- How you can and cannot feed chinchilla. Lists of healthy and harmful foods
- Can chinchilla be fed with fresh fruits and vegetables?
- List of what can and cannot
- List of what is possible and what is not
- How to feed chinchilla at home?
- Diet at home (table), a list of what can and should not be given to rodents from food
- What do chinchillas eat?
- The diet of home chinchillas
- The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
- The balance of vitamins and minerals
- How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
- Concentrated feed
- Cereal mixes
- Drinking water
- Dried herbs
- Tree branches and leaves
- Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
- Vitamins for Chinchillas
- Chinchilla treat
- How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
How you can and cannot feed chinchilla. Lists of healthy and harmful foods
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
It is not recommended to give chinchillas and beets.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
Can chinchilla be fed with fresh fruits and vegetables?
In the wild, chinchillas themselves choose the necessary diet, the animal will never eat a product harmful or unnecessary for the body. But domesticated chinchillas often lack such instinct. The breeders of this cute and friendly pet should understand that only specialized feeds should be fed to chinchillas. Their feeding is based on three positions: granular feed, hay and clean water.
Due to the special structure of the intestines, chinchillas are contraindicated in overfeeding with succulent feeds. Poor feeding leads to various troubles that threaten the health of the pet.
Fresh fruits and vegetables should not become a substitute for the main pet food, they can only serve as a treat. Once a week, you can treat the animal with a slice of mandarin, a slice of fresh apples, pears, celery or carrots. Also, chinchillas love to feast on pumpkin, bananas and sweet bell pepper. Some foodies prefer cucumbers, tomatoes, and grapes. It is highly advisable to use seasonal vegetables and fruits in such an additive.
Before treating chinchilla with your favorite juicy treat, any fruit or vegetable should be washed well with running water and dried with a paper towel.
In the first months of life, it is better to feed the chinchilla only with high-quality food, and give fruits and vegetables only in dried form (preferably apple, carrots and Jerusalem artichoke).
An adult can already be pampered with fresh fruits and vegetables, but at the same time monitor the body’s reaction. After eating an apple or carrot, the animal feels normal. then they are not harmful to him. But if chinchilla has diarrhea, constipation or food is poorly digested, then you should refuse to add fresh vegetables and fruits to the diet. It is not recommended to feed the animal with fresh cabbage leaves, they are very juicy and often lead to stomach upsets.
Feeding a home chinchilla with specialized feeds helps to saturate a small organism with all microelements and vitamins. Therefore, the addition of fresh vegetables and fruits to the pet’s food depends only on the owner’s desire to pamper the pet.
Chinchillas do not feel greedy in food; they need a small portion of food. But if you abuse your favorite treat, the animal may refuse to use granular food. Accordingly, it will wait for fresh vegetables and fruits, which will lead to disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract of the animal. In this, domestic chinchillas are similar to young children, requiring harmful but tasty foods.
List of what can and cannot
South America for a long time remained an isolated continent, on which very special flora and fauna formed. South American animals are very different from the fauna of other continents. Chinchillas are no exception.
The digestive system of these alpine animals was formed in a harsh arid climate. Chinchillas are adapted to eat very coarse and dry food and absolutely can not absorb succulent food. As a result of domestication, the digestive system of animals has changed enough to be able to absorb high-quality hay. Although today, the preferred food is dry stalks of cereal plants, which are usually called straw.
If there are no special granules, the animals can be given a cereal mixture of flakes of various cereals. The disadvantage of granules, grain mixture and even meadow hay is that all these components of the diet are too soft. Chinchilla teeth are adapted to feed very hard feeds and are constantly growing. If the animal cannot grind its teeth, “hooks” are formed on its teeth, which injure the tongue and cheeks and prevent the animal from eating.
Therefore, one of the components that can be given to chinchilla in addition to food is the branches and trunks of fruit trees.
Important! Trees should not be pitted.
- Sweet cherry;
- Bird cherry;
- Branches of other tree species from the genus plum.
All these tree species contain a significant dose of hydrocyanic acid in the bark and leaves. Under the influence of gastric juices, hydrocyanic acid decomposes, turning into cyanide. Even dry leaves are dangerous. That is why it is impossible to give chinchillas branches of stone fruit trees.
Mulberry branches and trunks are very well suited. It is believed that chinchillas can also be given branches of apple trees and pears. Apples and pears also contain hydrocyanic acid in seeds, but the concentration of the substance in the branches is much lower.
Important! All branches must be dried.
To grind chisels, chinchillas are laid with special mineral stones, but these stones do not allow grinding molars, on which "hooks" are formed. That is why chinchillas must necessarily have branches and trunks of trees with bark in the cage. Chewing very hard food allows you to grind back teeth.
Eating chinchillas at home – it’s best to do it yourself
Eating chinchillas at home is very different from the diet of their wild relatives. At first glance it seems that everything is the same: dry grass, dried (fallen) berries, grains of cereal plants. In fact, domestic chinchilla eats other plants with a different chemical composition, and this creates additional difficulties in compiling a complete diet.
Chinchillas have a very long intestine, in which the decomposition and absorption of fiber occurs. For normal digestion, animals need a lot of roughage. And the coarser the hay, the better. A chinchilla needs 20 to 30 g of hay per day, but it must be a top-quality product.
Important! Care must be taken to monitor the quality of hay.
Mold or the smell of mycelium coming from hay is unacceptable. Yellow hay means that it gets exposed to rain when dried. This means that such hay can be infected with mold. Gray and black hay is unsuitable for chinchillas. It is better not to bring dusting hay even into the house so as not to get infected with aspergillosis, since in fact dust is mold spores.
High-quality hay should be green and have a pleasant smell. If hay is not available, it can be partially replaced with grass meal. It is alfalfa dried by special technology and crushed into powder. A little dry alfalfa is also added to the diet of animals as a source of protein. This is a good food for an old individual, but when eating only flour, teeth will not grind, which will lead to problems with the oral cavity. Therefore, if, in addition to grass meal, chinchilla cannot be provided with straw, it must be given tree branches.
The advantage of hay over grass meal is also that the animal can be provided with round-the-clock training. Coarse malnutrition hay can be given to animals freely. With the constant availability of feed in the public domain, the chinchilla will not eat more than it needs.
As grain feed, you can give special granules. Quality granules will be green. But this color means a large percentage of alfalfa contained in the granules. The second option is to make the grain mixture yourself. Chinchillas can be given a mixture of whole grains or cereal. Experienced chinchilla growers do not recommend feeding animals with whole grains, because sometimes the grain is stored in poor conditions, and when buying on the market there is no way to determine the quality of the product.
Feeding chinchillas with flakes is safer for animals, since the grain undergoes high-temperature processing in the manufacture of flakes.
To make the mixture fit:
You can also add some pea flakes as a substitute for alfalfa hay.
If it is possible to provide free access to animal hay, then there is a rule regarding concentrates how many times a day you need to feed chinchilla with grain food. Since these are nocturnal animals, they are given a grain mixture once a day at night. The norm for one head is 1 hour. A spoon per day.
Important! Leftover grain feed must be discarded daily.
Norm is approximate. The exact amount is determined experimentally. You can start with a teaspoon with a slide. Animals do not need more grain, but if they do not eat this norm, the amount of grain must be reduced.
Chinchilla is better to underfeed than to overfeed. If there is less hay than necessary, the amount of grain will not be critical.
You can also add seeds, milk thistle and red millet to the grain mixture. But it is better not to give flax. It is believed that flax improves the quality of wool, but it also has a lot of oil. In addition, raw flaxseeds contain hydrocyanic acid.
Vitamin and mineral premixes for fur animals are also added to the grain mixture. Or, vitamins specially designed for chinchillas are added to food. Dosage is usually indicated on the package. In premixes, the dosage is usually given based on the number of grams of premix per kilogram of feed for fur animals, since premixes are intended for use on farms.
This is a separate issue, as the manufacturer often claims pellets as a complete diet for chinchillas. Theoretically, it should be so. The basis of the granules is herbal flour. Also, the composition of the granules should include grain feed and all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the animal. If you managed to find quality pellets, we can assume that the problem with chinchilla food has been resolved.
In this case, in addition to granules, the animals will need only tree branches for grinding teeth. Fruit-berry dressing in this case will serve as a dessert for the animal. Given the fact that chinchillas need to grind their teeth, about 30% of the diet will be tree branches as roughage and goodies. The remaining 70% of the diet will be in granular feed.
Important! You can not believe the assurances of sellers that chinchillas are suitable granules for guinea pigs or rabbits.
The digestive systems of these animals differ from the digestive tract of chinchillas. In addition, “forbidden” sunflower seeds are often added to granules for rabbits. This supplement helps the rabbit gain weight before slaughter. It is clear that the rabbit’s liver condition in this case does not bother anyone.
Hay and grain are the main components in the nutrition of chinchillas. But to fill in the missing elements, animals are given a little bit of dried berries, vegetables and fruits. From berries, rodents can be given:
Norms are very small. Rosehip can be given one berry a day, 1-2 barberries or blueberries. Also, as a top dressing, chinchillas can be given leaves and branches of blueberries.
Important! In no case should you give fresh, juicy food.
Juicy foods lead to digestive upset and diarrhea in chinchillas. Therefore, even carrots, apples and pears are given only dried and not more than one wedges per week.
Also, animals can be given pumpkin and melon seeds. Norm for pumpkin seeds: 1-5 per week for one chinchilla. It is believed that pumpkin seeds can relieve worms.
Strongly impossible! Giving all kinds of nuts and oilseeds.
Chinchillas have a very weak liver, not adapted to the absorption of fatty acids, which are found in abundance in nuts and oilseeds. When feeding these animals with nuts, perhaps they will have a very beautiful skin, but the life span will be reduced from 20 years to 5-6.
Dry herbs and flowers
Also a dietary supplement for chinchillas. Herbs and flowers are also given in dried form. Of the flowers, you can give echinacea and calendula. Dried nettle will be helpful. There is more protein in nettles than in alfalfa and it may well replace alfalfa hay. Nettle can also be given instead of carrots due to the large amount of provitamin A. But one must take into account that nettles have the ability to thicken blood, and in large quantities this herb will adversely affect the health of animals. This is especially true for puppy females. Due to the lack of oxygen, which too thick blood can not supply the placenta, puppies can die in the womb.
Important! In no case should you change the feed sharply.
If necessary, change the feed, a new one is introduced mixing with the old and gradually increasing the proportion of the new product. When buying a chinchilla, it’s best to ask the seller for a week’s feed supply, as the animal may die if the feed changes abruptly.
When being kept in a city apartment, special attention must be paid to this moment. Due to the requirements for water disinfection, liquid directly from the tap is not very suitable for chinchillas. Especially in those regions where water is still disinfected with chlorine. Before giving such water to animals, it must be defended in order to get rid of chlorine compounds. And then boil, removing excess salt.
To prevent chinchillas from polluting the water, it is better to use nipple drinkers. Such drinkers are closed on almost all sides, and to get drunk out of it, you need to move the locking ball.
What you can not give chinchillas
Even if a pet begs for something from the table, one must remember that chinchilla is a herbivore. In nature, they can eat small insects, but this does not mean that they can be fed meat. Therefore, the number of banned goodies for chinchillas includes:
- Any animal protein, including eggs. The exception is milk powder, but also for chinchillas on the farm;
- All dairy products;
- Any flour and bakery products;
- Fresh vegetables;
- Beets, even dry, as it has a laxative effect;
- Any spoiled chinchilla food.
The diet of chinchillas is much stricter than that of humans. She can not any food from the human table.
With a little experience, making a diet for chinchilla is not difficult. The main thing to remember: we give all goodies to animals not for their sake, but for our sake. Wanting to show my love. The animal itself does not need this and will not be offended if its owner does not experiment with various products.
List of what is possible and what is not
If you decide to have a pet and the choice fell on a chinchilla, then in addition to the cage and other household items, it is important to pay attention to the food of the animal. All that you eat yourself, the animal is forbidden to feed.
It is important not to forget: the stomach of a furry creature is different from the human. It is designed to absorb nutrients from a meager variety of wildlife provisions. The health and life expectancy of a pet depends on proper nutrition.
What does a rodent eat in nature?
In the wild, the animal is fed with what he finds. Its diet in the wild includes legume and cereal plants.
With pleasure, the animal uses shoots, shrubs, tree bark and cacti. Such a fluffy baby will not refuse to enjoy greens, nuts and fruits.
How to feed at home?
The main rule: do not forget that the chinchilla is a small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? Feeding such a beast is not more than once a day, preferably during wakeful hours. This rodent is a nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay. The animal eats the amount he needs, and uses the rest as a litter. It is important to supplement the drinker with fresh water daily. Do not neglect treats and top dressing.
How do chinchillas sleep?
What you can: list
The most suitable food for chinchilla is considered to be dry granular food. A 400-gram pack for an adult animal lasts for a month. After opening the package, it is worth pouring its contents into a container, which is tightly closed. So the provisions will retain their properties better. Such a food is useful in that it is similar to the food of a rodent in nature and contains cereals, herbs and vegetables. The positive side of this drug is its hardness. The animal with its help grinds its teeth, which are constantly growing.
It is important to purchase food from one manufacturer. If the feed is changed regularly, the animal is not safe from digestive upsets.
Lures help strengthen the immune system and heart of a furry baby, as well as improve blood circulation. However, additional food is not difficult to collect independently. It will require cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All components are important to add exclusively in dried form.
What is a chinchilla like a pet?
What they love to eat: goodies
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they also benefit. A pet-friendly supplement is easy to prepare on your own. Benefit will bring:
- Corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. A few grains per day will positively affect the well-being of the animal;
- Viburnum. Two berries a week and chinchilla digestion will improve;
- Calamus root. It will help prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect;
- Carrot. The condition of the fur and the heart will improve one circle of the fetus. You should give a treat no more than three times a week;
- Rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the body of the pet. Dosage – 4 things per month;
- Plantain. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is regulated, and it is only necessary to feed two leaves per decade to the chinchilla.
The pet will also like lingonberries and cranberries, hawthorn and currants, apples, blueberries and aronia. It is necessary to feed the rodent with herbal treats: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for the trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
What are chinchillas by nature?
Vitamins and their benefits for the pet
Pills and powders are extremely difficult to feed pussies. Therefore, fortified foods are best chosen in the liquid state. So it is easy to mix in water and the rodent’s diet is significantly enriched.
Make sure that salt and mineral stones are always in the cage of the chinchilla. They will have a beneficial effect on the animal’s body and help him care for constantly growing teeth.
Dry yeast can replenish the supply of protein. They will also contribute to the enrichment of the body of chinchilla with B vitamins. It is important to add them to the food a little.
Pros and cons of keeping chinchillas in an apartment.
Pregnant female menu
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: the expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed, otherwise obesity and health problems can not be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
How to feed chinchilla after childbirth?
What is impossible?
Fluffy rodent is the owner of sensitive digestion. Therefore, it is forbidden to give the following products to him:
- Meat products;
- Bakery baking
- Prepared human food;
- Dairy products;
- Products whose quality and freshness are in doubt;
- Roasted seeds and nuts;
- Raw potatoes, salad leaves and fresh cabbage;
- Sugar-containing foods
- Chips, popcorn, fast food.
These products will not bring any benefit to the pet. They are saturated with fats and extremely high in calories. So the food mentioned does not favorably affect the development and growth of the pet, and even cause obesity. Even if such products were to the taste of chinchillas, then giving them is strictly prohibited.
A person does not like to eat the same food every day. For example, not everyone can eat buckwheat for a week. So why should a pet give in to the same torment? Chinchilla needs a complete and varied diet. The animal will be not only tasty, but also healthy. Do not forget that feeding your pet takes place once a day in the evening, when the animal is awake.
On the first day, the pet should give 15 g of granulate. 5 g of rosehip berries and the same amount of a mixture of corn and sunflower seeds will help to supplement the necessary daily amount of food.
The second day will distinguish 20 g of granular feed and 10 g of dried apple.
The diet of the next day consists of 10 g of food in granules, 1/2 of a walnut kernel and 10 g of a mixture of oatmeal and flax seeds.
There are a lot of menu variations. Use permitted components and daily pleasantly surprise your pet.
A balanced diet is the key to chinchilla health. The appearance of the coat and the life span of the animal also depend on it. Do not neglect this part of pet care.
How to feed chinchilla at home?
A chinchilla is an animal that can fall in love with itself at first sight. One can admire such a tender and soft wool and large expressive eyes, chic mustache, which are in constant motion. But let’s talk about what chinchillas eat.
What do chinchillas eat?
List of foods that can be consumed by chinchilla:
What you can not give chinchillas
List of foods that can not be fed chinchilla:
- Cabbage, beets, potatoes, rye. Poor chinchilla digestion, can lead to fatal consequences.
- Citrus fruits (tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, lemons and various citrus hybrids). Their branches and leaves can cause allergic reactions.
- The branches and leaves of stone fruits contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poison for the animal.
- Branches of coniferous resinous trees. They are also poisonous.
- Food for rats, mice, hamsters. These mixtures have a different composition, individually balanced for other rodents, which are mostly partially carnivorous.
- Unwashed fruits, vegetables, herbs, branches and leaves are forbidden to feed.
- It is impossible to collect fruits, berries, nuts, herbs, greens, branches and leaves on ecologically polluted territory. It is dangerous to feed them with an animal; a pet may become ill.
- Animal protein (meat, dairy products) is contraindicated. Chinchillas are vegetarians.
- Stale hay, alfalfa and other foods for chinchillas can cause various diseases.
- Fresh bread and other baked goods are not suitable for chinchillas. Bread is too heavy for digestion, the composition of other bakery products is unknown and can harm the animal.
- Roasted seeds and nuts are also dangerous, they can cause irreparable harm to the liver.
- Confectionery and sugar are contraindicated for chinchillas, the consequences are difficult to predict.
- Tap water can contain harmful substances or bacteria and can harm the health of the chinchilla.
By the way, do you know if everything is all right if the chinchilla nibbles the cage? Look, this is interesting!
Boiled water is “dead”, it is deprived of useful substances and trace elements, the use of exclusively boiled water can cause their lack in the body of the animal. You can not feed chinchilla for a long time with foods rich in protein, as this can cause poisoning. Excessive fatty foods can damage the liver, and this also applies to fat-soluble vitamins. Excess carbohydrates can cause obesity in the animal.
How to feed chinchilla
As we have already found out, chinchilla feeds exclusively on plants. The diet can be very diverse, and for this there is no need to rack your brains than feed your favorite animal, fortunately, all the components in the chinchilla “menu” are available.
But nevertheless, feeding rules exist, and if you love your animal, you need to know how to properly feed the chinchilla.
Advice from the chinchilla breeder, what should be the composition of the feed:
- Carbohydrates should be approximately 50%;
- Protein – 16-20%;
- Fiber – about 13%;
- Fat – 2-6%
When purchasing a chinchilla, take an interest in what it was fed before. If you decide to feed the animal in a different way, there is no way to feed the same, transfer to another feed gradually. When you first give food unusual for the animal, give a little at first, gradually increasing the portion. If you have diarrhea from a new food, give a little oak bark as a medicine (you can’t drink too much) or a little dry black tea.
Chinchilla breeders feed them compound feed for rabbits and guinea pigs – feed No. 122 or feed No. 90 intended for feeding young rabbits. Finding it for sale is not a problem; it is certified and tested by experienced chinchilla breeders. When purchasing this food, make sure that it is of appropriate quality, with a good shelf life. As previously mentioned, it should be started with small doses, and if there is no disorder, the animal feels well, you can continue to feed this food. By the way, pay attention: there should not be fishmeal in this feed.
The drinker in the cage should be suspended, if the water is in an open container, the chinchilla can splash it, it will be damp in the cage, which is unfavorable for the animal’s health. The feeder can be hanging or in the form of a regular bowl. If the feeder is not suspended, it must be heavy (ceramic or glass), otherwise the animal will turn it over.
Diet at home (table), a list of what can and should not be given to rodents from food
Chinchillas are unusual and quite popular domestic rodents, characterized by excellent health and long life. Nutrition of chinchillas at home is a difficult and very important issue, especially for beginner chinchillovodov. Improper feeding negatively affects the reproductive function, the appearance of expensive fur and the general health of animals, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of furry animals.
Before you start an exotic rodent, you need to thoroughly understand how to feed the chinchilla at home, which foods should form the basis of the animal’s diet, and what you can and cannot treat your beloved pet.
What do chinchillas eat?
In the wild, chinchillas feed on bark, flowers, shrubs, and sparse, low-lying plants in the highlands, which is a natural habitat for South American rodents. The nutritional value of mountain herbs is much higher than the usual hay produced for chinchillas. Therefore, the diet of home chinchilla should be more diverse and balanced than that of wild animals, and include not only carefully selected herbs and hay, but concentrated feed, fruits, berries and vitamin supplements.
The diet of home chinchillas
The diet of pets is as close as possible to the composition and quality of the feed that chinchillas eat in nature, given the need for small rodents in proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Failure to comply with the proportions of nutrients, the norm of vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet of chinchillas is extremely negative for:
- On the growth and formation of the skeleton of a domestic animal;
- As wool;
- Reproductive, digestive, immune and excretory functions of the body.
It is important to maintain the right balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your pet.
Given the inactivity of pets, the amount of feed consumed should be correctly calculated to avoid the development of obesity in cute animals. You can feed chinchilla with a relatively small amount of food, provided that it contains all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and trace elements in the required proportions.
At home, it is necessary to use not only hay and combined feeds that eat chinchillas to feed small animals, but also introduce mandatory additional products: fresh and dried herbs, berries and fruits, twigs, vitamin and mineral dressings.
The balance of fats, proteins and carbohydrates
When compiling a daily diet for chinchillas, it is necessary to take into account the daily need of the animal in proteins, fats, carbohydrates as a percentage, time of year, age and physiological condition of the animal.
Proteins are necessary for fluffy rodents to regenerate cells of all animal organ systems. Chinchillas have a relatively low need for proteins and amino acids, during the day you can give chinchillas about 20% of protein feed, which are responsible for the luster and elasticity of chic fur, it can be alfalfa or hay, oilseeds, milk, legumes, cereals and nuts A lactating or pregnant female should consume additional protein feed of animal origin for the correct formation of organ systems of young and breastfeeding. These include: cottage cheese, meat and bone meal, milk granules, milk, kefir.
Fats in the diet of pets should be kept in a minimum amount, about 4%, they are responsible for the proper development of small chinchillas, the condition of fluffy fur and skin, are a source of energy. To satisfy the need for fats, exotic rodents introduce nuts, oilcake and oilseeds into the diet.
Carbohydrates are a source of energy and the main component in the diet of domestic chinchillas. They account for about 35% of daily feed and 30% of crude fiber, necessary to maintain intestinal motility and toxins. Feeding chinchillas is based on the use of cereal hay, grain, herbs, vegetables and fruits, rich in plant fibers with a low content of protein and fat.
The balance of vitamins and minerals is important for the proper development of the puppy
The balance of vitamins and minerals
In addition to food, pets must necessarily receive vitamin supplements and mineral nutrition. The lack or absence of which negatively affects the formation of the skeleton and muscle tissue of small animals, the quality of the fur and the coordinated work of all systems of rodent organs. Often, vitamin deficiency is the cause of serious pet diseases.
Vitamin A (Carotene)
- Correct formation of tooth and bone tissue;
- Responsible for the work of the organs of vision;
- The immune system;
- The condition of the skin and fur.
A lack of this vitamin in the diet of chinchillas leads to:
- To the deterioration of immunity;
- Hair loss;
- Decreased reproductive function;
- The frequent incidence of domestic rodents.
To supplement vitamin A, you can feed chinchilla:
- Green salad and spinach.
Thiamine, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The formation of body fat;
- Regulate the work of the nervous system, liver;
- In the development of a growing organism;
- As a coat.
The lack of these vitamins leads to:
- To impotence and pathologies of pregnancy;
- Nervous disorders;
- Liver disease.
It is recommended to add to the main feeds that chinchilla eats:
- Germ of oats and wheat;
- Fresh vegetables and fruits;
- Beans, peas, chickpeas;
- Wholemeal flour.
Thick and smooth fur indicator of proper nutrition
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune system;
- Blood coagulation;
- Cell regeneration.
Vitamin deficiency is manifested by a decrease in the resistance of animals to diseases. To ensure the needs of the animal in ascorbic acid, you can give chinchilla:
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
Responsible for the functioning of the immune and reproductive systems. Lack of tocopherol leads to:
- Pathological pregnancy and childbirth;
- Congenital diseases of newborn puppies.
Vitamin E is found in:
Calcium, phosphorus and potassium are involved:
- In metabolism;
- The construction of bone and dental tissue;
- Responsible for the functioning of the immune, protective, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
The lack of minerals is manifested by rickets of young animals and chinchilla diseases.
- Bone flour;
The body of the chinchilla needs sulfur, copper, iron, cobalt, magnesium, zinc, the lack of which is manifested:
- Hair loss and deterioration;
- Nervous disorders;
- Decreased reproductive function.
To meet the needs of trace elements, a rodent can eat:
- Sprouts of wheat and oats;
- Various greens;
Nuts – a source of trace elements
A good option is the use of vitamin supplements and mineral dressings developed for chinchillas taking into account the daily needs of the animal.
Some owners believe that everything that smart rodents eat can not be harmful to the body of chinchillas, and fluffy animals are able to independently determine harmful and useful products. This insidious misconception sometimes results in the death of pets as a result of eating prohibited foods.
How to feed chinchilla: features of feed
Particular attention must be paid to the quality of feed used.
Do not feed chinchilla spoiled foods, wet or moldy hay or grass. Such food causes upset and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, and often the sudden death of a pet as a result of bloating of the stomach or intestines.
If you run out of chinchilla food or special hay, you can feed the animal with berries, vegetables, fruits, independently picked and carefully prepared herbs.
The pet menu should consist of the following main ingredients:
- Basis: concentrated home-made feed or factory-made special food for chinchillas, hay and drinking water.
- Vegetable top dressing is used in dosage: green fresh and dried herbs, berries, fruits, seedlings of wheat and oats.
- Treats are used in minimal quantities to encourage small rodents during training or treating a furry friend: nuts, corn rings, dried fruits.
- Vitamin and mineral nutrition.
- The pet’s cage should have clean water all day, concentrated ready-made food and fresh, quality hay, which is given to healthy animals in unlimited quantities.
Concentrated feeds are the basis of the diet for small rodents, combining high nutritional value with minimal fat and sugar content. Concentrated feed includes legumes and grains, oilseeds. The ideal option is the use in the diet of chinchillas of high-quality finished granulated feed of well-known manufacturers Versele Laga Chinchilla & Degu Pro, Vitakraft Vita Special, Vitakraft Pellet, designed specifically for chinchillas, taking into account the physiological needs of rodents in nutrients. In a month, an adult eats about 1 kg of granular feed.
Granulated chinchillas feed carefully balanced
Granules are prepared according to a carefully verified recipe and contain the required amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, feed is produced taking into account the age and physiological condition of small pets.
When using only purchased or self-made grain mixtures without introducing granular feed, the animals sort out the grains and eat not all the ingredients, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the body of the pet.
Granular feed is recommended to be poured into feeders at the rate of 25-30 g per day per adult. When scattering or throwing food, it is recommended to reduce the number of fed snacks, do not sprinkle a new portion until the previous feed is eaten.
Grain mixtures are a very important component of the diet of domestic chinchillas, saturating the body of animals with vitamins, minerals, fats and proteins. It is recommended that furry pets introduce the following cereals and seeds into their diet:
- Buckwheat – a complex carbohydrate that gives the animal a long saturation, contains iron, protein, B and P vitamins, calcium phosphorus and iodine;
- Wheat – is a source of vegetable proteins and carbohydrates with a low content of fats, trace elements, B vitamins, fiber, stimulating intestinal motility. Eating wheat is important for lactating chinchilla females who need increased care and recovery after childbirth;
- Perlovka – is made from barley, rich in a huge amount of useful macro- and microelements (potassium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, iron, chromium, cobalt) and vitamins A, D, E and group B, necessary for the functioning of the nervous system, maintaining the beauty of chic chinchilla fur and leather;
- Corn – contains the amino acids and vitamins necessary for the rodent body involved in the metabolism of the pet;
- Oats or Hercules – a useful nutritious cereal rich in vitamins A, B, E, amino acids and carbohydrates, helps to remove toxins from the body of rodents, it is recommended for pregnant, lactating females and puppies;
- Flax seed – contains vitamins A, B, E and Omega-3 acid, which is necessary for the reproductive function of pets and maintain the immune system, seed husk is an excellent way to remove toxins from the body;
- Sunflower and pumpkin seeds – rich in fats, protein and vitamins, are used in a minimum amount to prevent pet obesity.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas not with one type of grain, but with a grain mixture. It is allowed to cook cereals from cereals – oat, corn, buckwheat and millet, which are especially useful for feeding young animals.
Before putting hay in a cage – check its quality
For chinchillas, hay is the best, consisting of alfalfa, vetch, clover, legumes contain enough protein, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. Well, the animal eats and grass or grass hay, slightly inferior to bean in nutrition.
Hay should be dark green, uniform, fresh with a pleasant smell, without dust or mildew, do not give the chinchilla wet or damaged grass.
Hay is necessary for rodents to improve intestinal motility to avoid stagnation and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as to prevent the formation of hooks on the teeth. Hay is given to animals in small portions in order to avoid its pollution. If the rodent throws grass along the cage, it is recommended not to give hay for several days.
Using hay as a bedding is highly discouraged, a wet product is dangerous manifestation of intestinal disorders and deaths.
If the hay becomes dirty, wet or dark, immediately remove the spoiled product from the cage. If hay remains in the cage the next day, it is also thrown away.
An alternative is considered independent haymaking with careful selection of herbs. The raven eye, poisonous buttercup, dope, white hellebore can cause the death of a little friend. It is necessary to mow the young grass to the stage of the appearance of spikelets and dry it in a dark, well-ventilated area to avoid moldiness of the product. It is recommended to store the product prepared in a dry place by placing hay in linen bags or cardboard boxes.
At home, chinchillas are drunk from nipple drinkers suspended from the wall of a cage or aviary. Do not pour water into open containers to avoid quick contamination and turning the dishes over.
For fluffy rodents, they use bottled non-carbonated baby water or purified with a charcoal filter; it is highly recommended not to feed small pets with raw tap water to avoid intestinal upsets.
It is recommended that you clean your drinking water once a day. 2 times a week, it is necessary to wash off the mucus from the inner wall of the drinking device, treat the nozzle and the drinking bowl cavity with boiling water.
Plant nutrition is given in very limited quantities, not more than 4-10 g per day. These include dry herbs and leaves, twig feed, dried berries and fruits, cereal seedlings.
Greens are rich in vitamins and minerals.
Green feeds are introduced gradually with a daily dose increase; feeding with herbal supplements has a positive effect on the development of young chinchillas.
Starting in spring, you can treat small pets with a small amount of well-dried green herbs, rich in vitamins and minerals. As a green bait use:
- Dandelion grass;
- Horse sorrel;
- Crow’s feet;
- The tops of carrots;
- Leaves of strawberries, strawberries and raspberries.
Dill should not be fed to small pets, dill or fennel seeds are excellently used for bloating the intestines or stomach in chinchillas.
It is very helpful to feed rodents with sprouts of barley or wheat rich in vitamin E.
Sprouted grain is given to pregnant females daily for the safe course of pregnancy and the correct development of the young.
Dry leaves are a source of fiber in chinchilla diets
Tree branches and leaves
Branch feed must be present in the diet of furry pets. It is necessary for proper grinding of teeth and a source of vitamins and minerals, dried leaves of trees are also readily eaten by exotic rodents. For chinchillas, the branches of the following trees are harvested.
Not all tree branches can be given to chinchillas
Birch branches contain vitamins, carbohydrates and volatile, dried young leaves are a source of vitamin C.
The fruits of the oak branch have an astringent effect, are a highly nutritious food.
It is advisable to feed chinchillas with nutritious willow branches cut in winter.
For food, bark, leaves and young shoots are used, which can be given to animals all year round.
Chinchillas are happy to enjoy pine needles and berries of a healthy shrub.
Pine branches are cleaned of resin before feeding to pets, rodents willingly regale themselves with pine cones.
Bark and branches of fruit trees
Pears, apple trees, sea buckthorn are also actively used as a branch feed.
It is forbidden to use branches of apricot, almond, elderberry and bird cherry containing toxic substances for pets for feeding chinchillas.
Berries, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
Juicy foods are a source of vitamins, minerals and fiber, necessary for the smooth functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Chinchillas willingly eat tasty fruits, the owners need to accurately dose the feed in order to avoid the development of allergies and intestinal disorders.
Chinchilla berries are strictly dosed.
Pets are treated in a dosage:
- Fresh apples and pears;
- Jerusalem artichoke;
- Wild strawberries.
It is forbidden to feed small animals with fresh cabbage, persimmons, beets, oranges, fresh cucumbers. Also, rodents cannot eat food from the human table: cheese, smoked meats, honey, sweets, bread.
Dried fruits contain a lot of sugar in a small piece of the product, so it is recommended to use them no more than 1 time per week in minimal quantities. Chinchillas can be treated to:
- Dried apricots;
- Dried apples.
Nuts contain a lot of protein and fat, so they can feed a small pet in crushed form in an amount of not more than 2 pieces per week. Chinchillas are given untreated:
Pine nuts and apricot kernels are not recommended for feeding a pet.
Vitamins for Chinchillas
Chinchillas need vitamin supplements regardless of the presence of vitamin feed in her diet. Finished granular feed contains vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the daily norm of the rodent when using ready-made feed can be halved.
- Multi Tabs
- Canina Petvital N 200;
- Vitamin Cal.
Vitamin supplements are available in the form of solutions, tablets or powders. Liquid preparations can be dripped on the animal’s favorite treats, the tablet form is hidden in a twist, pieces of dried fruit are crushed in powders.
As a treat, you can use what chinchillas like to eat most of all: dried fruits, nuts, berries, fruits, hercules, sunflower seeds and pumpkins. You can treat the animal with a scanty amount and monitor the reaction. With the manifestation of intestinal disorders or hair loss, it is worthwhile to cancel a delicious food.
Overfeeding the rodent with delicacies leads to obesity in the pet.
Chinchilla feeding with chips, crackers and other junk food is unacceptable
How you can and cannot feed chinchilla
Inexperienced chinchillovods often make stupid mistakes, treating their favorite animals with pine nuts, chips or tangerines. As a result, absolutely bald animals with severe allergies are brought to the veterinarians, sometimes nutritional errors cause the death of the pet. Chinchilla can be given granular feed, hay and water. All other products must be strictly dosed. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the list of products that can or cannot be used to feed your little friend.
Table of allowed and prohibited products
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