- Small chinchillas – care from the first days
- Newborns and Small Chinchillas
- Chinchilla Cubs
Small chinchillas – care from the first days
Recently, our Chinchilla Yin decided, nevertheless, to give birth. After a long 120 days of gestation, two little Wow were born. On this occasion, I decided to make a memo for the future.
1. Arrangement of a maternity ward
3. Postpartum status of mom
4. Postpartum condition of the pope
5. Postpartum status of chinchillas
6. The first day
Chinchillas give birth to an average of one or two babies (puppies) during one pregnancy. Malyavki do not appear all at once, there is an interval between the births of each – from 5 minutes to two hours (on average 15-30 minutes). They give birth to shushki for 2-7 minutes (if more – then there are complications). Our Yin gave birth to two with an interval of 15 minutes. Gave birth to every minute 2-3. Puziko, the legs and face of the girl were wet – this is normal.
3. The postpartum state of the mother.
Our mommy was constantly trying to wash herself – she was looking for sand, she was rubbing about everything that she could. But, unfortunately, it is impossible to give her a bath – all the birth canals are still open and she can easily bring infection or small grains of sand. As our practice has shown, after 12 hours, Yin laundered on its own. After the birth itself, she can "eat cubs." There is no need to be scared – this is not a baby, but the shell in which they were before childbirth. She goes on her own almost immediately after giving birth. I do not exclude, of course, the option that a mom may start postpartum psychosis (especially if this is the first birth) and she will gobble up or strangle her babies – but such cases are too rare. It is very important to cheer up a woman in labor – we gave her her favorite treats.
4. Postpartum condition of the pope.
My husband and I read a lot about the fact that daddies should be planted a week before the birth, so that he would not fertilize mom again. We jailed our Jan during childbirth for a couple of hours. Then Yin herself demanded that the man return to the cage – constantly calling and did not want to look after the kids. We decided not to injure the family and returned Jan "to his homeland." Oddly enough, but Yin herself in front of him waved her tail and seduced as she could (occasionally running to the kids). Much depends on the relationship in the chinchilla family, but I would not recommend separating the parents for a long time, because it is dad who can come to the aid of his mother when he needs to look after the children. Another important point is that shushki has full matriarchy, therefore, if a female does not want a male after childbirth, then she will not approach her. Again – imagine a family of chinchillas in the wild and everything will immediately fall into place.
5. The postpartum state of chinchillas.
Everything is extremely simple here – right after childbirth the babies are wet, squeak, tremble and climb to the boobs. Shushki are born (unlike other rodents – gerbils, rats, mice, hamsters) with fur, a long mustache and a tail-brush. After the birth is over, it is important to weigh the babies and record their weight. On average, they weigh about 50 g. Once a day they need to be weighed. On the first day, puppies (like all normal babies) lose weight. Ours lost an average of 10 g. In the following days, they should gain 3-5 g. But if mom’s milk is too tight and on the second day the shushki continue to lose weight, it’s worth taking the usual baby formula and feed it through a pipette. Thick milk can be up to three days, to help the little things in this matter, it is worth giving your mother in the first few days a leaf of dried nettle once a day and an apilak tablet (if nettle does not help). It can, of course, happen that mom will not have any milk at all, then you can take a vacation at work and feed with the usual infant formula every 2 hours during the first week, once every 4 hours during the second week, once every 6 hours during the third week.
Already after 12 hours after birth, the babies began to examine the floor of the cage (it is worth noting that the org. Glass lies on the floor), sliding on it like on ice, pushing off with its hind legs – it’s still scary 🙂 24 hours after birth, these back-nosed rats started like jumpers , jump onto the lower shelf, jump into the Sennitsa, and from there to the mother, who at that time was trying to eat. Dad constantly sits on the upper shelves, going down to eat and drink. Sometimes, however, she looks into the house to see how the mother feeds the children. Mom feels better than anyone and sometimes climbs up to daddy, then they both sit and watch the baby from below.
Zagrekova Elena 2012-2015
Newborns and Small Chinchillas
The female takes care of the newborn chinchillas. The owner’s task is to provide babies with the right conditions and full feeding of their mother. Moreover, it is necessary to take care of the balance of the feed during pregnancy so that the intrauterine nutrition of the children is sufficient, the health and development of the puppies depends on this.
Pregnancy lasts 106-114 days. With the approach of childbirth, the female’s activity decreases markedly, her appetite worsens. Try to protect the animal from loud noises, flashes of light, provide the expectant mother with a calm environment. A stressed female may have a miscarriage or premature birth. Premature puppies often die.
- Change the litter, it is advisable to use dry fresh thin hay;
- Collect the fluff of a female, place in a nest;
- Cover the nest with a cloth.
Childbirth occurs at any time of the day, but more often – at night. The female licks children, lays in a nest and feeds. Be sure to provide a comfortable climate for children, if necessary, additionally insulate the nest. Chinchillates are born fully formed:
- With teeth
- Eyes open
- Coated with wool.
In the first hours after giving birth, you only need to take care of the availability of enough pure water for your mother – she will be very thirsty.
Maintenance and care of small animals
Refrain from touching newborn puppies, an extraneous smell can cause stress in the woman in childbirth and abandonment of children. And self-feeding is a troublesome task. The day after the birth of animals should be weighed, repeat the procedure every day. Cubs are born with a weight of 30-70 grams, the daily gain should be at least one gram. Take a close look at the behavior of the animal – if a young mother runs away from the nest, jumps onto the shelves, while the children squeak, then she avoids feeding for some reason. It is advisable to remove the shelves and elevations from the cage in advance, on which it can hide from the kids.
Already a couple of days after birth, chinchillas begin to run around the cage. Therefore, make sure that the animals can not crawl through the rods. Usually a maternity ward is sheathed with a fine-mesh net, not forgetting the roof, because chinchillas are mobile and nimble animals, and even more so in childhood.
Feeding newborns and older puppies
Small chinchillas can be fed exclusively by mother’s milk or need complementary foods. It depends on the number of puppies in the litter and the milkiness of the individual. If newborns squeak all the time, stop gaining weight, it is necessary to begin additional feeding. For this purpose, any mixes for newborns are perfect:
It is very convenient to feed babies with a ready-made liquid mixture, you definitely will not make mistakes when breeding dry powder.
You can often find tips on feeding chinchillas with diluted condensed or pure cow’s milk. Note that these animals have a very delicate gastrointestinal tract. Condensed milk, even diluted, contains a lot of sugar and fat, which will negatively affect the liver, and pure cow’s milk is rich in protein, which negatively affects the kidneys. No need to save on the health of small pets. Feeding should begin with 1 ml of the mixture, increasing the volume as the babies grow older. It is most convenient to feed the mixture from a syringe by wrapping the animal with a towel. Meals are needed every 2-3 hours, including at night.
If your mother does not start lactating after giving birth, continue to try to establish natural feeding. Milk may appear on the third day after birth. Periodically take a chinchilla in your hands, gently massage your nipples, try to milk a couple of drops.
At the end of the first week of life, small rodents begin to try adult food, it is advisable to immediately add a feed mixture for individuals up to 12 months. In childhood, animals are not limited in food. Small pets often continue to drink breast milk for up to two months, at this age they are removed from adults.
The growth rate of small rodents depends on care and breeding qualities. Usually the animals grow quite fast, already at the age of one month their size increases threefold. After reaching two months, children are placed in a separate cage, males and females are kept separately, since pregnancy can occur even at the age of three months. For a young animal, this is undesirable. After moving the pets, you must continue to weigh 2-3 times a week.
If you notice that one or more children are developing slowly, pay attention to the nutrition of animals and their behavior. Perhaps the larger brethren do not allow the females to get to the nipple or push them away from the feeder.
Surround the little chinchillas with attention, care, create favorable conditions for development – and tender, healthy pets will grow out of tiny clumsy rodents.
Newborn chinchillas are almost completely ready for independent existence. They are born with open eyes, with erupted teeth and have a light initial hairline. At the same time, on the very first day after birth, they can move freely and, showing considerable curiosity, can climb cage bars and even bite the house. If the chinchilla family lives in a cage, it is imperative to take into account the fact that it is very easy for a small chinchilla to crawl through the bars of a cage, therefore it is better to have a birth cage with a small distance between the bars and it is advisable to remove the shelves from there so that the mother does not run away from the babies.
In order for young chinchillas to grow up healthy and strong, they need regular supervision.
Feeding newborn offspring
From the very first hours of life, babies need breast milk. However, in some females, milk appears only a few days after giving birth. It is possible to determine whether small chinchillas are hungry or not by their behavior. If they are chasing a female, and she starts snarling or biting at them, the babies are most likely to suffer from hunger. In addition, over time, without receiving milk, they become weak, begin to move a little, sit hunched over, with tails dropped. If, after examining the female, it is found that she does not have milk, or it is not enough to feed all offspring, the cubs need to be fed or transplanted to another female with milk.
As a top dressing, you can use Kitti milk powder, diluted in water. For this, 1 hour is taken. A spoonful of Kitti milk for two 6 hours. A spoonful of hot water. You can also use Agusha mixture for young children from 0 months old for feeding. In the first days after birth, babies should drink half a pipette of the mixture at a time. Further, the volume increases. It is necessary to feed cubs every 2-3 hours. A week after birth, the interval between feedings can be increased, while at the same time teaching chinchillas to drink from a drinker.
In order not to provoke an upset stomach in newborns, you need to add a few drops of espumisan to the food mixture.
The rapid growth and development of cubs depends not only on caring for them and proper nutrition, but also on the tribal qualities that were passed on to them from their parents. As a rule, animals grow quickly and by the month they are three times larger in size than at birth. And at 8 months (when reaching a weight of 550 g), the cubs are already considered adults, fully prepared for the birth of their own offspring.
In natural habitats, babies quickly switch to adult feed. For home breeding, young animals need to be fed with the same feeds as the adult population, adding special food for chinchillas for up to 12 months of Vitakraft VITA special BEST FOR KIDS to the feed mixture.
After the young growth becomes completely independent, it is required to drop it off from the parents, usually they do it when the babies are 2 months old and their weight becomes at least 200 grams. At the same time, females and males of chinchillas are kept separately until they have puberty, since in females the first estrus can begin after 3 months of age, and a small male is ready for reproduction from the same age. Early pregnancy and childbirth will not lead to anything good.
After sitting the kids, you must also closely monitor their weight and weigh them at least 2-3 times a week.
Contents Chinchilla breeding: pair selection Breeding chinchillas Video: Diet and Care for Pregnant Chinchilla Mom! Chinchilla Breeding: Pregnancy…
How To Care And How To Feed Newborn Chinchilla Cubs
Contents What does a newborn chinchilla look like? Video: what newborn chinchillas look like What to do after the birth of a chinchilla Video: how to…
Contents Description Appearance and physique Nature and longevity Advantages and disadvantages Home care and maintenance Conditions of detention Home…
Why Chinchilla Screams At Night Care And Maintenance Of Chinchillas At Home
Contents Chinchilla Description The benefits of the animal as a pet Why chinchillas scream at night Character, habits and features of chinchillas…
Chinchilla – Care, Maintenance And How Much He Lives At Home
Contents Features of keeping chinchillas at home Animal cell arrangement Can a child buy chinchilla Taming Chinchillas How to care for chinchilla hair…