- The branches of which trees can be given to chinchilla?
- Leaves of trees for chinchillas, herbs
- Chinchilla diet
- Chinchillas – we prepare ourselves
The branches of which trees can be given to chinchilla?
It is important to provide chinchillas with a varied diet with the addition of greenery and young shoots of trees. But not all branches can become food for the rodent: it is better to understand the features of feeding the stems in advance. Many trees and bushes can adversely affect the health of the pet.
Recommendations for the preparation of feed from the branches
First you need to understand the need for introducing branches into the diet.
The twigs can be used by animals as toys, which perfectly affects the behavioral factor, activity and sociability.
Rules for harvesting branches yourself:
- Feed collection is required in areas that comply with environmental standards, and routes, industrial sites and busy areas are best avoided.
- It is best to pick a branch when the leaves are in the growing season. This is the most optimal period for obtaining feed saturated with nutrients.
- Stems should not have fungi, lichens and traces of other diseases and pests.
- Before harvesting, the shoots are washed well in warm, and then cold water, then the young branches are dried.
- Storage space is selected with a minimum percentage of humidity.
- The rod does not need to be cleaned of bark, because it is it that contains a large amount of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
What branches are allowed to feed chinchilla?
Constantly, on a daily basis, introducing bushes and trees into the diet is not a good idea, but you can safely diversify food with such tree branches by adding it to the diet along with other types of food:
- Hawthorn. It is necessary to properly prepare food – remove foliage and thorns. Enough of several branches twice a week.
- Viburnum. You can feed two stalks once a week.
- Gooseberry. Shrubs are cleared of thorns, after which they are added to food 3 pieces every 7 days.
- Raspberries. You need to get rid of any elements that can be harmful. The animal can be escaped no more than once every 14 days.
- Sea buckthorn and mountain ash. Pre-harvest all the foliage, and you can give the animals a couple of times a week on the stalk.
- Currant. It is allowed to take three branches and distribute them in a weekly ration.
- Mulberry. One shoot of a tree can be given to a pet once every 7 days.
- Birch tree. It is fed the same way as an alder. The stems of the tree are distinguished by a large number of vitamins and minerals. Particularly pleased with the large number of volatile – substances with antimicrobial action. The animals that are contained in the cells often suffer from a lack of this element. The content of ascorbic acid in young foliage allows you to fill the need for this vitamin. Also, greens are rich in substances that favorably affect the processes of life. All year round, you can supply your beloved pet with such a useful delicacy, but you do not need to overdo it, because a large volume of leaves negatively affects the work of the kidneys.
- Juniper. Rodents love both the coniferous component of the tree and berries, which contain a large number of sugars having bactericidal properties.
- Pine. The branches are saturated with starch, various kinds of vitamins and a small amount of fat and iron. The last element is part of hemoglobin and favorably affects the metabolism of the animal. Also, the rods have spicy substances that determine the good appetite of pets. Needles are the record holder for ascorbic acid capacity (the result is 6 times higher than citrus fruits). It is necessary to feed animals only with young spring stems, cleared of resin. Coniferous seeds are allowed to be added to the rodent meal all year long.
- Willow. It is enough to give one twig once every 14 days.
- Elm. It is allowed to feed the stalk every 3 days.
- Pear, willow. You can use 2 shoots as a maximum 3 times a week as feed. Both woods are valuable foods that chinchillas love. All year round you can please your pet with such a treat. The most nutritious rods torn off in the cold season.
- Linden. It has no restrictions on feeding, it can always be next to the beast.
- Hazel. Twice a week, you can delight a furry animal with a sprig of walnut.
- Aspen. One shoot will be enough several times a week. You can use any part of the tree as an additive to the main diet. Harvesting is best done in winter, when the maximum amount of fat and protein.
- Alder. It is an excellent prevention of diarrhea. 1 twig for 7 days will relieve an unpleasant intestinal disease.
- Oak. The fruits and rods of the tree evoke the interest of fur animals throughout the year. The tannins in the composition help to cope with diarrhea, but it is not recommended to give an abundance of the plant to the chinchilla, as this can cause constipation.
- Poplar. Nutrition is very high, it is many times higher than many feeds, but for rodents such a tree is completely unattractive.
What branches can not be fed chinchillas?
There are a large number of plants approved by veterinarians and zoologists. They can be safely fed to your beloved pet, because healthy feeds can improve your health. But there is a list of trees and shrubs that should not be given to chinchillas.
Forbidden products include all types of conifers due to resins (spruce, fir, juniper, tsuga, unprocessed pine and its seeds) and citrus fruits (orange, lemon, lime). Many fruit trees are prohibited for chinchillas: apricot, plum, cherry, cherry, peach, plum, nectarine.
You can not give the furry animal lilac, bird cherry, elderberry, chestnut. The rodent will have to be limited in teak, walnut, fig, sandalwood, pistachio, myrtle, mesquite, and mahogany wood. Not suitable for eating laurel and eucalyptus, holly and hydrangea, gledichiya and melia, buckthorn and black lotus.
It is forbidden to introduce stone fruits into the pet’s diet.
Any parts of pitted fruit trees should not be given to rodents. The fact is that in their composition there is a cyanide compound, and after its cleavage, hydrocyanic acid appears in the body.
Many cases of guinea pig poisoning with this substance have been found.
Zoologists also share information that toxins are located in the cortex itself, which can cause irreparable harm to the body until death.
The green component of the rodent’s nutrition should not exceed a quarter in the daily diet. You need to teach young animals to grass and twigs gradually, it is recommended to feed food in dried form to prevent diarrhea.
The nutrition of young individuals requires maximum attention. Green and juicy foods should not be introduced into the diet of babies under the age of 1.5 months. But if the calves were weaned and in good health, then they can be given a few leaves, they will not cause harm. When the puppy is 6 weeks old, you can gradually begin to introduce juicy and green foods.
If you have information about the allowed and prohibited green feeds, then you can prepare the rods yourself. Such products can diversify the pet’s diet for the whole year.
Leaves of trees for chinchillas, herbs
Among the tree species, various parts of which can be fed chinchillas, the following can be distinguished.
Birch tree. Its leaves and branches are rich in vitamins, sugars. They contain many volatile, substances with antimicrobial properties. Animals that are bred in captivity usually lack them, especially young animals.
In young birch leaves there is a lot of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), in the kidneys – vegetable fats and other valuable substances.
In the leaves, substances were found that stimulate the vital processes of animal organisms, resembling in their composition similar substances of ginseng. Birch branches and leaves collected in summer and winter can be fed to chinchillas throughout the year.
Oak. Acorns and oak branches attract the attention of chinchillas throughout the year. They are very nutritious. In addition, they are useful for indigestion of animals (diarrhea) because They contain tannins. But in constant and large quantities can cause constipation.
Willow. Different types of willows are a valuable feed product readily eaten by chinchillas. Leaves and branches are fed to animals all year round. The most nutritious branches are cut during the winter.
Aspen. Leaves, bark and young shoots of aspen can serve as an addition to chinchilla food in all seasons. They need to be harvested in winter, since during this period they have much more fat and protein.
Juniper. The needles and berries of this small tree are a useful and attractive food for chinchilla. Berries contain up to 40% of sugars, they have bactericidal properties.
Pine. In the needles of this tree about 3% fat, up to 20% starch. In addition, it contains a significant amount of iron, an element that is part of the hemoglobin of blood, found special bitter-smelling substances that stimulate appetite in animals.
Pine needles are known for their high vitamin content. Especially much in the needles of vitamin C – ascorbic acid is six times more than in lemons or oranges. The animals are fed primarily spring young shoots. Chinchilla pine seeds are readily eaten throughout the year.
Branches should be clean of resin.
Poplar. By nutrition, poplar leaves are superior to the best fodder herbs and are an excellent fodder. However, chinchillas eat them badly.
In addition to the above plants, animals consume leaves, shoots and bark of pear, apple, linden, hazel, blackberry, raspberry, sea buckthorn, etc.
(S.V. Romanov-Ilyinsky. "Chinchilla")
As a branch feed, you can not feed branches of apricot, rosemary, elderberry, wolf bast (wolfberry), buckthorn, almond, poison sumac, bird cherry, as they contain toxic substances.
When giving branches of oak and alder, it should be borne in mind that they contain a lot of tannins (tannin), so it is advisable to feed them to animals as a fixing agent for digestive disorders.
Large amounts of birch branches can lead to kidney inflammation.
(SP Bondarenko. “Diseases of fur animals.”) Green feeds – grass and leaves of trees – should be no more than a quarter of the daily diet of chinchillas (it is recommended to train 1 blade of grass a day, and preferably in dried form, because it calls digestive disorders, diarrhea).
Particular attention when feeding requires young animals.
Until the cubs reach the age of 1.5 months, in their diet Not recommended include green and succulent food, although a healthy piece of green taken from their parents will not bring harm to healthy children. From the age of six weeks, cubs begin to eat green feed, which is introduced gradually into the diet and gradually increase the serving.
Tea. Chinchillas are very fond of dry tea leaves. You can give green tea, and black, and mate, but always natural, without artificial flavors.
Remember also that tea contains tannins, which have firming properties. Therefore, give a serving of tea no more than 1/3 teaspoon no more than three times a week.
It is good to combine tea leaves and dry petals of Sudanese roses ("hibiscus"), which have a mild laxative effect.
Rosehip and wrinkled rose buds – 4-5 pcs.
Strawberry and strawberry leaves – a few each.
Dried Berries and Fruits.
Dogrose – unlimited. – peel and give only the peel, and tear out the seeds and clean! Many cases of gum injury with spikes of seeds! If you notice tears that the chinchilla refuses to eat – most often it is gum disease (stomatitis). Treat the gum with ointment. Metrogil dent.
Blueberries – several berries per day, because Dried berries have firming properties.
Raisins – 1 pc. Once a week, during the recovery period or to nursing and pregnant females. – sweet dried fruits – FORBIDDEN in the daily diet! Cause insulin shock to someone!
Drying apples – 1p in d. – useful vitamin C.
Chinchillas are very fond of oatmeal, which has high palatability and is a source of B vitamins.
All the chinchillas I know about Hercules are ready to sell their homeland, but you can give it only 1 teaspoon per day.
Hercules must be absolutely clean, dry and crumbly, without impurities and impurities, without mold, etc. Even better if it is a mixture of several cereals in the form of flakes.
Germinated grains of cereal plants.
Germinated grain is very useful for animals, especially young animals. In winter and early spring you can give germinated grain at the rate of 10 – 15% of the daily norm. For this, oats or barley are poured with water and kept in a warm room for 24 to 48 hours. Swollen and moistened grain is scattered on shelves in a bright room and fed it a few days later when sprouts appear.
Plants only in dried form, preferably Besides roots:
Cabbage – causes gas formation.
Carrots – Recommended Dried
Dill – in doubt, it has a diuretic effect and, in principle, is useless (but many give it from bloating, as it is recommended even for babies)
Pepper – just like cabbage causes gas formation
Beetroot – although useful, but weakens, so it’s also not necessary
Cucumbers are harmless, but not every beast will eat this actually water vegetable
Bananas are too sweet, not recommended
Pears – if moderately sweet, then dried (dried – cause diarrhea)
Grapes, raisins – very sweet, but you can give raisins to a female or sick animal
Sunflower seeds and walnut are a killing for the liver.
Do not get carried away with dried apricots and prunes – they are sweet and very weak
Better give dried apples.
Persimmon – contains a lot of iodine. Since in the treatment of rodents they try to avoid iodine-containing drugs, it is better not to give it. It is also sweet and astringent, it can be constipated
Tea rose petals – it is possible, but only grown by hand. Shelves can not be given, because they are processed in a bunch of chemistry.
As a treat you can give: dried carrots and apples (a small dried slice), rose hips, hawthorn, alfalfa rings, without yeast bread (also a small slice), occasionally 1 zest (pregnant and lactating female), 1 pumpkin seed (prevention from worms ),
Dried grass: nettle leaf, dandelion, plantain, clover, alfalfa
Dry branches / leaves: apple trees, pears, currants, mountain ash, raspberries
Tree branches are recommended, the fruits of which are seedless, for example: apple tree, birch, willow, etc. The branches are ideal for treats and for brushing teeth (must be constantly in the cage)
List of toxic wood species not suitable for chinchillas
Almonds, white and white acacia, black lotus dalbergia, black wood, maple, ash leaf, buckthorn, cashew, Western cedar of cherry, shtanmelia, Iranian citrus wood: lemon, orange, grapefruit, etc.
Cypress wood of ebony (ebony) wood elderberry eucalyptus fir, elginkgo (Chinese) tsuga (American coniferous tree) padubledia sweet hydrangea (tree-like) juniper noble red mahogany tree, freshly smoked reddish hue pine cones pistachio tree sandalwood sandalwood teakwood teak wood evesina walnut fig derevaplachuschaya
Branches stone fruit of trees chinchillas are not allowed in any case.
The toxicologist writes that you can not give branches, bones, leaves, bark of trees belonging to the genus Prunus: cherries, cherries, plums, apricots, peaches, nectarines.
They contain amygdalin glycoside (a cyanide compound), the product of the breakdown of which in the body is hydrocyanic acid. There are many recorded cases of fatal poisoning.
On the other hand, there is information that the bark itself and the juice in the cambium (the layer immediately following the bark) are dangerous in the branches of the same cherry, which contain all toxic elements
Chinchillas are herbivores, so no animal products should be given to them.
The main diet should consist of granular chinchillas and grain mixes.
Every evening, you need to give 1.5-2 tbsp. Spoons of the main granular feed and once every 2-3 days (preferably in the morning) – one tablespoon (for an adult chinchilla) of a grain mixture. There should be constant water in the drinker! Water needs to be changed every day or every other day. Hay should be in constant access.
You can give chinchilla goodies (for a week):
one. 3-4 rose hips
2. 2 fruits of Chokeberry
3. 3 fruits of hawthorn
four. 1 pumpkin seed (prevention of worms, but not recommended for pregnant females)
One slice of fresh apple (small, and better for constipation)
6. One slice of dry apple.
7. Slice of dried carrots
eight. ½ plates of diet bread (wheat or oat)
For one day, choose one or more goodies from the list and treat your pet. In no case do not give a lot of goodies at once – this can adversely affect the health of your pet (constipation, diarrhea, bloating). Chinchillas love sweets very much and know how to beg for them, please use goodies wisely!
You can give dry leaves: nettles (not recommended for pregnant women), mulberries, apple trees, dandelions, plantain (for diarrhea), birch (good for immunostimulation), acacia, alfalfa (give very little, there may be diarrhea), clover, hawthorn (along with color) , tea rose or rosehip petals, leaves and flowers of wild strawberry, calendula color, linden color, acacia color, dandelion color.
You can also give tree branches (apple, pear, willow, birch, poplar, mulberry).
Do not give chinchillas branches and fruits of stone fruits (they contain hydrocyanic acid).
In the diet of the chinchilla, there should be no seeds and nuts – they are harmful to animals.
For toothbrushing put a special stone in the cage for grinding teeth, you can put another mineral stone and hang a salt stone.
It is possible to put in a cage a cut-rodent of an apple tree or a birch.
You can also give once a week calcium vitamins (for example, in a veterinary pharmacy – "Calcium-Di" on 12 tab. 1 weekly).
Very useful for chinchillas: Echinacea herb (immunostimulant, supports the body’s defenses – you can give 1 pinch per week), dandelion root (improves appetite), nettle (for weight gain and immunomodulation), chicory herb (for appetite).
All herbs and twigs should be washed and dried, or at least well dried. It is necessary to collect everything away from the tracks and carriageways in order to avoid poisoning with heavy metals and harmful impurities.
Please carefully read the above recommendations for eating chinchillas. Follow them strictly – your pets will thank you with excellent health, good health and active physical fitness!
Chinchillas – we prepare ourselves
Spring has come, snow has come, the trees begin to come to life
It’s time to prepare for your chinchillas flies. Doing this is easy on your own.
Take a garden pruner. It is convenient to cut branches until the leaves have blossomed and the juice only begins to move along the trunks and branches. Recall which trees and shrubs are suitable for chinchillas. From those growing in the Urals – apple tree, willow, willow, alder, raspberry, birch.
Stone fruit (plum, cherry) and resinous conifers (pine, spruce) are not suitable for food.
We select chinchillas for food live branches only (not dry, not moldy, not contaminated). Take raspberry stalks only those that are without thorns, otherwise chinchilla sticks can damage the oral cavity.
We cut tree branches into segments about 5 cm long. We recommend cutting non-thick sticks, with a diameter of not more than 1 cm. Thicker sticks are harder to cut and dry. In addition, thin chinchilla sticks are eaten completely, and only bark is eaten from thick sticks.
C, with the oven door slightly open, takes 1.5 hours. We ted the sticks in the drying process every half hour, check that they do not start to burn, we select the best mode of air flow.
Some models electric stoves have an oven heating mode of 50 – 70 degrees C and a ventilation mode.
In this temperature range, the wood dries better and does not burn. The drying process in an electric stove takes longer than in a gas stove, 7 – 9 hours depending on the temperature.
Wood pulp is an important nutritional element of chinchillas, which must be constantly in their diet. In the wild, animals eat dry roots and branches. Of course, it is possible to procure chinchilla branch food at any time of the year if necessary, but it is most convenient in spring and autumn when there is no foliage. Your chinchillas will be full, healthy and will thank you!
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