- How to understand that a chinchilla is sick
- Chinchilla Infectious Diseases
- Chinchilla parasitic diseases
- Chinchillas non-communicable diseases
- Gastrointestinal diseases
- Respiratory system diseases
- Diseases of the genitourinary system and mammary glands
- Dental pathology
- Diseases of the eyes and ears
- Feeding a sick chinchilla
- Preventative measures
Domestic chinchillas inherited good health from their wild relatives living in a cool mountain climate. At home, chinchillas diseases often arise when the optimal microclimate and proper nutrition of funny pets are violated. The organism of unusual rodents is characterized by an increased metabolism, therefore pathologies of chinchillas are characterized by a rapid course, development of complications and death of the animal in the absence of timely therapeutic measures.
How to understand that a chinchilla is sick
An attentive owner can guess that the chinchilla fell ill due to a change in the usual behavior of his beloved animal and external signs of the manifestation of pathology.
A healthy rodent has:
- Good appetite;
- High activity and adequate response to the weasels of the owner;
- Shiny, dry eyes
- Clean nose;
- The ears are clean, without scabs and dirt;
- Bright orange straight teeth;
- Shiny even thick fur;
- The stable weight of adults is 450 – 650 g, depending on the breed and gender;
- Oblong rounded droppings;
- Pure genitals.
In appearance, the animal immediately shows that something is wrong with him
You can understand that your favorite animal feels bad by the characteristic symptoms:
- Lethargy, apathy;
- The animal refuses food and water;
- Eyes moist, swollen, lacrimation observed;
- The ears are red, hot, on the skin of the auricle peeling, scabies, dark discharge;
- Mucous discharge or dried crusts in the nose;
- Sneezing, coughing, wheezing, panting;
- Mouth ajar, profuse salivation, vomiting;
- Loss of hair, the formation of extensive areas of baldness, wetting of wool, trimmed fur;
- Urine with blood discharge;
- Eczema on the skin, corns on the feet;
If hygiene is not observed in the cell, corns can occur
IMPORTANT. In case of any change in behavior, refusal of food or manifestation of external signs of animal diseases, it is urgent to consult a veterinarian. Losing time and self-medication can cause chinchilla death or infection of family members!
Owners of domestic rodents need to know what can be infected from chinchillas, diseases dangerous for humans: lymphocytic choriomeningitis, listeriosis, rabies, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, trichophytosis and microsporia.
Chinchilla Infectious Diseases
Chinchillas become infected with infectious diseases even at home with good care and maintenance through:
- Contaminated feed, water and filler;
- Bites of blood-sucking and arachnid insects;
- Contact with sick animals.
Fluffy animals most often get paratyphoid, listeriosis, tuberculosis, pseudotuberculosis, streptococcosis.
Such pathologies are characterized by a severe course and often fatal outcome.
Treatment of infectious diseases of chinchillas is carried out only by a veterinarian after a comprehensive examination of a furry animal, clarifying the diagnosis and finding out the cause of the disease. Many pathologies require the appointment of specific drugs or euthanasia of an infected animal.
Domestic chinchillas become infected with tuberculosis when they use infected cow’s milk or through contact with sick animals. The causative agent of the disease is tubercle bacillus. Pathology is very dangerous for humans. In fluffy pets, the pulmonary form is most often found, less often – intestinal. The disease ends with the death of the animal.
A sick chinchilla has:
- Refusal of food;
- Hard breath;
- Weight loss.
The diagnosis is confirmed by tuberculinization. Infected pets are euthanized. Chinchillas in contact with an infectious rodent are quarantined.
Infectious disease, which is most often infected by pregnant females and newborn puppies when eating animal feed obtained from sick animals. The causative agent of pathology is listerella. The disease is very dangerous for humans.
In sick chinchillas noted:
- Refusal of feed;
- Impaired coordination;
- Mummification of the fetus.
Sick rodents are destroyed. For chinchillas in contact with an infectious animal, quarantine is established.
Ringworm is caused by pathogenic microscopic fungi. The name of the pathology combines two diseases – trichophytosis and microsporia. Infection of domestic chinchillas occurs through contact with infected dogs, cats, and humans. The disease is characterized by the formation of large, round, hairless areas with eczematous skin lesions. In the absence of timely treatment, a rapid baldness of the domestic rodent occurs. Weakened animals and young animals may die. The disease is very dangerous for humans. The diagnosis is confirmed in a veterinary clinic with a microscopic examination of skin scraping. Treatment is based on the use of fungicidal drugs.
The manifestation of lichen in chinchilla
Chinchilla parasitic diseases
In home chinchillas, ectoparasites are most often observed – lice, lice-eaters and ticks, worms and coccidia. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases must be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian.
- Severe itching and soreness in the chinchilla;
- Domestic rodent often itches, gnaws fur;
- Numerous combs and inflamed wounds form on the skin;
- Loss of wool occurs.
Diseases are dangerous due to the development of anemia and death. The treatment is based on the use of special antiparasitic collars for cats or dwarf dogs.
Worms in chinchillas parasitize in the internal organs: intestines, kidneys, liver, lungs. The migration of larvae is accompanied by inflammatory processes in the affected organs. Worms produce toxins that cause a rapid emaciation and intoxication of a pet. Most often, lamblia and cryptosporidia are found in domestic rodents.
A sick chinchilla has:
- Weight loss;
- Detection of parasites in the feces.
Treatment is based on the use of antiparasitic drugs.
Chinchillas are infected with coccidiosis through feed, filler, water, contact with sick animals. The causative agent of the disease is coccidia.
Pathology is characterized by:
- Destruction of the mucous membrane of the small intestine of the animal;
- The patient rodent observed lethargy;
- Weight loss, diarrhea, constipation, bloating of the stomach and intestines;
- Cramps, paralysis of the limbs, often fatal.
The diagnosis is confirmed when pathogen eggs are found in the feces of chinchillas. Sick pets are treated with sulfa drugs.
Chinchillas non-communicable diseases
Non-contagious diseases in chinchillas occur when the feeding and keeping conditions are violated.
How are chinchillas sick through the fault of inexperienced owners? In domestic rodents, the most common are:
- Pathology of the teeth of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and respiratory systems;
- Skin and catarrhal diseases;
It is recommended to treat chinchilla under the supervision of a veterinarian, preferably an experienced rodentologist.
A cold in chinchillas occurs as a result of keeping animals in a draft or when the temperature in the room drops below 15 degrees. The disease manifests itself:
- Refusal of food;
- Sneezing and coughing;
- Discharge from the nose;
- An increase in body temperature.
A body temperature above 39 C is deadly for chinchillas, therefore, at the first symptoms of the disease, it is urgent to call a veterinarian.
During treatment, a course of antibacterial drugs, most often Baytril, and symptomatic drugs is prescribed.
A common cold in chinchillas can quickly flow into an acute form
Chinchillas react very emotionally to a change of scenery, loud sounds, the annoying attention of pets and children, the careless attitude of the owner, the seating of a new partner.
Sometimes fright can cause the sudden death of an exotic animal.
Under stress, the animal:
- Listless and depressed;
- Nibbles its tail;
- There is a refusal of food and hair loss.
Under stress, it is necessary to place the frightened animal in a separate cage, create a quiet comfortable environment, treat your favorite treat and give time to calm down.
The optimal conditions for keeping domestic chinchillas is the air temperature in the room 18-20 degrees with humidity not exceeding 60%. Air temperatures above 25 degrees are disastrous for small pets. During thermal shock, animals are in a depressed state, breathe heavily, refuse to feed, and often there is a mass death of exotic animals. When overheating, it is necessary to place the pet in a cool room, excluding the possibility of finding animals in the drafts. For resuscitation of the animal, drugs that support cardiovascular and respiratory activity are used.
Keeping several animals in one cage is often accompanied by fights and various injuries. It is enough to treat scratches and minor skin lesions at home with a solution of hydrogen peroxide and Levomekol anti-inflammatory ointment.
If the chinchilla has fallen from a high shelf, or the chinchilla has broken the back or front foot, an expert should be consulted immediately. Closed fractures are successfully treated by applying a splint to a damaged limb so that the bones can heal together correctly. After removing the tire, slight lameness or lack of mobility of the fingers is allowed.
Do not try to treat fractures yourself; a chinchilla can nibble off an injured leg
Self-treatment of fractures is highly discouraged. If the tire is improperly applied, the animal will gnaw at the harassing paw. Open fractures of the extremities are an indication for amputation of the legs using anesthesia and suturing, followed by postoperative wound treatment.
If the tip of the tail comes off in the chinchilla while carelessly pulling the pet out of the cage, it is necessary to stop the bleeding and treat the wound with a solution of hydrogen peroxide. In case of severe damage, it is urgent to contact a veterinary clinic for tail amputation with suturing.
Often, chinchillas get a fracture of the spine, the result of trauma can be damage to the spinal cord, paralysis of the limbs and scoliosis. The diagnosis is confirmed by a comprehensive examination using x-rays and MRI.
In violation of the integrity of the spinal cord, the animal cannot be cured.
In steel cases, chinchilla is prescribed post-traumatic treatment, most often the consequences of the injury remain for life.
Chinchillas are very susceptible to gastrointestinal diseases. The slightest non-compliance with the recommendations of experts on the proper nutrition of chinchillas can lead to the following pathologies.
Bloating of the stomach and intestines in chinchillas in the absence of appropriate treatment can cause the rapid death of a furry pet. Flatulence occurs when chinchilla eating gas-forming feeds – fresh cabbage, herbs, spoiled feed or wet hay.
The pathology is characterized by depression, refusal of food and water, the animal breathes heavily, the stomach is tense. Treatment involves a starvation diet, the use of carminatives, massage of the abdomen.
Gastrointestinal diseases very often occur due to malnutrition
Constipation is a deadly pathology for chinchillas, causing a rupture of the intestinal wall and the death of a pet.
- With the immobility of a furry animal;
- Eating predominantly concentrated feed;
- Lack of water;
- Stress and Infectious Diseases.
With constipation, rodent:
- Sits in a hunched position;
- Makes groans;
- Refuses food;
- There are no bowel movements;
- A clogged intestine can be felt through the stomach.
It is recommended that the pet drink vegetable oil, make it move, make a cleansing enema, feed fruit or herbs.
- With infectious diseases;
- Helminthic infestations;
- Consuming moldy feed or poor quality water.
- Rapid liquid fetid stool, sometimes mixed with mucus and blood;
- The animal is lethargic, refuses food and water.
For treatment, herbal decoctions, antibacterial and sulfacylamide preparations are used.
Prolapse of the rectum in chinchillas is caused by gastroenteritis or prolonged constipation. Treatment of pathology consists in the reduction of the intestine treated with paraffin oil and massage of the abdomen.
Rectal prolapse in chinchilla
Inflammation of the stomach and intestines in chinchillas develops with a sharp change in nutrition, the use of moldy feed, hay and poor-quality water.
- Refusal of feed;
- Stool softening.
For sick animals, a therapeutic diet is indicated.
Respiratory system diseases
Rhinitis in chinchillas occurs when keeping animals in a draft or dusty room.
A sick animal often:
- Sneezes, rubs muzzle with paws;
- Often sleeps, breathes heavily;
- Mucous discharge from the nose and accumulation of white discharge in the corners of the eyes are observed.
- Draft exclusion;
- Wet cleaning;
- Feeding your pet foods high in vitamin C;
- Eye wash with a solution of boric acid;
- Soldering rosehip syrup.
Inflammation of the lungs develops with infectious diseases, complications of the common cold and in newborn puppies. The disease is deadly for chinchillas.
With pneumonia observed:
- Panting with wheezing and whistling;
- Cough, lethargy, depression, refusal to feed.
Treatment is carried out with antibacterial and symptomatic drugs as prescribed by a veterinarian.
Diseases of the genitourinary system and mammary glands
Uterine inflammation in females is manifested by swelling and brown color of the vagina, as well as purulent discharge from the loop. For the treatment of pathology, a course of antibacterial drugs is simultaneously prescribed to the male and female.
The hair rings around the penis in males are formed from wool when mating or insufficient animal hygiene. Squeezing the urinary canal ring can cause the death of a pet. Treatment consists of cutting the hair rings with scissors, followed by treatment with the petroleum jelly at the point of transmission.
Chinchilla hair ring
Inflammation of the mammary glands occurs when the nipples are damaged or milk stagnates in lactating females.
- Weakness and refusal to eat;
- An increase in general and local body temperature;
- The mammary glands are swollen, rough red or blue.
Treatment involves the use of antibacterial drugs and anti-inflammatory ointments, abscesses are opened surgically.
Pathology is most often observed in males, the development of the pathological process contributes to the inactivity and nutrition of dry food. A sick animal worries, refuses food, urine is red. The diagnosis is made on the basis of a laboratory study of urine analysis and ultrasonographic examination. Antibiotic treatment is indicated for sand and small kidney stones; large stones are removed surgically.
Inflammation of the bladder occurs when the chinchilla is kept in a draft or the room temperature drops below 15 ° C. With pathology, frequent urge to urinate with the release of small portions of red urine is observed. Treatment is based on the use of sulfonamide and diuretic drugs.
An incorrect bite in chinchillas arises from improper feeding or is inherited.
With dental pathology observed:
- Sorting feed;
- Emaciation and loss of appetite;
- Eating only soft food.
Treatment is carried out in a veterinary clinic under general anesthesia.
It looks like the right bite of a chinchilla
Malocclusion in chinchillas develops in the absence of coarse feed and mineral stones in the diet of the animal, metabolic disorders in the body, and hereditary transmission. Pathology is characterized by the formation of sharp edges on the teeth and malocclusion.
- Throws food;
- Refuses food;
- There is an incomplete closure of the jaws;
- Wet hair around the mouth;
- Weight loss.
In case of problems with teeth, wool gets wet, the animal looks extremely messy
Treatment consists in cutting teeth by a specialist in a veterinary clinic under general anesthesia.
Diseases of the eyes and ears
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes in chinchillas occurs with infectious diseases, colds, injuries, or inadequate care. Chinchilla has swelling and redness of the eyelids, adhesion of the palpebral fissure with the formation of dried purulent crusts, mucous and purulent outflows from the eyes. Treatment includes rinsing the eyes with antiseptic solutions and laying antibacterial ointments per eyelid.
Chinchilla eye inflammation
Otitis in chinchillas develops with infectious diseases, keeping pets in drafts or in a cold room.
- Sluggish, tilts his head to the side;
- Rubs his ear against the cell wall;
- It scratches the ears with paws;
- The auricles are reddened, purulent discharge is observed.
The treatment of the disease consists in taking antibacterial drugs under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Veterinarian examining chinchilla ears
Feeding a sick chinchilla
Refusal from food and drink is observed in many diseases, but the loss of fluid and weight is deadly for small pets. The owner is advised to drink the animal with isotonic solutions and feed it with soft puree food from the syringe. A prerequisite is the inclusion of vitamins for chinchillas and rosehip syrup, which increases the body’s defenses of a sick chinchilla.
Most chinchillas diseases arise in violation of the rules of care, therefore, the prevention of diseases of furry rodents is the appropriate conditions for feeding and keeping pets:
- Daily cleaning of the cage or aviary, washing the feeders and drinking bowls, hay filler and hay, disinfection of the cage and all accessories 2 times a week;
- High-quality feed, fresh dry hay, carefully selected berries and fruits, the right proportions of concentrated and succulent feed;
- Special bottled or filtered fresh water in sufficient quantities;
- Mineral stones and twig feed for proper grinding of teeth;
- Tunnels, stairs, shelves, houses to provide the necessary daily physical activity;
- The air temperature in the room is 18-20 degrees and humidity is not higher than 60%, exclusion of drafts, direct sunlight on the cell;
- Daily communication with the pet;
- Timely detection of diseases and treatment of pathologies under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Vaccination protects pets from most fungal and bacterial diseases. Chinchillas need to be vaccinated from 3 months of age. The vaccine is administered in two stages, the first injection provokes the manifestation of hidden pathologies, after two weeks the second injection of the drug is administered, aimed at cleansing the blood of pathogenic bacteria and parasites.
In the future, furry animals need to be vaccinated every 2 years.
Love and carefully watch your chinchillas, a caring owner will definitely notice lethargy, refusal of food or the outward manifestation of diseases in a small pet. Timely contacting a veterinarian can save a furry animal from serious complications and death, as well as prevent infection of the family with dangerous infectious diseases.
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