- How to feed chinchilla
- Raw Material Harvesting Rules
- What branches can be given to chinchillas
How to feed chinchilla
Proper nutrition for the chinchilla is the key to health, well-being, vitality and longevity of the animal. With a lack of useful components, vitamins and minerals in the diet, the pet begins to weaken and hurt.
In the conditions of a city apartment, cereal mixtures, seeds and nuts will become an indispensable pet food. The following cereals are suitable for feed:
- Oats – this cereal is approximately 75% of all cereals in the mixture, it contains a large number of vitamins, minerals, fiber, nutrients that have a good effect on digestion, improve metabolic processes, strengthen immunity;
- Corn – give several times a week, in small portions, when eating corn, you need to monitor the dosage, since it can cause digestive problems, in particular, bloating;
- Wheat – useful for the growth and development of the animal, contains the necessary amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates;
- Barley – positively affects the general condition of the animal, contributes to normal life, it is recommended for feeding adult chinchillas (before use, grind the grain).
Seeds recommended for chinchilla diets:
- Flax – improve the condition of the fur due to the content of omega acids, make it shiny and smooth;
- Pumpkins – cleanse the body of harmful substances and toxins, improve the structure of the skin, strengthen the hair follicle;
- Sunflower – are sources of calcium, strengthen bone tissue, support the functioning of the heart muscle.
Several times a week you can treat your pets with nuts:
- Almonds: strengthens the immune system, increases the body’s resistance to various infections;
- Cashew: has a high nutritional value, saturates the body with energy;
- Peanuts: helps to improve digestion, the reproductive system;
- Hazelnuts: strengthens bone and muscle tissue, contributes to the normal functioning of the digestive tract.
The chinchilla menu must include dry food, in particular, twigs and tree bark. It is preferable to treat the animal with branches of apple, linden, pear or aspen. They are hung in a cage so that it is convenient for the pet to get them out. It is not recommended to feed the animals with oak and willow branches, as they can provoke the development of diarrhea.
The use of tree branches allows chinchillas to grind their teeth, thereby contributing to the proper development of the dental system and the prevention of the formation of tooth hooks.
Pets are not indifferent to various greens: leaves and shoots of hazel, acacia, raspberry, mountain ash, birch, chestnut. Woody greens are rich in vitamins and minerals, contain fiber, which is necessary for normal digestion.
In the spring-summer period, it is recommended to add fresh dandelion, plantain, nettle (before the flowering period), spinach leaves, wormwood and celery to the animal’s diet.
Vegetables and fruits
It is good to feed chinchilla with fresh vegetables and fruits. For animals up to 8 months, it is recommended to give only an apple or carrot, cut into small slices. After this age, the menu can be varied with pumpkin, pear, squash, grapes, figs, zucchini, bananas, peaches, apricots.
The new product should be introduced into the animal’s food in small portions. It is recommended to alternate delicacies: if today the animal received an apple, then tomorrow it is better to feed it with pumpkin or another vegetable.
One of the most important components of the diet of chinchillas is hay. Many experts believe that it should be constantly present in the cell. Dried grass contains a large amount of fiber, which contributes to good digestion and cleansing of the body, prevents stagnation of food and its fermentation in the stomach.
In addition, hay is rich in a large number of minerals, vitamins, proteins.
The animal should be given only fresh, dry hay, with no signs of rotting, musty odor. It must not contain foreign debris, sticks or other foreign components. The best option for pets is considered to be hay from forbs: alfalfa, legumes, clover, buckwheat, goat breeder, etc. Herbs should be collected during their flowering period and dried in the shade. Chinchillas are recommended to give from 20 to 80 g of hay per day.
Chinchilla needs water, so it should always be present in the drinker. Water must be fresh, without signs of flowering. It is recommended to give the animal spring or bottled water. A boiled product is not suitable, because in the process of boiling it loses a number of useful elements.
But nevertheless, feeding rules exist, and if you love your animal, you need to know how to properly feed the chinchilla.
Advice from the chinchilla breeder, what should be the composition of the feed:
- Carbohydrates should be approximately 50%;
- Protein – 16-20%;
- Fiber – about 13%;
- Fat – 2-6%
When purchasing a chinchilla, take an interest in what it was fed before. If you decide to feed the animal in a different way, there is no way to feed the same, transfer to another feed gradually. When you first give food unusual for the animal, give a little at first, gradually increasing the portion. If you have diarrhea from a new food, give a little oak bark as a medicine (you can’t drink too much) or a little dry black tea.
Chinchilla breeders feed them compound feed for rabbits and guinea pigs – feed No. 122 or feed No. 90 intended for feeding young rabbits. Finding it for sale is not a problem; it is certified and tested by experienced chinchilla breeders. When purchasing this food, make sure that it is of appropriate quality, with a good shelf life.
The drinker in the cage should be suspended, if the water is in an open container, the chinchilla can splash it, it will be damp in the cage, which is unfavorable for the animal’s health. The feeder can be hanging or in the form of a regular bowl. If the feeder is not suspended, it must be heavy (ceramic or glass), otherwise the animal will turn it over.
Raw Material Harvesting Rules
Features of the harvesting of green feed at home:
- The collection of branches is possible only in ecologically clean areas, far from highways, densely populated areas, industrial enterprises;
- The optimal time for collecting wood and foliage is the growing season;
- It is necessary to verify the absence of moldy parts, lichens, traces of pests and fungus;
- At home, each rod must be washed successively with hot and cold water, dried;
- Store in a place with minimal moisture content;
- Bark on the rods should be left – it contains the maximum concentration of nutrients.
What branches can be given to chinchillas
Shrubs and trees can not be offered chinchillas constantly. Depending on which branches and twigs are abundant, the diet should be planned as follows:
- Hawthorn – before feeding, remove leaves and thorns, give 1-2 branches per week;
- Guelder-rose – 2 pieces every 7 days;
- Gooseberries – 3 branches per week, previously cleared of thorns;
- Raspberry – also peeling off anything that could damage the animal, 1 twig should be relied upon once every 2 weeks;
- Sea buckthorn – remove leaves, give on a branch 1-2 times a week;
- Mountain ash – the method is similar to sea buckthorn;
- Currants – supposed to distribute 3 pieces per week diet;
- Mulberry – you can pamper your pet once a week with 1 little thing;
- Alder – effective for diarrhea, if you feed the animal of 1 twig every 7 days;
- Birch – a regimen similar to alder;
- Willow – it is not recommended to exceed the dose of 1 twig for 2 weeks;
- Elm – on the shoot every 3 days;
- Pear – it is allowed to give 2 branches up to 3 times a week;
- Willow – can be given with the same frequency as a pear;
- Linden – can be constantly kept in a cage;
- Hazel – a branch twice a week;
- Aspen – 1 rod 2-3 times a week.
List of foods that can not be fed chinchilla:
- Cabbage, beets, potatoes, rye. Poor chinchilla digestion, can lead to fatal consequences.
- Citrus fruits (tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, lemons and various citrus hybrids). Their branches and leaves can cause allergic reactions.
- The branches and leaves of stone fruits contain hydrocyanic acid, which is poison for the animal.
- Branches of coniferous resinous trees. They are also poisonous.
- Food for rats, mice, hamsters. These mixtures have a different composition, individually balanced for other rodents, which are mostly partially carnivorous.
- Unwashed fruits, vegetables, herbs, branches and leaves are forbidden to feed.
- It is impossible to collect fruits, berries, nuts, herbs, greens, branches and leaves on ecologically polluted territory. It is dangerous to feed them with an animal; a pet may become ill.
- Animal protein (meat, dairy products) is contraindicated. Chinchillas are vegetarians.
- Stale hay, alfalfa and other foods for chinchillas can cause various diseases.
- Fresh bread and other baked goods are not suitable for chinchillas. Bread is too heavy for digestion, the composition of other bakery products is unknown and can harm the animal.
- Roasted seeds and nuts are also dangerous, they can cause irreparable harm to the liver.
- Confectionery and sugar are contraindicated for chinchillas, the consequences are difficult to predict.
- Tap water can contain harmful substances or bacteria and can harm the health of the chinchilla.
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