- Prohibited Products
- Foods that can be given in limited quantities
- Allowed Products
- Some features of the diet
- Goodies for your pet
- Daily routine and feeding schedule
- Coarse and juicy food
- The food is dry and rough
- Nutrient Mixtures
- What should not be given to furry animals
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
A small, furry animal is able to conquer the heart of every person. Moreover, sellers persuade the future owner, telling how chinchilla unpretentious, omnivorous, affectionate. What is, cannot be taken away. This is a charming creature, sweet and gentle. However, you need to think about how to feed the chinchilla long before you bring the fluffy home.
Food for this animal. the most important pleasure of life. He is ready to give anything for food. But it is impossible to feed everyone in a row. However, looking at how much energy this creature has, the owner himself is ready to switch to chinchilla food.
Some features of the diet
Speaking about how to feed a chinchilla, you need to remember that there are a number of rules that you must follow. First of all, in a bowl there should always be a grain mixture or ready-made food for these rodents in the amount of 2-3 tablespoons. If your pet throws food, selects only individual seeds, then reduce servings. Do not forget that the bowl should always have fresh water, as well as soft hay.
A regular chinchilla eats 100 g of hay per week and drinks 100 g of water. This is a large and mobile animal, whose needs are appropriate. If you are considering what to feed the chinchilla, immediately make it your duty to harvest enough aromatic hay. Chinchilla loves to steal it. Prepare some twigs near the cage and do the cleaning. Surely the animal can not resist the temptation to drag a twig out of the general heap and, running to the side, sit down to gnaw it.
Goodies for your pet
Speaking about how you can feed chinchilla other than food, you must definitely say about various delicious dietary supplements. As always, pretty little by little. But these animals have a surprisingly well-developed sense of proportion. They themselves will not eat more than they should. Ripe bananas are very fond of chinchillas, it is also useful to treat pets with corn and flax seeds. In summer, you can bring plantain, nettle and dandelion leaves to your pet every day.
Dried fruits are very good for dessert. It can be an apple, carrot or pear (pre-dried). One or two times a week, you can give one berry of raisins. Chinchilla. vegetarian, remember this when picking up a treat. The whole diet consists only of natural products.
Daily routine and feeding schedule
Speaking about how to feed the chinchilla, it is necessary to recall the periods of its maximum activity. This is a nocturnal animal, so with the onset of the evening you can put a bowl of food in a cage. This will solve two problems at once: as soon as the animal sees that the bowl is already in the cage, he himself will run into place, and no additional effort will be required. However, to see that a chinchilla eagerly pounced on food, has to be infrequent. Usually she will eat one grain and run to jump around the cage, then return to the cup and again in a circle.
Do not forget that for the well-being of chinchillas, dietary stability is important. If you want to introduce a new feed into it, then this process should take no less than a week. It is always necessary to keep mineral and salt stone in the cage. The animal will gnaw them as necessary. Now we will consider in more detail how to feed chinchilla at home.
Coarse and juicy food
This is the main source of trace elements and vitamins. Juicy foods include fresh herbs and tree branches, vegetables and fruits. Organic substances important for the growth and development of your pet will be a great addition. In the autumn, the chinchilla will gladly eat up root vegetables, it can be carrots, celery, parsley. Of the fruits, apples are very useful for these rodents, and of dried fruits. prunes, apples, rose hips, barberries. It is very good if you have the opportunity to collect meadow herbs, it can be alfalfa, garden leaves, spinach, chicory and raspberries. It is better not to give other plants, since it is very difficult to foresee the reaction. No cabbage should be given, any varieties of it cause bloating.
In order for fluffy animals to grind their teeth and at the same time regale themselves with goodies, it is better to use twigs of apple and pear, willow and acacia, birch and oak. It is these feeds that help provide the body with tannins and biologically active compounds that improve metabolism.
The food is dry and rough
Speaking about how to feed chinchilla at home, it should be noted that she will need hay in any case, no matter how balanced the diet looks. Best of all, if you work on it yourself. To do this, you will have to spend quite a bit of time getting out into the nature, walking in the meadows and cutting tender grass. Upon returning home, it must be laid out in the shade and dried well. Good quality hay has a green color and a pleasant aroma. Brown, wet, moldy hay cannot be used even for bedding. The animal can try it on the tooth.
The mixture should contain 20% protein and 5% fat. Feed must be enriched with vitamins and minerals. Therefore, it is very convenient to buy mixtures that are manufactured. it’s much easier to take into account all the features of your pet’s body than to feed various foods to the chinchilla at home and hope that the result is a balanced diet. Granular grain mix is very convenient to feed. the animal will not choose one of the varieties of seeds that he liked the most, but will eat it all.
It may happen, but do not panic. your pet will not stay hungry. Now we will consider how to feed chinchilla at home. You will need to make a mixture yourself, which will contain 20% oats, 20% wheat, 10% buckwheat, 10% barley, 7% peas, 55% crushed corn, 8% flax seed, wheat bran. 10%, dried nettle or alfalfa. In addition, the mixture must be necessarily enriched with special vitamin preparations. This can be Poltamix L or Poltamix F. Additionally, the mixture is enriched with ground calcium and methonine. The result is an excellent nutritional formula.
However, there is one difficulty: in contrast to the nutritional granules, in which all the components are thoroughly mixed, here each grain is separated from the other. Your pet does not know that his food should be balanced, which means that he will choose only what he likes. As a result, the chinchilla will quickly shake out its favorite seeds from the feeder and again beg for food. This violates the necessary balance.
What should not be given to furry animals
Not all of what you have in the kitchen is suitable for your animal. Let’s talk in more detail about how to feed the chinchilla is possible, and not what. First of all, everything baked must be excluded. Note that the animals are very fast, they can get into the kitchen and take away cookies or candy. Chinchillas should not be given cabbage, cauliflower, red beets, persimmons, peppers. These foods cause intestinal diseases and disorders. There are poisonous herbs that should not get into your pet’s cage. This is a bindweed and buttercup, euphorbia and raven eye, melilot, lily of the valley, henbane and more. Do not forget that an excess of fresh vegetables and fruits can harm the delicate digestive system of chinchillas. It is better to give dried fruits in small quantities.
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