- Why is it worth it to start a chinchilla at home?
- Content Basics
- Feeding chinchillas
- Behavior features
- Bathing chinchillas and hair care
Recently, cute animals of chinchilla are beginning to use more and more popularity. This wonderful rodent survives well in an apartment. The natural habitat of chinchillas is rocky terrain and highlands of South America, living in such inaccessible places gives little information about their lifestyle.
But everything is known about home maintenance. There are basic rules for the care of chinchillas, and with the right and competent approach, this funny animal will delight you for many years, because in the conditions of an apartment chinchillas live up to 20 years or more. I would like to note that this is a very important fact, because children who buy rodents with a short life span regularly experience stress and are difficult to endure the death of their pet.
The content of the article
Why is it worth it to start a chinchilla at home?
Content of this funny rodent at home. very troublesome business. Unlike other four-legged friends, chinchillas do not need to walk, while they do not have a specific smell, this is due to the lack of sweat and sebaceous glands. In the apartment with a chinchilla there is no persistent unpleasant ammonia smell, which is characteristic of other small animals.
It should be remembered that the chinchilla spends all his time in a cage or display case. With the peculiarity of heat transfer of this animal, it is necessary to observe the temperature regime. The rodent’s body temperature is 36 degrees. It is better to put the cage in an air-conditioned room, do not place it near the battery, otherwise the animal may develop a heat stroke during the heating season, up to a cardiac arrest.
At the same time, exclude direct air flows or drafts and direct sunlight. The habitat of your future pet should be in a cool (with a temperature of 18-20 degrees Celsius), a shaded and, most importantly, calm room.
But take care of your peace, the animal leads a nocturnal lifestyle and there is no need to put a cage in the bedroom and in the room with the child, because night festivities and games of the furry pet can disturb a good night’s sleep.
All his life in your apartment, the chinchilla will spend in a cage and therefore the habitat should be spacious, it should be noted that the cramped conditions very depress the beast and this greatly reduces the life of the puss.
The minimum size of the cage is 60 to 60 cm, but the larger the showcase, the better for the pet. Constipation and valves should be strong and reliable, so that the inquisitive animal could not open them and escape from his home. Free walking around the apartment. this is a lot of stress for the animal and is fraught with many dangers, any electrical wire can cause the death of a pet.
The main components of the cell:
- For chinchillas, drinking bowls in the form of cups or plates cannot be placed; the animal can turn them over and pour water. The drinker should be made of high-quality plastic that does not allow water to pass through. If you get a ball, watch that no water accumulates under it, otherwise the animal will wet its hair. European drinkers are made of high-strength plastic, stainless steel spouts, they do not leak and give the right amount of water strictly on demand. Experienced breeders recommend nipple drinkers. Drinkers are attached to the display case using suction cups or screws.
The drinker must be regularly disinfected. It is good to do this with baking soda, then rinse with running water and rinse with boiling water. Choose a drinker that is convenient to mount and regularly remove and wash, as well as add fresh water. By the way, there are molds in which the top cover is removed.
Cleaning the cage should be carried out regularly, general cleaning should be done at least once a week, disinfection should preferably be carried out using an ultraviolet bactericidal lamp, the drinkers and feeders should be washed with soda solution and rinsed with boiling water.
When purchasing this cute animal, you need to remember how they live in nature and what they eat. The gastrointestinal tract is represented by a very long tube and any deviation in nutrition from the norm has serious consequences for the health of the pet.
Chinchillas are pure phytophages, that is, they eat exclusively plant foods. In high mountains, the main diet is mountain grass, branches and various cuttings. The long intestine helps to take maximum nutrients and calories from such a diet. It turns out that the rough and meager food of the highlands has become a complete food for the wild relatives of domestic chinchillas. Think over the feed base in an apartment to the smallest detail.
The first and golden rule, this introduction of a new feed should be gradual and you need to start with a small amount. Food should be varied, rich in fiber, vitamins and mineral nutrition. In the feeder should not be fatty, high-protein, sweet and very high-calorie foods.
Chinchillas are fed once a day, usually in the evening, usually after six in the evening. It’s better to train the animal at the same time, the mode is very important.
There are a wide variety of recipes for the independent manufacture of food for rodents. It should be noted that this is a very time-consuming and time-consuming process. All ingredients must be of high quality, without a musty smell and no signs of rot; it is better to purchase the entire grain base from trusted suppliers. Storage of pre-cooked feed requires exposure to the correct conditions. without moisture and dust, it is better to use special containers.
But in our time, the preparation of feed in an independent way is not always convenient and simple. In such cases, it is better to use ready-made granules. Such concentrated feeds are easily absorbed by animals; on average, 2 part tablespoons are consumed per individual, which is about twenty grams.
Experienced breeders prefer granular feed in the form of elongated sticks, they are dark brown. The composition of this kind of food includes oats, barley, wheat bran, meat and bone meal, grass meal, various meal and sunflower meal, lime inclusions, fodder yeast and most often they are enriched with vitamins and mineral supplements.
Pay attention to the composition of such a feed, the percentage of fiber should be above 10%, and fat inclusions should not be more than 4%. The composition of the granules contains all the necessary macro and micronutrients, various acids, biotin and so on.
Such a feed is the basis of the diet; in a small percentage, add a mixture of grain, for example, wheat, buckwheat, and milk thistle seeds to the chinchilla feeder.
Separately, I want to note the feeding of a pregnant female and located in the lactation period. The diet of such animals should contain protein inclusions up to a quarter of all food, milk granules are added to the feeder.
At different times of the year, the diet should be monotonous, succulent feed, fresh grass, vegetables and fruits. all this is not acceptable for chinchillas. Such food can provoke an upset gastrointestinal tract and lead to flatulence and bloating of the entire digestive tube.
In the summer, you can prepare goodies, for example, chamomile heads, dandelion leaves and berries. Before offering such blanks, everything needs to be washed and dried. Berries and dried fruits can be mixed into the feeder or given directly into the paws of the animal. Nuts should be extremely rare in the diet of chinchillas.
The water in the cage should always be fresh. It is better to use filtered water or settled flowing water, boiled or distilled water is not recommended. It should be said that lactating and pregnant individuals need more water.
The front teeth grow in chinchillas all the time and they need material for grinding the incisors. For these purposes, branches of birch, linden, alder, hawthorn and apple tree, etc., are placed in the cage.
Food and water should be free from extraneous odors and impurities, because spoiled food with mold can lead to acute intoxication and death. Properly selected and well-balanced calorie diet. this is the source of your rodent’s longevity and the prevention of obesity, but today it is one of the common reasons for contacting a ratologist.
With extreme caution you need to make a couple of your favorite. If you decide to purchase a second animal, you need to gradually introduce them to each other:
- For three days the animals should live in the neighborhood, the cells should be close to each other;
- Then prepare one common large cage, pre-carry out disinfection and general cleaning, change the flooring;
- Leave new friends in a small cage for 3-4 hours;
- After that, in the new "apartment" to launch the first male, he will mark the entire territory;
- And the last place the female.
Observing such rules, you will avoid fights and injuries of your animals.
A change in the behavior of the animal may be due to the estrus period. Chinchillas regularly pass at intervals of 40-42 days. This period lasts from two to seven days. Hunting is characterized by a decrease in appetite and increased activity, while the genitals swell and become hyperemic. If you have a pair of chinchillas living, mating is very likely to occur at this time and further offspring is expected in 110-115 days. If you do not want offspring, it is better to plant a male for estrus.
It should be noted that the peculiarity of chinchilla behavior is timidity, and the room with the rodent’s dwelling should be left in silence. All manipulations with the animal must be carried out slowly, without sharp noises and movements, something new to be introduced gradually and to reduce stress for the animal.
Bathing chinchillas and hair care
To care for chinchilla hair, you need to comb it regularly and provide the rodent with good swimming sand.
The first combing rodent in life should be started with a brush with rare teeth, so that the animal gradually gets used to new sensations and is not afraid of this manipulation. Talk affectionately with the beast, do not make sudden movements. Over time, the pet will get used to and it will be possible to use a brush with frequent teeth and comb out the deep undercoat, as expected. The teeth should be with rounded edges so as not to injure the delicate skin of the pet.
It is better to use special sand, because in nature chinchillas bathe in volcanic ash. Ordinary river sand is able to break delicate hairs and clog the coat. By the way, experienced breeders use zeolite dust before exhibitions. This composition raises the undercoat, making it even more airy. The fur begins to sparkle in the light, after such a bath the animal looks very well-groomed. The only drawback of this procedure is fine dust, which sits on all objects around the display case of the animal.
You can’t swim in the water chinchillas, because they do not have sebaceous glands and they get wet through. Bathing should be carried out at least 3 times a week, for an hour, although animals are happy to bathe for hours, but with a long bath, the hair can dry out.
Proper maintenance of chinchillas in an apartment, well-equipped spacious cage, thoughtful food base, good organization of the bathing process and active night games. This is the minimum for a long and happy life of a rodent, which will in response please you with its attention and relieve your fatigue after a long working day. And your children will be able to watch for hours the habits of a funny furry animal, positive emotions for the whole family are provided for many years.
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