing up the fur.
This is a contagious fungal disease that causes changes in the skin, leading to hair loss. Most often, it begins around the nose, on the ears, at the base of the tail. From the moment of detection of the first signs, the chinchilla needs to be moved to another room, the lesion should be lubricated with a mycodermine preparation, and the same preparation should be added to the sand for swimming. The cell should be disinfected. Good results in the treatment of lichen are given by the preparations of wakderm and grisiofulvin. It should be remembered that lichen is much easier to treat in the initial stage.
Respiratory diseases in chinchillas
With these diseases, the chinchilla becomes lethargic, breathing is shallow and quick, sometimes wheezing is heard, the animal’s appetite disappears. The reasons may be drafts, low temperature or high humidity in the room. Of the medicines used bicillin intramuscularly in 10-15 thousand units once every 5 days. An ampicillin aqueous solution may be given. To do this, dissolve 1 tablet in 100 ml of water and pour it into the mouth 3 times a day with a syringe or pipette for two to three days (a fresh solution is prepared each time).
Runny nose usually occurs in late autumn or spring as a result of colds with drafts or dustiness of the room. The nostrils in sick animals are wet, and mucus flows out of them. In the corners of the eyes, white, then yellow mucus is also collected first. The animals are sleepy, twirl their tail, their breathing is quickened. It is necessary to eliminate the cause of the common cold. Treatment consists of washing the eyes with a two percent solution of boric acid, tea or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Animals are given an increased dose of vitamin C (rosehip syrup: 1 tbsp. Spoon per 100 ml of water). You can read more about colds in chinchillas here.
Hyperemia of the lungs in chinchillas
This disease occurs due to the content of animals in the summertime in stuffy rooms with poor ventilation, as well as when inhaling hot air or toxic gases. Symptoms of pulmonary hyperemia are as follows: palpitations, increasing shortness of breath, asthma attacks, and sometimes a hoarse cough. It is possible to isolate foam with a reddish tint from the nasal passages.
Animals must be kept in a cool, ventilated area during treatment. If the cause of the disease is overheating, the animals are doused with cool water, they immediately bleed (it facilitates the work of the heart, lowers blood pressure in the lungs, resulting in improved lung ventilation). In addition, cardiac drugs (cordiamine, caffeine), as well as laxatives and diuretics are used. If complications occur, antibiotics and sulfonamides are prescribed.
This disease occurs in females with damage to the nipples. The gland is reddened or bluish, swollen and painful. The animal is sluggish, refuses to feed, body temperature is increased. For treatment, penicillin is used intramuscularly in an amount of 100 thousand. Units per day for three days, go give oxytetracycline with water (teaspoon per 100 ml of water). The mammary glands are lubricated with tetracycline, penicillin or left-hand ointment. The abscesses are treated surgically, incising a gland to remove pus and washing the wounds with a solution of penicillin.
Chinchillas are very sensitive to temperatures above 26° With at the same time high air humidity. Under such conditions, thermal shock often occurs. The animals lie motionless, stretched out; breathing is short and quick, ears are reddened, and body temperature rises to 38° C. If measures are not taken, the chinchilla may die. The animal should be immediately transferred to a cool, shaded place, and a cold compress from a bag of frozen vegetables or a cloth dampened in cold water should be put on your head. The dressing should be moistened in cold water as often as possible. If this happened in transport, the cage must be lowered down, where the air is cooler, put an ice pack or a bottle of cold water, and shade the cage. After first aid, the animal is best shown to the veterinarian.
When leaving home, make sure that the cage is in a place where direct sunlight will not constantly shine, the animal should have a shaded corner where it can hide as necessary.
Some ailments, similar to the symptoms of the disease, can occur with a lack of certain vitamins and minerals. Thus, a lack of vitamin A causes inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes. It is necessary to increase the dose of this vitamin in the diet. With a lack of vitamin B1, attacks occur in which the animal trembles, drags its hind legs, movements are difficult, coordination is impaired. In severe form, it is likely that the animal will die. It is necessary to inject an insulin syringe into the thigh muscle with a five percent solution of vitamin. Dose – no more than two small divisions on the marking of the syringe.
If it is impossible to diagnose the disease or the cause of the malaise on your own, you must call the veterinarian or deliver the animal to the hospital.
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