- Diseases in which a chinchilla refuses to eat
- Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
- Poisoning (intoxication)
- Foreign body
- Dental pathology
Chinchillas are cute fluffy rodents, characterized by a friendly disposition and almost human emotionality. A healthy animal is always active, cheerful and always chews something. If the chinchilla has stopped eating and drinking, refuses even his beloved delicacies, constantly sleeps, and during wakefulness is very listless and apathetic, most likely, the pet is sick and needs the timely help of a veterinarian.
Diseases in which a chinchilla refuses to eat
Sometimes the reason for refusing food may be stale food or the desire of a furry animal to get a more delicious treat, but most often the lack of appetite is a symptom of a serious infectious or non-contagious disease of an unusual pet.
Chinchillas are very gentle emotional animals, prone to stressful situations. A change of scenery, sharp sounds, aggression from the owner or pets, sharing a new partner in the cage can cause stress in a furry animal, which causes hair loss, apathy, the chinchilla does not eat or drink, becomes lethargic.
What to do if chinchilla has stress?
It is recommended to put the frightened pet in a separate cage, gently talk with the baby, offer your favorite treats and give time to calm down.
Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
If chinchilla is fed with prohibited foods, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract occur in the domestic animal.
Qatar of the gastrointestinal tract – catarrhal inflammation of the gastric mucosa due to the feeding of a furry pet with poor-quality or spoiled foods. Acid and alkaline catarrh are isolated. If the chinchilla does not eat, there is exhaustion, brittleness and disheveled hair, liquid bowel movements, which means that the rodent has an inflamed gastrointestinal tract. With acidic catarrh, fermentation processes occur in the intestinal lumen, rodent foamy feces have a grayish-brown hue and a sharp acidic smell. With an alkaline form, putrefactive inflammation is observed, feces become dark brown with a sharp unpleasant odor.
What to do with catarrh of the gastrointestinal tract?
Treatment of the disease is carried out by a veterinarian and includes the appointment of a strict diet, antibacterial, enveloping and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Tympanum (bloating) and flatulence (bloating) – occur when feeding chinchilla with fermenting food: cabbage, apples, carrots, expired feed. Both diseases have a similar clinical picture, can cause rapid death of a pet.
When tympanum and flatulence chinchilla:
- Eating badly;
- In a depressed state, he constantly lies on his side and groans;
- The painful stomach is tense;
- When tapped, it emits a characteristic drum sound.
What to do when chinchilla is bloated?
An urgent infusion of carminative agents, abdominal massage and active movements for gas discharge, injections of antispasmodic and analgesic drugs are necessary.
Constipation – occurs against a background of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, lack of water and roughage, and inactivity of the animal. Pathology can cause the death of a pet as a result of a bowel rupture.
- Feces become dry and shallow;
- There may be a complete absence of bowel movements;
- Chinchilla eats little, does not drink, barely walks;
- The sluggish animal sits in a hunched position;
- Through the stomach, you can feel the pet’s clogged intestines.
What to do with constipation in chinchilla?
It is necessary to drink rodent vegetable oil, water and feed with hay and fruit, in advanced cases it is necessary to drink a laxative chinchilla or put a cleansing enema.
Diarrhea in chinchillas develops when feeding prohibited or spoiled foods, with infectious diseases, and overexcitation of a pet.
- Frequent fluid bowel movements;
- Lack of appetite;
- The exhaustion and lethargy of a furry animal;
- Deteriorated coat quality.
What to do with chinchilla diarrhea?
To stop diarrhea at home, you can drink a little rodent a decoction of rice or oak, strong tea, give charcoal. In the absence of effect, it is urgent to consult a specialist in order to avoid dehydration and death of the pet. The doctor prescribes an infusion of physiological solutions and antibacterial drugs.
Intoxication in chinchillas develops as a result of ingestion of salty foods, nitrates, poisonous herbs, chemicals, and spoiled hay. Poisoning can cause the sudden death of a wonderful animal.
When intoxication chinchilla:
- Does not run, does not play, sleeps almost all the time;
- Refuses food and water;
- There is a desire for vomiting and vomiting;
- Bloody diarrhea, bloating;
- Mucous and foamy discharge from the nose and mouth, sometimes with streaks of blood;
- Profuse salivation;
- Sometimes gnashing of teeth, cramps and paralysis of limbs.
What to do when chinchilla poisoning?
The pet needs to be given emetics or laxatives, rinse the stomach and immediately consult a specialist to save a small animal.
A foreign body can be any piece of food that enters the throat or nasopharynx of a chinchilla during feeding. Chinchilla does not eat or drink, becomes lethargic, there is a desire for vomiting, vomiting, mucous and frothy discharge from the nose and eyes.
What to do when chinchilla poisoning?
The pet can be shaken upside down several times, firmly holding its legs, sometimes a treat helps the chinchilla push the jammed food. It is highly recommended that you independently remove the object from the throat or nasopharynx of the animal, it is urgent to contact a veterinary clinic.
Dental pathologies are one of the most common reasons for rodents to refuse food, chinchillas have malocclusion and hooks on their teeth due to feeding or genetic problems.
With dental pathologies chinchilla:
- Refuses food;
- Often washing the face;
- Throws food;
- Profuse salivation;
- Incomplete closure of the mouth;
- Fragility of wool.
What to do with chinchilla tooth pathology?
A veterinarian should be involved in the treatment of dental pathologies using special tools under general anesthesia.
Violation of the conditions of detention leads to overheating of the animal, the air temperature in the room above 25 degrees is deadly for an exotic animal. Inexperienced chinchillovodov not installing split – systems, there is a massive death of pets in the hot summer period.
Symptoms of overheating in a chinchilla:
- Lethargy, refusal of food and water;
- Pallor of the mucous membranes;
- Rapid breathing and palpitations;
- Cramps and loss of coordination are possible.
Redness in the ears of the chinchilla indicates overheating
What to do when chinchilla overheats?
The cage with the pet must be installed in a cool dark place, excluding drafts and called to the house of the veterinarian, the rodent needs the introduction of heart preparations.
Rodents have an increased metabolism, therefore, all chinchillas diseases are characterized by a rapid course and the development of severe complications up to death. A healthy chinchilla has shiny dry eyes, smooth yellow-orange teeth and excellent appetite, the absence of the latter or sudden weight loss is the reason for an early visit to a specialist for early diagnosis and treatment of a little friend’s disease.
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