Molar Pruning – Diagnosis Of Dental Diseases In Chinchillas



A very serious illness requiring immediate treatment. Stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation, which causes tissue death and is characterized by rupture or blockage of cerebral vessels. The main symptoms of a stroke are convulsions, impaired coordination, vomiting, falling sideways, salivation, loss of smell, paralysis of the limbs. Stroke in chinchillas occurs due to:

  • Stress and increased psycho-emotional background;
  • Injuries to the head or spine;
  • Toxic poisoning;
  • A sharp change in temperature;
  • Improper maintenance and feeding;
  • Vitamin B deficiency
  • Unproductive treatment of other diseases;
  • Exposure to sharp irritants (sounds).

At home, chinchillas die from a stroke, unless urgent measures are taken under the supervision of a veterinarian!

How is acquired dental disease syndrome diagnosed?

In a chinchilla, a complex of dental diseases can develop, it is called the syndrome of acquired dental disease. Incorrect tooth erasure during eating can lead to this. Such a disease cannot be congenital or genetically determined. Moreover, it affects molars much more often than incisors, but not only teeth, but also jaw bones, and the mucous membrane of the mouth, and tooth roots can be damaged.

How to determine that a pet has dental problems?

Sometimes a dental disease is hard to notice right away. In order not to miss the onset of the problem and recognize it as early as possible, you need to closely monitor the health and appearance of the chinchilla.

These changes will help the owner know that his animal needs dental treatment:

  • The saliva separation at the chinchilla is enhanced, it is easy to notice by wet and sticky hair near the mouth;
  • The pet loses its appetite and refuses food;
  • Dramatically reduces the weight of the pet;
  • Chinchilla may refuse not all food, but its specific species, most likely, the animal will not eat hay;
  • When examining the teeth, a noticeable strong regrowth of the incisors is noticeable;
  • Swollen gums are often observed;
  • Violations of the stool in a pet, up to its complete absence.

Dental disease in a chinchilla is dangerous because its symptoms often appear already in the last stages of the disease, therefore it is extremely important not only to be attentive to the pet, but also to take measures to prevent the development of this disease. The sign of refusal to eat is the most serious, and when it occurs, the pet should be urgently shown to the veterinarian – this can be a symptom of not only a tooth disease, but also problems with the digestive organs, liver.

This diagnosis can only be made by a veterinarian based on several studies. If a dental disease is suspected, the doctor conducts an external examination of the chinchilla’s oral cavity, in which damage to the mucous membrane, even ulcers, as well as elongated crowns of the molars are often found. Chinchilla is a small animal, so for convenience the veterinarian uses gas anesthesia.

To confirm the diagnosis, methods are used:

  • X-ray
  • Tomography of the bones of the skull of the animal;
  • Videostomatoscopy.
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Only on the basis of all the data obtained, the veterinarian can diagnose “acquired dental disease” and prescribe the procedure for cutting molars as a treatment.

Overheating (heat stroke)

Also a deadly disease for chinchilla. These animals are very susceptible to high temperatures, as they have very dense coat and do not have sweat glands. Comfortable temperature for chinchillas is 18 ° С, and extremely high temperature is 24 ° С.

Symptoms of overheating in chinchillas:

  1. Lethargy.
  2. Chinchilla falls sideways.
  3. Seizures.
  4. Cramps.

Symptoms of overheating should be immediately controlled under the supervision of a veterinarian, otherwise overheating can lead to death.

Fecal softening and diarrhea

Chinchilla diarrhea is a fairly serious disease, but at the same time easy to treat. Symptoms are also very simple and clear:

  1. Chinchilla is sluggish (not in all cases).
  2. Boluses (feces) are softened or liquid, have a smell.
  3. Refusal of food.
  4. Dehydration (rare urination).

The causes of diarrhea are of food origin, bacterial, parasitic, protozoal and less stressful. Diarrhea can be the result of a sharp change in food or the introduction of new components into the diet of a chinchilla, eating fresh products (for example, unsaturated apples), chinchilla, and the ingestion of irritating food to the intestinal mucosa. You need to treat diarrhea in consultation with a specialist.

Tooth cutting

Such a serious operation should be carried out only in the conditions of a veterinary hospital and only by a special doctor – in this case, it is forbidden to agree to the cutting of molars in an animal’s house. The procedure is carried out in the operating room, in which there are members of the clinic staff, so there are no pet owners in the operations.

For anesthesia, local gas anesthesia is used, sometimes intramuscular injections are used. The operation is performed using special devices, due to which the risk of damaging the mucous membrane of the oral cavity or tongue is minimized.


Flatulence is a very serious chinchilla disease, characterized by an accumulation of gas in the abdomen, accompanied by bloating and pain. Chinchillas are doubly distressed by bloating because they do not have the ability to release gases.

  1. The beast is inactive, lethargic.
  2. Chinchilla is breathing heavily (this can also be a symptom of other diseases).
  3. Refuses food.
  4. The abdomen becomes round and firm.
  5. The animal reacts painfully to touching the stomach.

Finally and fairly accurately, you can determine the swelling by making an x-ray, but not everyone has such an opportunity. Bloating is extremely dangerous for animals. If symptoms are detected, treatment should be started immediately under the supervision of a veterinarian!


Constipation is not an independent disease. It can be caused by gastrointestinal infections, bloating, lack of water, a sharp change in feed, inactivity of the chinchilla and many other reasons.

  1. The number of boluses has decreased.
  2. The boluses are small.
  3. There are no boluses at all.
  4. Chinchilla is inactive, listless.
  5. The beast refuses food.

This disease is also dangerous for chinchilla and requires timely diagnosis and treatment.

Foreign body stuck in the throat

A piece of hay, feed, twig, or a treat that you gave the animal may be stuck in the chinchilla’s throat.

  1. Salivation.
  2. Vomiting or urging for her.
  3. Yena and mucus from the nose.
  4. Sneezing.
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Treating chinchillas on your own can be detrimental to your beast. It is important not to confuse a foreign body stuck with poisoning, as the symptoms are very similar. Take the animal to the vet!


A cold in a chinchilla begins due to hypothermia, being in a draft, is characterized by such symptoms:

  1. Cough.
  2. Sneezing.
  3. Runny nose (wet nostrils).
  4. Sluggish state.
  5. Watery eyes.

It is not worth treating a chinchilla runny nose and other symptoms at home, it is necessary for the doctor to confirm that the chinchilla really has a cold, and not bloating or anything else. If there is a suspicion of pneumonia, an X-ray should be taken immediately and treated strictly under the supervision of a physician.

Tooth hooks

Hooks on teeth can deprive the animal of the ability to eat food, respectively – to live.

Symptoms by which you may suspect something is wrong with the teeth:

  1. Selects small pieces / crumbs.
  2. Crumbles food.
  3. The jaw is not completely closed.
  4. Rubbing and “brushing” the muzzle.
  5. Salivation.
  6. Small boluses.

Hooks can be diagnosed at home, but this procedure is not safe for the animal, so it is highly recommended to consult a specialist.

Chinchilla Eye Disease

  1. Cataract – manifested by clouding of the lens. Most often in older chinchillas. Partially lost the vision of the beast, and in the absence of timely treatment, vision may disappear completely. This disease is treated quite simply, but only on the condition of a timely trip to the veterinary clinic.
  2. Corneal inflammation – this disease manifests itself as a result of the ingestion of microparticles of the filler, sand, dust and other things into the eye. It is treated very simply with the use of antiseptic ophthalmic drugs. But, again, we want to focus on the fact that it is not recommended to engage in self-medication.
  3. Inflammatory eye diseases – most often it is a conjunctivitis. Inflammatory diseases can develop due to colds and viral diseases. Often accompanied by the release of pus from the eyes. They require instant treatment prescribed strictly by a specialist.
  4. Colds – if you encounter this problem, then we will not limit ourselves to discharge from the eye. These symptoms will include coughing, nasal mucus, sneezing, and more.
  5. It is also important to note that the cause of tearing from the eye of the animal can be problems with the teeth – overgrown tooth roots, this problem can only occur in chinchillas older than two years.

The main symptoms of all eye diseases are: the depressed general condition of the beast, the chinchilla gets sour eyes, festering or becomes wet (tears), in special cases a white film appears on the eye.

Hair ring

This problem is a ring on the penis of a male from his coat or from the coat of a female (if they live in a pair). Often males monitor the state of their “dignity”, but it also happens that even they fail to clean everything clean, and a hair ring begins to form. Also, a frequent reason for its appearance is mating with a female, subsequently which the female’s hair accumulates under the male’s foreskin. Having seen this problem, it is difficult not to recognize it. The penis does not stick back under the foreskin, a tumor is visible on it, it has an unhealthy color.

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In order to get rid of the hair ring, you should show the chinchilla to the veterinarian and entrust him with this important task. Remember: ignoring this problem can be fatal, since the male’s penis is not only a reproductive organ, but also an organ necessary for urination.

Lichen (fungus)

Chinchillas are deprived against the background of stress, decreased immunity, high humidity, lack of vitamins, unsanitary conditions or contact with infected individuals. How to recognize a fungus:

  1. Focal skin lesions.
  2. Breakage or complete hair loss in the affected areas.
  3. Dry skin, peeling.
  4. A dense crust forms in the lesions.
  5. Purulent discharge may appear.
Molar Pruning - Diagnosis Of Dental Diseases In Chinchillas

You can diagnose lichen in veterinary clinics using a Voodoo lamp (but not all types of lichen are detected, ignore trichophytosis fungus), or after passing tests (a piece of scales).

Uterine prolapse

A deadly disease, requires immediate attention to a specialized clinic. As soon as you notice a prolapse of the uterus, do the following:

  1. Go quickly to the doctor with a chinchilla (this is required).
  2. On the road, constantly treat the uterus with a chlorhexidine solution. He will not allow the uterus to dry out and disinfect it.

Most often, uterine prolapse occurs due to childbirth.

Prolapse of the rectum can be observed in both females and males, it can be the result of prolonged constipation or diarrhea. We do not recommend to engage in amateur care. It is necessary to take the animal to a specialist to reposition the rectum. Procrastination can result in necrosis of this area of ​​the intestine and the death of a chinchilla.

Parasites in chinchillas

Chinchillas can also become infected with worms or protozoa. The most common methods of infection are:

  1. Unsanitary conditions.
  2. Through human hands.
  3. Contact with a sick animal.
  4. With infected hay, water, food.

Symptoms of worms in chinchillas:

  1. Violation of the digestive tract.
  2. Dull fur.
  3. The sharp smell of boluses.
  4. Sudden weight loss.
  5. Lethargy, apathy.
  6. Stopping or slow weight gain in a young chinchilla.

Note the normal physiological parameters of chinchillas

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