Chinchilla is a pure phytophage, that is, it feeds on plants alone. Moreover, all of their parts are edible for them – from roots to fruits. Only not all of them are equally useful and necessary for him. And if wild animals harmful and dangerous food for them pass around, then domestic animals will not. They have lost this instinct. However, like people who, instead of not eating sweet and salty, lean on buns and smoked meats. As a result, the duration and quality of life of both chinchillas and people are sharply reduced.
Let’s regret, if not ourselves, then at least our pets and we will not pamper them. And for this it is necessary to arm yourself with knowledge and understand the basic principles specific to their nutrition.
The basis of any feed is its good quality. That is, it cannot be
Do not harvest green food in contaminated places:
- By the side of the road
- In industrial areas,
- In fields that have undergone chemical treatment from pests.
You can feed only washed and dried vegetables, fruits and herbs. Green leaves should be withered. Do not feed wet greens, only dry.
It is necessary to accustom to new, especially green forages gradually. After each increase in serving size, observe your pets.
Follow the feeding schedule.
- One time.
- Late evening.
Evening feeding is explained by the fact that these animals are active at night. This is described in detail in the article (Farm 27, “Chinchilla at home”).
In the morning you can feed only when everything yesterday is eaten. The main evening feed should be filled only in an empty and clean feeder.
Chinchillas are designed for adverse ascetic living conditions. They have a very long intestine, designed to get the most out of scarce food, which they still have to run to. This happens in nature. Therefore, by creating such conditions close to natural conditions, you will save your pet from premature death. And for this, it is necessary to spoil it less, feeding all sorts of sweets.
The nutrition structure of chinchillas should be formed as follows:
- Granulate, main feed – 70%,
- Feeding – 20%,
- Goodies – 10%.
Pour an open pack into a sealed container. So it will not erode.
This food is granular. In its composition, it corresponds to the nutrition of chinchillas living on the peaks of the South American Andes. Easy to digest, since it contains ballast having a low nutrient content. For one feeding, one tablespoon of food is enough for one animal.
Moreover, it is solid. It is important. Since when eating it, chinchillas grind, constantly growing teeth.
Granules are made from herbs, vegetables, cereals and enriched with vitamins and minerals. It should not contain proteins, fats or carbohydrates.
Try to buy the same feed all the time. If you change them, then accustom yourself to new ones gradually (at least a week). Otherwise, chinchilla digestion may be upset.
There must be hay in the cage or display case in which your pets live. A special Sennica is set for him. They put it a little, but change it daily. Contaminated hay should be removed immediately.
Signs of good hay:
- Not bad.
- No mold.
- Light green color.
- It smells good.
The best hay for chinchillas is bean grass hay
It is useful due to the presence of a large amount of calcium, phosphorus and digestible protein. It is necessary to mow it when buds appear or at the initial stage of flowering.
In the absence of hay from legumes, you can use cereal. That is cooked
- From Timothy
- Fescue meadow,
- Meadowgrass meadow,
- Hedgehog team.
But in its nutritional properties, it is inferior to bean.
Forbs are also useful. Especially if it consists of legumes, cereal grasses with a small admixture of bird buckwheat, meadow goat-breeder. Only it should be prepared before the first flowering of these herbs. Late herbs do not have the beneficial qualities that are characteristic of the early ones.
When harvesting hay, avoid the following herbs:
In general, all poisonous plants.
He drinks a little chinchilla too. For drinking, you need to use filtered or bottled, but not carbonated or mineral water. Its temperature is 18-20 degrees.
This is additional nutrition. Its amount in the total diet of a chinchilla should not exceed twenty percent. If the weight of the animal begins to increase, then it means that you overdo it with complementary foods.
For example, Beaphar Care complementary foods, while meeting the nutritional needs of chinchillas, are low in sugar, moisture, and fat. It is enriched with vitamins, amino acids, minerals. It contains polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6, which strengthen the heart and improve blood circulation. In addition, this complementary foods strengthens the immune system, which increases resistance to disease. It reduces unpleasant fecal odor.
You can pick up food yourself. It consists
- From cereals (you can take oatmeal)
- From dried berries, plantain leaves, roots,
- From apples, carrots, Jerusalem artichoke, rose hips.
All this must be necessarily in a dry form and in very small quantities. Since much of this is at the same time a treat for them and not very useful for them.
There are also goodies. You can collect them yourself, make stocks of them. And constantly delight your chinchilla. The following is helpful.
- Viburnum. Improves digestion. You can give one thing no more than twice a week.
- Corn. Contains potassium, calcium, magnesium. Dosage – no more than three grains per day.
- Carrot. It is good for the heart, improves appetite and the condition of the fur. Dosage – one circle no more than three times a week.
- The roots of calamus. Antispasmodic. Dosage – no more than one centimeter of the root once a week.
- Karkade. Protects the liver, improves metabolism. Dosage – once a week, no more than one teaspoon.
- Clover meadow. Anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial agent. Dosage – once a week, no more than two pieces.
- Leaves of plantain. Regulates the digestive tract. Dosage – twice a week, one leaf of medium size.
- Chicory. Soothing, diuretic. Dosage – once a week, one flower or stem.
- Weeping willow. A lot of vitamin C. Supports the immune system. Dosage – once a week in one medium sprig.
- Rosehip. Restorative agent. Dosage – once a week, one at a time.
In addition, berries and fruits can be given
- Blue honeysuckle
- Apple slices
Of herbal plants, it’s good to use
- Blooming Sally,
- Nettle and mint (not allowed for pregnant women),
Oak must not be given. He fastens strongly. If only with diarrhea in small quantities. The pear also fastens. Therefore, it is given with caution.
Chinchilla eats and nibbles everything, even these forbidden foods. Therefore, your task is that they do not get to it. Otherwise, her life will be greatly reduced.
Here is a list of these products. And he is not yet complete.
- Purchased Goodies
- Cereal sticks
- Dried fruits,
- Fruit mixes
Everything that contains sugar, honey, artificial additives. Since these products complicate the work of the intestines. Cause constipation and diarrhea
All this leads to strong fermentation in the intestines. And, as a result, to diarrhea and bloating, which can cause dare chinchillas.
They lead to baldness of chinchillas, and their branches are toxic to them.
- Seeds and nuts. A blow to the liver, as it is too fatty food for chinchillas. It would seem that nothing happened once, but the fat accumulates gradually until the liver is obese and the fur begins to climb. Then it’s too late.
- Mushrooms. The protein contained in them is dangerous for the intestines of chinchillas.
- Human food. Our food contains a lot of artificial additives. Including sugar, in large quantities salt, yeast, fats. This is all and is not useful to us, not to mention the chinchilla.
Therefore, if you love your animal, then do not give him forbidden products. Do not overfeed it. Let him actively run around the cage in search of food, and not having fed up lies in the corner. Feed him correctly and then your sweet and funny chinchilla will live a long and happy life.
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