- How to feed chinchillas at home tasty, healthy and varied?
- How to feed chinchilla at home: what you can eat and what not
The most comprehensive coverage of the topic: "what can you eat chinchillas" with a detailed analysis and recommendations from a professional nutritionist.
How to feed chinchillas at home tasty, healthy and varied?
Choose the right diet for chinchillas – a responsible task. The state of health of the animal, the luster of the fur and the longevity of the animal are completely dependent on food.
Food for a rodent is very diverse, but there are characteristic features in how to feed a pet, especially at home.
Chinchilla is a herbivore. The basis of the diet of animals is considered feed of plant origin.
In the wild, the main food for them is cereals and legumes, cacti, shrubs, tree bark, small fruits, shoots, mosses and other vegetation.
At home a person is responsible for the diet of the animal. Food should be diverse and balanced to provide all the needs of the body with the necessary components, vitamins, nutrients.
Chinchillas are important food quality. They eat in small quantities, so the owners of the animals should carefully consider the choice of food.
You may be interested in the following articles on chinchillas: How to keep chinchillas at home?
Moreover, luxurious fur and indefatigable energy require a large consumption of nutrients. Chinchillas are finicky in food. From the food they offer, they will choose the tidbits.
But for full development the animal needs to receive various trace elements and vitamins, therefore, you must try to ensure that the animal fully consumed its portion.
In the event that the pet began to scatter food from the feeder, it is necessary to reduce the dispensed food. You can give your pet food in small parts, reduce the goodies in the diet.
When choosing food for a rodent, it is worth considering that they, like all herbivores, have sensitive digestion.
First, they have a long intestine. Secondly, animal herbivores process heavily digested plant fiber. From it they get the necessary nutrients.
Food for chinchillas must be of high quality and fresh.
Chinchilla is better not to feed a little than to overfeed goodies. The food offered must be:
- Without traces and smell, rot, mold, musty.
Green feed should be collected away from busy places, roadsides, factories. Before feeding the rodent, greens, vegetables and fruits should be washed and dried well. The food offered must always be dry.
Young animals and those individuals that did not receive green food in the winter season should gradually become accustomed to them. Initially, you need to offer your pet such food in small portions, gradually increasing the dose.
In this case, you must carefully monitor the health of the chinchilla.
So animals get used to the set feeding time, which positively affects the digestibility of food. If all food is eaten in the morning, then additional feeding is possible.
Before pouring a new portion of food into a pet, it is imperative to discard uneaten residues and rinse the bowls with running water without the addition of detergents or cleaners.
The daily portion of the main pet food – 1 teaspoon, hay – 20-30 g, dainty to choose from – 1 piece. There should always be boiled or filtered clean water in the animal’s bowl.
The animal that lives in your home, eats rough dry and succulent feeds, nutritious mixtures, needs vitamin supplements and goodies.
Juicy feeds include fruits, vegetables, greens and twigs of bushes, trees. They are saturated with useful trace elements, vitamins, organic substances.
Throughout the year, branches, snags, rods of various shrubs and tree species are available. Eating solid pieces of wood, animals will grind constantly growing incisors.
Of vegetables, chinchillas can be offered tomatoes, celery, cucumbers, carrots, pumpkin, salad, zucchini.
From fruits they prefer pears, apples, melon, berries, bananas, grapes, from dried fruits – apples, plums, raisins, hawthorn, dried apricots, cherries, barberries and rose hips. Large-sized fruits are preferably cut into small pieces.
Of greens worth giving clover, tops of carrots, peas, dandelion.
Chinchila likes apples, carrots, cherries
Treats must be offered systematically. For example, 1-2 times a week, one berry, 2-3 times a week, other sweets – fruits, dried fruits.
Vegetables should be fed in moderation – a small piece 1-2 times a week, along with the main feed. Due to sensitive digestion, chinchillas cannot eat vegetables and fruits in large quantities.
After the introduction of a new type of food, one should carefully monitor the reaction of the animal’s body. Digestion is possible, then succulent food should be discarded. If the pet feels well, then the food is right for him.
Such food refers hay. It is the most important component of the diet of the animal and saturates the body with the necessary fiber.
Dried grass helps food move in the intestines, preventing it from stagnating, causing fermentation. Hay is also a rich source of trace elements, vitamins, fiber, protein.
Better when chinchilla is offered as food grass hay – different types of herbs. Preparations from legumes (alfalfa, clover) contain the necessary vitamins and minerals. They mow during the flowering period of legumes.
Cereal feed is slightly inferior to the first in nutritional composition, because it contains less minerals and protein.
To cereal crops, who love chinchillas include meadow fescue, Sudanese, timothy grass, wheat grass, meadow bluegrass, hedgehog team. They have a lot of nutritional value of grass, mowed before the first flowering.
A day, you must give the chinchilla from 20-30 to 70-80 g of fresh hay.
Chinchilla needs to be fed fresh hay
These herbs are poisonous. and in the herbal food for animals should not get in any case:
- Black nightshade;
- White hellebore;
- Raven eye.
For the proper development of the rodent, he needs elements contained in nutrient mixtures. Chinchillas should be given various mixtures to saturate their body with as many vitamins, trace elements, proteins, fats, amino acids as possible.
From cereals to rodents are suitable:
- Oats – contains a large amount of protein, fats, but does not cause obesity. Most often, oats make up to 75% of the mixture;
- Corn – need to be given in small portions, as it can cause bloating;
- Barley – it is worth offering it in a crushed form, better for adults. This cereal product is very solid;
- Wheat – it contains a lot of carbohydrates, proteins, low fat.
In feeding chinchillas it is worth giving up rye – It is difficult for animals to digest.
Chinchillas need to be given various nutritional mixtures
Due to the sensitive digestion of chinchillas they should not give the following products:
- Food from the general table (salty, spicy, fatty, spicy, smoked);
- Meat and meat products;
- Bakery products and pastries (bread, pastries);
- Flour (pasta, noodles);
- Potatoes, fresh white cabbage, lettuce;
- Sweets (cookies, chocolate, sugar, sweets, other confectionery);
- Roasted nuts, seeds, grains;
- Dairy products;
- Fast food, chips, popcorn;
- Stale and spoiled products.
The list does not contain absolutely any useful substances for the proper growth and development of a rodent. The listed foods are high in calories and fatty, as a result of which the pet may develop obesity.
This will adversely affect the mobility of the animal., his ability to reproduce, life span.
Perhaps, from one eating the animal will not die, but the systematic eating of such goodies will lead to serious health problems for chinchillas.
With an unbalanced diet of chinchillas, young individuals, pregnant and lactating rodents, sick and weakened it is necessary to give vitamin complexes. They can be in liquid form, in the form of tablets and powders.
Liquid fortified feeds can be given along with water, so enriching your pet’s diet will be easy. It is hard to offer powders and tablets to pets.
In the cage of the animal, it is desirable hang mineral and salt stone, which animal will eat as needed.
You can immediately buy fortified feed. The composition most often includes carrots, pumpkin, nettle hay, mountain ash, rose hips. To replenish the reserves of protein and B vitamins, a little dry yeast (2-5 g) should be added to the feed.
It’s easy to teach a chinchilla to eat right., but necessary. Only after receiving all the useful microelements, vitamins and other useful compounds will the animal be healthy, full of energy and live a long life.
How to feed chinchilla at home: what you can eat and what not
If you decide to have a pet and the choice fell on a chinchilla, then in addition to the cage and other household items, it is important to pay attention to the food of the animal. All that you eat yourself, the animal is forbidden to feed.
It is important not to forget: the stomach of a furry creature is different from the human. It is designed to absorb nutrients from a meager variety of wildlife provisions. The health and life expectancy of a pet depends on proper nutrition.
In the wild, the animal is fed with what he finds. Its diet in the wild includes legume and cereal plants.
With pleasure, the animal uses shoots, shrubs, tree bark and cacti. Such a fluffy baby will not refuse to enjoy greens, nuts and fruits.
The main rule: do not forget that chinchilla is a small animal and eats very little. Therefore, it is important to maintain a balance of essential vitamins and substances in her food. How many times a day to give food? It’s worth feeding such a beast no more than once a day, preferably during waking hours. This rodent is a nocturnal animal. This is important to consider when feeding. In the interval between 18:00 and 20:00, a pet bowl will not hurt to fill with food.
For an adult animal, 20-30 g of granular food is enough. Observation will help determine the amount of feed: if the bowl is not empty before the next intake, it’s worth reducing a couple of grams. Each pet is individual and for a feeling of satiety you will need a different amount of provisions. Do not forget to fill a separate feeder with hay. The animal eats the amount he needs, and uses the rest as a litter. It is important to supplement the drinker with fresh water daily. Do not neglect treats and top dressing.
The most suitable food for chinchilla is considered to be dry granular food. A 400-gram pack for an adult animal lasts for a month. After opening the package, it is worth pouring its contents into a container, which is tightly closed. So the provisions will retain their properties better. Such a food is useful in that it is similar to the food of a rodent in nature and contains cereals, herbs and vegetables. The positive side of this drug is its hardness. The animal with its help grinds its teeth, which are constantly growing.
It is important to purchase food from one manufacturer. If the feed is changed regularly, the animal is not safe from digestive upsets.
Lures help strengthen the immune system and heart of a furry baby, as well as improve blood circulation. However, additional food is not difficult to collect independently. It will require cereals, roots, berries and leaves. All components are important to add exclusively in dried form.
Like a person, a chinchilla will be delighted with a treat. Do not think that goodies are harmful, because they also benefit. It’s easy to prepare a pet-friendly supplement. Benefit will bring:
- Corn. It is rich in magnesium, calcium and potassium. A few grains per day will positively affect the well-being of the animal;
- Viburnum. Two berries a week and chinchilla digestion will improve;
- Calamus root. It will help prevent cramping. One centimeter of root per week will have a beneficial effect;
- Carrot. The condition of the fur and the heart will improve one circle of the fetus. You should give a treat no more than three times a week;
- Rosehip. It will contribute to the overall strengthening of the body of the pet. Dosage – 4 things per month;
- Plantain. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is regulated, and it is only necessary to feed two leaves per decade to the chinchilla.
The pet will also like lingonberries and cranberries, hawthorn and currants, apples, blueberries and aronia. It is necessary to feed the rodent with herbal treats: alfalfa and parsley, sour and mint, chamomile and nettle, calendula and oregano. As for the trees, it is better to use willow and apple, ash, mulberry and birch, aspen and elm for treats. Oak and pear are contraindicated. These plants have a strengthening property, and the animal does not go to the toilet quickly.
Pills and powders are extremely difficult to feed pussies. therefore fortified complementary foods are best chosen in the liquid state. So it is easy to mix in water and the rodent’s diet is significantly enriched.
Make sure that salt and mineral stones are always in the cage of the chinchilla. They will have a beneficial effect on the animal’s body and help him care for constantly growing teeth.
Dry yeast can replenish the supply of protein. They will also contribute to the enrichment of the body of chinchilla with B vitamins. It is important to add them to the food a little.
The diet of the animal, expecting cubs, does not differ significantly from the nutrition of others. Veterinarians insist on increasing the protein content in food. If the female began to drink and eat much more, then this is normal. After all, another living creature is formed and develops inside it, which also needs to be fed. The main thing: expectant mother is forbidden to overfeed, otherwise, obesity and health problems cannot be avoided. Also, the animal menu should be supplemented:
It is important to exclude mint, thyme and lemon balm from the diet of a pregnant female.
Fluffy rodent is the owner of sensitive digestion. Therefore, it is forbidden to give the following products to him:
These products will not bring any benefit to the pet. They are saturated with fats and extremely high in calories. So the said food does not favorably affect the development and growth of the pet, and even cause obesity. Even if such products were to the taste of chinchillas, then giving them is strictly prohibited.
A person does not like to eat the same food every day. For example, not everyone can eat buckwheat for a week. So why should a pet give in to the same torment? Chinchilla needs a complete and varied diet. The animal will be not only tasty, but also healthy. Do not forget that pet feeding takes place once a day in the evening when the animal is awake.
On the first day, the pet should give 15 g of granulate. 5 g of rosehip berries and the same amount of a mixture of corn and sunflower seeds will help to supplement the necessary daily amount of food.
The second day will distinguish 20 g of granular feed and 10 g of dried apple.
The diet of the next day consists of 10 g of food in granules, 1/2 of a walnut kernel and 10 g of a mixture of oatmeal and flax seeds.
There are a lot of menu variations. Use permitted components and daily pleasantly surprise your pet.
Balanced nutrition is the key to chinchilla health. The appearance of the coat and the life span of the animal also depend on it. Do not neglect this part of pet care.
Chinchillas, although they belong to rodents, are not omnivorous. When buying a small animal, it is necessary to understand that its health will completely depend not only on the correct conditions of detention, but also on proper feeding. Therefore, each breeder should be aware of what can be given to chinchillas, and what foods are prohibited and even dangerous.
Persimmons are forbidden for feeding. This fruit useful for humans is rich in iodine, which is contraindicated in animals. In addition to iodine, persimmon contains a lot of sugar and astringents, which will lead to constipation.
It is not recommended to give chinchillas and beets.
When harvesting tree branches for the winter, it is worth remembering which species are dangerous and unsuitable for feeding. The branches of which trees can not be harvested:
- Acacia white,
- Ashen maple,
- Branches of any citrus species,
- Sweet Cherries
- Branches of any conifers,
- Common maple
Oak bark and twigs can only be given to animals suffering from diarrhea. In healthy animals, they cause severe constipation.
Branches of stone fruit trees (cherries, cherries, plums, etc.) are dangerous because they contain a dangerous cyanide compound, as a result of the splitting of which hydrocyanic acid is formed in the chinchilla’s body. If you feed the animal with such branches – you can get not only the strongest poisoning, but also the quick death of the pet.
Any kind of honey, as well as purchased cottage cheese and sour-milk products, is also a prohibited product.
Not all breeders know that you can’t give chinchillas leaves, stems and flowers of indoor plants. Most of them are poisonous to the animal and very often cause death.
It is also not recommended to give any food from the person’s table. Everything that is normal and familiar, even useful for people – for the chinchilla becomes the cause of digestive problems, allergies, obesity and other serious diseases. The animal will never give up tasty and fragrant food and can eat both a slice of cake and cheese, meat or fish. However, such food is not normal and familiar to the stomach of a furry pet. And the possible consequences are very sad.
Foods that can be given in limited quantities
Many breeders argue about the need or the possibility of feeding the animal of these types of products. However, in small quantities, they bring more benefits.
The first such product is nuts. Chinchillas simply adore them. Nuts contain many beneficial trace elements, vitamins, acids and amino acids. The danger is that nuts can cause allergies, diarrhea and provoke the development of obesity. However, once a week, you can offer your pet a delicious treat – walnuts, almonds, peanuts or hazelnuts. The main thing – there should be only one nut.
A lot of controversy arises about seeds. They contain a large amount of fatty acids and those involved in breeding and exhibitions know what positive effects seeds have on the condition of the fur and the appearance of the animal. However, an excess of seeds in the diet can lead to obesity and problems in the stomach. Chinchillas can be given a few seeds of pumpkin or watermelon, sunflower or flax. It is very important to remember that seeds must be fresh. Fried sunflower seeds – pumpkin or sunflower – will cause constipation and poisoning.
Dried fruits are most often used as goodies. If you really want to treat the animal with a piece of raisins or dried apricots – we give no more than once a week and only in small quantities.
Any type of dried fruit has a number of very useful substances for humans, but they are not quite suitable for chinchillas. Raisins are too sweet and can cause sugar problems. Most often, raisins are given to sick animals that refuse to eat or to a just born female. Prunes have a strong laxative effect and you can give a small piece only with constipation.
It is better not to give candied fruits and berries – animals eat them with great joy, but such products contain too much sugar and too few healthy ingredients. You can treat your pet with canned pineapple or papaya. However, it is better to avoid such experiments. Chinchilla intestines are very tender and no one can predict in advance about the reaction to a new kind of goodies.
Breeders also argue about the acceptability of feeding crackers. It is not recommended to give fresh bread to animals – it often leads to the formation of gases, but fresh crackers, especially from yeast-free bread, can be a good treat.
The list of products that can be given to chinchillas is quite large. Animals can be fed fruits:
- Dairy corn
- Bell pepper,
- Ripe red tomatoes.
- Lettuce leaves
- Spinach leaves
- Sorrel leaves
- Leaves and stalks of dandelion,
- Common nettle
- Raspberry leaves and stalks,
- Strawberry leaves and stalks,
- Plant tops,
- Sprigs with leaves of apple, pear,
- Birch and linden branches,
- Hazelnut twigs.
- Corn (corn grains are part of the feed mixture and are given in ground form),
- Barley (give ground)
- Wheat (grains and bran),
- Oats (grains, bran, cereal),
Apples, pears, as well as carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, berries – you can give animals both fresh and dried.
Some chinchillas are more likely to eat dried foods, moreover, they are safer for the digestive tract.
Fresh grass for furry pets is recommended to be collected in places remote from roads and dumps, walking pets and industrial enterprises. It is not recommended to feed grass moist from dew or rain. And also carefully monitor that poisonous plants are not caught among other herbs.
In catering, it is not enough to know how to feed chinchilla and what cannot. Proper feeding is also the observance of the diet, maintaining clean feeders and drinkers, as well as an understanding of the digestion of the animal. The first and most important rule – there should always be hay in the cage, as well as drinking water. Feeders and drinkers should be kept clean. To do this, they should be disinfected with boiling water regularly (at least twice a week). Wooden feeders are better not to use – they absorb odors, become sources of mold and mildew. Preference should be given to ceramic, which are perfectly attached to the cage and easy to clean.
Chlorhexidine can be a disinfectant for the whole cell – it kills microbes well and has no smell, but it is better not to use it for drinkers and feeders. Some breeders use ordinary household soap as a disinfectant. You can wipe the drinkers and feeders, as well as the cage with alcohol. It is also necessary to monitor the purity of the cage because sometimes the animal prefers to eat on the resting area or even in the house. Many owners noticed how the chinchilla takes a piece of feed and runs into shelter.
Vegetables and fruits intended for chinchillas must be washed and cut into convenient small pieces.
It is necessary to feed the pet at the same time, and all the rest of the food is removed from the feeder the next day. It is most preferable to give roughage in the evening and juicy in the morning. If the chinchilla reluctantly eats – you should change the feed. The first reason for poor appetite is a monotonous meal. New types of feed should be introduced gradually and little by little. If there is no certainty whether one or another type of product can be chinchillas, it is better to abandon it altogether and add something that the animal has already tried and eats with pleasure.
A chinchilla is an animal that can fall in love with itself at first sight. One can admire such a tender and soft wool and large expressive eyes, chic mustache, which are in constant motion. But let’s talk about what chinchillas eat.
List of foods that can be consumed by chinchilla:
List of foods that can not be fed chinchilla:
By the way, do you know if everything is all right if the chinchilla nibbles the cage? Look, this is interesting!
Boiled water is “dead”, it is deprived of useful substances and trace elements, the use of exclusively boiled water can cause their lack in the body of the animal.
You can not feed chinchilla for a long time with foods rich in protein, as this can cause poisoning. Excessive fatty foods can damage the liver, and this also applies to fat-soluble vitamins. Excess carbohydrates can cause obesity in the animal.
As we have already found out, chinchilla feeds exclusively on plants. The diet can be very diverse, and for this there is no need to rack your brains than feed your favorite animal, fortunately, all the components in the chinchilla “menu” are available.
But nevertheless, feeding rules exist, and if you love your animal, you need to know how to properly feed the chinchilla.
Advice from the chinchilla breeder, what should be the composition of the feed:
- Carbohydrates should be approximately 50%;
- Protein – 16-20%;
- Fiber – about 13%;
- Fat – 2-6%
When purchasing a chinchilla, take an interest in what it was fed before. If you decide to feed the animal in a different way, there is no way to feed the same, transfer to another feed gradually. When you first give food unusual for the animal, give a little at first, gradually increasing the portion. If you have diarrhea from a new food, give a little oak bark as a medicine (you can’t drink too much) or a little dry black tea.
Chinchilla breeders feed them compound feed for rabbits and guinea pigs – feed No. 122 or feed No. 90 intended for feeding young rabbits. Finding it for sale is not a problem; it is certified and tested by experienced chinchilla breeders. When purchasing this food, make sure that it is of appropriate quality, with a good shelf life. As previously mentioned, it should be started with small doses, and if there is no disorder, the animal feels well, you can continue to feed this food. By the way, pay attention: there should not be fishmeal in this feed.
The drinker in the cage should be suspended, if the water is in an open container, the chinchilla can splash it, it will be damp in the cage, which is unfavorable for the animal’s health. The feeder can be hanging or in the form of a regular bowl. If the feeder is not suspended, it must be heavy (ceramic or glass), otherwise the animal will turn it over.
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