- General information about chinchillas
- Needed for care
- How to feed a pet?
- Possible diseases in chinchillas
Recently, many people give preference to exotic pets, for example, chinchilla can be attributed to them. These cute animals belong to the order of rodents. In the natural habitat, their homeland is Peru, Chile, Mexico and parts of South America. Chinchillas usually live in packs, the size of which can reach up to 50 animals. They are very friendly and willingly make contact with a person. At home, these rodents feel great, but only if the care is of high quality and timely. All the rules of keeping, feeding and much more about chinchillas, you will learn from our article.
General information about chinchillas
Chinchillas have some unique features. These include:
- In appearance, the chinchilla is very similar to a squirrel;
- The rodent’s spine is slightly curved, the front legs are short, and the hind legs have the ability to move by jumping;
- Oddly enough, but the head of the animal has the shape of a triangle, is set low, and the neck is practically absent;
- The ears are large enough and deep for a head of such a small size;
- Eye color is usually black or red (much less common);
- Number of teeth. 20 pieces (4 incisors, 16 chewing);
- Chinchillas quickly become tame and distinguish their master from other people;
- They like to bathe in volcanic dust or mineral sand.
Chinchillas are very cute, recognize and love the owner
Before buying a chinchilla, it is necessary to assess the state of her health by many external indicators. Choosing an animal is as follows:
- Inspect the animal from all sides. the hair must be dense, dense, not have any bald spots and extraneous spots;
- The eyes of a healthy animal usually shine, do not have pustules, do not water, they are clean and look at everything that happens with interest;
- The breathing is predominantly even, calm, without wheezing and any whistling;
- The nose is necessarily dry, without mucous secretions;
- The animal is active, runs, eats, plays with relatives (an animal that constantly sleeps and does not move should alert you);
- Take a closer look at how chinchilla is well-fed; you can do this by feeling its muscles. visible signs of obesity and exhaustion should not be present;
- It is recommended to buy young individuals, since it is at this age that the animal will be easier to get used to you.
Needed for care
Before you bring a small animal to your home, you need to make sure that all the necessary care accessories have been purchased and correctly selected. Here is what you need to keep the chinchilla:
- Volcanic or mineral sand;
- Harness and leash;
- Hygiene products
- Slicker brush;
- Nail clipper.
The cage for the chinchilla must be properly equipped so that the animal is comfortable in it. The size of the cage should be no less than 60x60x80 cm. It is important for the chinchilla to move a lot, so such dimensions will allow the animal to move freely around its home. The distance between the rods should not exceed 1.5-2 cm, so that the rodent could not get out without your knowledge. Usually the cells are made of plastic and metal, that is, the bottom is made of plastic, and the rods are made of stainless steel or its alloys.
An excellent option for chinchillas is a feeder, which can be hooked to the bars of a cage. Typically, such bowls are made of plastic or metal. It is not recommended to place the food container on the floor, as the animal can simply turn it over. Chinchillas are very neat animals, so they don’t like when there are foreign objects or rubbish on their territory.
Give preference to drip drinkers, because the chinchilla will be able to quench his thirst at any time. Such drinkers are usually suspended on a special wire that comes with the kit. In no case do not put water on the floor of the cage, otherwise the animal will overturn it and remain without drinking. Water should be changed every day in order to avoid health problems.
Chinchillas love to retire, so be sure to put a small house in the cage. It is best to opt for wooden models. Do not forget that chinchillas are rodents, so often they sharpen claws or teeth about their shelter. In this case, the plastic product will be hazardous to the health of the animal.
Feline or any other filler is allowed in the chinchilla cage. Also, a layer of sawdust is usually laid on top of it so that the animal does not damage the paws. Such a filler has an exclusively hygienic role, because it perfectly absorbs unpleasant odors.
Volcanic or mineral sand
- It has the action of a light “scrub”, which perfectly removes dead skin particles;
- Cleans hair from lost hair;
- Destroys parasites;
- Protects wool from getting wet;
- Prevents the animal from getting cold.
Another important element of a chinchilla cage is a sennica or a small container in which you will put hay. Dry grass has a beneficial effect on the digestion process. Typically, a strawberry is made of wood, metal or plastic.
In case you need to take the animal to the veterinarian or you are planning any trip, be sure to buy a special carrying bag. Most importantly, the carrier should have a hard bottom and small windows in the side walls. The materials for such bags are dense synthetic fabric, and the bottom. from plastic.
Harness and leash
Leash and harness
Chinchillas are cheerful and funny animals, so it is recommended to put several rubber or plastic toys in the cage, for example, a ball, a ladder, etc.
Bathing a chinchilla is allowed no more than 2-3 times a week, and if the animal is sick or has a fever, then swimming is strictly prohibited. During washing, you can use any shampoos and gels that are designed for cats or dogs. These funds include:
- AVZ Tender. shampoo;
- "Veda." conditioner shampoo;
- "8 in 1 Perfect Coat." bath gel.
For proper and timely care of chinchilla hair, it is necessary to comb out the fallen hair daily, and also as a light massage.
How to feed a pet?
Proper and balanced nutrition is the key to health, longevity and beautiful, shiny coat of chinchillas. The gastrointestinal tract of these rodents is rather weak, therefore, the general state of health of the whole organism is completely dependent on digestion.
Hay is considered the most important component of the main diet of the chinchilla. Veterinarians strongly recommend giving your pet this product daily. For these rodents, hay from clover and alfalfa is considered the best. These herbs contain a huge amount of vitamins, minerals and other useful substances.
- "Little one";
- “VERSELE-LAGA Crispy”;
- "Chinchilla Complete."
Fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs
It is recommended to add natural products to the diet of chinchillas, namely a variety of vegetables, fruits and fresh herbs. These include:
- Lettuce leaves;
- Squash, squash;
- Pears, apples;
- Melons, watermelons.
- Peaches, apricots.
It is strictly forbidden to give the following products to chinchillas:
- Salted, smoked, fried;
- Sweets, flour products;
- Nuts, roasted seeds;
- Rye grains;
- Spoiled products.
Daily Chinchilla Diet
Every day it is necessary to give the pet:
- Dry granular feed. 20-30 g;
- Hay – 30 g;
- Fresh fruits, vegetables. 3-7 g;
- Water. 10-35 g
Possible diseases in chinchillas
Chinchillas are quite fragile creatures, so their health must be carefully monitored. The most common diseases that can occur in these rodents will be described below.
There are several major digestive problems in chinchillas.
The presence of this ailment can be recognized by the appearance of the feces of the animal. If it is hard and small, then this indicates the presence of constipation. To eliminate this trouble it is enough to give the animal 2-3 drops of petroleum jelly. The procedure should be repeated during the day every 2 hours. If the condition of the chinchilla has not improved. contact your veterinarian immediately.
Bloating usually occurs due to a change in feed or when eating a variety of greens. With flatulence, the chinchilla becomes not sociable, closed, sits in one place. Body temperature can drop to 35 degrees Celsius. To eliminate this problem, give the animal a massage of the abdomen and give 2-4 drops of the children’s Espumisan.
Indigestion or upset may result from eating prohibited or spoiled foods. In this case, it is recommended to give the animal Smect in a children’s dosage, as well as prepare a weak decoction of oak bark.
If the body of the chinchilla lacks the required number of important trace elements, then the animal may experience a problem such as increased salivation. In this case, the pet should be shown to the veterinarian who will prescribe the correct treatment. Also, in chinchillas, and especially at an older age, the so-called hooks on the teeth or the wrong bite can occur. In this situation, the help of a competent specialist is also required.
There are frequent cases when chinchillas suffer from colds. Their body temperature can rise to 38 degrees Celsius. In this case, immediately take the animal to the veterinary clinic.
Chinchillas are very cute and kind rodents. If you decide to have this fluffy animal in your home, then provide him with proper and timely care. Caring for our smaller brothers makes us a little better and more merciful.
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