- What does a newborn chinchilla look like?
- Video: what newborn chinchillas look like
- What to do after the birth of a chinchilla
- Can I touch newborn chinchillas?
- How fast and how old chinchillas grow
- Video: how chinchillas grow from birth to one month
- When to plant chinchillas from mother
- Newborn Chinchilla Care
- How to feed newborn chinchillas
Chinchilla cubs are incredibly touching animals that are born with wide open inquisitive eyes and a readiness to actively learn new living conditions from the first minutes of life. Like all children, nimble babies do not realize the degree of danger and can die even in a cage, jumping from the top floor, where healthy chinchilla puppies can safely climb up to 7 hours after their birth. Owners of furry pets need to prepare in advance for the appearance and possible artificial feeding of small fluffy animals. Newborn chinchillas and a nursing female need increased care and care, and often the assistance of an attentive owner.
What does a newborn chinchilla look like?
Pregnancy of an exotic animal lasts a long 105-115 days. Due to which the chinchilla cub is born immediately with open eyes and cut teeth. Kids are covered with delicate soft hair and are able to quickly move from the first minutes of life.
The weight of a healthy puppy at birth is 35-60 grams, chinchilla babies weighing less than 25 grams are considered weak and have a high mortality rate even with additional care.
A young chinchilla brings 1-2 babies at a time; in adults, the litter can consist of 3-6 babies. Nature rewarded the female chinchilla with two, less often four active milk nipples. Therefore, with numerous broods, the owner of the animals must alternate every two hours of well-fed and hungry babies so that strong puppies do not deprive the weaker ones of feeding.
Departed babies are kept in a large box or container with litter of sawdust under a table lamp. It is necessary to place a small cardboard house in the temporary housing of newborn puppies so that small animals can hide from a heat source in order to avoid overheating.
Chinchilla children are born with wet hair, so it is vital for puppies to dry their baby fluff within an hour after birth to avoid hypothermia and death.
Dry fluffy lumps hide under the warm tummy of the mother to feed and sleep.
Toddlers hide under mom’s tummy to warm and dry
Newborn chinchillas have an elongated body, a long tail with short legs and a very large heavy head, which outweighs when unintentional animals fall from the upper floors of the cage, hammocks, furniture or from the nesting house. Landing on the head often ends with the instant death of a small puppy. Therefore, the owner must take care in advance of eliminating traumatic situations.
Video: what newborn chinchillas look like
What to do after the birth of a chinchilla
It happens that some newborn chinchilla throws cages on the floor. In such a situation, the owner needs to immediately dry the animals, wrap them in a warm cloth and drink with an artificial milk mixture from a pipette. After resuscitation, the cubs must be placed under a warm belly to a nursing female.
5-6 hours after birth, it is recommended to examine the anal opening of each baby. Evidence of an act of defecation will be the dark pea of the primary feces adhered to the coat. In the absence of intestinal motility, a newborn puppy will develop inflammation of the anus or intestinal prolapse in the first day of life.
Independently stopping the inflammatory process or adjusting the loosed intestinal loops is not recommended, a small chinchilla urgently needs the help of a veterinarian.
Puppies should be born sighted, but babies with closed eyes can sometimes be born. The eye of a baby chinchilla can also close when litter or hair gets under the eyelid. If the children have stuck eyes, it is necessary to wash the organs of vision of newborn chinchillas with a wet swab dipped in a weak tea leaves of black tea or a decoction of chamomile, in the direction of the corner of the eye.
In the first three days after giving birth, a small amount of colostrum is produced in the nursing chinchilla, which is not enough for all babies with a large brood. Therefore, the owner of the chinchilla these days is recommended to feed newborn puppies and carefully monitor so that each cub receives the precious colostrum.
Video: how to help newborn chinchilla puppies
If a young female runs away from the cubs, tramples and scatters them, the cause may be hormonal stress after childbirth, lack of milk or maternal instinct. It is necessary to remove all floors, hammocks and stairs from the cage, so that the female could not hide from hungry puppies and start feeding her newborn animals on her own.
To feed one chinchilla is a troublesome, but feasible task. For three or more babies in the absence of milk, it is urgent to look for an adopted nursing mother who has excess milk and a small offspring. The female with a strange smell can be bitten by a female, therefore, non-native cubs are wiped down from the nest and placed in the middle of the brood in the absence of a female. After 20 minutes, all puppies will smell the same, and the kids will get a chance at survival.
5-10% more boys are born than girls, males are determined by the distance between the anus and the base of the urethra, which is 2-5 mm, in females this gap is absent.
Weighing of newborn animals is carried out daily at the same time, recording the weight gain of each baby in the journal. On the first day after birth, a weight loss of about 1-2 grams is considered normal, then each cub should add at least a gram, and from the 5th day of life at least 4-8 grams per day.
Weighing is a must
The absence or insufficient increase has a detrimental effect on the development of a small pet. In the calf, there is insufficient skeleton formation, muscle building and fat. In such a situation, it is necessary to apply artificial feeding of chinchillas and find out the cause of this phenomenon. Perhaps the nipples hardened in the nursing female, then it is necessary to massage the papillae and let the babies develop them. Weak babies can also be deprived of milk by stronger and stronger puppies, which after feeding must be put off for a couple of hours in another cage.
Video: what to do when a chinchilla is born and how to understand that she is short of milk
Can I touch newborn chinchillas?
2-3 hours after giving birth, it is necessary to remove dead cubs with your hands thoroughly washed in a household soap, examine them, determine their gender, weigh each living puppy, and record the data in written or electronic form. Toilet soap is not used for this procedure, as it can leave a smell on the hair of small rodents and provoke a nursing female to refuse or bite down furry offspring.
It is highly discouraged for strangers to pick up puppies before the month is reached, in order to avoid injuries and infect small animals with infectious diseases, weighing exotic rodents should be done daily by one owner with cleanly washed hands.
Wash them thoroughly with laundry soap before picking up the newborn.
How fast and how old chinchillas grow
Small chinchillas grow fast enough. With an average initial weight of 55 grams, by the end of the second week of life, the weight of healthy puppies averages 100 grams. In the first three days, newborns feed on colostrum, and from 3-5 days – on mother’s milk. Unlike other mammalian cubs, small chinchillas begin to eat hay by the 3rd day of life, try adult food by the 5-7th day, and the interest and skill of drinking from a nipple drinker arises in 2-week-old babies.
Up to 3 weeks of age, furry animals actively feed on mother’s milk or artificial mixtures. 4 weeks after the birth, the lactation in the female is reduced to a minimum, but when the young animals are kept together with their parents, the cubs can be fed a small amount of mother milk for up to three months.
Monthly puppies are three times more than newborn babies, their weight is actively growing and reaches 160-180 grams. Young chinchillas already eat adult food and by the age of 9 months they reach a weight of 550-650 grams. Depending on the breed, when paired, more active muscle development and weight gain are observed. The growth of chinchillas lasts up to 18 months, after a year the animals acquire graceful forms of adults.
At the age of one year, a wonderful animal sheds children’s soft fur and after a few months it is covered with the famous thick velvet fur.
Video: how chinchillas grow from birth to one month
When to plant chinchillas from mother
Young growth can be planted from parents at the age of two months. The puppy’s jigging procedure is accompanied by severe stress, significant weight loss and growth retardation. When kept without a male, females can be left with their mother for a longer period. A little female should be planted from dad no later than 2.5 months in order to avoid early coverage. A successful option is the pairing of female individuals in one cage.
Chinchilla 3 months
Young males are recommended to be weaned from the nursing female no later than 4 months. It is not necessary to keep an adult and a young male over 5 months old in one cage because of possible fights against the background of puberty of the latter.
It is recommended to re-sedate pets that have been poured from the drinker with warm boiled milk for up to 3-4 months. Feed carefully selected cereal and succulent feeds, gradually accustoming to green herbs and vitamin supplements.
You can give chinchillas at 2-2.5 months of age with a weight of at least 200 grams. It is highly recommended not to take babies from their mother before 2 months, puppies at this age still feed on breast milk. Early weaning extremely negatively affects the health of the animal. A late change of ownership results in severe stress for emotional rodents.
Newborn Chinchilla Care
Nursing chinchilla will take care and care for the unreasonable furry creatures. It is recommended that the owner of the animals create optimal and safe conditions for the successful growth and development of babies:
- Nimble kids often fall into traumatic situations. The owner needs to keep the female with the cubs in the hamster cage with a distance between the rods of not more than 1 cm or sheathe the chinchillas aviary with a fine mesh. The cage should not have floors, shelves, hammocks and stairs;
- In the first three days, the nesting house should be turned upside down or have a partition so that inquisitive cubs are not able to get out of the nest;
- The bowl and feeder are hung as low as possible to teach young animals to self-feed. If the babies are fed artificially, from 2-3 weeks they additionally install a drinker with milk;
- In the cage and nest, a daily change of bedding, water and feed is recommended. Periodically, it is recommended to wipe the bottom of the nesting house with a swab with salicylic alcohol to prevent intestinal diseases.
Video: how to properly install the drinker and feeder in the cage in newborn chinchillas
How to feed newborn chinchillas
With infertile succulence and the development of a sufficient amount of breast milk, babies are fed a nursing chinchilla. If the cubs squeak strongly, sit hunched over, move a little and do not gain weight, it is necessary to urgently introduce complementary foods. The most successful option for the artificial feeding of chinchillas is the use of infant formula for newborns: Agusha, NAN, Nutrilon. The use of cow or condensed milk for feeding babies is detrimental to the work of the liver and kidneys of young chinchillas.
A small animal is wrapped with a warm soft cloth, gently fixed in one hand, and the other from the insulin syringe is soldered to the warm mixture. Complementary feeding begins with 1 ml of liquid, gradually increasing the volume. Newborns are fed every 2 hours during the day and night. Simultaneously with the introduction of complementary foods, it is recommended to massage the mammary glands of the female, to drop drops of milk. Such procedures can establish lactation and protect the female from the development of mastitis.
In the cage with the kids there should always be stalked fresh hay, which small chinchillas eat from 2-3 days. Five-day-old cubs have a feeder with high-quality grain food for chinchillas for up to 12 months. Green herbs and succulent feeds are introduced gradually to exclude intestinal disorders of small pets.
Chinchillas eat hay from 2-3 days
Properly caring for newborn chinchillas at home is quite troublesome. Sometimes babies urgently need an adoptive mother, a veterinarian, a separate warm cage or 12 meals a day, but such pleasant cares bring the owners of animals a lot of positive emotions from communicating with cute, trusting fluffy lumps.
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