Arrangement of a chinchilla in a new place
And so, you brought home a chinchilla. Installed the cage. The cage can be placed on the floor, on the table or on the bedside table – in any place convenient for you, but still so that direct rays of the sun do not fall on it. The cage should not be placed next to the battery, as air temperature and humidity are very important for chinchillas. Also, you can not put the cage near the curtains, since the curtains and various rags that will be next to the cage will be immediately drawn inside. Do not place the animal in a quiet place. It is better to put your pet’s home in the living room, where there is a TV and the whole family is going. The fact is that animals also love to watch TV, and even if you can’t let it out of the cage, it will not be lonely and boring.
At the bottom of the cell you need to pour sawdust or filler. You can also lay some rug, and put a tray with a filler in the corner of the cage and accustom it to the toilet. Inside the cage there should be wooden shelves on which your pet will be able to jump, as well as a house.
The house will allow the chinchilla to sleep in a secluded place. In addition, if you have several animals, each of them should be able to retire in their own shelter.
Pour sand into the bathing vessel so that the bottom is 0.5 cm covered (approximately 350 g).
Place a feeder and sprinkle food – no more than 1 tablespoon. Food should not be reported until the animal has eaten everything. A portion of the feed is placed once a day, at the same time, preferably the night after a walk. If the animal has not eaten food, then next time put less; if he cleaned the feeder ahead of time, then the next portion should be a bit larger.
Fill the drinker with boiled cold water (70-100 ml is enough for 2-3 days).
Let the animal into the cage and do not touch it for 3-4 days. Give him the opportunity to get comfortable and get used to the new room and new smells. Sitting in a cage, he feels protected and can calmly assess his new conditions, study the environment in which he will have to live. He also studies the nature of each member of the family and his attitude to himself, in order to know how to behave in the future – who needs to be afraid and who can sit on his head. It’s not for nothing that chinchillas are called “telepaths”.
If you release the animal out of the cage ahead of time or if you squeeze it in your hands on the very first day, then it will receive double stress. And in the future, it can take a long time to move away from the initial shock, and the adaptation will last much longer.
On the fourth day, open the cage, place your palms at the exit of the cage and say: “Go out for a walk.” He remembers all the words, and in the future will understand and respond. If the animal does not come out, be patient and wait – he will gradually come to his hands and will sniff them, try to put his paws on them, again run into the cage and come back to your hands. The main thing is not to make sudden movements, the animal must trust you. If the baby begins to bite your fingers – this means that he wants you to remove your hands and give him the opportunity to go out on his own. This may initially be the case. Give him this opportunity in the early days. Gradually, he will still begin to jump into his arms if you do such manipulations every day – at the same time and not intrusively.
When the animal first leaves the cage, it will begin to examine the room in which it will take walks, starting from secluded places. Do not be alarmed if he crawls under a sofa or behind a closet. He will still come out of there if you yourself do not try to immediately get it. Wait 20 minutes, he will see that you do not care, and continue the examination. The animal must be given a certain time for walking, then he himself will go into the cage at the same time. To do this, feed the feed into the feeder after a walk and be sure to tell the animal: "Go eat and sleep."
The drinker should only be filled with boiled water at room temperature. You can change the water once every 2-3 days so that the water does not bloom. And be sure to wash the drinker with a solution of baking soda.
The litter or toilet in the cage is changed once a week.
Thoroughly wash the cage once a month, for this any means for the toilet is used (for example, “toilet duckling”). The pan and lattice of the cell are treated, then thoroughly, washed with a shower, first with hot and then with cold water. House and shelves are also treated.
Sand for bathing is sifted through a sieve once a week. If you use sand with an anti-inflammatory effect, then you will have to change it in a bathing suit for a new portion only once every two months. If you use simple sand without an anti-inflammatory agent, then you need to change it to a new portion once every two weeks, otherwise it becomes a favorable environment for the development and reproduction of hair mites and other microorganisms, which can subsequently move to chinchilla fur and even to the skin. And then the appearance of the chinchilla starts to deteriorate, and dermatitis can also begin.
How to teach a chinchilla to the toilet
To the bottom of the cage, according to the size of the bottom, you need to lay a rug from the carpet with a short hard pile.
In the corner of the cage they put a toilet for rodents angular, you can also use any tray with edges 5 cm high.
Wood granular filler is poured into the tray so that the bottom is completely closed.
Feces, which the animal scatters throughout the cage, must be periodically collected in the toilet so that he can observe it. And when you notice that the baby went to the toilet on his own, be sure to praise him for this with words of delight: “Ah! What a fellow you are! Oh, you smart one! ”Praise him several times, then he will repeat these actions so that you pay attention to him again, and gradually learn to go only to the toilet.
In this case, you will have to change the toilet once every 3-4 days.
Chinchilla and other pets
Having decided to start a chinchilla, you need to think about whether she can feel comfortable in the neighborhood with other pets. Let’s look at the options:
the cat will gnaw chinchilla;
the cat will constantly hunt for chinchillas, and she will live in constant stress – while living a little;
a cat with a chinchilla will not even notice each other;
the chinchilla painfully bites the cat and will periodically terrorize it, with each attempt of the cat to get to know each other better;
cat and chinchilla make friends.
a cat (dog, rat, rabbit, guinea pig, etc.) is a daytime animal, and a night chinchilla – they will most likely interfere with each other;
if the cat goes for a walk outside the apartment, then she will surely infect the chinchilla with something; that for the cat itself, the disease is for the chinchilla certain death (for example, salmonellosis).
The conclusion can be drawn as follows: if you have pets, do not start a chinchilla!
The dangers for chinchillas
Equipping the animal in your apartment, pay attention to the most typical dangers for chinchillas.
Vessels with fluid. While walking around the apartment do not leave open toilets, buckets, aquariums and other vessels with water. Chinchillas are very curious. The animal can jump there and drown. Chinchillas swim beautifully, but they can’t stay afloat for a long time, because they get tired quickly. In addition, the fur becomes heavy when wet and pulls the animal to the bottom.
Wires. Chinchilla requires attention while walking. If she does not receive it, then she begins to look for herself some kind of entertainment. This is usually something that can be nibbled. And then wires are used (electric shock is possible), furniture corners, wallpaper. To prevent this from happening, do not leave the animal unattended.
Houseplants. Chinchillas can chew indoor plants during a walk. If the plants are poisonous, they must be removed higher, making them inaccessible to the chinchilla. Even if you follow the animal while walking, you may not have time to react when the animal already eats a piece of greenery. Chinchilla can be poisoned.
Dust and long walks. Chinchillas should not be allowed out all night. Do not allow the animal to get out of the cage itself (cunning and smart animals watch you open the constipation, and they will try to repeat your actions). If the door opens easily, close it with a carabiner or lock. If the chinchilla escapes from the cage while you sleep, it can climb into a bottleneck, collect dust behind a cabinet or under a sofa. Dust may cause stomatitis.
Wheel. Chinchillas love to run in a wheel. Care should be taken to ensure that the wheel has a protective net on one side to prevent injuries to the legs and tail. If you let the animal out for a walk every day, the wheel will not be interesting to him.
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