- Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
- Main menu
- Drinking water
- Foods that can be given in limited quantities
- Rodent Prohibited Products
The health of the animal, the condition of the skin, and the reproductive function depend on how well the diet of the animal is composed. Chinchillas can be fed with special balanced feeds, as well as simple and affordable food: hay, grain, vegetables.
Rules for feeding chinchillas at home
The main rule that the owner of a fluffy rodent should remember is that food from a human table does not suit an animal! Chinchillas nutrition consists of plant foods with the obligatory presence of fiber – coarse hay. In addition to hay, animals are given tree branches: apple, pear, willow, linden, mulberry, mountain ash, aspen, hazelnut, elm. The rodent not only eats branches for saturation, but also grinds its teeth about them.
When composing a menu for pets, it is necessary to monitor the freshness of products and their quality:
- On grain and hay there should not be mold, dead pests and droppings of rodents;
- Hay and branch feed for chinchillas can be collected only far from roads and industrial enterprises.
Properly feed rodents – once a day, giving out immediately the entire norm of grain products (about 1 tablespoon) and goodies. Hay is given freely, making sure that it is always in the cage.
Be sure to have a free access to a mineral pebble.
The diet of chinchillas includes hay and twig feed, grain mix, vegetables, fruits, berries. As a useful and tasty supplement, the animals are given greens, nuts.
To enrich the menu with vitamins and minerals, pets are given complex water-soluble vitamins: Beafar, Vita-Sol, Kanina Petvital. Drugs are added to food or water, according to the instructions.
Rough and juicy food
Coarse feed includes hay and tree branches. This is the basis of the rodent’s diet, whose digestive tract is designed to digest fiber-rich foods. The herbal granules contained in the finished chinchilla feeds cannot fully satisfy the animal’s need for fiber.
Juicy food (vegetables, fruits, fresh herbs) – sources of vitamins and minerals for the body of the animal. You can feed chinchilla with such products:
- Pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, cucumbers, root parsley, celery;
- Apples, pears, melon, watermelon, seedless grapes, plums, bananas;
- Berries of mountain ash, hawthorn, viburnum, rose hip, barberry;
- Sun-dried meadow grass, tops of leguminous garden plants, dandelion leaves, dreams, nettles and swans.
The amount of succulent feed in a chinchilla’s diet should be limited. A pet is allowed to give a piece no bigger than a walnut per day. A large amount of succulent foods can lead to diarrhea and bloating.
The purchase of ready-made specialized mixtures greatly facilitates the care of feeding animals. The compounding formulation is developed by scientists specifically for different groups of animals – young animals, pregnant and lactating females, adults. The composition meets the needs of the chinchilla and is balanced in the amount of protein and fat.
In addition to the finished feed, the pet must be provided with hay. Occasionally, you can pamper the animal with a treat.
At home, chinchillas with pleasure eat food of the following brands: Little On, Waka, Vitacraft, Versailles-Laga. Granular feed should be preferred, from which the pet will not be able to choose the most delicious pieces, ignoring the rest of the feed.
To dry the grass, they mow when they are just about to bloom – at this time the content of nutrients and vitamins is highest. It is better to dry in the shade so that the hay remains green and fragrant. Different plants are suitable for harvesting:
- He eagerly eats hay chinchilla from meadow herbs (hedgehog, foxtail, wheatgrass, fescue, bonfire, bluegrass, timothy).
- It is good if the composition of hay includes chamomile, tansy, wormwood, plantain. These medicinal herbs are beneficial for the digestion of the animal.
- Nutritious and tender bean hay from clover, alfalfa, sainfoin.
- Dried tops of carrots and peas, leaves of corn, nettle, mint will be a great addition to hay.
Avoid ingestion of nightshade, horsetail, fern, bleached, celandine, dope, cornflower, crow’s eye, clover.
Store hay in linen bags in a dry and dark place.
In the wild, chinchillas feed on the seeds of wild cereals. At home animals can be fed with a mixture of ordinary grain:
- Whole oats are an easily digestible, non-obese food. Grain can be replaced with oatmeal.
- Corn – nutritious and rich in protein, but in large quantities can cause bloating.
- Wheat is a hearty, balanced product.
- Barley – give only in crushed or flattened form.
- Sunflower seed is given raw, it is rich in essential rodent fatty acids.
- Hemp and flax seed is a healthy product for chinchilla digestion.
In percentage terms, the basis of the grain mixture for rodent is oats (up to 70%), wheat and corn are given in equal proportions, flax and sunflower seeds – not more than 5% of the total weight of the mixture.
It is useful to give part of the grain in germinated form, the size of the sprouts up to 10-15 mm.
To pamper your pet, you can give chinchilla:
- Nuts (walnuts, cashews, peanuts, almonds);
- Dried fruits (raisins, dried apricots, rose hips, apples and pears);
- Pumpkin seeds;
- Fresh berries (raspberries, currants, gooseberries, strawberries, viburnum, blueberries).
The main thing is to remember that delicacy cannot become a substitute for complete food.. Chinchillas love sweets and can beg for pieces of dried fruit or berries endlessly, rejecting ordinary food. This can lead to indigestion. The approximate rate of giving goodies to an adult animal is 1 berry, 1 nut or a piece of dried fruit, the size of a hazelnut, per day.
Clean water should always be freely available. It is better to use not tap water, which contains chlorine, but drinking bottled or spring water.
Sometimes chinchillas are offered non-carbonated mineral water of low concentration (No. 24 or No. 26). Such water is useful to animals, but give it no more often than once a month.
Freshly brewed non-sweet green tea is allowed.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
In the list of products that are fed chinchillas at home, there are those that can be given to animals in small volumes.
- Nuts, sunflower seeds, peas, lentils, corn – a highly nutritious food rich in protein and fats. With excessive feeding of these products, the rodent grows fat, his digestion may be impaired.
- Juicy greens (salad, dandelion) and vegetables (cucumbers, zucchini) are loved by animals, but these products weaken. On the day, one animal is given half a leaf of lettuce or one circle of cucumber 3-4 mm thick.
- Sweet fruits and berries – Chinchilla favorite food, but in large quantities that can lead to a failure in the metabolism.
- Branches of plants such as raspberries, willow, oak, alder and birch, it is advisable to give no more than once a week.
Each new product for the animal is given in the smallest dose, observing the behavior of the pet. If no health deterioration has occurred within a day after the introduction of the feed, the product can be offered in an increased volume.
Rodent Prohibited Products
When monitoring the nutrition of a chinchilla, it is important to remember that a pet is forced to eat what a person offers him. Far from always the animal, relying on instinct, will refuse harmful food, as he would have done in the wild.
The list of deadly and unhealthy animal products:
- Meat and dairy products (only nursing females can be given tea with milk instead of water);
- Any mushrooms;
- Raw and boiled eggs;
- Bread, pasta;
- Potatoes in any form;
- Roasted nuts, seeds;
- Thermally processed food, sweets.
You can not give the pet shoots of such trees: spruce, pine, lemon, apricot, cherry, plum, lilac, bird cherry, maple, elderberry.
Given the features of the diet and restrictions on the choice of products for chinchilla, novice animal owners are recommended to buy high-quality specialized feed, complementing the menu with good hay.
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