- Description of Chinchillas
- Maintenance and care for chinchilla at home
- Basic rules for pet care
- Signs of Chinchilla Pregnancy
- Caring for a pregnant female
- Childbirth chinchilla
- Care for newborn animals
Increasingly, chinchillas are bred in the form of a pet.
In popularity, it has long overtaken a guinea pig and various hamsters.
Why the animal is so popular and how to care for chinchilla at home, we will talk in our article.
Description of Chinchillas
In the wild, chinchilla lives in the mountains among the rocks. Usually reaches up to 40 centimeters in length. The body of the animal is covered with dense fur, which protects it from the cold in the wild.
A long tail can reach 20 centimeters. It is covered with hard and spiky hairs. The weight of an adult chinchilla can reach one kilogram.
Chinchilla sleeps in the afternoon
Animals prefer a nocturnal lifestyle, during the day they, as a rule, sleep all day gaining strength, and by evening their activity increases.
They feel great at night, thanks to large eyes with vertical pupils that are able to see in complete darkness.
The head of the animal is round, and the neck is short.
The ears of the animals are specially designed so that sand does not get into the ears during sand baths.
Chinchilla has four legs that allow you to jump up.
With proper care, the animal can live up to 20 years. The color is usually ash or gray, some have a pronounced white belly.
Maintenance and care for chinchilla at home
Chinchillas in nature live for about 10 years, at home, you can increase their life expectancy up to 20 years. In order to ensure the animal a happy and long life, it is necessary to know several rules for caring for it.
Housing for a furry friend
Diet and nutrition rules
- Chinchillas are herbivores, and with great pleasure they eat a variety of herbs and plants, as well as their seeds and fruits.
- Concentrated feed is essential for chinchillas. They are very nutritious and contain a lot of useful trace elements for the healthy growth of the animal. You should give preference to grain feed, as well as legumes.
- Animals are very fond of sweets, but such goodies in the diet are undesirable. If you want to treat the beast with something tasty, give him a carrot, a slice of apple or rosehip berries.
- For better assimilation of food, the presence of hay for the animal is mandatory. Hay should be fresh and thoroughly dried.
- Keep track of the water level in the drinker, the animal needs regular use of clean water.
Pets are used to living in the wild in a temperate climate, so chinchillas can not stand the sultry heat.
In the room where the cell is located should be dry, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room, the air temperature should be maintained from 17 to 22 degrees.
In winter, you can install a heater in the room, and in summer use air conditioning.
Install the cage so that in the summer it does not fall on direct sunlight.
Sunbathing is possible in the evenings, when the sun is not able to harm the animal, no more than 15 minutes a day.
Basic rules for pet care
- Chinchilla can not be bathed in water, as the pet is prone to colds. It perfectly replaces water procedures, taking sand baths. If contamination is visible, you can use a damp cloth and gently wipe the stains.
- Do not allow drafts and heat, this will adversely affect the animal.
- Do not take chinchilla in your hands too often, especially not worth it when resisting an animal, stress can cause various diseases.
- You can’t keep a chinchilla in a small cage.
- It is strongly discouraged to let the animal out of its house. Chinchilla is very curious, from which an accident can occur. She can gnaw a wire and get an electric shock, eat unsuitable food, her weak stomach is not able to process heavy food. Perhaps the animal decides to gnaw the wall or other materials treated with paint or other harmful substances, in which case the chinchilla will get poisoned and possibly die. The best walk for the animal is a large volume cage.
- It is forbidden to feed chinchillas with feed intended for other pets. Each food is individual and designed for individual use.
- Do not take chinchilla outside, there is a great risk of catching various diseases
- You can not vaccinate chinchillas as a preventive measure. The introduction of injections is possible only with a complex illness and strictly under the supervision of a veterinarian.
- It is impossible to treat chinchilla with grass that grows on the street, even when processing them. Poisoning chinchillas is almost impossible to cure, the pet runs the risk of dying.
- Do not plant young chinchillas in adult males. Pregnancy at an early age almost always ends in failure.
Signs of Chinchilla Pregnancy
Pregnancy chinchillas are easy to recognize. It is enough to notice the passage of the vaginal plug into the cells in time.
After detection, childbirth will occur in about 100 days.
When the female’s belly appears, you can’t feel it with your hands; by such actions you can harm not only the pet, but also its offspring.
About four weeks after the successful fertilization of the female, the babies begin to actively move in their mother’s stomach.
These shocks can be identified visually. If the tremors abruptly stop and do not resume during the day, you must urgently take the pregnant female to the veterinarian.
Do not be surprised if the female begins to behave strangely during pregnancy: excessive aggression or affectionate behavior is the norm for pregnant individuals.
Caring for a pregnant female
After the chinchilla becomes pregnant, it is necessary to weigh once a week.
This will help monitor the health of the animal.
By mid-pregnancy, she will begin to gain weight intensively.
Closer to childbirth, weight gain will stop.
For feeding a pregnant female, give preference to cereals, milk powder and good-calorie foods.
Once a week, let the female gnaw a tablet of calcium.
Labor activity usually occurs early in the morning. How long the delivery will last depends on the individual characteristics of the female. In some individuals, delivery takes place in a matter of minutes, and in some, it can continue for 6.7 hours.
If you see that childbirth is difficult and painful, give the female sugar, it will help stimulate the uterus for a quick birth.
If the birth took place directly in the cage, it is necessary to place them on a warm blanket after the birth of the babies, as small chinchillas can catch a cold very easily. After heating the babies, each baby should be given one drop of glucose.
Many breeders wonder how to care for chinchilla at home after giving birth. In fact, special care is not required, the female independently recover after childbirth in a short time. To successfully close the uterus, you can give the female sugar, about 5 grams per day.
Care for newborn animals
Most often, in one pregnancy, the female carries one or two babies.
Larger quantities per litter are less common.
Toddlers chinchillas are able to independently move around the cells from the first day of life.
They have eyes open and have teeth.
The first time to feed small animals is exclusively mother’s milk.
If it happened that the female does not have enough milk, it is necessary to transfer the crumbs to artificial feeding. Usually babies are fed cow’s milk with the addition of cereal broth.
For babies you need an eye and an eye. Carefully monitor their behavior, healthy babies should be quite active and playful. In case of any suspicion, contact your veterinarian.
Now, every connoisseur of beautiful animals knows how to care for chinchilla at home. The price of such a unique animal ranges from 2000 to 10000, depending on the color of the pet.
Read more about proper care of chinchilla – presented in the video:
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