- Pregnant female menu
- How to feed at home?
- Harmful chinchilla branches
- What foods can not be fed chinchillas?
Pregnant female menu
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: the expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed, otherwise obesity and health problems can not be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
How to feed at home?
The main rule: do not forget that the chinchilla is a small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? Feeding such a beast is not more than once a day, preferably during wakeful hours. This rodent is a nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay.
Eating chinchillas at home is very different from the diet of their wild relatives. At first glance it seems that everything is the same: dry grass, dried (fallen) berries, grains of cereal plants. In fact, domestic chinchilla eats other plants with a different chemical composition, and this creates additional difficulties in compiling a complete diet.
Chinchillas have a very long intestine, in which the decomposition and absorption of fiber occurs. For normal digestion, animals need a lot of roughage. And the coarser the hay, the better. A chinchilla needs 20 to 30 g of hay per day, but it must be a top-quality product.
Important! Care must be taken to monitor the quality of hay.
Mold or the smell of mycelium coming from hay is unacceptable. Yellow hay means that it gets exposed to rain when dried. This means that such hay can be infected with mold. Gray and black hay is unsuitable for chinchillas. It is better not to bring dusting hay even into the house so as not to get infected with aspergillosis, since in fact dust is mold spores.
High-quality hay should be green and have a pleasant smell. If hay is not available, it can be partially replaced with grass meal. It is alfalfa dried by special technology and crushed into powder. A little dry alfalfa is also added to the diet of animals as a source of protein.
The advantage of hay over grass meal is also that the animal can be provided with round-the-clock training. Coarse malnutrition hay can be given to animals freely. With the constant availability of feed in the public domain, the chinchilla will not eat more than it needs.
As grain feed, you can give special granules. Quality granules will be green. But this color means a large percentage of alfalfa contained in the granules. The second option is to make the grain mixture yourself. Chinchillas can be given a mixture of whole grains or cereal. Experienced chinchilla growers do not recommend feeding animals with whole grains, because sometimes the grain is stored in poor conditions, and when buying on the market there is no way to determine the quality of the product.
Feeding chinchillas with flakes is safer for animals, since the grain undergoes high-temperature processing in the manufacture of flakes.
To make the mixture fit:
You can also add some pea flakes as a substitute for alfalfa hay.
If it is possible to provide free access to animal hay, then there is a rule regarding concentrates how many times a day you need to feed chinchilla with grain food. Since these are nocturnal animals, they are given a grain mixture once a day at night. The norm for one head is 1 hour. A spoon per day.
Important! Leftover grain feed must be discarded daily.
Norm is approximate. The exact amount is determined experimentally. You can start with a teaspoon with a slide. Animals do not need more grain, but if they do not eat this norm, the amount of grain must be reduced.
Chinchilla is better to underfeed than to overfeed. If there is less hay than necessary, the amount of grain will not be critical.
You can also add seeds, milk thistle and red millet to the grain mixture. But it is better not to give flax. It is believed that flax improves the quality of wool, but it also has a lot of oil. In addition, raw flaxseeds contain hydrocyanic acid.
Vitamin and mineral premixes for fur animals are also added to the grain mixture. Or, vitamins specially designed for chinchillas are added to food. Dosage is usually indicated on the package. In premixes, the dosage is usually given based on the number of grams of premix per kilogram of feed for fur animals, since premixes are intended for use on farms.
This is a separate issue, as the manufacturer often claims pellets as a complete diet for chinchillas. Theoretically, it should be so. The basis of the granules is herbal flour. Also, the composition of the granules should include grain feed and all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the animal. If you managed to find quality pellets, we can assume that the problem with chinchilla food has been resolved.
In this case, in addition to granules, the animals will need only tree branches for grinding teeth. Fruit-berry dressing in this case will serve as a dessert for the animal. Given the fact that chinchillas need to grind their teeth, about 30% of the diet will be tree branches as roughage and goodies. The remaining 70% of the diet will be in granular feed.
Important! You can not believe the assurances of sellers that chinchillas are suitable granules for guinea pigs or rabbits.
The digestive systems of these animals differ from the digestive tract of chinchillas. In addition, “forbidden” sunflower seeds are often added to granules for rabbits. This supplement helps the rabbit gain weight before slaughter. It is clear that the rabbit’s liver condition in this case does not bother anyone.
Hay and grain are the main components in the nutrition of chinchillas. But to fill in the missing elements, animals are given a little bit of dried berries, vegetables and fruits. From berries, rodents can be given:
Norms are very small. Rosehip can be given one berry a day, 1-2 barberries or blueberries. Also, as a top dressing, chinchillas can be given leaves and branches of blueberries.
Important! In no case should you give fresh, juicy food.
Juicy foods lead to digestive upset and diarrhea in chinchillas. Therefore, even carrots, apples and pears are given only dried and not more than one wedges per week.
Also, animals can be given pumpkin and melon seeds. Norm for pumpkin seeds: 1-5 per week for one chinchilla. It is believed that pumpkin seeds can relieve worms.
Strongly impossible! Giving all kinds of nuts and oilseeds.
Chinchillas have a very weak liver, not adapted to the absorption of fatty acids, which are found in abundance in nuts and oilseeds. When feeding these animals with nuts, perhaps they will have a very beautiful skin, but the life span will be reduced from 20 years to 5-6.
The animal that lives in your home, eats rough dry and succulent feeds, nutritious mixtures, needs vitamin supplements and goodies.
The food is rough and juicy
Juicy foods include fruits, vegetables, herbs and twigs of shrubs and trees. They are saturated with useful trace elements, vitamins, organic substances.
Throughout the year, branches, snags, rods of various shrubs and tree species are available. Eating solid pieces of wood, animals will grind constantly growing incisors.
Of vegetables, chinchillas can be offered tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, carrots, pumpkin, salad, zucchini.
From fruits they prefer pears, apples, melon, berries, bananas, grapes, from dried fruits – apples, plums, raisins, hawthorn, dried apricots, cherries, barberries and rose hips. Large-sized fruits are preferably cut into small pieces.
From greenery it is worth giving clover, tops of carrots, peas, dandelion.
Treats must be offered systematically. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry, 2-3 times a week, other sweets – fruits, dried fruits.
Vegetables should be fed in moderation – a small piece 1-2 times a week, along with the main feed. Due to sensitive digestion, chinchillas cannot eat vegetables and fruits in large quantities.
After the introduction of a new type of food, one should carefully monitor the reaction of the animal’s body. Digestion is possible, then succulent food should be discarded. If the pet feels well, then the food is right for him.
The food is dry and rough
This food includes hay. It is the most important component of the diet of the animal and saturates the body with the necessary fiber.
Dried grass helps food move in the intestines, preventing it from stagnating, causing fermentation. Hay is also a rich source of trace elements, vitamins, fiber, protein.
Harmful chinchilla branches
Veterinarians and zoologists identify many types of plants that can be given to rodents to improve health. However, there are varieties that are absolutely impossible for chinchillas. Among them:
- All species of conifers;
- Citrus trees;
- Apricot, plum, cherry;
- Wood of any kind with resinous wood;
- Lilac, buckthorn;
- Bird cherry, elderberry, maple.
Knowing exactly what chinchillas eat, you can independently prepare for them a varied green menu and often the joy of a pet with a new treat that will bring only benefit.
What foods can not be fed chinchillas?
Due to the sensitive digestion of chinchillas, they should not be given the following foods:
- Food from the general table (salty, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked);
- Meat and meat products;
- Bakery products and pastries (bread, pastries);
- Flour (pasta, noodles);
- Potatoes, fresh white cabbage, lettuce;
- Sweets (cookies, chocolate, sugar, sweets, other confectionery);
- Roasted nuts, seeds, grains;
- Dairy products;
- Fast food, chips, popcorn;
- Stale and spoiled products.
The list does not contain absolutely any useful substances for the proper growth and development of a rodent. The listed foods are high in calories and fatty, as a result of which the pet may develop obesity.
This will adversely affect the mobility of the animal, its ability to reproduce, and life expectancy.
Perhaps, the animal will not die from just eating, but the systematic eating of such delicacies will lead to serious health problems for the chinchilla.
Contents Recommendations for the preparation of feed from the branches Rules for self-harvesting branches What branches to give chinchillas Harmful…
Contents Raw Material Harvesting Rules What branches can be given to chinchillas Harmful chinchilla branches The diet of rodents should be diverse, so…
Tree leaves . Birch tree. Its leaves and branches are rich in vitamins, sugars. They contain many volatile, substances with antimicrobial properties….
Since so much can be written here, I am copying another entry. Just as described there, I feed my beast. Among the tree species, various parts of which…
Contents What kind of trees can chinchilla What trees can be given to chinchillas What branches can chinchillas What branches should not be given to…