- What is a chinchilla?
- Conditions of detention
- What should be a chinchilla toilet?
- Chinchilla diseases are another cause of bad smell
- Chinchilla diseases are another cause of bad smell
- What do pets eat?
- Contact with other animals in the house
- Can I wash chinchillas?
What is a chinchilla?
This animal is a rodent belonging to the chinchilla family, which looks like a mixture of a rabbit, a squirrel and a mouse. These creatures were brought from South America, but, alas, in the wild they are extremely few.
An adult animal reaches a length of about 25-35 cm, the tail is not taken into account when measuring. An interesting fact: females grow larger than males. The main advantage of a rodent is its soft and thick coat.
The muzzle is decorated with a long mustache and rather big ears, with the help of which the animal is guided in complete darkness. As for the character, the chinchilla is an extremely non-conflict and friendly creature, but it will courageously respond to a provocation with a bite or scratches.
The rodent, grown by the owner since childhood, stands out with devotion, and will be happy to sit on his hands. This creature can be trained easily and is able to return to the cage on a command after a walk around the house. Keeping such a pet is extremely easy, because it does not differ in whims.
Chinchilla is not an inexpensive pet. On the territory of the Russian Federation, its cost varies from 1,500 to 30,000 rubles.
Fur quality also affects pricing. The thicker the wool, the higher the cost. Gender chinchillas are another pricing factor. Since males are born more, their price is lower.
Conditions of detention
Chinchilla is extremely whimsical to the temperature regime of the surrounding area. The fact is that at large she lives in a temperate climate, and it is very difficult to endure heat. To make the animal feel comfortable, the temperature in the room should not exceed 18-20 ° C. At 28 ° C, the rodent will receive heat stroke, and then will not pass death.
How to create favorable conditions for the maintenance of chinchilla?
- Reliable and spacious cage. In the aviary, the animal stays a lot of time, so the size of the apartment should not impede the energy of the rodent. It is worth choosing a cage made of metal rods and with a sliding tray, so that the litter is replaced on time and without difficulty.
- Bathing chinchilla. This procedure is important to carry out twice a week. Water categorically is not suitable for this purpose, it is connected with the properties of luxurious furry fur. It is worth buying sand or volcanic dust for bathing chinchillas. A special container with a closed top is also needed.
- Cell position. It is important to find a cool and quiet place in the house, away from drafts, heaters and batteries.
- Options aviary. For recreation and entertainment, a rodent needs ladders, a house and shelves. Be sure to equip your pet’s apartment with a drinking bowl. It is important to monitor the availability of clean room temperature water daily. Mineral stones, fruit tree branches and chalk should be placed in the cage. They will help the rodent to care for their teeth.
- Suitable food. It is important to give preference to feed in granules. It contains vitamins necessary for the animal. For an adult animal, 40 g of such food once a day is enough. The delicacies will also help: hay, dried apples, raisins, rose hips, dried apricots and prunes. Pamper is two to three times a week, giving out goodies in small pieces.
Each animal contained in the house has a lot of positive sides. Negative aspects are not rare. Chinchilla is no exception.
- Activity in the dark, creates noise from jumping and running around the cell;
- Curiosity. It is bad enough to close the door of the aviary and the chinchilla will immediately go on a free trip around the apartment. Quickly find the animal will not be lucky;
- Gnawed home furnishings and things during a walk through the owner’s house;
- Bulky cell;
- Sand baths, after which a lot of dust is formed;
- Intolerance of the animal to temperature extremes;
- Seek qualified veterinarian in case of illness.
This cute little fluffy is increasingly appearing in apartments as a pet. But before you settle this exotic and today rare in the wild animal, you need to learn more about it. After all, a chinchilla is more dependent than, say, traditional domestic animals such as a dog or cat.
What should be a chinchilla toilet?
It is quite natural that to eliminate the unpleasant odor from the animal, you should choose the right toilet for it and change its contents in time. Usually in cages for chinchillas they place a small tray, designed so that the animal "relieve the need." It is best to choose a tray from a material that will not absorb odors. A glass baking dish is perfect. We recommend using cat litter as the contents of the tray.
Chinchilla diseases are another cause of bad smell
It is generally accepted that every pet has an unpleasant odor. Entering the house, you can immediately smell which pet lives here. However, the chinchilla refutes this stereotype. A healthy furry animal in itself is not endowed with a smell.
Chinchilla is extremely clean and does not have sweat glands. Rarely does the little animal emit a smell without impaired health. The reason for this anomaly is a dirty cell. Do not forget to change the litter in time, in which urine and feces of the pet accumulate. Control the freshness of food and treats.
Fetid odors of an uncleaned cage are also absorbed in the pet’s fur. So that this situation does not arise, it is extremely important to clean the animal in the apartment in a timely manner and send it to the sand bath.
Chinchilla diseases are another cause of bad smell
A clean pet cage equipped with a good and regularly replaced toilet will not smell bad. For this reason, you need to ensure that the habitat of the cute "eared" was free from food debris and rotting bedding. The animal, living in a bad-smelling cage, will absorb all these smells, and when asked by the guests about whether the chinchillas stink, their owner will be forced to blush and shrug.
Keep chinchilla in the apartment must be in a spacious, high cage with shelves. Free to walk around the apartment is dangerous for the animal and for things around. We must not forget that this is still a rodent. A chinchilla can gnaw wires, which is very dangerous – it can be shocked. The animal may get stuck somewhere and cripple.
For two animals, the width of the cage increases by 20 cm. The cage must be made of non-gnawing materials. The distance between the bars of the cage should be no more than 25 mm, it must be remembered that chinchillas live in the mountains and are able to crawl into slits about 40 mm wide. If the cage is small, the chinchilla will be cramped inside it, it will remain unable to move, its health will deteriorate, and it will lose its natural mobility and vitality, turn into a lazy and indifferent creation, life expectancy will be significantly reduced. The floor (pallet) in the cage is preferable to have a metal so that it is impossible to gnaw it.
So, the cell should be:
- Spacious – 50×50 cm minimum, up to one meter in height, for the content of two chinchillas the width of the cage should be at least 70 cm;
- Of the materials that the animal will not gnaw;
- The distance between the rods up to 25 mm;
- Preferably with a metal floor.
What do pets eat?
Many myths spread that chinchilla does not cause allergies. However, these speculations are completely untrue. The fur of the animal causes allergic reactions less often than the things necessary to care for it. If a person is prone to allergies, then it is important to visit a chinchillovoda before introducing such a pet. It is worth holding the little animal in your hands and watching your reaction.
Sometimes the owner’s hypersensitivity arises after a long stay of the chinchilla with him. Each doctor will advise you to get rid of the pet and all its things. But how can you just part with your pet? Before drastic measures it is worth trying other options. The first weapon will be an air purifier, with its help it will become easier to breathe. Do not be lazy to once again carry out wet cleaning in the house at home and at the pet.
Simple rules will help to be safe from allergies:
- Use a mask to clean the cage. So, dust from the filler and animal hair will not get into the respiratory tract;
- Be sure to wipe the cleaned aviary with a damp cloth;
- Pressed filler to easily replace conventional sawdust;
- Bathing is best done in a non-residential building with good ventilation.
The diet of chinchillas in natural conditions is very poor, over a long time of breeding and selection, it has become very different from the diet of wild brethren.
In this regard, it is recommended to give sweets some time after a healthy meal. Granulate should be bought one that is designed specifically for chinchillas. Also suitable for rabbits and guinea pigs. Chinchillas are herbivores, so food, for example, for rats or hamsters is not suitable for them, these rodents eat plant and animal food.
Sweets for chinchillas are sweet fruits, nuts and seeds. You can’t eat a lot of them – they have a very bad effect on the weak liver of the animal, almonds are especially harmful. Nuts and seeds must be moist and clean.
It is preferable to dry vegetables and fruits, the body better assimilates food in a dry form. Cabbage and potatoes should not be given to the animal, this food causes bloating, which can be fatal. Also, do not give citrus fruits and fruit seeds (cherries, plums, etc.)
It is useful to gnaw chinchilla branches of birch, linden, fruit trees (with the exception of stone fruits, which contain prussic acid). Oak should be given as a medicine for diarrhea. Resinous (coniferous) trees are poisonous for chinchilla, citrus branches can cause allergies.
Vegetable protein is needed for a healthy diet; it is found in alfalfa and legumes (lentils, peas, soybeans).
They feed their pets once a day at night or twice, while the evening portion of food should be larger, since the animal leads a nocturnal lifestyle. Fruits, vegetables, branches, leaves, fresh herbs, dried fruits and especially seeds (they are often very dirty) should be washed and dried. Fresh water in the drinker should always be clean, free of harmful impurities, better purified or non-mineralized.
Water should be changed every 2-3 days. The drinker is thoroughly washed before changing the water.
Contact with other animals in the house
The chinchilla spends most of the time in the cage, so it coexists seamlessly with pets. Especially with other rodents no problems will arise. As for cats, the animal is neutral in communication. However, conflicts should not be ruled out. Animals must get used to each other and their coexistence will not cause trouble. The chinchilla behaves much more affably with non-aggressive dogs. But caution does not hurt while the rodent is still small.
Can I wash chinchillas?
There are times when a chinchilla, for all its cleanliness, cannot cope with an unpleasant odor on its own. A person can help in this case not only by creating cleanliness in the pet’s habitat, but also by providing the opportunity to take a “bath”. But just washing these fluffy animals in water is highly not recommended.
The thing is that chinchillas do not have sebaceous glands. When they are immersed in water, an instant wetting of thick wool occurs, which can cause severe hypothermia and the cold of the animal.
What to do if the pet is very dirty feet and tail? Can I wash them with water?
Water is contraindicated for the body, and especially for the ears and eyes of the chinchilla, but it is quite possible to wipe the limbs with a sponge dipped in water. To do this, you need to take a small container with water, put the animal on its lap, moisten a sponge in the water and carefully remove all impurities with it. Water must be warm, as for bathing newborns.
In no case should you lower the chinchilla into the water, simply wiping off the contaminated areas is enough.
After such a procedure, the animal must be properly dried using a towel and a hairdryer. It is important that you do not turn on the hairdryer at high power so that it does not make excessive noise and does not scare the pet.
Thus, with proper care of the chinchillas, you can live in harmony with them, and if you have questions like “do chinchillas smell”, you can respond with a negative answer with confidence. A healthy animal in a clean cage will never become a source of bad smell. Caring owners may not worry that the atmosphere in their home will be ruined due to the presence of chinchillas in it.
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