- General recommendations for feeding chinchillas
- What do chinchillas prefer from food?
- Vitamins and micronutrients in the nutrition of home chinchilla
- What is forbidden to feed chinchilla at home?
- Proper Chinchilla Diet
The healthy and long life of a pet depends on what it eats. And when a fluffy rodent appears in the house, first of all, you need to find out what chinchillas eat at home and how to ensure proper nutrition for a new family member.
General recommendations for feeding chinchillas
When compiling a menu for a pet, one should take into account the physiological characteristics of chinchillas. All herbivores have a sensitive digestive system. They have a long intestine, and their stomach digests plant fiber for a long time, which is necessary for normal life.
Vegetables, fruits and greens for chinchilla nutrition should be fresh, without rotten and moldy parts. Grass needs to be collected in areas remote from highways. All fruits, berries, vegetables, greens must be thoroughly washed and dried. They are not given often. Young individuals who have not tried green foods, they are introduced into the diet gradually, watching the reaction from the gastrointestinal tract. Feeding occurs at approximately the same time. Before each meal, the food bowl is cleaned of food debris, washed and wiped dry.
What do chinchillas prefer from food?
Healthy animals have a shiny coat and are playful. Chinchillas are herbivores, their diet is diverse, but also requires knowledge of some features.
The rodent’s menu is represented by plant foods and includes in the wild tree bark, cereals, herbs, small fruits, moss, plant shoots. At home, the menu for your pet is the owner. Here is a list of what chinchilla eats at home, but much of this is possible in very limited quantities:
- Goose cinquefoil ("crow’s feet");
- Dandelion leaves;
- A tomato;
- An Apple;
- Dried apricots;
- Bluegrass meadow;
- Wheat and others
This list can be continued and supplemented. But already from this list it is clear that chinchillas love fruits, herbs, vegetables, berries, herbs, cereals.
Home Chinchilla Diet and Feeding Time
Chinchillas, like most other rodents. animals whose wakefulness falls at night. Caring for them is not particularly different from caring for other domestic rodents. Therefore, feed them better in the late afternoon. If the bowl is already empty by morning, then additional feeding is possible.
Chinchillas drink ordinary water, it is better not boiled, but filtered or from a spring. Water must be changed every day. Boiled water does not contain anything useful. The suspended type of drinking bowl will help to avoid dampness in the cage.
The daily balanced menu includes succulent feeds (fruits, berries, vegetables, greens, tree bark) and coarse foods (dry grass, cereals).
Rodent’s favorite treats – large fruits – are cut into small pieces. Chinchilla will be happy with dried fruits and berries (raisins, prunes, dried apricots, dogrose, cranberries, viburnum, lingonberries, currants). Healthy fats should also be included in the chinchilla diet: nuts (walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds).
Delicacies can be given up to 5 times a week, while a couple of times, preference is given to a berry, and the rest of the time to offer fruit or dried fruit.
You can not abuse the greens, fresh grass and vegetables, they can cause disorders in the intestines of the animal. Enough 2 servings of vegetables along with the main feed.
Be sure to offer the animal to gnaw a twig of a tree or shrub. Branches of fruit trees, as well as willow, birch, are suitable, except for branches of coniferous trees, maple, lilac because of the content of substances dangerous to the rodent in them.
Hay is an essential component in chinchilla diets.
The main share in the diet of the chinchilla should be hay, dried herbs. Firstly, thanks to the use of hay, food does not stagnate in the intestines and its fermentation is prevented. Secondly, dry food well grinds rodent incisors.
- Black nightshade;
- Raven’s eye;
- Hellebore white;
It is important to keep cereals in the hay: Sudan grass, creeping wheatgrass, meadow bluegrass, meadow fescue, etc. A chinchilla eats from 20 to 80 g of hay per day.
Combined mixes in the chinchilla menu
Chinchillas also eat oatmeal, beans, lentils, bran, pearl barley and buckwheat, flax seeds, barley sprouts, which also have nutritional value. Porridge is usually boiled in water for cubs without the addition of salt.
The daily portion of the nutrient mixture, including the ones listed above, is about one teaspoon.
Vitamins and micronutrients in the nutrition of home chinchilla
Salt or mineral stone suspended in a cage will enable the rodent to sharpen its teeth and replenish micronutrient reserves.
What is forbidden to feed chinchilla at home?
In addition to poisonous herbs, which are fatal to the pet, there is also a list of harmful products for the chinchilla.
Proper nutrition of chinchillas at home is the lack of a diet:
- Salts, spices, smoked meats;
- Butter baking;
- Potatoes, beets, cabbage;
- Roasted nuts and seeds;
- Dairy products;
- Garlic, onion;
- A branch of stone fruit trees and shrubs, the leaves and wood of which contain essential oils (cherries, plums, bird cherry, juniper, myrtle).
Eating exotic fruits, such as mangoes, citrus fruits, can cause an allergic reaction. You need to carefully monitor the use of fresh vegetables. If the animal eats greens or tomatoes, cucumbers, as well as dates, prunes and other fruits and vegetables, then fermentation will begin in his stomach. Fermentation leads to bloating, and everything can end very tragically.
Fatty foods will lead to animal obesity and other health problems.
Proper Chinchilla Diet
The correct balanced nutrition of a domestic rodent in a percentage ratio is as follows: the main share is carbohydrates (more than 50%), about 20% are proteins, and fiber. 13-14%, fat – about 5-6%.
Translated into grams, nutritious feed (cereals, legumes, bran) is given up to 25 grams of the daily diet. Chinchilla should eat about 5-6 g of fruit or berries per day, the same amount of greens and additional food (for example, tree branches) are used. In the amount of hay, the chinchilla can not be limited, but still it is not worth putting a lot, because the animal can scatter the excess in the cage.
Compliance with these simple principles of proper and proper nutrition will allow you to enjoy the company of furry animals for a long time.
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